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PT Pindad (Persero)
State Owned Enterprise company
Industry Defense, Industrial
Founded 1808 - As Artillerie Constructie Winkel (ACW)

Head Office : Bandung, Indonesia

Ammunition Division : Turen, Malang
Products Military and Industrial products

PT Pindad (Persero) is an Indonesian state-owned enterprise specializing in military and commercial products. PT Pindad provides main weapon system (Alat Utama Sistem Senjata or Alutsista) needs to support independence in defense and security of Republic of Indonesia. Furthermore, PT Pindad (Persero) also produces several industrial products to support other aspects such as transportation and commercial explosives. [1] Its activities cover design, development, engineering and fabrication as well as maintenance.[1]


Dutch colonial period and Japanese occupation[edit]

In 1808, William Herman Daendels, Governor -General of the Netherlands who was in power at that time set up a workshop for the procurement, maintenance and repair of equipment and utensils Netherlands named Contructie Winkel weapons ( CW ) in Surabaya and this is the beginning of PT . Pindad ( Persero ) as the only defense manufacturing industry in Indonesia. Besides weapons workshop,  Daendels was then also set up a large -caliber munitions workshop named Proyektiel Fabriek (PF) and the Chemistry lab in Semarang. Later, the Dutch colonial government also set up a workshop manufacture and repair of munitions and explosives for their navy named Pyrotechnische Werkplaats (PW) in 1850 in Surabaya.

On January 1, 1851, the CW was renamed to Artilerie Constructie Winkel  (ACW). Then in 1961, two weapons workshop in Surabaya, PW and ACW united under ACW. This merger, has made ACW have three installations of production; production of unit weapons and its tools (Wapen Kamer), munitions and other items related to explosives (Pyrotechnische Werkplaats), and research laboratory materials and manufactured goods.

World War I in mid- 1914, involved many European countries, including the Netherlands. For the sake of strategic importance, the Dutch colonial government started to consider the relocation of important installations. Bandung is considered appropriate as a good relocation spot because besides the contours of hills and mountains of the region which can be used as landscape 's natural defense against enemy attacks, Bandung is also very strategic position because it already has an adequate ground transportation - passed by the Post Road (De Grote Postweg) and traversed the railway line Staats – Spoorwegen. Bandung also near with the center of Dutch East Indies, Batavia.

ACW was first moved to Bandung, in the period 1918-1920. In 1932, PW was transferred to Bandung, joined ACW and two other weapons installations are Proyektiel Fabriek (PF) and the Chemical Laboratory of Semarang, as well as the Institute of Education Maintenance and Repair Weapon of Djatinegara who relocated to Bandung with a new name, Geweemarkerschool. The fourth installation is melted under the name Artilerie Inrichtingen (AI).

In the era of Japanese occupation, the AI does not change, the addition of installation, as well as the production process. The only changes are in terms of changes in the administration and organization of the system according to Japanese military rule. Changes also occur in terms of the name to Daichi Ichi Kozo for ACW, Dai Ni Kozo for Geweemarkerschool, Dai San Kozo for PF, Dai Shi Kozo for PW, and Dai Go to Monrage Artilerie Kazo, installation fractions ACW.

By the time Japan surrendered to the Allies and the power vacuum occurs in Indonesia, Soekarno - Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence. Various attempts to seize occurred defense installations in the city. In the end, dated October 9, 1945, the Youth Warriors won the ACW from the Japanese and called Weapons Factory Kiaracondong.

Youth occupation did not last long, because the allies back to Indonesia and took power. Weapons Factory Kiaracondong divided into two factories. The first plant consisting of ACW, PF, and PW merged into Leger Produktie Bedrijven (LPB), and also one factory named Central Reparatie Werkplaats, formerly known Geweemarkerschool. [2]

Part of the Army[edit]

Results of Konfrensi Meja Bundar (KMB) in Den Hag, Netherlands stated that the Dutch recognized Indonesian sovereignty to the Republic of Indonesia (RIS ) on December 27, 1949. Along with it, the Dutch had to surrender its assets to the government gradually Indonesia under President Sukarno including LPB.

LPB was later renamed to Weapons and Munitions Plant ( PSM ) which is managed by the Indonesian National Armed Forces of the Army (TNI - AD). Since then PSM began a series of experiments to make the barrel of a gun and managed to produce a 9mm caliber gun barrel and in November 1950, PSM managed to make the barrel with a caliber of 7.7 mm.

PSM experts in crisis as foreign workers must return to their home country based on Government Regulation. And then centralization of organization made to streamline production lines from 13 to 6 lines with a new line of Small Caliber Munitions (MKK) newly formed . PSM also to modernize the factory with the purchase of new machinery for the manufacture of arms and munitions, spare parts, materials , tools and other military equipment.

Eight years running , PSM was renamed to Army Equipment Factory Equipment (Pabal AD) dated December 1, 1958. Pabal AD is not just reproduce weapons and munitions, but also other military equipment, in order to reduce Indonesia 's dependence on other countries. Many potential youths sent abroad to study and ballistic weapons.

