Four Lanes

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Four Lanes
Four Lanes - geograph.org.uk - 159575.jpg
Four Lanes
Four Lanes is located in Cornwall
Four Lanes
Four Lanes
Four Lanes shown within Cornwall
OS grid reference SW 689 386
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town REDRUTH
Postcode district TR16
Dialling code 01209
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°12′08″N 5°14′18″W / 50.2022°N 5.2384°W / 50.2022; -5.2384Coordinates: 50°12′08″N 5°14′18″W / 50.2022°N 5.2384°W / 50.2022; -5.2384
Pencoys Parish Church

Four Lanes (Cornish: Peder Bownder) is a village in west Cornwall, England, United Kingdom approximately three miles (5 kilometres) south of Redruth at grid reference SW 689 386 in the civil parish of Carn Brea (where the 2011 census population was included ).

Pencoys is a smaller settlement which adjoins Four Lanes immediately to the south.

Four Lanes and Pencoys are on the upland plateau of the Carnmenellis granite batholith. Four Lanes village centre is 220 metres (720 feet) above sea level.[1]

The village is centred on The Square which is at a crossroads where the north-to-south B3297 Redruth-Helston road is intersected by unclassified lanes to Stithians (south-east) and Carnkie (north-west).

History[edit]

Four Lanes is the main settlement in the ecclesiastical parish of Pencoys (the parish was established in 1881). In earlier times the area was part of the parish of Wendron and the name Pencoys means the end of the wood. The granite-built parish church, St Andrew's, dates from 1881 and the parish war memorial is the church's lych gate (built in 1921) which features commemorative plaques in the gateway. Maria Charlotte Broadley, the wife of the Vicar of Carnmenellis, wished to provide a church for the outlying hamlet of Four Lanes but her husband died and she moved elsewhere. In the late 1870s she returned and ensured that a building used for occasional services which had become dilapidated was repaired. However she still wished to provide a proper church, made appeals for funds and in 1881 the church was built at a cost of £1,250. Mrs. Broadley had given £1,050 of this and also the cost of many of the fittings and the east window. She is commemorated by a plaque in Pencoys church placed there in 1977 as part of the celebrations of the centenary of the Diocese of Truro.[2]

The older part of Four Lanes straddles the B3297 road north of the crossroads but there are substantial estates of post-1960s housing south of the crossroads.

The classical soprano singer Wendy Eathorne was born at Four Lanes in 1939.[3]

The village today[edit]

There are two pubs in the village; the Victoria Inn at The Square and the Sportsman's Arms three hundred metres south on the Helston Road.

Four Lanes has a male voice choir which takes part in competitions and festivals at local and national level.[4] One of Brenda Wootton's albums, Gwavas Lake (Burlington Records, BURL 008, 1980), features the choir,

Transmitting station[edit]

Redruth (Four Lanes) television transmitting station is situated half-a-mile north-west of the village at grid reference SW 690 395, 50°12′35″N 5°14′19″W / 50.20972°N 5.23861°W / 50.20972; -5.23861 and has a 173-metre (568 ft) high guyed steel lattice mast. It includes a 152.4 metres (500 ft) high guyed steel lattice mast with square cross section, which is surmounted by the television transmitting antennas, bringing the overall height of the structure to 173 metres (568 ft).[5] It is owned and operated by National Grid Wireless. It transmits UHF Analogue television signals, DVB television, FM Radio and DAB Radio. It is sometimes referred to as Four Lanes, because of the proximity of the mast to neighbouring village of the same name. The main mast is lit with four bright red aircraft warning lights, a statutory requirement of the Civil Aviation Authority.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  2. ^ Rendell, Joan (1982) Cornish Churches. St Teath: Bossiney Books; pp. 59, 61
  3. ^ Wendy Eathorne (Soprano); Bach Cantatas Website; accessed 22 July 2013
  4. ^ Four Lanes Male Choir
  5. ^ "Kerrier District Council planning application". 2007-09-27. 
  • Grigg, John. I know a wild hamlet ... the saga of St Andrew's Church, Pencoys. [Pencoys: Fr. Grigg, 197-?]

External links[edit]

Media related to Four Lanes at Wikimedia Commons