Primera División (women)
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Segunda División|
|Domestic cup(s)||Copa de la Reina|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
|Current champions||Athletic Bilbao (5th title)
|Most championships||Athletic Bilbao (5 titles)|
|TV partners||BeIN Sports (Spain)
The Primera División de la Liga de Fútbol Femenino, formerly Superliga Femenina, is the highest level of league competition for Spanish women's football. It is the female equivalent of the men's Primera División and is run by the Real Federación Española de Fútbol.
The league was founded in 1988 as Liga Nacional , formed by Olímpico Fortuna, Puente Castro, Parque Alcobendas, Santa María Atlético, Vallès Occcidental, RCD Español, FC Barcelona, CE Sabadell y Peña Barcelonista. From the season 1996-97 the league was divided in 4 groups. In that time, all group winners played a semi-final and a final to decide the champion.
For the 2001-02 season the league was renamed to Superliga and the competition system was changed to from the groups format to a double rounnd-robin, thus each team playing the other teams twice, one time away, one time at home. The league consisted of 14 teams in those years. The 2008–09 season kept the double round-robin format but the league was increased from 14 to 16 teams.
In the 2009–10 season the Superliga was increased from 16 to 24 teams, which caused criticism by teams and players, fearing a decline in competivity. The Superliga again is divided in 3 groups of 7 to 8 teams each. Those groups are divided based on local aspects. In the first stage of the season, in all groups each team plays each other twice. After that, the second stage starts. The best two of each group as well as the two best third-place finishers go into group A, the other teams are divided into group B and C based oin a predefined key. Again a double round-robin is played in the groups. All Group A teams and the three best finishers of Group B and C qualify for the Copa de la Reina, and the two best teams in Group A play each other in a two legged final for the season's championship. Rayo Vallecano won the 2009-10 and 2010-11 finals, both times against RCD Espanyol. In the 2009–10 season, two teams had to withdraw from the league for financial reasons.
For the 2011–12 season the group based system was abolished and 18 teams played double round-robin to decide the champion. In the 2012–13 season it was again shortened to 16 teams.
|Atlético de Madrid||Madrid||Estadio Cerro del Espino|
|FC Barcelona||Barcelona||Mini Estadi|
|UD Collerense||Palma de Mallorca||Estadi Municipal Coll d’en Rebassa|
|RCD Espanyol||Cornellà de Llobregat||Ciutat Esportiva Dani Jarque|
|Fundación Albacete||Albacete||Ciudad Deportiva Andrés Iniesta|
|UD Granadilla Tenerife Sur||Granadilla de Abona||Estadio Municipal Francisco Suárez|
|Levante UD||Valencia||El Terrer|
|Oiartzun KE||Oiartzun||Karla Lekuona|
|Oviedo Moderno CF||Oviedo||Estadio Manuel Díaz Vega|
|Rayo Vallecano||Madrid||Ciudad Deportiva Rayo Vallecano|
|Real Sociedad||San Sebastián||Zubieta|
|Santa Teresa CD||Badajoz||Campos Federativos de La Granadilla|
|Sporting de Huelva||Huelva||Ciudad Deportiva El Conquero|
|CD Transportes Alcaine||Zaragoza||Estadio Pedro Sancho|
|Valencia CF||Valencia||Ciudad Deportiva de Paterna|
List of champions
Performance by club
|Athletic Bilbao||5||3||2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2016|
|Levante UD||4||4||19971, 2001, 2002, 2008|
|FC Barcelona||4||2||2012, 2013, 2014, 2015|
|Añorga KKE||3||2||1992, 1995, 1996|
|Oroquieta Villaverde||3||2||1993, 1994, 1999|
|Rayo Vallecano||3||1||2009, 2010, 2011|
|AD Torrejón CF||0||1|
1Title won as San Vicent Valencia CFF.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a final game where Sant Vicent defeated Sabadell
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Atlético Málaga beat Sant Vicent by 2–0.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Oroquieta Villaverde beat Irex Puebla.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Irex Puebla beat Torrejón in the penalty shootout after a draw by 0–0.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Levante beat Eibartarrak by 4–0.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a double-legged final where Rayo Vallecano won 1–0 and 1–1.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a double-legged final where Rayo Vallecano won 2–2 and 1–2.
- Reunión Comisión Mixta de seguimiento de la Superliga
- "Spain - List of Women's Champions". RSSSF. 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.