Salacgrīva

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Salacgrīva
Town
Street in Salacgrīva
Street in Salacgrīva
Flag of Salacgrīva
Flag
Coat of arms of Salacgrīva
Coat of arms
Salacgrīva is located in Latvia
Salacgrīva
Salacgrīva
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 57°45′N 24°21′E / 57.750°N 24.350°E / 57.750; 24.350Coordinates: 57°45′N 24°21′E / 57.750°N 24.350°E / 57.750; 24.350
Country  Latvia
District Salacgrīva Municipality
Town rights 1928
Government
 • Mayor Dagnis Straubergs
Area
 • Total 12.57 km2 (4.85 sq mi)
 • Rural territory 312.83 km2 (120.78 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 3,060
 • Density 260/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-403(2-4)
Calling code +371 640
Number of city council members 15

Salacgrīva (About this sound pronunciation  is a town in the northern part of Vidzeme's region, Latvia. The centre of the area surrounding Salacgriva is the mouth of Salaca River, and the town's name literally means "Mouth of Salaca" in Latvian.

The distance from Salacgriva to the capital of Latvia - Riga is 103 km, to Limbaži – 50 km, to Valmiera – 95 km. Export of timber, wood-working industry, food production and trade are the most important factors in the economy of Salacgriva.

History[edit]

For the first time Salacgriva was known as a locality in early 5th century, when Livonians created their settlement of Saletsa near the mouth of Salaca River. Several centuries later the knight’s castle was built in honor of Bishop Albert on the right bank of Salaca River. It was attacked several times during the Livonian war, and for this reason by the end of the 17th century the castle had been severely damaged and it subsequently collapsed. The canal where the vessels sailed around the castle mound can still be seen in Salacgriva.

Evolution of Salacgriva went hand in hand with the development of coastal shipping in the Gulf of Riga. To improve the accessibility for larger vessels, the riverbed of Salaca was deepened and a pier of boulders was built in the mouth of the river. Salacgriva became an important transhipment point for the production of Northen Vidzeme – timber, linen, different crops – for it to be transported to Parnu and Riga. Around this time, about 200 vessels entered the port, consequently promoting growth of the town and increase in the number of its inhabitants. Therefore, by the end of the 19th century there were more than 70 residential buildings and 40 warehouses. At the beginning of the 20th century, the flow of goods to Salacgriva decreased, due to the rail infrastructure that was developed in Vidzeme and the fact that the majority of products was transported through the newly built port in Ainaži, which had a directly connection to the railway.

After the declaration of independence in Latvia in the beginning of the 20th century, the social life in Salacgriva bloomed. With the initiative from H.Eidmanis in 1921, the first secondary school was established in Salacgriva. On the 7th of February, 1928, Salacgriva gained a status of a town. Changes in economic life took place under the Soviet rule, when a fish processing plant, whose construction was initially intended for Ainaži, was built in Salacgriva and the fishing artel "Brivais vilnis" was established in Salacgriva. Due to evolution of fishing industry, the port was renovated and an open-air stage was built to celebrate the well-known festival - fisherman’s Day (named Sea festival from 2001).

Today, Salacgriva is a growing provincial town of Latvia. Even today the export of timber, wood-working industry, food production and trade has a huge importance in the economic life of Salacgriva.

Tourism[edit]

After restoration of Latvian independence Salacgriva municipality Tourism Information Centre was the first tourism information center in Latvia. It started its work on 21 June 1993, but was officially founded in 1994, on November 3.[1] Over the years the tourism center continues to provide travelers with helpful tips for their adventure in Salacgriva so that they would want to return again and again.[2]

Top 5 countries from which foreign tourists arrive in Salacgriva are Estonia, Germany, Finland, Lithuania and Russia.[3]

Most popular tourist attractions:

