Pompion Hill Chapel

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Pompion Hill Chapel
Pompion Hill Chapel (Berkeley County, South Carolina).jpg
Pompion Hill Chapel
map of South Carolina
map of South Carolina
map of South Carolina
map of South Carolina
Location 0.5 mi. SW of jct. of SC 41 and 402, Huger, South Carolina
Coordinates 33°5′12″N 79°50′12″W / 33.08667°N 79.83667°W / 33.08667; -79.83667Coordinates: 33°5′12″N 79°50′12″W / 33.08667°N 79.83667°W / 33.08667; -79.83667
Area 5 acres (2.0 ha)
Built 1763
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Georgian
NRHP Reference # 70000567
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 15, 1970[1]
Designated NHL April 15, 1970[2]

Pompion (pronounced "punkin") Hill Chapel is small "back parish" church near Huger, South Carolina. Built in 1763, it is a virtually unaltered example of a brick Georgian parish church, retaining interior and exterior finishes. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.[2][3][4][5]

Description and history[edit]

Pompion Hill Chapel, 0.5 miles southwest of the junction of South Carolina Highways 41 and 402 HugerA view from the river

The Pompion Hill Chapel is located in a rural area, overlooking the Cooper River a few miles southwest of the hamlet of Huger. It is a rectangular brick building, with a clipped-gable roof, measuring 35 by 48 feet (11 m × 15 m). The brick is laid in Flemish bond, and the roof is original slate. It has matching entrances on the long sides, at the center of the five-bay facades. The doors and windows are all set in openings with rounded arch tops, the windows topped by fanlights. A small chancel area projects from the building's eastern end, topped by a gable roof, and with a Palladian window in its eastern wall.[3]

The interior has a brick floor, laid in a herringbone pattern, with crossing aisles laid in red tile placed diagonally. The walls are plaster, rising to a cove ceiling. The interior woodwork and furnishings, including pews and pulpit are all original. The only significant alteration to the building is the reconstruction of the vestry at its western end, which was done using the original bricks.[3]

The chapel was built in 1763-65, and was the second church to stand on the site. When the Province of South Carolina became officially Anglican (Episcopalian) in 1706, the church built here was the seat of St. Thomas' Parish, one of nine into which the province was divided. This church replaced the original wooden church, and was built by mason William Axson, with bricks provided by Zachariah Villepontoux from the nearby Parnassus Plantation.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Pompion Hill Chapel". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-09. 
  3. ^ a b c d Patty Henry (April 6, 2005). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Pompion Hill Chapel" (pdf). National Park Service. 
  4. ^ "Pompion Hill Chapel" (pdf). Photographs. National Park Service. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "Pompion Hill Chapel (supplemental material)" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 1. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 

External links[edit]