Pocklington

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For people named Pocklington, see Pocklington (surname).
Pocklington
Market Place, Pocklington.jpg
Market Place, Pocklington
Pocklington Town Arms
Arms of Pocklington Town Council
Pocklington is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Pocklington
Pocklington
 Pocklington shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 8,337 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference SE802486
Civil parish Pocklington
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO42
Dialling code 01759
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament East Yorkshire
Website www.pocklington.gov.uk
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°55′39″N 0°46′40″W / 53.9275°N 0.7777°W / 53.9275; -0.7777

Pocklington /ˈpɒklɪŋtən/ is a small market town and civil parish situated at the foot of the Yorkshire Wolds in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. In 2011, its population was 8,337. It is located 13 miles (21 km) east of York and 26 miles (42 km) north-west of Hull

The town's skyline is dominated by the 15th-century tower of All Saints' Church.

Pocklington lies at the centre of the ecclesiastical Parish of Pocklington, which also encompasses the small hamlet of Kilnwick Percy as well as a scattering of outlying farms and houses.

History[edit]

All Saints' Church

Pocklington gets its name via the Old English "Poclintun" from the Anglian settlement of Pocel's (or Pocela's) people and the Old English word "tun" meaning farm or settlement,[2] but though the town's name can only be traced back to around 650 AD, the inhabitation of Pocklington as a site is thought to extend back a further 1,000 years or more to the Bronze Age. Pocklington appears on the 14th century Gough Map, the oldest route map in Great Britain.[3]

In the Iron Age Pocklington was a major town of the Parisi tribe[4] and by the time of the Domesday Book in 1086 it was the second largest settlement in Yorkshire after York itself.[citation needed]

Pocklington developed through the Middle Ages while many similar places fell into dramatic decline. Pocklington owed much of its prosperity in the Middle Ages to the fact that it was a local centre for the trading of wool[5] and lay on the main road to York, an important national centre for the export of wool to the continent. Wool was England’s principal export in the earlier Middle Ages.

Town heraldry[edit]

The Town's coat of arms shield is based on that of the Dolman family, founders of Pocklington School. The arms were granted to the town council in 1980. The crown at the base of the shield is the emblem of the saints, along with the gold cross, symbolises the town's historic connection with Paulinus of York and the Archbishop of York.[citation needed]

The town's motto is "Service with Freedom".[citation needed]

Governance[edit]

Pocklington falls under the authority of East Riding of Yorkshire Council, a unitary authority. The town is part of the Pocklington Provincial Ward and returns three councillors to the council.[citation needed]

Since 2001, Pocklington has been part of the East Yorkshire Parliamentary Constituency. The seat is currently held by Greg Knight for the Conservative Party.[citation needed]

Pocklington's Town Council consists of thirteen elected councillors and is responsible for the cemetery, allotments, the Croft play-park and the Arts Centre.[6]

Local issues[edit]

The town council has a policy of naming all new streets using the surnames of the war dead of Pocklington and neighbouring Barmby Moor village - this has given rise to the names Strother Close, Waite Close, Garrick Drive, Turnbull Close and Harper Close. There is some controversy surrounding the policy.[7]

In the last five years several action groups have been formed to address local issues:

  • Pocklington Broadband Campaign - aim to bring broadband internet to Pocklington (status: achieved, 2004).[citation needed]
  • Action Access A1079 - aim to improve the A1079 road, long-term goal for dual carriageway (status: in progress).[citation needed]
  • Minsters' Rail Campaign - aim to return the railway to Pocklington (status: issue adopted by East Riding Council).[citation needed]
  • Pocklington Space for Dogs - aim is to improve dog walking and sanitary facilities in and around Pocklington. The group was formed by Sharon and Bess Clark in 2008 and has successfully lobbied the council for the installation of waste-collection sites in the local area (status: adopted by East Riding Council, 2011).[citation needed]

Town twinning[edit]

Pocklington is twinned with:

Geography[edit]

