Point Wilson Light
|Location||Western entrance to Admiralty Inlet, Port Townsend, Washington|
|Coordinates||48°8′39″N 122°45′19″W / 48.14417°N 122.75528°WCoordinates: 48°8′39″N 122°45′19″W / 48.14417°N 122.75528°W|
|Constructed||1879 (first); 1914 (second)|
|Height||46 feet (14 m)|
|Shape||Octagonal on fog signal building|
|Markings||White with red roof|
|Heritage||National Register of Historic Places listed place|
|First lit||1879 (first); 1914 (second)|
|Focal height||51 feet (16 m)|
|Lens||Fourth order Fresnel lens|
|Range||16 nmi (30 km; 18 mi) (white), 15 nmi (28 km; 17 mi) (red)|
|Characteristic||White light, occulting every 20 s for 5 s, with one red flash in the middle of the occultation|
Point Wilson Light House
|Area||Less than 10 acres|
|NRHP reference No.||71000870|
|Added to NRHP||March 24, 1971|
The Point Wilson Light is an active aid to navigation located in Fort Worden State Park near Port Townsend, Jefferson County, Washington. It is one of the most important navigational aids in the state, overlooking the entrance to Admiralty Inlet, the waterway connecting the Strait of Juan de Fuca and Puget Sound. The lighthouse was listed on the Washington State Heritage Register and the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.
Point Wilson's first lighthouse was built in 1879 by the United States Lighthouse Service as a companion to the Admiralty Head Light built some 18 years earlier on the eastern side of Admiralty Inlet. A square wooden tower projecting from the roof of a two-story, Cape Cod–style keeper's quarters held a fixed fourth-order Fresnel lens. The station also included a fog signal building with 12-inch, steam-powered fog whistle.
In 1904, landfill was added to the site in an effort to protect the station, but time and tide having worked their destructive effects, a new lighthouse was commissioned. Completed in 1914, it was built of reinforced concrete with a 46-foot (14 m) octagonal tower designed to withstand the wind. It received the station's original fourth-order Fresnel lens that it continues to display. The beacon's height of 51 feet (16 m) made it the tallest light on Puget Sound. The tower on the original lighthouse was removed and the building continued in use as residence for the keepers. The station was automated in 1976.
Point Wilson Light remains in the hands of the U.S. Coast Guard, while the grounds are managed by Washington State Parks. Its site on the exposed point at Fort Worden State Park is under serious threat from shoreline erosion and rising sea levels.
- ^ "Point Wilson Lighthouse". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- ^ "Point Wilson Light". Inventory of Historic Light Stations: Washington Lighthouses. National Park Service. Archived from the original on September 1, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- ^ "National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form". National Park Service. March 24, 1971. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- ^ a b c McClary, Daryl C. (April 24, 2004). "Point Wilson Lighthouse". The Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- ^ "The Point Wilson Lighthouse". Jefferson County Historical Society. Archived from the original on March 14, 2007. Retrieved January 20, 2007.
- ^ "Point Wilson, WA". Lighthousefriends. Retrieved January 20, 2007.
- ^ Rowlett, Russ (October 19, 2014). "Lighthouses of the United States: Washington". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Fort Worden State Park Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. WA-171, "Point Wilson Light Station, Harbor Defense Way, Port Townsend, Jefferson County, WA", 39 photos, 27 data pages, 3 photo caption pages
- Lighthouses completed in 1879
- Historic American Engineering Record in Washington (state)
- Houses completed in 1879
- Lighthouses completed in 1913
- Lighthouses on the National Register of Historic Places in Washington (state)
- Transportation buildings and structures in Jefferson County, Washington
- Washington Heritage Register
- National Register of Historic Places in Jefferson County, Washington
- 1879 establishments in Washington Territory