Modern Medium Weight Tank

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Harimau hitam in celebration of the 72nd Anniversary of Indonesian National Armed Forces.
Type Armoured fighting vehicle, Medium Tank/Light Tank
Place of origin  Turkey
Production history
Designer FNSS
No. built 2 (Prototype)+ 1 test hull
Weight 32-35 tonnes
Length 6.952 m (22.8 ft) hull, 9.105 m (29.9 ft) including the gun
Width 3.360 m (11 ft)
Height 2.456 m (8.06 ft) turret top
Crew 3 (commander, gunner, driver)


STANAG 4569 level 4[1] Ballistic Hull [2]
STANAG 4569 Level 5 Modular Add-on Armour[3]

V-hull underbelly[4]
Cockerill 105mm high-pressure gun [5]
7.62mm coaxial machine gun
Engine Caterpillar C13 Diesel Engine
711 hp
Power/weight 22.2 hp/t
Transmission Allison/Caterpillar X300 full automatic[6]
Suspension Torsion Bar Suspension
Speed 76 km/h (tested road speed)[7]

The Modern Medium Weight Tank, also known as the MMWT, is a collaborative tank program between Turkish manufacturer FNSS and Indonesian manufacturer PT Pindad. Temporary names for this tank includes Kaplan MT (Turkey), Harimau Hitam/Black Tiger (Indonesia).


The governments of Indonesia and Turkey first agreed in May 2015 to jointly develop the MMWT for the Indonesian Army at a reported cost of 30 million US dollars.[8] The development phase of the program was expected to take up to 37 months, with the first prototype being built in Turkey, and the second in Indonesia.[9] The intellectual property of the design was agreed upon to be shared between the two governments.

On 1 November 2016, during the 2016 Indo Defence expo, the first model of the tank was unveiled, along with some technical specifications.[10] Most notably, the vehicles overall weight was reported to be around 35 tonnes, and the main armament would be provided by a Belgian-made turret developed by CMI Defence featuring a 105mm rifled barrel, capable of firing a wide range of projectiles.

On 9 May 2017 at the IDEF 2017 expo, the first prototype of the tank was revealed. The tank can be fitted with either a Cockerill XC-8 105mm concept turret or Cockerill 3105 modular turret. Additionally, the tank utilizes modular armor, allowing for quick replacement upon damage.[11]

On 5 September 2018, the general manager of FNSS told Turkey's Anadolu Agency that the tank had passed months of required qualification tests for the Indonesian Army, and was ready for mass production. He stated that the first batch of 20 to 25 tanks could be ordered as early as late 2018, and that the full number of tanks to be produced would likely fall between 200 and 400.[12]



Equipped with 'Cockerill CT-CV 105HP (High Pressure)' 105mm Smoothbore gun by CMI (Cockerill Maintenance & Ingenierie SA Defense), The Turret is Equipped with Autoloader, the Barrel is Equipped with Bore Evacuator, and Thermal Jacket. The Turret could be moved by both Electronically, and Mechanically, The Maximum Elevation is 42 up to -6 degrees, the Turret could turn 360 degrees, and its equipped with Gyro Stabilizer, and Firing Control System. Its also equipped with IFF system, Hunter Killer System to pick a target, and Auto Target Locking System to assist the Gunner.

Test fired with TPCSDS-T, HEP-T, HE4 TP2 Shells

The Gun could also fire NATO standard 105mm Shells such as:

- M1060CV | Velocity 1620m/s with RHA Penetration 560mm from 2000m at 60 degrees

- M1061 HEAT (High Explosive Anti Tank) | Velocity 1173m/s RHA Penetration >400mm from 1500m at 60 degrees

- M393 A3 HESH (High Explosive Squash Head) | Velocity 732m/s

- M416 Smoke | Velocity 731m/s

- M1204 Canister | Velocity 1173m/s


The hull armour of MMWT is using modular armour. It is categorized as STANAG 4569 level 4 protection, which means the tank can withstand 14.5×114mm AP rounds at 200 meters with 911 m/s velocity. The underbelly of the tank uses V-hull, able to withstand 10 kg AT mine under the tracks and under the center. Due to modularity, the armour can be augmented to level 5 protection (withstand 25 mm APDS-T at 500 m with 1258 m/s velocity) without increasing the volume of the tank, with the frontal arc able to withstand 30 mm rounds.


Dynamic and mobility test taken in 7-16 August 2018 to prove the specification design. The tank uses a Caterpillar C13 diesel engine generating 711 HP, coupled with Allison/Caterpillar X300 transmission. During the test the tank is able to reach 76 km/h in road speed. The prototype is able to cross 2 m trench and 0.9 m vertical obstacle.



  • Total weight: 32 tonnes
  • Top speed: 76 km/h
  • Engine power: 711 hp
  • Transmission: Fully automatic
  • Cruising range: 450 km
  • Power-to-weight ratio: 22.2 hp/tonne
  • Barrel caliber: 105mm, rifled
  • Secondary guns: 7.62mm machine guns
  • Gradient: 60%
  • Side slope: 30%
  • Obstacle climbing: 0.9 m
  • Trench crossing: 2 m


Future operators[edit]

Potential operators[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kable Intelligence Limited (2018). "Kaplan MT Modern Medium-Weight Tank". Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Technical Specifications - FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş." FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Kable Intelligence Limited (2018). "Kaplan MT Modern Medium-Weight Tank". Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Medium Tank Buatan Anak Negeri - ANTARA News". Antara News (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-09-02. 
  5. ^ "KAPLAN MT - FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş." FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  6. ^ "Medium Tank Buatan Anak Negeri - ANTARA News". Antara News (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-09-02. 
  7. ^ Official Channel (2018-08-10), Hadapi Medan Berat, Medium Tank Pindad Jalani Uji Dinamis, retrieved 2018-09-02 
  8. ^ Gumilang, Prima (2 November 2016). "Industri Pertahanan Akan Teken Kerja Sama di Indo Defence". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "Turkey, Indonesia agree to develop medium-weight tank". Ankara. 7 May 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Light weight, low profile [INDODEF16-D1]". IHS Jane's 360. 1 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "FNSS Resmi Perlihatkan Kaplan MT, Prototipe Medium Tank Garapan Bersama PT Pindad –". Retrieved 2017-10-04. 
  12. ^ Dominguez, Gabriel (6 September 2018). "Kaplan MT ready for mass production, says report". IHS Jane's 360. London. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018. 
  13. ^ "Kaplan MT, Medium Tank FNSS-Pindad (foto) Part 2". LANCER CELL. 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2017-10-04. 
  14. ^ "Medium Tank Buatan Anak Negeri - ANTARA News". Antara News (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-09-02. 
  15. ^
  16. ^ a b Dominguez, Gabriel (10 September 2018). "Philippines, Bangladesh interested in Kaplan MT". IHS Jane's 360. London. Archived from the original on 10 September 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.