Douglas posing at an independent wrestling show in April 2016
|Birth name||Troy Allan Martin|
November 21, 1964|
New Brighton, Pennsylvania, US
|Residence||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US|
|Alma mater||Bethany College|
Carla Marie Reeves
(m. 1999; div. 2017)
|Professional wrestling career|
|Billed height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
|Billed weight||244 lb (111 kg)|
|Billed from||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania|
|Trained by||Dominic DeNucci|
Troy Allan Martin (born November 21, 1964) is an American professional wrestler and promoter, better known by his ring name Shane Douglas. He is best known for his tenures in Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW), World Championship Wrestling (WCW), World Wrestling Federation (WWF), and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), where he worked as a wrestler and manager.
Martin held a dozen championships between ECW, PCW, WCW, and the WWF and is a five-time world champion: a four-time ECW World Heavyweight Champion and a one-time NWA World Heavyweight Champion. As ECW Champion, he holds the records for most combined days as champion (874) and the longest single reign in history (406 days). Martin is also a two-time ECW World Television Champion, a one-time WWF Intercontinental Champion, a one-time WCW United States Heavyweight Champion and a two-time WCW World Tag Team Champion.
Martin achieved the biggest success of his career in ECW, where he debuted in 1993 and captured the ECW Heavyweight Championship twice in his rookie year. He gained attention when he won a tournament for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, where he publicly rejected the NWA title belt and helped ECW in evolving from an NWA territory to a nationwide phenomenon. Within ECW, he was dubbed "The Franchise" in reference to his status as the franchise player of the promotion. WWE, who purchased that organization, asserted: "Without Shane Douglas, there would have been no ECW." He headlined many events for the ECW including three editions of the company's premier pay-per-view event November to Remember in 1996, 1997 and 1998.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 Early years (1982–1989)
- 2.2 National Wrestling Alliance / World Championship Wrestling (1989–1990)
- 2.3 World Wrestling Federation (1990–1991)
- 2.4 Return to WCW (1992–1993)
- 2.5 NWA Eastern/Extreme Championship Wrestling
- 2.6 Return to WWF (1995)
- 2.7 Return to ECW
- 2.8 Second return to WCW
- 2.9 Xtreme Pro Wrestling (2002–2003)
- 2.10 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
- 2.11 Return to the independent circuit (2009–present)
- 3 Promoting
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 Notes
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Martin was born in New Brighton, Pennsylvania, one of six children of a veteran of World War II, who died in 1991. He graduated cum laude from Bethany College in 1986 with a bachelor's degree in history and political science. He is an alumnus of the Psi Chapter of Beta Theta Pi. After earning his degrees, he was offered to join the Saba University School of Medicine but declined in order to continue wrestling.
Professional wrestling career
Early years (1982–1989)
Martin was trained by Dominic DeNucci in the Pittsburgh suburb of Freedom, Pennsylvania, alongside Mick Foley in the mid-1980s. He had been wrestling professionally to earn money since 1982. When he started, he used the character of Troy Orndorff, the fictional nephew of Paul Orndorff. In 1986, he wrestled Randy Savage at a WWF Superstars of Wrestling taping using his real name. He also wrestled "Mr. Wonderful" Paul Orndorff in the debut episode of WWF Wrestling Challenge, once again using his real name. Later that year, he began wrestling as a fan favorite for the Universal Wrestling Federation (UWF) using the name Shane Douglas, which was given to him by "Hot Stuff" Eddie Gilbert and Missy Hyatt (the "Douglas" last name was inspired by Michael Douglas, who at the time had just appeared in Wall Street). Douglas defeated Gilbert for the UWF Television Championship on August 3, 1987, but did not rise above mid-card status. Douglas soon lost the title on September 2 to Terry Taylor.
National Wrestling Alliance / World Championship Wrestling (1989–1990)
Eventually, he signed with the promotion World Championship Wrestling (WCW), member of the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA). He retained his Shane Douglas ring name and was put into a tag team of skateboarders known as The Dynamic Dudes with Johnny Ace (John Laurinaitis, the younger brother of Road Warrior Animal).
Mick Foley has opined that since neither Ace nor Douglas knew how to skateboard, the fans saw through the character and refused to buy into it. Jim Cornette, who was managing The Midnight Express (Bobby Eaton and Stan Lane) at the time, decided to manage the duo to help them get over.
When Eaton and Lane in storyline did not approve, they forced a match between the two teams with Cornette remaining neutral at ringside. He ended up turning on Douglas and Ace and the teams feuded for a couple of months. Cornette's turn was to have established The Dynamic Dudes as a top fan favorite tag team, but the turn backfired and made The Midnight Express more popular than they already were.
The Dynamic Dudes broke up in 1990 after Ace began competing progressively more for All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW), which was breaking its ties to the NWA. Jim Cornette also states that the end of the Dynamic Dudes came when Douglas went over his head to Jim Herd about having a finish changed to make him look stronger. Cornette, who was part of the booking committee, washed his hands of working with them afterwards. Douglas soon left WCW and wrestled on the American independent circuit.
World Wrestling Federation (1990–1991)
In 1990, Douglas signed a deal with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) and made his televised debut on the June 18 episode of Prime Time Wrestling as a fan favorite, defeating enhancement talent Bob Bradley. Douglas made his Wrestling Challenge debut in a tag team match on the August 26 episode of Wrestling Challenge, where he and Mark Thomas lost to The Orient Express. Douglas made his Superstars debut on the October 20 episode of Superstars, pinning Pez Whatley. Douglas competed as a mid-carder, competing on WWF television throughout the year.