Pocklington Market Place in 2005

Pocklington is a spring line settlement, located at the base of the Yorkshire Wolds. Geologically speaking, the rocks underlying this area were lain down under tropical oceans, and, when the land rose, the chalk Wolds were formed from the skeletons and shells covering the sea floor. The landscape around Pocklington therefore varies from flat arable land primarily devoted to agriculture to the south and west, and grassy, chalk hills and dry valleys to the north and east. A lot of the more level farming country was, from the Middle Ages onwards, reclaimed from marshland.[citation needed]

Crops grown include traditional arable crops seen elsewhere in the country but also include rape seed, turf and sugar beet. The last was a familiar sight being hauled by tractor in large open-top trailers to York, where it was used by firms such as Nestle and, until its closure in 2007, British Sugar. Job cuts[8] have reduced the acreage of this crop, although feasibility studies have shown that sugar beet could be used commercially to produce cleaner car fuel.[9] Pocklington is bisected by the largely culverted Pocklington Beck,[10] a small brook that feeds into the Pocklington Canal. The beck and canal are usually good fishing grounds but a sewerage overflow in 2003 killed thousands of fish and severely damaged the ecosystem, from which it is now recovered.[11]

Demography[edit]

According to the 2011 UK census, Pocklington parish had a population of 8,337,[1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 7,632.[12]

The civil parish is not very ethnically diverse, with the 2001 UK census reporting 98.8% of the 7,632 inhabitants being white.[12]

The East Riding of Yorkshire has a higher than average level of Christian belief and a much lower rate of observance for other faiths and those of no faith.[13] This can be attributed to the aforementioned lack of ethnic diversity in the area.

Economy[edit]

The high street contains a mix of public houses, shops, banks and restaurants.[citation needed]

A large number of Pocklington residents are commuters to nearby cities York, Hull and Leeds. Of those who work within the local area, of those not employed within the cluster of town centre services, a number work on the Pocklington Industrial Estate (light industrial) and Pocklington Business Park (commercial). Agriculture is still a large employer, both directly in the form of farming.[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

Near the centre of Pocklington is Burnby Hall Gardens. These gardens are home to the National Collection of Hardy Water Lilies - the biggest such collection to be found in a natural setting in Europe. The Burnby Hall Gardens collection of water lilies has been designated as a "National Collection" by the National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens.[citation needed]

Day trippers also visit Millington Wood (a Site of Special Scientific Interest) and Pocklington Canal Head, with footpaths along the canal. The canal has been named one of the top ten places to see aquatic wildlife in Britain.[14] Nearby Allerthorpe Lakeland Park has parkland for walking, a lake with watersports facilities, a separate lake for fly fishing, and a BMX trail. There is also a large caravan park for visitors.[citation needed]

Entertainment and culture[edit]

Pocklington Arts Centre (formerly the Oak House Cinema) opened in 2000 and offers "a mixed programme of film, music, drama, dance, lectures, workshops and exhibitions".[15] Previous performers at the arts centre include the comedians Jenny Eclair, Clive James, Dave Gorman and Barry Cryer and the musicians Midge Ure and Steve Harley. The centre also puts on "second screenings" of recently released films.

In a tribute to Munich's traditional Oktoberfest, Pocklington also hosts its own annual Pocktoberfest. Unlike the original on which it is based, Pocktoberfest is pared down to a single-issue event: beer. In the 2006 event, 19 casks (or about 452 litres) of ale were consumed.[16] Organiser of the 2012 Pocktoberfest, Clare Saunders, arranged for brewers from Germany. Italy, France, Belgium and the Netherlands to attend the festival, which is sponsored by C & N Wines and Swirlz Ice Cream Emporium.

