Port Bolivar, Texas
Port Bolivar (// BOL-i-vər) is an unincorporated community located in the Bolivar Peninsula census-designated place, in Galveston County, Texas, United States state of Texas within Galveston County and part of the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The entire peninsula was severely damaged during Hurricane Ike on September 13, 2008; re-building efforts are still continuing.
The US Census does not consider Port Bolivar as a separate community, so the numbers are always estimates. One real estate site suggests 1,477 as of 2014 while another indicates 1,907 as of July 1, 2015. The estimate offered by City-Data is 1,349 as of 2013. The town is home to the historic Bolivar Lighthouse, which once guided ships entering Galveston Bay.
In 1838, Samuel D Parr surveyed the land, and it was granted to him by the Republic of Texas to be called Parrsville. It changed hands as Archibald Wynns and William Lawrence bought the land and developed it. The land was finally bought by a company and renamed to Port Bolivar in 1893.
Fort Travis in Bolivar Peninsula, separate from the Fort Travis in Galveston Island, was built with construction started in 1898. The fort had its own railroad spur. 
Until the Second World War, Santa Fe subsidiary Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railway served Port Bolivar and provided a ferry service to Galveston for railcars. The trackage was cut back to High Island in 1942 and the rails on the Bolivar Peninsula scrapped for the war effort.
Ferry service is provided by the Texas Department of Transportation between Port Bolivar and Galveston. The Galveston-Port Bolivar ferry can accommodate vehicles as heavy as 80,000 pounds, and as long as 65 feet, as high as 13.5 feet and as wide as 8.5 feet. The ferry was closed because of Hurricane Ike but re-opened on November 11, 2008.
Galveston College also serves Bolivar Peninsula.
Parks and recreation
The Galveston County Department of Parks and Senior Services operates the Bolivar Community Center, 1802 Madison Avenue and the Fort Travis Seashore Park at 900 State Highway 87, and the Pilsner Boat Ramp.
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- Rice, Harvey (February 16, 2013). "Ike changed Bolivar Peninsula forever".
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- A. Pat Daniels. "PORT BOLIVAR, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
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- "Port Bolivar". Galveston County Historical Museum. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
- "Postal Service Relocates Services, Deploys Portable Buildings." United States Postal Service. September 18, 2008. Retrieved on April 7, 2009.
- "Galveston-Bolivar Ferry Information". Houston TranStar. Houston TranStar. 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
- "Ferry Information". Ferry Information. Texas Department of Transportation. 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
- Paschenko, Chris. "Rebuilding peninsula a long, arduous process." Galveston County Daily News. November 27, 2008.
- "schools." Galveston Independent School District. April 22, 2001. Retrieved on January 5, 2015. "Bolivar School Madison Avenue Pt. Bolivar, TX "
- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Galveston County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 4, 2015.
- "attendance zones" (Archive). Galveston Independent School District. January 5, 2015. "GISD students residing on the Bolivar Peninsula attend Bolivar School for grades K-8 and Ball High School for grades 9-12."
- Thompson, Carter. "Board sets aside money for work on new school" (Archive). The Galveston County Daily News. February 27, 2003. Retrieved on January 5, 2015. "District staff also has settled on a site — a piece of land in Crystal Beach that the owner has offered to donate to the district."
- "Crenshaw School Profile." Galveston Independent School District. Retrieved on November 30, 2008.
- Facilities Overview." Galveston County Department of Parks and Senior Services. Retrieved on November 30, 2008.
- "Post office locations in Galveston County, TX". Post Office Finder. PostOfficeFinder.org. 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2015.