In 1991, Douglas competed in the Royal Rumble as the #17 entrant, where he lasted for 26 minutes and 23 seconds until he was eliminated by Brian Knobbs of The Nasty Boys. Shortly after, he left the company to take care of his ailing father. Douglas continued to appear on the house show circuit and made his last televised appearance on the June 15 episode of Prime Time Wrestling, where he lost to Dino Bravo.
Return to WCW (1992–1993)
Douglas returned to WCW on the September 12, 1992 episode of Saturday Night as a fan favorite, where he defeated Super Invader in his return match by using Magnum T.A.'s finishing move, belly to belly suplex, which was noted by Magnum, the following week on Saturday Night. On the October 17 episode of Saturday Night, Douglas had a match with Brian Pillman, which began a rivalry between the duo. He made his pay-per-view return at Halloween Havoc, where he teamed with Tom Zenk and Johnny Gunn to compete against Arn Anderson, Bobby Eaton and Michael Hayes in a winning effort.
While feuding with Pillman, Douglas formed a tag team with Ricky Steamboat to take on Pillman and Steve Austin in a tag team match on the October 24 episode of Worldwide. The following month, Steamboat and Douglas were booked to win the NWA and WCW World Tag Team Championships from Dustin Rhodes and Barry Windham on the November 18 episode of Clash of the Champions. Steamboat and Douglas made a successful title defense against Windham and Pillman at Starrcade.
Steamboat and Douglas began a lengthy rivalry with Pillman and his new tag team partner Steve Austin. Steamboat and Douglas successfully defended the tag titles against Austin and Pillman on the January 13, 1993 episode of Clash of the Champions, before dropping the titles to Austin and Pillman on the March 27, 1993 episode of Worldwide. Soon after losing the tag titles, Douglas began a rivalry with the World Television Champion Paul Orndorff, where he came up short against Orndorff in two respective matches in the Computer Contenders Challenge on the May 1 episode of Worldwide and the May 8 episode of Power Hour, before departing the company for Eastern Championship Wrestling (ECW). Douglas had been scheduled to team with Steamboat in a steel cage match for a title shot at the NWA and WCW World Tag Team Championship at Slamboree, but was replaced by Tom Zenk in a mask.
NWA Eastern/Extreme Championship Wrestling
The Franchise and Birth of Extreme (1993–1994)
Martin debuted in the upstart ECW during its formative years on the August 24, 1993 episode of Eastern Championship Wrestling and solidified his status as a villain by joining Hotstuff International. In his first match, Douglas defeated Don. E Allen and Herve Renesto in a handicap match. Douglas quickly rose to the top of the roster, winning the promotion's Heavyweight Championship on the September 21 episode of Eastern Championship Wrestling, after champion Tito Santana forfeited the title. Douglas successfully defended the title against The Sandman at the UltraClash event. At Bloodfest: Part 2, Douglas retained the title against J.T. Smith before dropping the title to Sabu later that night.
On the December 14 episode of NWA Eastern Championship Wrestling, Douglas substituted for an injured Johnny Gunn to defend the Tag Team Championship alongside Gunn's partner Tommy Dreamer against Kevin Sullivan and The Tazmaniac, during which Douglas turned on Dreamer by attacking him with a steel chain. The following week, Douglas defeated Dreamer via disqualification by hitting Dreamer with a steel chain and handing over the chain to Dreamer, which fooled the referee to believe that Dreamer had hit him with the chain. This strategy would be adopted by Eddie Guerrero a decade later. Douglas defeated Dreamer at Holiday Hell to end the feud.
Douglas developed a gimmick of a foul-mouthed, incredibly arrogant villain (an attitude that would define him permanently and give him success), and gave himself the nickname "The Franchise". His best friend Sherri Martel became his valet. Douglas gained notoriety when he wrestled Terry Funk and Sabu to a one-hour draw in the company's first-ever three-way dance for the ECW Heavyweight Championship at The Night The Line was Crossed. Douglas dethroned Funk in an Ultimate Jeopardy steel cage match to win his second Heavyweight Championship at Ultimate Jeopardy.
Since its founding, ECW had been a member of the NWA. Douglas was instrumental in the development of "extreme wrestling" when he defeated The Tazmaniac, Dean Malenko and 2 Cold Scorpio to win a tournament to become the NWA World Heavyweight Champion on August 27. In an angle which only he, Tod Gordon, and Paul Heyman knew about, Douglas threw down the NWA title belt and stated that he did not want to be champion of a "dead promotion". Douglas raised the ECW Heavyweight Championship belt and declared it to be a world championship belt, renaming it the ECW World Heavyweight Championship. WWE recognizes this moment as the beginning of the ECW Championship and Douglas as the first ECW Champion. According to the Forever Hardcore DVD, Douglas only decided to throw down the NWA belt after NWA president Dennis Coralluzzo buried Douglas on Mike Tenay's radio show. On the August 30 edition of NWA Eastern Championship Wrestling, Gordon announced he was folding Eastern Championship Wrestling, and in its place forming Extreme Championship Wrestling, a new promotion independent of the NWA. Capitalizing on the controversy that surrounded his literally "throwing down" the NWA belt and the promo following it, Douglas was encouraged to express his true feelings in interviews by the ECW bookers. This helped raise ECW's prominence in the eyes of wrestling fans and journalists and allowed it to become an alternative to WCW and the WWF and Douglas cemented a legacy in the history of ECW. Douglas closed 1994 with successful title defenses of the ECW World Heavyweight Championship against Ron Simmons.