  • Lamprey weirs - unique fishing technique with a history of many centuries, which nowadays is used only Salacgriva. Lamprey weir is a special design footbridge. Every year before the season the weirs are build from scratch, using spruce timber that has been prepared several years earlier. To hold the construction together the fishermen doesn't use nails or screws but specific tiebacks.[4]
  • The Treasury - a place where you can see a variety of magazines, books, toys, tableware and interior items from the Soviet period as well as audio, video and camera equipment from the first models.[5]
  • The Museum of Salacgriva - able to view the permanent exhibition "Zutiņš murdā" (Lamprey in the fish pot) showing the fishing history and traditions in Vidzeme seaside, as well as ancient lamprey fishing method.[6]
  • Salaca promenade and the lighthouse - Lighthouse was built in 1925. It's a white rectangular shape tower with a red lantern. Nowadays it no longer works but once served to all fishermen to find the way home. The lighthouse was built because of numerous sandbanks near the coast between Salacgrīva and Ainaži. The Gulf of Riga was the most dangerous area for navigation. In order to protect the shores of Salaca from erosion the local residents decided to build a promenade. It was created by bringing stones from the area. Salacgrīva promenade opened in May 2014.[7]
  • The stove of ceramics Naborigama - ceramic stove or Naborigama was built in the summer of 2007. The stove can reach china baking temperatures for more than 1300 degrees. In order to achieve the necessary heat every year in July the stove is heated for a week. After a week of opening the kiln artists gather to see the results of their work of art.[8]

Culture[edit]

  • Library.

The Social association of Salacgriva was established in the town at the end of the 19th century. With the help of the association on the 4th of August, 1902, the library of the Social association of Salacgriva was founded, which was later moved to the newly built association building, which was constructed in 1912. In the beginning, 300 books of various content could be found there, while later the number of books increased until 700 volumes. In 1957 the library was divided in two parts - Salacgriva town library was separate from the children library.

  • Museum.

Since 1998, when the Museum of Salacgriva was established, it has operated as the centre of the history of the region for locals, tourists and history researchers. Materials about fishing and fisheries in the vicinity of Salaca River, the sea coast in Northern Vidzeme, about old lamprey fishing with weirs, the history of Salaca and Svetciems manor houses, on whose lands Salacgriva developed, about the economic and political life of the town, schools, churches and temples in the vicinity, about well-known locals who have demonstrated great success in pedagogy, science, culture and arts, in business, politics and economy can be found in the archives of the Museum of Salacgriva.

Local events[edit]

  • The Mask festival takes place in February. During the festival in the town are workshops in which everybody can create a mask for themselves. There are various traditional musical events.
  • On May there are 2 events:The museum night and Raftsmen festival in which everyone can learn the skills of raft binding using raftsmen tools.
  • June is the time for Acoustic music festival. The main idea is to popularize acoustic music traditions. During the festival there are ancient musical instrument workshops and seminars.
  • On the second Saturday of July people can enjoy many cultural and entertainment events in Sea festival. During the day there are fish market, concerts, dances, rides in the sea with small ships and fishing boats.
  • A week after there's Positivus which is the biggest and most important music and art festival in the Baltics.
  • Classical music festival takes place at the end of July in which are many high-level classical music concerts.
  • August is associated with Salacgriva Town festival , when the Friday night starts with demonstrations of historical films, Saturday morning is continued with large local market, creative workshops, activities and concerts, which are organized by the associations of the region.
  • To promote a healthier lifestyle the Marathon of three bridges is organized annually in September. It is a 6.5 km long distance, which has remained the same for more than thirty years since the beginning of this tradition.
  • The Day of lamprey is celebrated on the 2nd Saturday of October. This day can be used to see all lamprey weirs on Salaca River and Svētupe, taste lamprey soup and hot fried lamprey. People can see how lamprey is being caught; songs about sea, rivers and fishermen can be heard and some dance moves can be rehearsed.

See also[edit]

Religion[edit]

  • St. Mary’s Goreti Church of Salacgriva (catholic church) – the so-called "new" catholic church was consecrated by Janis Pujats on 27 July 1997. The architect of this church was the Mayor of Salacgriva municipality – Mr. Dagnis Straubergs. The author of the mosaic of the church of St. Mary Goreti is Mārīte Folkmane, while the great altar cross and replica of the Christ has been created by artist Pēteris Bārda.
  • Lielsalaca Evangelical Lutheran Church – it was built in 1777 as a wooden building, which was reconstructed as a stone church from 1853 till 1857. The church was expanded in 1892, attaching an altar room of 500 seats. Following renovations of the church occurred also in 1927. The 200-year anniversary was celebrated in the church on 10 July 1997.
  • Salacgriva St. Virgin Shelter Orthodox Church – it was built in 1873. The architect of this church - R.Pflug – is also the author of the Nativity of Christ or Orthodox Cathedral in Riga.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]