Pat O'Connor (wrestler)
|Birth name||Patrick John O'Connor|
|Born||22 August 1924|
Raetihi, New Zealand
|Died||16 August 1990 (aged 65)|
St Louis, Missouri, United States
|Cause of death||Cancer|
|Alma mater||Massey Agricultural College|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Pat O'Connor|
|Billed height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Billed weight||230 lb (100 kg)|
|Billed from||Wanganui, New Zealand|
|Trained by||Butch Levy|
|Representing New Zealand|
|British Empire Games|
Patrick John O'Connor (22 August 1924 – 16 August 1990), was a New Zealand professional wrestler. Regarded as one of the premier workers of his era, O'Connor held the AWA World Heavyweight Championship and NWA World Heavyweight Championship simultaneously, the latter of which he held for approximately two years. He was also the inaugural AWA World Heavyweight Champion.
Patrick John O'Connor was born on 22 August 1924 in Raetihi, New Zealand, to parents John Frederick and Isabella. While he attended high school at Feilding Agricultural High School, he also helped tend to the sheep and cattle on his parents' farm. He later attended Massey Agricultural College, and later served for six months in the New Zealand Royal Air Force in 1945.
Amateur wrestling career
Before entering the world of professional wrestling, O'Connor was an amateur wrestler. He trained under Dave Sparrow, and later Don Anderson, while working as a blacksmith to pay the bills. After a tournament in 1947, he joined the Wellington wrestling team and trained under Anton Koolmann. In 1948, he represented New Zealand in the Pan American games. O'Connor won the New Zealand Heavyweight Championship in amateur wrestling in both 1949 and 1950. The 1949 win earned him entry into the 1950 British Empire Games. At the Empire Games, O'Connor, once again representing New Zealand, won a silver medal winner in the (freestyle) heavyweight division. He later trained to be a professional wrestler under Len Levy.
Professional wrestling career
National Wrestling Alliance
On 19 March 1955, O'Connor won the NWA World Tag Team Championship (Chicago version) with tag team partner Roy McClarity, and they held the title until February 1956. Later in the year, he worked for Maple Leaf Wrestling. In March, he won the NWA British Empire Heavyweight Championship (Toronto version), but lost it on 2 May 1957 to Gene Kiniski. That same month, O'Connor and Whipper Billy Watson won the NWA Canadian Open Tag Team Championship, but lost it to Gene Kiniski and Fritz Von Erich on 31 October of that year.
O'Connor held the NWA World Heavyweight Championship from 1959 to 1961. He first won the title on 9 January 1959 from Dick Hutton, who had held the title for thirteen months. O'Connor's reign was recognized by both the National Wrestling Alliance and the National Wrestling Association. The title change was part of the rivalry between bookers Sam Muchnick and Fred Kohler, the latter of whom did not want to waste any money announcing O'Connor as the new champion. Kohler also wanted O'Connor to pay him $10,000 to wrestle at shows in Chicago, while being paid less than champions usually earned. O'Connor was so angry at the suggestion that he walked out of their meeting and later told Muchnick not to book him for events in Chicago. The men later worked out a deal of sorts, and on 19 February 1960, O'Connor wrestled in Chicago against Bruno Sammartino and Johnny Valentine, among others.
On 29 July at one of Fred Kohler's events, O'Connor defeated Yukon Eric at an event with an attendance of 30,275. During this time, television also became a factor in the burgeoning market for professional wrestling, and as a result, the demand to trade wrestlers, including O'Connor, throughout the territories, was eased due to Vincent McMahon's Capitol Wrestling. In December, he worked for McMahon in the Northeast. In March 1961, he was suspended for sixteen days when he missed a match in New York. On 30 June 1961, O'Connor dropped the title to Buddy Rogers in front of 38,622 fans at Comiskey Park, a North American professional wrestling attendance record that lasted until Toronto's The Big Event in 1986. The ticket sells of $148,000 was a professional wrestling record for almost twenty years. The match, a two out of three falls match, was billed as the "Match of the Century". During the match, both men had gained a pinfall, when O'Connor missed a dropkick and suffered a legit groin injury on the ropes, after which Rogers pinned him to win the match.
American Wrestling Association
In May 1960, while still the NWA World Heavyweight Champion, the American Wrestling Association (AWA) named O'Connor as the first holder of the AWA World Heavyweight Championship when they seceded from the NWA. Therefore, he held both the AWA and NWA World Heavyweight Championships simultaneously. However, he never defended the AWA World Heavyweight Championship, and was stripped of it in August, after ninety days, when Verne Gagne was recognized as the new champion.
On 10 November 1967, the team of O'Connor and Wilbur Snyder defeated Larry Hennig and Harley Race to win the AWA World Tag Team Championship. They lost the title on 2 December to Mitsu Arakawa and Dr. Moto. O'Connor and Snyder also defeated Arakawa and Moto for the World Wrestling Association's WWA World Tag Team Championship on 24 September 1968. They lost the title on 26 October to the same team.