Triple Threat (1995)
In early 1995, Douglas formed the Triple Threat faction, aligning himself with Chris Benoit and Dean Malenko. He started the year with successful title defenses of the World Heavyweight Championship against Tully Blanchard and Marty Jannetty. He then entered a feud with The Sandman during a match at Three Way Dance, where Sandman's valet, Woman, seemed to have aligned herself with Douglas by helping him in retaining the title against Sandman by handing him Sandman's Singapore cane to attack him and get the win. However, it turned out to be a ruse when she aided Sandman in defeating Douglas for the title at Hostile City Showdown. Douglas' lengthy reign ended at 385 days, which is the second longest reign in the title history.
After failing to regain the title, Douglas began a rivalry with Cactus Jack, as each man wanted to capture the title from Sandman and saw the other as competition. During this time, Douglas went on a tirade about the lawlessness of ECW and brought in Bill Alfonso as a troubleshooting referee to restore order. After teasing a departure for the WWF, Douglas finally left ECW for WWF, making his last appearance during a world title match between Sandman and Cactus Jack at Heat Wave, during which he attacked both men and left.
Return to WWF (1995)
In 1995, Douglas returned to the WWF with a college dean character under the ring name Dean Douglas. To establish himself, he filmed several vignettes with a chalkboard, lecturing wrestlers and fans. He would also be shown taking notes of his opponents at ringside during some matches, and frequently carried a paddle (dubbed the "Board of Education") with him to the ring. Upon his WWF debut, he became the first former ECW World Heavyweight Champion ever to be on the WWF's active roster, making his first appearance on the July 29 episode of Superstars. He would usually present a "Report Card" in which he would degrade the performances of heroic wrestlers after their matches.
Douglas began a rivalry with Razor Ramon after grading him "MF" for miserable failure after Razor's loss to Shawn Michaels at SummerSlam. Douglas made his in-ring return to WWF on the September 9 episode of Superstars, where he defeated 1-2-3 Kid by disqualification after Razor attacked Douglas. This resulted in a match between Douglas and Razor at In Your House 3, which Douglas won after interference by the Kid.
He was set to wrestle Shawn Michaels for the Intercontinental Championship at In Your House 4, but Michaels forfeited the title due to injuries incurred after being attacked and beaten by a group of Marines in Syracuse, New York. Douglas, however, immediately had to defend the title against rival Razor Ramon. Ramon would go on to defeat Douglas, ending his reign at only twenty minutes. Douglas was randomly paired with Razor, Owen Hart and Yokozuna against Shawn Michaels, Ahmed Johnson, British Bulldog and Sycho Sid in a Wildcard Survivor Series match at Survivor Series. Douglas was eliminated by Michaels after Razor attacked him. His team went on to lose the match.
Douglas failed to recapture the Intercontinental Championship from Razor Ramon on the December 4 episode of Monday Night Raw. His last televised match was on the December 9 episode of Superstars, where he defeated enhancement talent Tony Williams. His last appearance on WWF television was at In Your House 5, when he was booked to wrestle Ahmed Johnson. According to the storyline, his back was not in wrestling condition, so he introduced Buddy Landel as his substitute, who was subsequently defeated by Johnson in just forty-two seconds. His very last day working in WWF was at Madison Square Garden where he was diagnosed with a severe muscle spasm in his back that if agitated could have paralyzed him, despite this he was explicitly told by Vince McMahon to leave the company. Vince however made him go out that evening and deliver a promo, in which he announced his injury. Troy himself has been very outspoken about how Vince conceivably paid him much less than what was agreed upon, and because of his treatment refuses to ever work for Vince again.
Return to ECW
World Television Champion (1996)
Douglas made his surprise return to ECW at the House Party event, where he reprised his Dean Douglas character, correcting Buh Buh Ray Dudley's grammar after a match, thus becoming a fan favorite. His televised return aired on the January 9 episode of Hardcore TV, where he confronted Stevie Richards and Blue Meanie. During this time, he had a memorable feud with Cactus Jack as Cactus was getting ready to leave for WWF and was cutting promos encouraging Tommy Dreamer to side with him, deriding ECW's hardcore style and promoting clean wrestling. Douglas eventually pinned Jack in a match at CyberSlam after performing a drop toe-hold onto an opened steel chair after Jack's partner Mikey Whipwreck betrayed him. Upon his return, Douglas also targeted the World Heavyweight Champion Raven and received several title shots but came up short.
After failing in his attempts to regain the World Heavyweight Championship, Douglas won the World Television Championship from 2 Cold Scorpio at A Matter of Respect and eventually turned into a villain by showing disrespect to the title. A month later, Douglas was scheduled to defend the title against Scorpio at Fight The Power, but Scorpio was injured, which resulted in Douglas retaining the title against El Puerto Ricano, Don E. Allen, Devon Storm and Mikey Whipwreck in quick succession before losing it to Pitbull #2 after Douglas insulted The Pitbulls' manager, Francine and gave her a belly to belly suplex. At Heat Wave, Douglas won his second World Television Championship by defeating champion Chris Jericho, 2 Cold Scorpio and Pitbull #2 in a four corners match, after Francine turned on them and aided Douglas in winning the match. With Francine by his side, Douglas continued to feud with Pitbull #2 and retained his title against the latter in subsequent rematches for the remainder of the year.
Triple Threat reformation (1996–1998)
In the fall of 1996, Douglas reformed the Triple Threat with new members Chris Candido and Brian Lee. Douglas and Francine entered a feud with Tommy Dreamer and Beulah McGillicutty, which culminated in a series of matches between the two pairs throughout late 1996 and early 1997.
