Parisii (Gaul)

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Location of the Parisii.
A map of Gaul in the 1st century BCE, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes.
Gold coins of the Parisii, 1st century BCE (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris).
Coin of the Parisii: obverse with horse, 1st century BCE (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris).
Coins of the Parisii (Metropolitan Museum of Art).

The Parisii were Celtic Iron Age people who lived on the banks of the river Seine (in Latin, Sequana) in Gaul from the middle of the 3rd century BCE until the Roman era.[citation needed]


The Parisii colonized their chief city (or oppidum) about 250 BCE, as first mentioned in Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico.[1]

In 52 BCE, in concert with the Suessiones, the Parisii participated in the general rising of Vercingetorix against Julius Caesar. Before the Roman period, the Parisii had their own gold coinage.[2]

The Parisii oppidum later[when?] became the site of Lutetia, an important city in the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis, and ultimately the modern city of Paris, whose name is derived from the name of the tribe. An ancient trade route between Germania and Hispania existed at the area, by way of the meeting of the Oise and Marne rivers with the Seine.[3][4]

According to the Commentarii de Bello Gallico, when[when?] the Romans entered this territory, the Parisii started burning down their own towns for they were willing to give up these possessions rather than have them taken by the Romans.[2]

The name Parisii is conserved in the name of the French capital city Paris.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ E. Planta - A new picture of Paris; or, The stranger's guide to the French metropolis Samuel Leigh & Baldwin & Cradock 1831 (16th edition). Retrieved on 2017-04-23 from,+Paris&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjv2rCA1LrTAhWGvBoKHWxOBRA4FBDoAQhRMAc#v=onepage&q=Parisii%2C%20Paris&f=false (1st return).
  2. ^ a b "Paris". Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica. 2014.
  3. ^ Andrew Ayers - The Architecture of Paris: An Architectural Guide Edition Axel Menges, 2004 ISBN 393069896X Retrieved 23 April 2017
  4. ^ H. Sauval - Histoire et recherches des antiquités de la ville de Paris, Volume 1 chés C. Moette, 1724 > 1st return Retrieved 23 April 2017
  5. ^ Margerison 2011, p. 167.


External links[edit]

  • Media related to Parisii at Wikimedia Commons