Brough, East Riding of Yorkshire
Brough (// BRUF, locally //) is a small town in the civil parish of Elloughton-cum-Brough in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. Brough is situated on the northern bank of the Humber Estuary, approximately 12 miles (19 km) west of Hull city centre. Brough has a long association with BAE Systems.
The town was known as Petuaria during the Roman period, and served as the capital of the Celtic tribe of the Parisi. Petuaria marked the southern end of the Roman road known now as Cade's Road which ran roughly northwards for a hundred miles to Pons Aelius (modern day Newcastle upon Tyne).
Brough was created a town by the Archbishop of York in 1239, granted the same liberties as Beverley. There is no record of these liberties having been employed, and the settlement operated as a village for further centuries.
The town is significant for its association with the highwayman Dick Turpin. About June 1737 Turpin boarded at the Ferry Inn at Brough, under the alias of John Palmer (or Parmen). Turpin travelled between and resided in Brough, until his capture and execution for horse theft in 1739.
Over the past couple of years, there has been a shift in the socio-economic group of people living in Brough because of improved rail links and new housing developments, most recently the Brough South development. This change has brought more money into the area. As a result, the average wage rate and amount of spending has increased significantly.
Brough has a range of shops and takeaways, and two supermarkets: Morrisons and Sainsbury's Local. There are two dentists, two vets, hairdressers, a medical centre, a private hearing aid audiologist, a post office and a TSB bank. Brough also has a couple of public houses.
Primary education at Brough is provided by Brough Primary School and newly moved, Hunsley Primary, previously near the secondary school in Melton. The nearest secondary school is South Hunsley School and Sixth Form College is approximately 2 miles (3 km) to the east of the town in Melton.
The town is served by Brough railway station on the Hull to Selby and Doncaster railway line. Direct rail services to London are provided by Hull Trains and London North Eastern Railway. Other services are TransPennine Express trains running west to Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly, Liverpool, and Northern to York, Doncaster and Sheffield. All east-bound trains run to Hull: some then run north to Beverley, Driffield, Bridlington, Filey and Scarborough.
Most local bus services are provided by East Yorkshire Motor Services. The services run to Hull as well as other towns and villages in the East Riding such as Goole, Howden, North Ferriby and Beverley. There are daily Stagecoach in Hull services to Leeds. National Express also stop at Brough.
The town lies 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the main A63 from Hull to the M62. It is about 1 mile (1.6 km) to the A63 junction east, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the junction west (and then a further 4 miles (6.4 km) to the M62 motorway). Humberside Airport is 19 miles (31 km) to the south-east (reached by driving across the Humber Bridge), and overnight ferry services by P&O Ferries sail to Rotterdam and Zeebrugge from King George Dock, Hull (about 13 miles (21 km) away).
BAE Systems (formerly British Aerospace), Brough, manufactured the Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer aircraft at Brough Aerodrome. BAE provided apprenticeships to local school leavers. The runway at the site was re-opened for a while[when?] for occasional use solely by Hawk aircraft taking off after manufacture to transfer by air to Warton near Preston in Lancashire for final flight testing and painting though the former Air Traffic Control building has now been transformed into the Brough Business Centre.
On 3 April 2008 BAE Systems announced it would be losing 450 jobs from the Brough site. On 1 March 2012 BAE Systems announced it would be ending manufacturing at its site in Brough with 845 employees to be made redundant. Manufacturing at the plant ceased on Christmas Eve 2020. There are now proposals to build over much of the airfield - including the runway. As of 2020, construction on the runway has started with phase two of the Brough South development (Brough Relief Road).
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- "Brough Primary School". Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "South Hunsley School and Sixth Form College". Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "The Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer". BAE Systems. 1 July 2008. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
- "Hawk Takes Off From Brough". This is Hull and East Riding. 28 January 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "BAE's Flight Of Pride". This is Hull and East Riding. 29 January 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "Brough Business Centre". East Riding of Yorkshire Council. July 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "BAE to axe 600 engineering jobs". The Manufacturer. 3 April 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "BAE Systems confirms Brough job losses". BBC News. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "Aircraft manufacturing to end at BAE Systems in Brough after 104 years - but Dreadnoughts, apprentices and remote working will secure its future". The Yorkshire Post. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
- "Brough developers say £100m plan crucial as BAE Systems plant closure looms". This is Hull and East Riding. 8 March 2012. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- McCrery, Nigel (2011). The Coming Storm: Test and First-Class Cricketers Killed in World War Two. 2nd volume. Pen and Sword. pp. 253–55. ISBN 978-1526706980.
- Media related to Brough at Wikimedia Commons
- Excavations on a Roman Extra-Mural Site at Brough-on-Humber, East Riding of Yorkshire, UK in Internet Archaeology