Triple Threat feuded with Douglas' enemies Tommy Dreamer and The Pitbulls throughout the first half of 1997, while Douglas continued his successful title defenses of the World Television Championship against Pitbull #2. Douglas retained his title against Pitbull #1, as well, in an "I Quit" match at Hostile City Showdown. During this time, a mysterious man began stalking Francine and displayed mannerisms of Rick Rude. After Douglas retained his title against Pitbull #2 at ECW's first pay-per-view Barely Legal, Brian Lee revealed himself to be the mysterious stalker and delivered a Chokeslam to Douglas. As a result, Lee was removed from Triple Threat due to his betrayal and left ECW. Triple Threat gained Bam Bam Bigelow in Lee's place, who joined the group as Douglas' partner in a tag team match against The Pitbulls at Chapter 2.
At Wrestlepalooza, Douglas retained his title against Chris Chetti. Later that night, Douglas interrupted Taz's promo after a match between Taz and Sabu. Douglas defended his title against Taz, with the stipulation that Taz would not be able to compete in ECW for sixty days. Douglas lost the title in under three minutes after Taz made him submit to the Tazmission. Douglas' reign ended at 329 days. He then turned his attention on capturing the World Heavyweight Championship from Terry Funk and challenged him for the title at Heat Wave but lost by disqualification. Douglas received another shot on the August 14 episode of Hardcore TV, but lost. Shortly after, Sabu won the title but Douglas remained in the title picture. At Hardcore Heaven, Douglas defeated Sabu and Funk in a three-way dance to win the title for the third time. Douglas retained the title against Phil Lafon in a no disqualification match at As Good as it Gets.
Douglas lost his title to Bam Bam Bigelow on the October 24 episode of Hardcore TV after Rick Rude chose Bigelow as Douglas' challenger. As a result, Bigelow was kicked out of Triple Threat and replaced by Lance Storm. After failing in a rematch at Ultimate Jeopardy, Douglas regained the title by defeating Bigelow at the November to Remember pay-per-view, beginning his fourth reign as champion. Douglas was injured in the match and was sidelined for nearly two months, making his return to action on January 30, 1998. At Hostile City Showdown, Bigelow rejoined Triple Threat by turning on his partner Taz during a match against Triple Threat. Bigelow's return lead to Lance Storm being kicked out of the group, which began a feud between Storm and the Triple Threat. At Living Dangerously, Douglas and Chris Candido faced Storm and his mystery partner, who was revealed to be Al Snow. Snow pinned Douglas following a Snow Plow. This earned Snow, a title shot against Douglas for the world title at Wrestlepalooza, where Douglas retained the title.
Douglas suffered an injury which prevented him from competing for a couple of months but he continued to appear on television, during which Triple Threat began feuding with Taz, Rob Van Dam and Sabu. The two teams squared off in a match at November to Remember, where Triple Threat lost. After the match, Bigelow left ECW and Chris Candido abandoned Douglas, resulting in Triple Threat being disbanded.
Final storylines (1999)
Douglas continued his feud with Taz, which culminated in a match between the two at Guilty as Charged in 1999, where Douglas lost the ECW World Heavyweight Championship to Taz after Douglas was attacked by former teammate Chris Candido, allowing Taz to win with a Tazmission. Douglas' fourth ECW World Heavyweight Championship reign was the longest reign in the title's history, lasting 406 days. Douglas faced Taz in a rematch for the World Heavyweight Championship at House Party, where he lost. At Crossing the Line, Douglas turned into a fan favorite and allied with longtime nemesis Tommy Dreamer to feud with Impact Players after both men claimed to be the "New Franchise" but Douglas elected Dreamer as his successor. At Living Dangerously, Dreamer and Douglas defeated Impact Players. Douglas continued to feud with the Impact Players until he left the company due to a disagreement with Paul Heyman. Douglas wrestled his last match in ECW on April 15, where he defeated Justin Credible after a Pittsburgh Plunge.
Second return to WCW
The Revolution and New Blood (1999–2000)
After quitting ECW, Douglas made a surprise return to WCW on the July 26, 1999 episode of Nitro, where he praised former Triple Threat members Chris Benoit, Dean Malenko and fellow ECW alumnus Perry Saturn to form The Revolution and pledged to cut the "cancer" out of WCW, referring Ric Flair as the cancer, with whom Douglas had an off-screen grudge. Asya was later added to the group in place of Benoit, who left the team. The group wrestled other groups including West Texas Rednecks, First Family, Filthy Animals, and Varsity Club during its run. The group was rarely featured prominently, however, and never really challenged the dominant wrestlers of WCW. This led to them never really getting popular as an idea, though both Benoit and Malenko were successful individually. The lack of success would eventually lead to the demise of the group after Malenko and Saturn left WCW. Following the disbanding of Revolution, Douglas managed The Wall at the Souled Out pay-per-view in 2000, before taking a hiatus from television as the company did not have any plans for him at the time.
Douglas returned to WCW television on te April 10 episode of Nitro, where he aligned himself with Vince Russo and he joined The New Blood group run by Russo and Eric Bischoff, which feuded with the older established Millionaire's Club, which included Douglas' nemesis Ric Flair. Douglas faced Flair for the first time on that same night in a match, which Douglas lost by disqualification. At Spring Stampede, Douglas was paired with Buff Bagwell in a four-team tournament for the vacated World Tag Team Championship, where they defeated Harlem Heat 2000 in the semi-finals and the makeshift team of Ric Flair and Lex Luger in the finals, after Brian Adams and Bryan Clark delivered a High Times. Douglas resumed his feud with Flair, which culminated in a match between the two at Slamboree, which Douglas won, with the help of Flair's son David Flair in disguise of a masked man. On the May 15 episode of Nitro, Douglas defended the tag title alongside The Wall, who substituted for Buff Bagwell in a match against KroniK, which KroniK won.