Pocklington celebrates an annual Flying Man Festival [17] with a multitude of themed events from 12 to 14 May, in memory of the showman Thomas Pelling, the "Flying Man of Pocklington", who, with a pair of homemade wings, attempted a flight from the top of the local church, meeting his end when he collided with one of the church's buttresses.[18]

Sport[edit]

Pocklington is the home of the Pocklington RUFC rugby team based on Burnby Lane. The first rugby game in Pocklington took place on West Green on Wednesday 12 November 1879 between "Pocklington Town and District" and "Pocklington Grammar School". The first Pocklington rugby club Pocklington FC was formed in 1885.[19] Pocklington RUFC also hosts the traditional "Good Friday Sevens" tournament - Yorkshire's longest-established sevens tournament launched in 1958 and Pocklington's premier sporting event, which sees teams local, county-based and even international teams compete.

The town also has a council-run Francis Scaife Sports Centre, which includes a 20-metre swimming pool and gym.[20][21] The town also has swimming, football and cricket clubs.

Kilnwick Percy Golf Club - more commonly known as The KP - lies just outside of Pocklington and offers luxury hotel rooms and lodges in addition to its championship golf course.[22]

In 2007, Michael Woods, a Pocklingtonian, made his debut for Chelsea.

Pocklington Town A.F.C. run four men’s Saturday football teams with the first team competing in the Humber Premier League. There is also an U19s team and girls' team. In the 2012-13 season the club's 1st team won the highest level trophy in the club's history by winning the Whitehead's Fish & Chips Humber League Cup at North Ferriby United's Rapid Solicitors Stadium. The club had floodlights installed during July 2008, allowing the club to make progress in the football league pyramid.

Pocklington Tennis Club, which has 6 astro-turf style courts and plays in both the York & District Tennis League[23] and the Driffield & District Lawn Tennis League, is located on West Green.[24]

Pocklington is a control point at the quadrennial London-Edinburgh-London long-distance bicycle event.[25]

Media[edit]

Pocklington has a local weekly newspaper, the Pocklington Post and community radio station, West Wolds Radio.[26] A full-time community station, Vixen FM, based in nearby Market Weighton, broadcasts to the town. Also in the area is Beverley FM which serves Beverley and all of its surrounding areas, including Pocklington.

Education[edit]

Pocklington School

Although Pocklington is a relatively small town it has six schools/pre-schools:

  • Pocklington School
  • Pocklington Community Junior School
  • Woldgate College
  • St. Mary and St. Joseph R.C. Primary School
  • Pocklington Church of England VC Infant School
  • St. John's Pre School and Nursery

Religion[edit]

Churches within Pocklington include:

  • All Saints' Church, known in the area as the Cathedral of the Wolds, dates from the late 12th to early 15th century.
  • Pocklington Christian Fellowship, formerly known as Pocklington Pentecostal Church, meets in the church building originally constructed in 1807 as a Desenters' chapel, known as Ebenezar Independent Chapel.[27]
  • Pocklington Methodist Church, originally the Wesleyan Methodist Church, built in 1864 in the Grecian style - 150 members.[28]
  • St Mary & St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church.

There are no non-Christian houses of worship within Pocklington, but Kilnwick Hall, just outside Pocklington, is home to a large resident Madhyamaka Buddhist Meditation Retreat Centre. It runs regular Buddhist meditation classes.

Freemasonry[edit]

Pocklington has its own Masonic Hall which is situated on the Mile. It is home to several lodges and orders including:

  • Beacon Lodge No. 4362
  • Old Pocklingtonian Lodge No. 7867 - formed by former pupils of Pocklington School but membership is no longer restricted to those with a connection to the school.
  • Beacon Chapter No. 4362

Transport[edit]

Car[edit]

Pocklington lies on the A1079 road, the main arterial route between the cities of York and Hull.

Bus[edit]

Pocklington is served by a number of bus routes provided by East Yorkshire Motor Services.

Air[edit]

Pocklington Airfield

Pocklington Airfield has three concrete and tarmac runways of 1,600 yards (1,500 m), sufficient in length to take RAF bombers during the Second World War, but in September 1946 the airfield was closed. Although the site remains in use with gliders - and occasionally hot air balloonists - a lot of the concrete runway surface has gone, and the control tower is not in operation. It is therefore classified as "limited flying". The airfield is now wholly owned by the Wolds Gliding Club.

