Patoka, Indiana

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Patoka, Indiana
Town
Patoka, Indiana.jpg
Location of Patoka in the state of Indiana
Location of Patoka in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 38°24′20″N 87°35′11″W / 38.40556°N 87.58639°W / 38.40556; -87.58639Coordinates: 38°24′20″N 87°35′11″W / 38.40556°N 87.58639°W / 38.40556; -87.58639
Country United States
State Indiana
County Gibson
Township White River
Area[1]
 • Total 1.14 sq mi (2.95 km2)
 • Land 1.12 sq mi (2.90 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 436 ft (133 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 735
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 734
 • Density 656.2/sq mi (253.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 47666
Area code(s) 812, 930
FIPS code 18-58320[4]
GNIS feature ID 0440922[5]

Patoka is the fourth largest town and sixth largest community in Gibson County, Indiana, United States. The population was 735 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Patoka was laid out and platted in 1813.[6] The town's name comes from an Indian word meaning "log on bottom", on account of the many muddy logs at the bottom of the river.[7] The Patoka post office was established in 1833.[8]

Geography[edit]

Patoka is located at 38°24′20″N 87°35′11″W / 38.40556°N 87.58639°W / 38.40556; -87.58639 (38.405536, -87.586260).[9]

According to the 2010 census, Patoka has a total area of 1.14 square miles (2.95 km2), of which 1.12 square miles (2.90 km2) (or 98.25%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 1.75%) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 99
1860 409 313.1%
1870 844 106.4%
1880 775 −8.2%
1890 729 −5.9%
1900 710 −2.6%
1910 657 −7.5%
1920 673 2.4%
1930 634 −5.8%
1940 569 −10.3%
1950 626 10.0%
1960 579 −7.5%
1970 529 −8.6%
1980 832 57.3%
1990 704 −15.4%
2000 749 6.4%
2010 735 −1.9%
Est. 2015 729 [10] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 735 people, 295 households, and 215 families residing in the town. The population density was 656.2 inhabitants per square mile (253.4/km2). There were 344 housing units at an average density of 307.1 per square mile (118.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 1.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 295 households of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.1% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the town was 41.4 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 53.5% male and 46.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 749 people, 308 households, and 217 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,064.2 people per square mile (413.1/km²). There were 338 housing units at an average density of 480.2 per square mile (186.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.06% White, 1.74% African American, 0.40% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.27% of the population.

There were 308 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,208, and the median income for a family was $40,227. Males had a median income of $33,636 versus $18,681 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,587. About 9.6% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Stormont, Gil R. (1914). History of Gibson County, Indiana: Her People, Industries and Institutions. B.F. Bowen. p. 372. 
  7. ^ Peattie, Elia Wilkinson (1897). History of Gibson County, Indiana. Cook & McDowell Publications. p. 14. 
  8. ^ "Gibson County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.