Douglas received an opportunity for the World Heavyweight Championship against Jeff Jarrett on the May 31 episode of Thunder, where he failed to win the title after the WCW Commissioner Ernest Miller delivered a Feliner to Douglas. Douglas competed against The Wall in a Best of Five Tables match at The Great American Bash, which Douglas won by driving Wall through three tables.
The Franchise (2000–2001)
At Bash at the Beach, Douglas defeated his former tag team partner Buff Bagwell, by debuting his new finishing move called Franchiser and with assistance by Torrie Wilson, who turned on Bagwell. With Wilson as his manager, Douglas began using his ECW nickname "The Franchise" and began using "Cut the damn music!" catchphrase during his entrance to the ring and then delivered a promo on the microphone. Douglas participated in a tournament for the vacated United States Heavyweight Championship on the July 18 episode of Monday Nitro, where he defeated Billy Kidman in the quarter-finals but lost to eventual winner Lance Storm in the semi-finals. Douglas would begin a rivalry with Kidman, which resulted in a loss for Douglas in a Strap match at the New Blood Rising pay-per-view. However, Douglas and Torrie Wilson defeated Kidman and Madusa in a scaffold match at Fall Brawl.
In the fall of 2000, Douglas became allied with the Natural Born Thrillers, during which he helped their leader Mike Sanders win a kickboxing match against Ernest Miller at Halloween Havoc, which lead to Douglas facing Miller in a match at Mayhem, which Miller won. Douglas would then enter a rivalry with Misfits in Action leader General Rection over Rection's United States Heavyweight Championship. He faced Rection for the title at Starrcade, but lost by disqualification after Chavo Guerrero, Jr. informed the referee that Douglas was trying to use a chain to hit Rection. In 2001, Douglas defeated Rection in a first blood chain match to capture the title at the Sin pay-per-view. Douglas dropped the belt to Rick Steiner on the February 5 episode of Nitro. This was Douglas' last match in the company and he sat out the rest of his WCW contract until it was purchased by the WWF on March 23, 2001.
Xtreme Pro Wrestling (2002–2003)
After the WWF purchased both WCW and ECW in 2001, Douglas Went to Xtreme Pro Wrestling in July 2002, where he won its World Heavyweight Championship after defeating Johnny Webb at the Night of Champions event. Douglas later helped expand the promotion from its base in Los Angeles to Philadelphia, and XPW held its first show in Philadelphia on August 31. Douglas would later become the final World Heavyweight Champion in XPW history, as the promotion held its final event on March 8, 2003 in his hometown of Pittsburgh.
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
The New Church, The New Franchise and color commentator (2003–2005)
Following the closures of both XPW and WWA, Martin signed with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling in June 2003. Under his Shane Douglas ring name, he debuted in TNA on the company's weekly pay-per-view on June 11, where he immediately reignited his feud with Raven by costing him an opportunity for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. The two ended up joining separate factions as Douglas became a member of The New Church and Raven formed The Gathering. Douglas made his TNA in-ring debut on July 2, where he defeated CM Punk in a Clockwork Orange House of Fun match. Douglas and Raven clashed throughout the summer of 2003, with both men trading wins in a couple of matches.
When this feud ran down, Douglas broke away from The New Church on October 1 and began a quest to find "The New Franchise". He was joined by Tracy as his new valet after his match against Sandman on November 5 and Michael Shane was introduced as Douglas' protege and the trio formed their new group called "The New Franchise" on November 26. Douglas took him under his wing throughout the end of 2003 and beginning of 2004, as the two joined the company's tag team division. The duo were entered into a tournament for the vacated NWA World Tag Team Championship, where they lost to Christopher Daniels and Low Ki on March 24. The following week, Douglas and Shane participated in a four-way tag team match to receive a shot at the tag team titles, but came up short. On May 5, Shane turned on Douglas and the two squared off in a match, which Douglas won. After the match, Traci joined Shane to abandon Douglas. When the grouping of Shane and Douglas broke up, Douglas went into a semi-in-ring retirement. He became an onscreen commentator and interviewer for TNA's new weekly television show, Impact!, and their monthly pay-per-views. In addition to this on-screen role, he worked backstage as a road agent and took a few independent bookings.
Managing The Naturals (2006–2007)
Douglas returned to television on the May 18, 2006 episode of Impact!, appearing on the entrance ramp as Andy Douglas (no relation) made the save for his tag team partner Chase Stevens after a brutal squash match against Samoa Joe. He would scout The Naturals again on the May 25 episode of Impact!, when Andy Douglas lost his match. A few weeks later, on June 15, Shane confronted them on their recent losing streak and their squandered talent, referring to their former manager and Douglas's ex-Triple Threat teammate Chris Candido in the process. He offered to become their manager, which they accepted. During the promo when he offered his services, he spoke his true feelings on World Wrestling Entertainment's revival of Extreme Championship Wrestling, admonishing Vince McMahon for "exploiting the memory" of the company he helped build nearly 15 years earlier. After becoming their mentor, pre-recorded videos showed Douglas training The Naturals have been shown on TNA programming, though he doesn't stand at ringside during their matches like most other managers. Once they were deemed ready for competition, Douglas billed them as "The Newly Franchised Naturals".
