Prayer of Saint Francis
The so-called Prayer of Saint Francis, also known as the Peace Prayer or Make Me an Instrument of Your Peace, is a widely known Christian prayer. Often wrongly attributed to the 13th-century saint Francis of Assisi, the prayer in its present form cannot be traced back further than 1912, when it was printed in Paris in French, in a small spiritual magazine called La Clochette (The Little Bell), published by La Ligue de la Sainte-Messe (The League of the Holy Mass). The author's name was not given, although it may have been the founder of La Ligue, Fr. Esther Bouquerel.
Around 1920, a French Franciscan priest printed the prayer on the back of an image of St. Francis, without attribution. The prayer has been known in the United States since 1927, when its first known English translation (possibly still under copyright today) appeared in the Quaker magazine Friends' Intelligencer under the mistaken title "A prayer of St. Francis of Assissi". Senator Albert W. Hawkes and the saint's namesake Cardinal Francis Spellman distributed millions of copies of the prayer during and just after World War II.:92–95
Blessed is he who loves and does not therefore desire to be loved; blessed is he who fears and does not therefore desire to be feared; blessed is he who serves and does not therefore desire to be served; blessed is he who behaves well toward others and does not desire that others behave well toward him; and because these are great things, the foolish do not rise to them.
Text and translation
"Lord, make me an instrument of thy peace.
Where there is hatred, let me sow love;
Where there is injury, pardon;
Where there is doubt, faith;
Where there is despair, hope;
Where there is darkness, light;
Where there is sadness, joy.
O divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek
To be consoled as to console,
To be understood as to understand,
To be loved as to love;
For it is in giving that we receive;
It is in pardoning that we are pardoned;
It is in dying to self that we are born to eternal life."
(Many other English versions exist.)
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A popular hymn version of the prayer is "Make Me A Channel of Your Peace", adapted and set to music in 1967 by South African songwriter Sebastian Temple (Johann Sebastian von Tempelhoff). It is an anthem of the Royal British Legion and is usually sung every November at the Service of Remembrance at Royal Albert Hall, London. In 1997 it was part of the Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, and was sung by Sinéad O'Connor on the Princess Diana tribute album. The hymn was also sung during the religious wedding ceremony of Prince Albert II of Monaco to South African Charlene Wittstock in 2011.
Other adaptations of the prayer by notable musicians include those by Arthur Bliss, Moya Brennan, The Burns Sisters, The Canadian Tenors, Ryan Cayabyab, Dream Theater, John Foley, The Innocence Mission, Singh Kaur, Snatam Kaur, Matt Maher, Sarah McLachlan, A Ragamuffin Band, John Rutter, John Michael Talbot, and Denison Witmer.
Summarizing the Christian Renoux book on the prayer, an article by Fr. Egidio Picucci in the 19–20 January 2009 issue of the Vatican's L'Osservatore Romano says that the earliest record of the prayer is its appearance, as "a beautiful prayer to say during Mass", in the December 1912 issue of the small devotional French publication La Clochette, "the bulletin of the League of the Holy Mass". In 1915, Marquis Stanislas de La Rochethulon, president of the Anglo-French association Souvenir Normand, which called itself "a work of peace and justice inspired by the testament of William the Conqueror, who is considered to be the ancestor of all the royal families of Europe", sent this prayer to Pope Benedict XV in the midst of World War I.
The Pope had an Italian translation published on the front page of L'Osservatore Romano of 20 January 1916. It appeared under the heading, "The prayer of Souvenir Normand for peace", and with the explanation: "Souvenir Normand has sent the Holy Father the text of some prayers for peace. We have pleasure in presenting in particular the prayer addressed to the Sacred Heart, inspired by the testament of William the Conqueror." On 28 January 1916, the French newspaper La Croix reprinted, in French, the Osservatore Romano article, with exactly the same heading and explanation. La Rochethulon wrote to the newspaper to clarify that it was not a prayer of Souvenir Normand, but he chose not to mention La Clochette, the first publication in which it had appeared. Because of its appearance in L'Osservatore Romano and La Croix as a prayer for peace during the First World War, the prayer then became widely known.
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- Mother Teresa of Kolkata (Calcutta, India) made it part of the morning prayers of the Roman Catholic religious institute she established, the Missionaries of Charity. She attributed importance to it when receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo in 1979 and asked that it be recited. It is the school anthem of many Christian schools in Kolkata even today.
- South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu, winner of the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize, declared that it was "an integral part" of his devotions.
- In October 1995, President Bill Clinton quoted it in his welcoming speech to Pope John Paul II on his arrival in New York to address the United Nations.
- Margaret Thatcher, after winning the 1979 United Kingdom general election, paraphrased the prayer on the doorstep of 10 Downing Street, surrounded by a throng of reporters, having "kissed hands" with Queen Elizabeth II and become Prime Minister.
- Nancy Pelosi used it when she became Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives in 2007, as did her successor John Boehner when he resigned in 2015.
- The prayer is referenced in the Alcoholics Anonymous book Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions and is also known as the "Step Eleven Prayer" to AA members.
- The prayer was used in a slightly abbreviated form in the 1972 film about St. Francis, Brother Sun, Sister Moon.
- Christian Renoux, La prière pour la paix attribuée à saint François, une énigme à résoudre, Paris, Editions franciscaines, 2001 (in French).
- Christian Renoux, La preghiera per la pace attribuita a san Francesco, un enigma da risolvere, Padova, Edizioni Messaggero, 2003 (in Italian).
- Albert Haase, OFM, Instruments of Christ. Reflections on the Peace Prayer of Saint Francis of Assisi, St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2003.
- Renoux, Christian. "The Origin of the Peace Prayer of St. Francis". Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- Renoux, Christian (2001). La prière pour la paix attribuée à saint François: une énigme à résoudre. Paris: Editions franciscaines. ISBN 2-85020-096-4.
- "A prayer of St. Francis of Assissi". Friends' Intelligencer (Philadelphia: Religious Society of Friends) 84 (4): 66. 22 January 1927. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- Giles of Assisi. The Golden Sayings of the Blessed Brother Giles of Assisi. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "This Is the Prayer John Boehner Read at His Resignation". Time. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "Sebastian Temple". Oregon Catholic Press. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "St. Francis Peace Prayer: From the DVD/TV Show of 'Madre Teresa'". Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "The real prayer of Francis of Assisi". The Daily Telegraph. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "Margaret Thatcher and Nancy Pelosi". YouTube. 18 March 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "Pelosi takes the helm in triumph". Los Angeles Times. 5 January 2007. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "Pelosi Delivers Remarks at Hispanic Prayer Breakfast". Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi. 16 June 2005. Retrieved 6 March 2015.