Pedro Gual Escandón

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Pedro Gual
Pedro Gual Escandon.jpg
President of Venezuela
In office
15 March 1858 – 18 March 1858
Preceded byJosé Tadeo Monagas
Succeeded byJulián Castro
President of Venezuela
In office
2 August 1859 – 29 September 1859
Preceded byJulián Castro
Succeeded byManuel Felipe de Tovar
President of Venezuela
In office
20 May 1861 – 29 August 1861
Preceded byManuel Felipe de Tovar
Succeeded byJosé Antonio Páez
1st Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Colombia
In office
7 October 1821 – 17 September 1825
PresidentSimón Bolívar
Preceded by*Office created
Succeeded byJosé Rafael Revenga y Hernández
Personal details
Born(1783-01-17)17 January 1783
Caracas, Venezuela
Died6 May 1862(1862-05-06) (aged 79)
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Political partyConservative Party
Spouse(s)Rosa María Domínguez

Pedro José Ramón Gual (Caracas, Venezuela, 17 January 1783 – Guayaquil, Ecuador, 6 May 1862), was a Venezuelan lawyer, politician, journalist and diplomat.

During the Venezuelan War of Independence he came to the United States to buy weapons for the Patriots. In 1815 he came to stay in the home of Manuel Torres. With Torres and other agents he helped organize General Francisco Xavier Mina's ill-fated expedition to Mexico, with Gual acting as Mina's press agent. Gual was one of the men who signed Gregor MacGregor's commission to invade Amelia Island in 1817, which offended President James Monroe's administration; thereafter he left the U.S.[1]

In 1824 as chancellor of Great Colombia he negotiated with the U.S. diplomat Richard Clough Anderson Jr. and concluded the Anderson–Gual Treaty, the first bilateral treaty that the U.S. signed with another American state. He was President of Venezuela for three periods (1858, 1859, and 1861) and a member of the Conservative Centralist party.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bowman 1970, pp. 44–50.
  • (in Spanish) "Diccionario de Historia de Venezuela", Fundación Polar, 1997.
  • (in Spanish) "Los Presidentes Volumen I/1811-1863" Ramón Urdaneta, Fondo Editorial Venezolano, 1995.
  • (in Spanish) Pedro Gual
  • (in Spanish) Gran Logia Unida de Venezuela
  • (in Spanish) Biography of the Foreign Affairs Ministry
  • Acevedo Latorre, Eduardo (1988). Colaboradores de Santander en la Organización de la República [Collaborators of Santander in the Organization of the Republic] (in Spanish). David Bushnell (prologue) (2nd ed.). Bogotá: Fundación para la Conmemoración del Bicentenario del Natalicio y el Sesquicentenario de la Muerte del General Francisco de Paula Santander. p. 409. ISBN 9789586430425. LCCN 89182882. OCLC 19979044. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  • Bowman, Charles H. Jr. (January 1970). "Manuel Torres, a Spanish American Patriot in Philadelphia, 1796–1822". Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 94 (1): 26–53.
  • Gil Fortoul, José (1907). "Libro Tercero: Capítulo II: Bolívar y el Ejército de Colombia" [Third Book: Chapter 2: Bolívar and the Colombian Army]. Historia Constitucional de Venezuela [Constitutional History of Venezuela] (in Spanish). 1 (1st ed.). Berlin: Carl Heymanns Verlag. p. 328. LCCN 07024279. OCLC 3721996. Retrieved 12 April 2012.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
José Tadeo Monagas
President of Venezuela
Succeeded by
Julián Castro
Preceded by
Julián Castro
President of Venezuela
Succeeded by
Manuel Felipe de Tovar
Preceded by
Manuel Felipe de Tovar
President of Venezuela
Succeeded by
José Antonio Páez