On the December 21 episode of Impact! after The Naturals lost to Team 3D in a tables match, a fed up Douglas turned his back on them, claiming that his experiment was over. Despite the failed "experiment", prior to the departure of The Naturals from TNA, Chase Stevens was featured in a match on the pre-show of the Final Resolution pay-per-view in 2007. During the match, Stevens wore the gold-and-black "Franchised" Naturals attire. Douglas came out after his match to heatedly confront Stevens about wearing his colors, leading to an in-ring confrontation between the two. After the angle was dropped, Douglas remained completely unseen on TNA programming. On October 10, 2007, it was confirmed that Douglas was released from his TNA contract.
Feud with Christopher Daniels (2009)
On the May 28, 2009 episode of Impact!, Douglas returned to TNA and attacked Christopher Daniels after his match with A.J. Styles. The following week on Impact!, Douglas again attacked Daniels during his match before subsequently stating that he wanted a second chance in TNA like Daniels received, after the latter was, in storyline, fired from TNA. He was granted a second chance on the June 11 episode of Impact!, where he was given a match with A.J. Styles which he lost, only to attack Styles after the match. Daniels would come out to help Styles, only to have Douglas hit him with a towel containing a pair of handcuffs. At the Slammiversary pay-per-view, Douglas lost to Daniels in a second chance match, resulting in Daniels retaining his spot on the TNA roster. Following the match, Douglas left TNA once again, although asked by TNA to participate in their ECW reunion show Hardcore Justice, he refused the invitation.
Return to the independent circuit (2009–present)
In 2012, Douglas announced that he would take part in Extreme Reunion, an event consisting of former ECW Originals. It was the first in a series of three events. The event was held on April 28 in the National Guard Armory of Philadelphia. The second event, Extreme Rising, was held on June 29 in New York and on June 30 in Philadelphia. There was a third show promoted by the same group, held on November 17 in Pittsburgh called "Extreme Rising Remember November". In the main event Douglas wrestled Matt Hardy to a no-contest.
On March 24, 2017 at a Pro Wrestling All-Stars of Detroit event, Douglas defeated The Great Akuma in Melvindale, Michigan to become the Pro Wrestling All-Stars Heavyweight Champion. On April 21, Douglas defeated Paul Bowser by countout in an "Extreme Rules" match to successfully defend the title. He lost the title on May 12, 2017 when Breyer Wellington beat Douglas, Paul Bowser, and Atlas Hytower in a Fatal Four-Way match.
On May 13, 2017 at XICW "Best In Detroit 20" in Clinton Township, Michigan, Douglas beat Joe Coleman to become the XICW Xtreme Intense Champion. 
On March 3, 2018 at World BigTime Wrestlings' "Extreme Warfare" in Lucas County, Ohio. He defeated Shawn Blaze for the WBW Heavyweight Championship. He lost the belt back to Blaze on May 5, 2018 after the WBW commissioner interfered with the match.
On March 11, 2018 at XICW "March Madness & Mayhem" in Fraser, MI Shane Douglas lost the XICW Xtreme Intense Title to Kongo Kong.
Douglas was a promoter for the Xtreme Pro Wrestling promotion. Under his promotion, XPW moved from California to Philadelphia and featured many former ECW stars.
In mid-2005, Douglas conceived and, alongside Jeremy Borash, promoted and booked Hardcore Homecoming, a series of Extreme Championship Wrestling reunion events. The first event occurred on June 10, two days before World Wrestling Entertainment's own ECW reunion show, ECW One Night Stand. The final show occurred on November 5. On April 9, 2009, it was announced that Martin and Nite Owl Production were to promote a follow up to Hardcore Homecoming called November to Remember: The Final Chair Shot. Originally, the event was to occur in 2008 on the anniversary of the original Hardcore Homecoming event, but the date was rescheduled to coincide with an American Cancer Society charity event hosted by Douglas' former valet Francine.
Douglas was scheduled to headline the Extreme Reunion event scheduled for April 28, 2012. Unbeknownst to WWE, Douglas appeared in the audience on the March 19, 2012 episode of Raw to promote the event, but was escorted out of the arena by security after causing a disturbance.
In an interview on April 6, 2014, Douglas said that he had partnered with a wealthy investor and was looking into creating a brand new wrestling promotion. Douglas said in the interview that they were offering health insurance, revenue sharing, 401K and pension plans and he hoped the promotion would start up within the next year.
In 1993 during his first stint with World Championship Wrestling, he began teaching emotional support classes, economics, and the history of the United States at a high school. While not wrestling, Martin works as a motivational speaker.
Martin married Carla Marie Reeves on August 13, 1999. Their first son, Connor, was born in April 2001, and their second son, Caden Andrew, was born on December 6, 2005. Soon after his second son was born, Martin checked himself into a drug rehabilitation program due to a painkiller addiction. Since 2006, Martin has remained clean and drug-free. He discussed this on Steve Austin's podcast during a two-part episode in April 2015. Martin and his wife divorced in 2017.
In July 2016, Martin was named part of a class action lawsuit filed against WWE which alleged that wrestlers incurred traumatic brain injuries during their tenure and that the company concealed the risks of injury. The suit is litigated by attorney Konstantine Kyros, who has been involved in a number of other lawsuits against WWE.
