Phoenix (son of Agenor)
Phoenix from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum
|Parents||Agenor and Telephassa|
|Siblings||Cadmus, Cilix, Europa|
|Children||Carme, Cilix, Phineus, Doryclus, Adonis|
In Greek mythology, Phoenix or Phoinix (Ancient Greek: Φοῖνιξ Phoinix, gen.: Φοίνικος means "sun-red") is the eponym of Phoenicia who together with his brothers were tasked to find their abducted sister Europa.
Phoenix was a son of Agenor by either Telephassa, Argiope, or Damno and brother of Cadmus, Cilix, and Europa. He was believed to have fathered a number of children with different women. By Cassiopeia, Phoenix had a daughter Carme and three sons: Cilix, Phineus, and Doryclus, as well as a stepson Atymnius, whose natural father was Zeus; by Alphesiboea, he had Adonis. He was also credited as the father of Cepheus, king of Ethiopia and husband of another Cassiopeia.
According to the Iliad, Europa was not Phoenix's sister, but his daughter, while Cadmus was identified as his son. Europa is otherwise called one of his two daughters by Perimede, daughter of Oeneus, the other one being Astypalaea; she is also included on the list of his children by Telephe, her siblings in this case being Peirus, Phoenice, and Astypale (apparently identical to the aforementioned Astypalaea). Telephe, daughter of Epimedusa, is probably the same as Telephassa, whom Moschus calls wife and not the mother of Phoenix.
|Hes.||Hom.||Sch. Ili.||Pher.||Hella.||Bac.||Sch. on Eur.||Mosc.||Con.||Apollod.||Hyg.||Pau.||Anton.||Non.||Tzet.|
|Parents||Agenor and Damno||✓|
|Agenor and Telephassa||✓|
|Agenor and Argiope||✓|
When Europa was carried off by Zeus, her three brothers were sent out by Agenor to find her, but the search was unsuccessful. Phoenix eventually settled in a country in Asia which he named Phoenicia after himself.
Argive family tree
- Hyginus. Fabulae, 6 & 178
- Gantz, p. 208; Pherecydes fr. 21 Fowler 2001, p. 289 = FGrHist 3 F 21 = Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3.1177-87f.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, 3.1.1
- Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 40
- Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 2. 178
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3. 14. 4
- Hyginus. Astronomica, 2.9.1
- Homer, Iliad, 14. 321
- Scholia on Homer, Iliad B, 494, p. 80, 43 ed. Bekk. as cited in Hellanicus' Boeotica
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 7. 4. 1
- Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women, 5
- Moschus, Idylls, 2. 42
- Though Europa was unnamed in this text, she was definitely the daughter of Phoenix who coupled with Zeus.
- Europa's mother was not named by Apollodorus, if her father was Phoenix.
- Hyginus, Fabulae, 178
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