Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan
|Head of the
Republic of Bashkortostan
|Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan
Administration of Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan
(in russian from 01.01.2015)
|Member of||Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan|
|Term length||Five years
|Constituting instrument||Bashkortostan Constitution|
|Formation||December 24, 1993|
|First holder||Murtaza Rakhimov
December 12, 1993
|Website||President of Bashkortostan|
Head of Bashkortostan (before 1 January 2015 title was called President; Bashkir: Башҡортостан Республикаһы Башлығы) is the highest executive position in the Republic of Bashkortostan, a federal subject of Russia.
The Head of Bashkortostan is appointed for a five-year term and must be a citizen of the Russian Federation who is at least thirty years old.
The first President of Bashkortostan was Murtaza Rakhimov, who has held the office since December 12, 1993. He was re-elected twice—on June 4, 1998 and on December 21, 2003. The election procedure was abolished in 2006, when Rakhimov was appointed President by Bashkortostan Kurultai according to the recommendation of the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin.
Since July 19, 2010 Head of the Republic is Rustem Khamitov.
Status and powers
The Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan is considered the head and CEO of the Republic; he heads the Government of Republic Bashkortostan. The Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan represents the Republic of Bashkortostan in the relations with the President of the Russian Federation, the Federation Council and the State Duma of the Russian Federation’s Federal Assembly, other federal government bodies, government bodies of the Russian Federation’s subjects, governmental bodies of the Republic of Bashkortostan, local self-government bodies, public communities, other organizations and functionaries, including execution of international and external economic relations.
The term of office of the Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan is five years. The status and powers of the Head are fixed by the federal laws in accordance with the Constitution of Russian Federation, the Constitution of the Republic of Bashkortostan and the laws of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan guarantees realization of human rights and liberties, protects economic and political interests of the Republic of Bashkortostan and maintains the law and order on its territory.
The Head of the Republic also determines the main directions in the socio-economic development of the republic, forms the Republican Government and guides its activities, appoints the Prime-Minister and makes the decisions concerning the dismissal of the republic's government.
The Head also appoints and dismisses the heads of and determines the structure of the republican executive power bodies, the plenipotentiaries of the Republic of Bashkortostan under the public authorities of Russian Federation, the subjects of Russian Federation, in the subjects of foreign federative states and in the administrative-territorial units of foreign states.
The Head can also introduce bills to the State Council-Kurultay-RB, promulgates the laws of the republic or defeats them, introduces the programs on social-economic development RB to the State Council-Kurultay-RB, the report about situation in the Republic and appeals to the State Council-Kurultay-RB.
The Head RB introduces the candidatures to the office of the Chairman, the deputy Chairman, the judges of the Constitutional Court RB, the ombudsman for human rights in Republic of Bashkortostan, the Chairman of the Audit and Accounts Chamber RB, representatives of public communities in the qualifications collegium of judges RB and the candidatures to the Justices of Peace.
The Head RB appoints the members of the Central Electoral Commission RB within the limits of his powers.
The Head RB signs contracts and agreements on behalf of the Republic of Bashkortostan, establishes the Administration of the Head RB and forms the interdepartmental Public Security Council RB.
The Head RB rewards citizens RB with the state awards RB and with the honorable and other ranks of Republic of Bashkortostan. The Head RB accomplishes other powers in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the federal laws, the Law RB “The Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan” and other laws RB.
In those cases, when the Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan can’t provisionally fulfill his duties (because of either sickness or leave), these duties are fulfilled by the Prime-Minister of the Government RB. The powers of the Head RB cannot be used for either dissolution or abeyance of the activity of the elected government bodies, except the cases, provided for the Federal Law and the Constitution RB
Changing the federal government job titles
In December 2010 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a law that forbade calling heads of subjects of the Russian Federation as presidents. Regions must bring their constitutions or statutes in conformity with the law adopted before January 1, 2015.
On February 27, 2014, deputies of the Kurultay in the third and final reading approved amendments to the local Constitution, which proposed to abolish the post of "president" and enter the name of the "head of the Republic of Bashkortostan" in the local language - " bashlygy."
The changes took effect on 1 January 2015.
|№||#||Portrait||Heads||Term of office||proposed by||Head's mandate|
(born February 7, 1934)
|April 7, 1990 ||December 12, 1993||None||Elected by voting members of the Supreme Soviet of the Bashkir ASSR|
|2||December 12, 1993||June 14, 1998||None||64%
|3||June 14, 1998||December 21, 2003||None||70,2%
|4||December 21, 2003||December 10, 2006||None||78,8% 
|5||December 10, 2006||July 15, 2010||President of Russia||Elected by the deputies of the regional parliament|
(born August 15, 1954)
|July 15, 2010 ||July 20, 2010||President of Russia||Elected by the deputies of the regional parliament|
|2||July 20, 2010||September 14, 2014||President of Russia||Elected by the deputies of the regional parliament|
|3||September 14, 2014||Incumbent||United Russia||81,71%|
The latest election for the office was held on 14 September 2014
|Ildar Bikbaev||Patriots of Russia||59,475||2.62|
|Yunir Kutluguzhin||Communist Party of the Russian Federation||229,452||10.13|
|Ivan Sukharev||Liberal Democratic Party of Russia||109,040||4.81|
|Rustem Khamitov||United Russia||1,851,625||81.71|
References and notes
- "Парламентарии Башкирии приняли Закон "О Главе Республики Башкортостан"". Bashinform NA. 2014-12-25. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Constitution, Chapter 5.
- Official website of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Biography of Murtaza Gubaydullovich Rakhimov (Russian)
- The Law of the Republic of Bashkortostan from April 19, 2001, N215-z “The President of Republic Bashkortostan” (in the wording of the laws RB from March 13, 2003, N471-z, from December 8, 2006, N383-z, from May 30, 2007, N430-z
- Госдума одобрила запрет именоваться президентами главам республик в составе РФ
- Госдума оставила Татарстану президента. Как минимум еще на год
- Минтимер Шаймиев отстаивает нынешнее название главной должности Татарстана
- Served as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Bashkortostan
- in the second round
- the acting Head of Bashkortostan
- №ВС-22/15 24 декабря 1993 г. «Конституция Республики Башкортостан», в ред. Закона №23-з от 18 сентября 2008 г. (#VS-22/15 December 24, 1993 Constitution of the Republic of Bashkortostan, as amended by the Law #23-z of September 18, 2008. ).