Championships and accomplishments
- American Pro Wrestling Alliance
- APWA World Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Atlantic Terror Championship Wrestling
- ATCW Championship (1 time, current)
- Big Time Wrestling (Massachusetts)
- Blue Water Championship Wrestling
- BWCW Heavyweight Championship (1 time, current)
- Border City Wrestling
- Eastern Championship Wrestling / Extreme Championship Wrestling
- H20 Wrestling: Hardcore Hustle Organization
- H20 Heavyweight Championship (1 time, current)
- International Wrestling Association
- IWA Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- North American Wrestling Alliance
- NAWA Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Pro Championship Wrestling
- PCW Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Pro Wrestling All-Stars Of Detroit
- PWASD Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Pro Wrestling Uncensored
- PWU Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Pro Wrestling eXpress
- PWX Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Southeastern Championship Wrestling
- Superstar Wrestling Federation
- SWF Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- United States Wrestling League
- USWL Unified World Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- USA Pro Wrestling
- Universal Wrestling Federation
- World-1 Wrestling
- W-1 Television Championship (1 time, current)
- World Championship Wrestling
- World Wrestling Federation
- Xtreme Intense Championship Wrestling
- XICW Xtreme Intense Championship (1 time)
- Xtreme Pro Wrestling
- National Championship Wrestling
1Douglas' first two reigns began while the promotion was a National Wrestling Alliance affiliate named Eastern Championship Wrestling and was prior to the promotion becoming Extreme Championship Wrestling and the title being declared a world championship by ECW, which occurred during his second reign. Douglas held the title an additional two times after these events.
Luchas de Apuestas record
|Winner (wager)||Loser (wager)||Location||Event||Date||Notes|
|Shane Douglas (hair)||Raven (hair)||Nashville, Tennessee||NWA TNA Weekly PPV #63||September 17, 2003|||
- "Shane Douglas' OWOW profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-09-12.
- "Shane Douglas official bio".
- "Cagematch profile".
- "WCW profile". Archived from the original on August 17, 2000.
- "Shane Douglas biography". WWE. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "Shane Douglas' (Troy Martin's) roll number". Archived from the original on 2009-06-07.
- Mick Foley. Have a Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks (p.68)
- Foley, Mick. Have a Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks (p.92)
- Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley. p. 271. ISBN 978-0-7566-4190-0.
- Foley, Mick. Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks (pp. 156, 187)
- "WWF Ring Results 1990". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2016-12-31.
- "Royal Rumble 1991 entrances and eliminations". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- Williams, Scott (2006). Hardcore History. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-59670-021-5.
- "WWF Ring Results 1991". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2016-12-31.
- "WCW Ring Results 1992". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Halloween Havoc 1992 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Clash of the Champions XXI results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "NWA World Tag Team Championship history".
- "WCW World Tag Team Championship history".
- "Starrcade 1992 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Clash of the Champions XXII results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "WCW Ring Results 1993". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Slamboree 1993 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "ECW results - August 7, 1993". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "ECW Hardcore TV - August 24, 1993". Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "ECW World Heavyweight Championship history".
- "UltraClash results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "NWA Bloodfest: Part Two results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "2 Cold Scorpio vs. Shane Douglas - NWA World Heavyweight Title Tournament Finals: August 27, 1994". wwe.com.
- "ECW Ring Results 1992-1993". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- See Eddie Guerrero
- "Holiday Hell 1993 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "ECW Ring Results 1994". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "The Night The Line was Crossed results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Ultimate Jeopardy 1994 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "NWA World Title Tournament". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "NWA World Title Tournament results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "ECW Championship title history".
- "The idea of throwing down the NWA World Title was planned and only two other people were in on it: Todd Gordon and Paul Heyman. Paul told Shane the negative would be that many he grew up loving would peg him as a "backstabber" if he did it. What made the decision easy is Dennis Carluzzo's commentary about Shane at the time. Carluzzo went on the radio and behind his back and told everyone not to book Shane as he would no show and was a "bad risk." Shane can't recall ever no showing an event. Carluzzo, a high-ranking NWA official, apparently was talking about a show Shane no showed because he was worried about pay. The promoter kept backing out of parts of the agreement and in the end wanted Shane to drive instead of fly as was planned in the arrangement. So, Shane told the promoter to take his name off the show and not to book him again. Shane credits Mike Tenay for telling him the story as Shane didn't even remember it. — The day of the event Shane was to throw down the NWA belt, he was still undecided. It wasn't until Carluzzo showed up and was stuck to Shane's side "like a dingleberry" and wanted him to sign a contract which Shane couldn't sign. When he saw how disingenuous Carluzzo was being, he decided to do it using his father's theory of doing right by the people that do right by you.—Shane feels there is some left over anger from the NWA about the tossing of the belt. When he went to TNA, he feels they could have had him do the typical heel "nobody beat me for the belt" angle but opted not to.
- "2006 Hall Of Fame Inductees". www.wrestlingclothesline.com. Archived from the original on 2007-07-01.
- "Comments regarding the NWA Title: ECW Hardcore TV, Aug. 30, 1994". wwe.com.
- "November to Remember 1994 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "Holiday Hell 1994 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "Triple Threat Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "Double Tables results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "Return of the Funker results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "ECW Ring Results 1995". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "Three Way Dance results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "Hostile City Showdown 1995 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- See List of ECW World Heavyweight Champions
- "Enter Sandman results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "WWF Ring Results 1995". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "In Your House 3 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Intercontinental Championship history". WWE. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
- "Survivor Series 1995 results". WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "In Your House 5 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- GOProWrestling (4 August 2017). "Shane Douglas' Last Day in WWE (FULL Details) - GO Pro Wrestling" – via YouTube.
- "ECW Ring Results 1996". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "CyberSlam 1996 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Big Ass Extreme Bash results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Hostile City Showdown 1996 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "ECW Television Championship title history".