The nearest commercial airport is Humberside Airport, another former RAF airfield.

Rail[edit]

Pocklington was once part of the rail network, with a railway station dating back to 1847.[29] This was closed as a result of the Beeching Report in November 1965.[30] There is a small but vocal pressure group that is trying to get the railway station and line re-opened. The City of York Local Transport Plan for 2006 notes that: "work has recently been undertaken by East Riding of Yorkshire Council to examine the feasibility of reopening the former direct York – Pocklington - Beverley line that closed in 1965... given the unavailability of funding for such a scheme at present and the extensive time required for any reinstatement of a rail line, the scheme remains a longer-term aspiration."

The Minsters Rail Campaign is campaigning to re-open the railway line between Beverley and York (with stops at Stamford Bridge, Pocklington and Market Weighton). The re-opened railway would skirt the southern edge of the town as the former alignment has since been developed.[31] As of 2006, the issue of re-opening the line has been raised in Parliament and, although still prohibitively expensive, it is otherwise looked upon favourably.[29]

The old railway building, designed by George Townsend Andrews, was saved from demolition due to its interesting architecture. It now serves both as a bus shelter, and also a sports hall for nearby Pocklington School.

Boat[edit]

The Pocklington Canal, previously in commercial use in the 19th century by barges, is now navigable as far as Melbourne Basin. Full restoration of the canal is one of the aims of the Pocklington Canal Amenity Society, which was formed in 1969. [32]

Notable people[edit]

Alphabetically:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Pocklington CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  2. ^ A.D. Mills, The Popular Dictionary of English Place-Names, Parragon, 1996 ISBN 0-7525-1851-8 (based on A Dictionary of English Place-Names, OUP, 1991). Retrieved 1 November 2006.
  3. ^ "Gough Map". Gough Map. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  4. ^ (Claudius Ptolemaeus), Geography, Book 2, Part 2 - "The Tribes and Cities of Mainland Britain"
  5. ^ "In Praise of Pocklington". Yorkshire Today. Business Link Magazine Group. Retrieved 20 June 2009. 
  6. ^ "Pocklington Town Council". Pocklington Town Council. Archived from the original on 14 October 2006. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "http://www.pocklingtontoday.co.uk/ViewArticle2.aspx?SectionID=996&ArticleID=1023392". Pocklington Post.  External link in |title= (help)[dead link]
  8. ^ "Terry's factory to close in 2005". BBC News. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  9. ^ MacAlister, Terry (21 June 2006). "Put a beet in your tank ... BP plans UK's biggest green fuel plant". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "Pocklington Beck at Pocklington". Environment Agency. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Wainwright, Martin (4 June 2003). "Pollution kills fish in waterways". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Pocklington CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 May 2008. 
  13. ^ "2001 Census: Census Area Statistics: Key Figures: Area: East Riding of Yorkshire (Local Authority)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  14. ^ http://www.pocklingtontoday.co.uk/ViewArticle2.aspx?SectionID=996&ArticleID=1662710
  15. ^ "About Pocklington Arts Centre"
  16. ^ http://www.pocklingtontoday.co.uk/ViewArticle2.aspx?SectionID=996&ArticleID=1824667 pocklingtontoday.co.uk
  17. ^ "Flying Man Festival". Flying Man Festival. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  18. ^ http://www.eastriding.gov.uk/leisure/tourism/pdf/leaflets/wolds2.pdf eastriding.gov.uk
  19. ^ Pocklington FC
  20. ^ http://www.francisscaifesportscentre.co.uk/
  21. ^ Francis Scaife Sports Centre
  22. ^ Kilnwick Percy Golf Club
  23. ^ York & District Tennis League
  24. ^ Pocklington Tennis Club
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ "West Wolds Radio". West Wolds Radio. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  27. ^ [2]
  28. ^ [3]
  29. ^ a b Arundel, Chris. "The Beverley to York Railway". Where I Live - Humber. BBC. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  30. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  31. ^ http://www.minstersrail.net/pocklington.html
  32. ^ [4]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]