On 13 October 1970, O'Connor was introduced as Jim Crockett Promotions's first NWA Eastern States Heavyweight Champion as part of a storyline to introduce the title. The title was later awarded to the Missouri Mauler with the announcement that Mauler won it in New York.
On 1 January 1982, O'Connor was part of the card that comprised promoter Sam Muchnick's last professional wrestling show, located in St. Louis. O'Connor was also one of the owners of the St. Louis Wrestling Club. O'Connor, along with Verne Gagne, Harley Race, and Bob Geigel purchased the territory from Sam Muchnick the day after Muchnick's retirement. On 18 September 1963, O'Connor was named as a co-conspirator in the monopoly that controlled professional wrestling in Missouri, Kansas, and Iowa. O'Connor filed a counterclaim.
O'Connor died of cancer on 16 August 1990.
In December 1990, World Championship Wrestling held the Pat O'Connor Memorial International Cup Tag Team Tournament, an eight-team international tag team memorial tournament at Starrcade in honor of O'Connor. In 1996, he was inducted into the Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame. In 2007, the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame inducted O'Connor. He is also a member of the Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame. In 2016, O'Connor became a "Legacy" member of the WWE Hall of Fame.
Championships and accomplishments
- 1950 British Empire Games silver medal in freestyle wrestling (heavyweight)
- New Zealand Heavyweight Championship (1949, 1950)
- American Wrestling Association
- Central States Wrestling
- NWA Central States Heavyweight Championship (3 times)
- NWA Central States Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Bob Brown
- NWA North American Tag Team Championship (Central States version) (2 times) – with Sonny Myers
- NWA United States Heavyweight Championship (Central States version) (3 times)
- NWA World Tag Team Championship (Central States version) (4 times) – with Sonny Myers (1 time), Tiny Mills (1 time), Bob Geigel (1 time) and Omar Atlas (1 time)
- Fred Kohler Enterprises
- George Tragos/Lou Thesz Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Class of 2004
- Maple Leaf Wrestling
- Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling
- Midwest Wrestling Association
- Ohio Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Montreal Athletic Commission
- World Heavyweight Championship (Montreal version) (2 times)
- National Wrestling Alliance
- NWA New Zealand
- NWA Rocky Mountain
- NWA Rocky Mountain Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Stampede Wrestling
- St. Louis Wrestling Club
- St. Louis Wrestling Hall of Fame
- World Wrestling Association
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- Tim Hornbaker (3 January 2017). Legends of Pro Wrestling: 150 Years of Headlocks, Body Slams, and Piledrivers. Skyhorse Publishing. pp. 327–329. ISBN 978-1-61321-875-4.
- "Pat O'Connor". WWE.com. WWE. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- Palenski, Ron. "Patrick John O'Connor". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Oliver, Greg (16 March 2006). "Chicago's big moment: O'Connor vs Rogers, 1961". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- Duncan, Royal & Gary Will (2006). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "2007 Inductees Press Release". Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame. 2007. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- DiBiase, Ted (2008). Ted DiBiase: The Million Dollar Man. Simon and Schuster. pp. 106–107. ISBN 1-4165-5890-X.
- Robertson, Dewey and Meredith Renwick (2006). Bang Your Head: The Real Story of the Missing Link. ECW Press. p. 99. ISBN 1-55022-727-0.
- "AWA World Heavyweight Championship history".
- "AWA World Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Central States Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Central States Tag Team Championship history".
- Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2006). "(Kansas and Western Missouri) West Missouri: North American Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 253. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "NWA North American Tag Team Title (Central States version)". wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- "NWA United States Heavyweight Championship (Central States version) history".
- "NWA World Tag Team Championship (Central States version) history".
- "NWA World Tag Team Championship (Chicago version) history".
- "NWA British Empire Heavyweight Championship (Toronto version) history".
- "NWA Canadian Open Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Mid-Atlantic Heavyweight Championship history".
- "Ohio Heavyweight Championship history".
- "World Heavyweight Championship (Montreal version) history".
- Gerweck, Steve (14 November 2011). "NWA Hall of Fame Class for 2011 announced". WrestleView. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- "NWA British Empire/Commonwealth Championship (New Zealand version) history".
- "NWA Rocky Mountain Heavyweight Championship history".
- "Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame (1948–1990)". Puroresu Dojo. 2003.
- "NWA World Heavyweight Championship history". Archived from the original on 1 June 2012.
- "St. Louis Wrestling Hall of Fame profile".
- "WWA World Tag Team Championship history". Puroresu Dojo. 2003.
- "Congratulations to the 2016 WWE Hall of Fame Legacy inductees". WWE. Retrieved 20 November 2016.