Peter Hirsch

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Sir Peter Hirsch FRS
Born 16 January 1925 (1925-01-16) (age 93)
Berlin
Alma mater University of Cambridge
Known for Transmission Electron Microscopy
Physics
Awards Franklin J. Clamer Medal (1970)
Hughes Medal (1973)
Royal Medal (1977)
Wolf Prize in Physics (1983/4)
Lomonosov Gold Medal of Russian Academy of Sciences (2005)
Fellow of the Royal Society
Scientific career
Fields Materials Science
Institutions University of Oxford
Thesis 'An X-ray micro-beam technique[3] (1951)
Doctoral advisor W.H. Taylor[1]
Doctoral students Micahel J Whelan[1]
Influences William Lawrence Bragg
Influenced Mark Miodownik[2]

Sir Peter Bernhard Hirsch HonFRMS FRS (born 16 January 1925) is a figure in British materials science who has made fundamental contributions to the application of transmission electron microscopy to metals.[4][5] Hirsch attended the Sloane School, Chelsea and St Catharine's College, Cambridge. In 1946 he joined the Crystallography Department of the Cavendish to work for a PhD on work hardening in metals under W.H. Taylor and Lawrence Bragg.[6] He subsequently carried out work, which is still cited, on the structure of coal.

In the mid-1950s he pioneered the application of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to metals and developed in detail the theory needed to interpret such images. He was a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge from 1960 to 1966 and was elected an Honorary Fellow of Christ's in 1978. In 1965, with Howie, Whelan, Pashley and Nicholson, he published the text Electron microscopy of thin crystals.[7][8] The following year he moved to Oxford to take up the Isaac Wolfson Chair in Metallurgy, succeeding William Hume-Rothery. He held this post until his retirement in 1992, building up the Department of Metallurgy (now the Department of Materials) into a world-renowned centre. Among many other honours, he was awarded the 1983 Wolf Foundation Prize in physics. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1963 and knighted in 1975. He is a fellow of St Edmund Hall, Oxford.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Peter Hirsch". 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01fkc5n
  3. ^ http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.604092
  4. ^ "Personal Homepages Professor Sir Peter Hirsch FRS Emeritus Professor Department of Materials Oxford Materials". Archived from the original on 3 April 2012.
  5. ^ Wilkinson, A. J.; Hirsch, P. B. (1997). "Electron diffraction based techniques in scanning electron microscopy of bulk materials". Micron. 28 (4): 279. doi:10.1016/S0968-4328(97)00032-2.
  6. ^ Kelly, Anthony (2013-01-01). "Lawrence Bragg's interest in the deformation of metals and 1950–1953 in the Cavendish – a worm's-eye view". Acta Crystallographica Section A. 69 (1): 16–24. doi:10.1107/s0108767312034356. ISSN 0108-7673.
  7. ^ P. Hirsch, A. Howie, R. Nicholson, D. W. Pashley and M. J. Whelan (1965/1977) Electron microscopy of thin crystals (Butterworths/Krieger, London/Malabar FL) ISBN 0-88275-376-2
  8. ^ Hirsch, P. B.; Howie, A.; Nicholson, R. B.; Pashley, D. W.; Whelan, M. J.; Marton, L. (1966). "Electron microscopy". Physics Today. 19 (10): 93. Bibcode:1966PhT....19j..93H. doi:10.1063/1.3047787.