Piltene

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Piltene
Town
Coat of arms of Piltene
Coat of arms
Piltene is located in Latvia
Piltene
Piltene
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 57°13′N 21°40′E / 57.217°N 21.667°E / 57.217; 21.667Coordinates: 57°13′N 21°40′E / 57.217°N 21.667°E / 57.217; 21.667
Country Latvia
DistrictVentspils District
Town rights1557
Population
 • Total1,776
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal codeLV-3620
Calling code+371 636

Piltene (About this soundpronunciation ; Polish: Piltyń, German: Pilten) is a town in northwestern Latvia.

The ruins of Piltene Castle are located in Piltene.

Population

Year Population
1989 1 929
2000 1 800
2001 1 817
2002 1 804
2003 1 778
2004 1 776
2005 1 738
2006 1 736
2007 1 717
2008 1 705
2009 1 683

[1] [2]

Population (Year): 40,000 (1795)

History

Note: the bishops were also rulers of the island of Runö (now Ruhnu in southwest Estonia) from at least 1341.
  • 1290: The cathedral chapter is incorporated into the Teutonic Order lands, the bishopric is subjected to the Order.
  • 1520: Made a sovereign principality (prince-bishopric) of the Holy Roman Empire (formally from January 1521), but style of prince not used.
  • 20 May 1560: Sold to the King of Denmark, given as an appanage (Stift Kurland) to the brother of the King, Magnus, Duke of Holstein.
  • 1578: Bishop Magnus accepts sovereignty of Poland-Lithuania (not ratified by the Diet of Poland-Lithuania, or recognized by Denmark).
  • 20 April 1585: Sold by Denmark to Poland-Lithuania.
  • 17 June 1585: Informal subdivisions established: Pilten (administered by pledges to 1660), Dondangen (Polish "throne fief" to 1795) and Amboten (Polish "throne fief" to 16..).
  • 28 October 1611: Incorporation into Poland-Lithuania as the District of Pilten (German: Kreis Pilten, Polish: Powiat Piltynski) as part of Polish Livonia declared (not effected).
  • 9 May 1617: Bishopric of Pilten (Stift Pilten) in personal (actually subordinated) union with Poland-Lithuania.
  • 1656: The rights of pledge bought by the Duke of Courland.
  • 3 May 1660: Fief of Poland-Lithuanian to the Duke of Courland.
  • 25 February 1661: Formal personal union with Courland.
  • 1701 - 1709: Occupied by Sweden (1705 - 1706 interrupted by Russian occupation).
  • 1717: Personal union with the Commonwealth restored.
  • 28 March 1795: Pilten Landtag approves annexation to Russia, suzerainty of Poland-Lithuania declared void.
  • 26 April 1795: Annexed by Russia, autonomy guaranteed.
  • 28 January 1796: Autonomy abolished, fully incorporated into Courland.
  • 1 February 1797: Local autonomy restored, within the province of Courland.
  • July 1812 - November 1812: Occupied by France and made part of the Duchy of Courland, Semigallia and Pilten.
  • 2 March 1818: Fully incorporated into Courland.

References