- "A Matter of Respect 1996 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Fight The Power results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Heat Wave 1996 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "The Doctor is in results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Ultimate Jeopardy 1996 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "November to Remember 1996 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Holiday Hell 1996 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "ECW Ring Results 1997". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "House Party 1997 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Winter Blowout results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Crossing the Line Again results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Hostile City Showdown 1997 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Barely Legal results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Chapter 2 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Wrestlepalooza 1997 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Heat Wave 1997 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Hardcore Heaven 1997 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "As Good as it Gets results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Shane Douglas vs. Bam Bam Bigelow: Hardcore TV, October 24, 1997 - ECW World Heavyweight Championship". WWE.com. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Ultimate Jeopardy 1997 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "November to Remember 1997 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "ECW Ring Results 1998". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "ECW results - January 30, 1998". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Hostile City Showdown 1998 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Living Dangerously 1998 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Wrestlepalooza 1998 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "November to Remember 1998 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "ECW Ring Results 1999". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Guilty as Charged 1999 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "House Party 1999 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Living Dangerously 1999 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "ECW results - April 15, 1999". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "WCW Ring Results 1999". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "Road Wild 1999 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "Fall Brawl 1999 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "Mayhem 1999 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "Starrcade 1999 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "WCW Ring Results 2000-2001". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
- "Spring Stampede 2000 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
- "Slamboree 2000 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
- "The Great American Bash 2000 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
- "Bash at the Beach 2000 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "WCW U.S. Title Tournament 2000". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "New Blood Rising results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "Fall Brawl 2000 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "Mayhem 2000 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "Starrcade 2000 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "Shane Douglas' first United States Championship reign".
- "Sin results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - June 11, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - July 2, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "TNA Results 2003". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - October 1, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - November 5, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - November 26, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - March 24, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - March 31, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "NWA-TNA PPV results - May 5, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- Droste, Ryan. "Impact! Results - 5/18/06 (X Cup, Rhino vs. Abyss - KOTM Qualifying)". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- Droste, Ryan. "Impact! Results - 5/25/06 (AJ & Daniels in action - Brown vs. Killings)". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- Droste, Ryan. "Impact! Results - 6/15/06 (Big eight man main event - Nash vs. Mr. X)". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "TNA Impact results - December 21, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "TNA Results 2007". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "October 10, 2007- Update on Shane Douglas". Franchisefansite.net. Archived from the original on 2007-12-24. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
- Keller, Wade. "KELLER'S TNA IMPACT TAKE 5/28: Ongoing "virtual time" analysis of Spike TV show including return of Raven, Sacrifice fallout". PWTorch. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- Keller, Wade. "KELLER'S TNA IMPACT TAKE 6/4: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage and analysis of Spike TV program". PWTorch. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "Shane Douglas vs. Christopher Daniels at Slammiversary".
- "Another former ECW star turns down Hardcore Justice". Archived from the original on 2010-10-12.
- "The Franchise returns to the NWA".
- "Shane Douglas wins XICW Xtreme Intense Title".
- "Shane Douglas to promote November to Remember: The Final Chair Shot". Archived from the original on 2009-04-02.
- Martin, Adam (2012-01-27). "Douglas on Extreme Reunion, Carter's TNA investment". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- Tedesco, Mike (2012-03-20). "Video: Shane Douglas crashes Monday Night Raw". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- "Renegade Interview: 'The Franchise' Shane Douglas". Renegade Cinema. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- Austin, Steve. "PodcastOne: The Steve Austin Show". podcastone.com.
- "Pro Wrestlers vs Zombies". 28 March 2014 – via www.imdb.com.
- "WWE sued in wrestler class action lawsuit featuring Jimmy 'Superfly' Snuka, Paul 'Mr Wonderful' Orndorff". FoxSports.com. Fox Entertainment Group (21st Century Fox). July 18, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
- "Championship listing".
- Martin, Adam (2010-09-23). "Update on Douglas stepping back into the ring". WrestleView. Archived from the original on 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-09-24.
- "Blue Water Championship Wrestling". www.facebook.com.
- "BCW Can-Am Heavyweight Championship history".
- "THE FOUR NEW MEMBERS OF THE ECW ARENA HALL OF FAME REVEALED & MORE - PWInsider.com". www.pwinsider.com.
- "NWA World Heavyweight Championship history". Archived from the original on 2012-06-18.
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "H20 Wrestling: 1 Year Anniversary « Events Database « CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- Pro Championship Wrestling (2006). "PCW Title". PCWsdf1.com.
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "PWASD « Events Database « CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- "Official awards listing".
- "NWA Southeastern Continental Tag Team Championship history".
- "Independent Wrestling Results - May 2005". onlineworldofwrestling.com. Retrieved 2008-07-04.
- "Independent Wrestling Results - February 2004". onlineworldofwrestling.com. Retrieved 2008-07-04.
- "UWF World Television Championship history".
- "Dean Douglas' first Intercontinental Championship reign".
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "XICW Xtreme Intense Championship « Titles Database « CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- "XPW World Heavyweight Championship history".
- The Official Home of "The Franchise" Shane Douglas. Franchisefansite.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-05.
- Radbourne, Julian. (2008-01-18) The Two Sheds Review: NCW Cut The F'N Music - DVD Review. Twoshedsreview.blogspot.co.il. Retrieved on 2013-09-05.
- "NWA TNA Weekly Pay-per view #63".
- Mick Foley (2000). Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks. HarperCollins. p. 768. ISBN 0-06-103101-1.
- Shane Douglas F.A.Q.
- Solie's title histories
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