In this era of Pabal AD , there were several developments in the field of weapons technology. Pabal AD cooperation with European arms companies for the purchase and construction of a weapons factory unit, which managed to build a small arms factory. That success makes Pabal AD became the main implementing agency among the army as industrial installations. Many product range also successfully produced by Pabal AD. In this same era, the Dutch government handed Factory Cassava, cassava flour factory is located in Turen, Malang, East Java - which later became the location of Munitions Division PT Pindad ( Persero).

Around 1962, the name was changed to Pabal AD Industry Army (PINDAD). Stages of development in the era of PINDAD more focused on the goal of coaching its tailored to the principles of integrated management and the latest technological advances. PINDAD production process was conducted to support the needs of the army. A series of experiments and evaluation of new weapons was conducted and produced many of the Decree of the Armed Forces to wear PINDAD weapons as their standard weapon. After that, the weapon was mass-produced.

In early 1972, the government of Indonesia arrangement its departments, including the Department of Defense and Security (Defense). Because of that Pindad was renamed to Kopindad  (Army of Industry) on January 31, 1972. Changes occur only at the main command that is an element of leadership development and policy management techniques. This reorganization had a positive impact on the performance of which was originally considered to be a slow agile, passionate and dynamic. And the work of the center was changed to PT Purna Shadana (Pursad) has the discretion to increase the production of workmanship to support self-sufficiency and reduce dependence on foreign countries.

At the time of Operation Lotus army for the liberation of East Timor from the Portuguese colonial weaponry PINDAD experienced many obstacles in the field so that in 1975 Kopindad pull back as much as 69,000 weapons that have been turned over to the Army . Furthermore Kopindad pass transformation and modifications to several weapons, among others SMR Setter Madsen MK III Caliber 30mm long into SPM.1 7.62 mm caliber shoots produced as many as 4,550 guns and make design 223 caliber rifle SS77.

In a further development, the realization of the Decree of the Minister of Defense and Security/Armed Forces No . Kep/18/IV/1976 dated 28 April 1976 on the Principles of Organization and Procedure of the Indonesian National Army Army Kopindad name to be restored to PINDAD. PINDAD major coaching change of command became the main implementing agency within the Army. As these changes PINDAD expected to develop technological capability and productivity to meet the logistics needs of the Army, thereby reducing dependence on overseas. In addition it is also expected to develop non-military infrastructure that can support national development in agriculture, plantation , mining, industrial and transportation both for government agencies, private and public.[3]

Pindad as A Company[edit]

In the 1980s the Indonesian government more aggressively promoting the technology transfer program, when this came the idea to change the status PINDAD into a limited liability company. Based on Presidential Decree 47 of 1981, Agency for the Assessment & Application of Technology (BPPT) which had stood since 1978, should pay more attention to the process of technological transformation that the Indonesian authorities, including the procurement of machinery for industry needs.

PINDAD status change is motivated by the limitations of the space as an industry because PINDAD bound regulations and economic dependence on the Department of Defense budget and therefore cannot develop its production activities. In addition, the Department of Defense PINDAD was considered burdensome because of the cost of research and development and considerable investment. Therefore Dephankam suggest a separation between war making war activities and support activities. Activity PINDAD producing infrastructure and military equipment is part of war support activities that must be separated from the Department of Defense and became a limited liability company wholly owned by the Indonesian government.

BPPT  Chairman Prof. DR . Ing. B.J. Habibie then formed Team Corporate Plan (Corporate Planning)  PINDAD through Decree No. BPPT. SL/084/KA/BPPT/VI/1981. Corporate Plan Team chaired directly by Habibie and consists of representatives from the Department of Defense and the BPPT.

As a company PINDAD expected to produce military equipment needed to efficiently and produce commercial products and business oriented. And has its own costs and budget for research, development and industrial investment and also develop professionalism.

Based on the results of the study team decided Corporate Plan PINDAD production composition is 20 % product and 80 % of commercial military or non- military. PINDAD principal task is to provide and manufacture products such as munitions Dephankam needs light, heavy munitions, and other military equipment to eliminate the dependence on the other party. The second principal task is to produce commercial products such as machine tools, forging products, air brake system, special tooling and equipment orders.

And as early as 1983 PINDAD into state-owned enterprises ( SOEs ) in accordance with the government decision as stipulated in Government Regulation (PP) RI No.4 of 1983 dated February 11, 1983. [4]


Pindad has received awards, recently being awarded to president Budi Santoso by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono due to the creation of the Pindad SS1 & Pindad SS2 rifles that enabled the Indonesian Army to win at the recent Asean Army Rifle Meet XVI contest in 2006.[2]

Known products[edit]



Submachine Guns

Assault Rifles

Battle Rifles

Machine Guns

Sniper Rifles

Grenade Launchers



Armoured vehicles

Pindad Panser Anoa on display. Its AGL mount is publicly seen.
A Pindad Komodo at Indodefence 2012 with red and yellow markings BRIMOB vehicle.


External links[edit]