Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs

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The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet.

Kingdom of Italy[edit]

Parties
  • 1861–1912:

  Historical Right   Historical Left   Military

  • 1912–1922:

  Liberal Union   Radical Party

  • 1922–1943:

  National Fascist Party (sole legal party)

  • 1943–1946:

  Labour Democratic Party   Christian Democracy   Independent   Military

Governments

  Rightist coalition   Leftist coalition   Liberal coalition   Fascist   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Ministry
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
(1810–1861)
Camillo Benso Cavour di Ciseri.jpg 17 March 1861 6 June 1861 Historical Right Cavour IV
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
Bettino Ricasoli 2.jpg 12 June 1861 3 March 1862 Historical Right Cavour IV
Ricasoli I
Urbano Rattazzi
(1808–1873)
Urbano Rattazzi-lookingleft.jpg 3 March 1862 31 March 1862 Historical Left Rattazzi I
Giacomo Durando
(1807–1894)
Pistolesi Saverio - generale Giacomo Durando - litografia - 1860.jpg 31 March 1862 8 December 1862 Historical Right
Giuseppe Pasolini
(1815–1876)
Giuseppe Pasolini.gif 8 December 1862 24 March 1863 Historical Right Farini
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 24 March 1863 28 September 1864 Historical Right Minghetti I
Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
(1804–1878)
Alfonso La Marmora.jpg 28 September 1864 20 June 1866 Historical Right La Marmora I·II
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
Bettino Ricasoli 2.jpg 20 June 1866 28 June 1866 Historical Right Ricasoli II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 28 June 1866 10 April 1867 Historical Right
Federico Pescetto
(1817–1882)
Federico Pescetto.gif 10 April 1867 12 April 1867 Historical Right Rattazzi II
Pompeo Di Campello
(1803–1884)
Pompeo Di Campello.jpg 12 April 1867 27 October 1867 Historical Left
Luigi Federico Menabrea
(1809–1896)
Luigi Federico Menabrea.gif 27 October 1867 14 December 1869 Historical Right Menabrea I·II·III
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 14 December 1869 20 November 1876 Historical Right Lanza
Minghetti II
Luigi Amedeo Melegari
(1805–1881)
Luigi Amedeo Melegari.gif 20 November 1876 28 December 1867 Historical Left Depretis I
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 28 December 1867 24 March 1878 Historical Left Depretis II
Luigi Corti
(1823–1888)
Luigi Corti.gif 24 March 1878 24 October 1878 Historical Left Cairoli I
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
Benedetto Cairoli iii.jpg 24 October 1878 19 December 1878 Historical Left
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 19 December 1878 14 July 1879 Historical Left Depretis III
Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
Benedetto Cairoli iii.jpg 14 July 1879 29 May 1881 Historical Left Cairoli II·III
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini
(1817–1888)
Pasquale Stanislao Mancini.jpg 29 May 1881 29 June 1885 Historical Left Depretis IV·V·VI
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 29 June 1885 6 October 1885 Historical Left Depretis VII
Carlo Felice Nicolis
(1826–1887)
Carlo Felice Nicolis di Robilant.jpg 6 October 1885 4 April 1887 Military
Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
Agostino Depretis.jpg 4 April 1887 29 July 1887† Historical Left Depretis VIII
Francesco Crispi
(1819–1901)
Francesco Crispi.jpg 29 July 1887 6 February 1891 Historical Left Crispi I·II
Antonio Starabba di Rudinì
(1839–1908)
Rudini.jpg 6 February 1891 15 May 1892 Historical Right Rudinì I
Benedetto Brin
(1833–1898)
Benedetto Brin in divisa.jpg 15 May 1892 15 December 1893 Military Giolitti I
Alberto Blanc
(1835–1904)
Alberto Blanc.gif 15 December 1893 10 March 1896 Historical Left Crispi III·IV
Onorato Caetani
(1842–1917)
Onorato Caetani.jpg 10 March 1896 11 July 1896 Historical Right Rudinì II
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 11 July 1896 1 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì III·IV
Raffaele Cappelli
(1848–1921)
RaffeleCappelli.jpg 1 June 1898 29 June 1898 Historical Right Rudinì V
Felice Napoleone Canevaro
(1838–1926)
Felice Napoleone Canevaro.jpg 29 June 1898 14 May 1899 Military Pelloux I
Emilio Visconti Venosta
(1829–1914)
Emilio Visconti Venosta 2.jpg 11 May 1899 15 February 1901 Historical Right Pelloux II
Saracco
Giulio Prinetti
(1851–1908)
Giulio Prinetti.jpg 15 February 1901 9 February 1903 Historical Left Zanardelli
Enrico Morin
(1841–1910)
Enrico Morin.jpg 9 February 1903 3 September 1903 Military
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
Tommaso Tittoni 01.jpg 3 September 1903 27 March 1905 Historical Right Giolitti II
Tittoni
Alessandro Fortis
(1842–1909)
Alessandro Fortis.jpg 27 March 1905 24 December 1905 Historical Left Fortis I
Antonino Paternò Castello
(1852–1914)
Antonino Paternò Castello di San Giuliano.png 24 December 1905 8 February 1906 Historical Right Fortis II
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
Conte Francesco Guicciardini.jpg 8 February 1906 29 May 1906 Historical Right Sonnino I
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
Tommaso Tittoni 01.jpg 29 May 1906 10 December 1909 Historical Right Giolitti III
Francesco Guicciardini
(1851–1915)
Conte Francesco Guicciardini.jpg 11 December 1909 31 March 1910 Historical Right Sonnino II
Antonino Paternò Castello
(1852–1914)
Antonino Paternò Castello di San Giuliano.png 31 March 1910 17 October 1914 Historical Right Luzzatti
Liberal Union Giolitti IV
Salandra I
Antonio Salandra
(1853–1931)
Antonio Salandra.jpg 17 October 1914 31 October 1914 Liberal Union Salandra I
Sidney Sonnino
(1847–1922)
Sidney sonnino.jpg 31 October 1914 23 June 1919 Liberal Union Salandra II
Boselli
Orlando
Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
Tommaso Tittoni 01.jpg 23 June 1919 26 June 1919 Liberal Union Nitti I
Tommaso Tittoni
(1868–1953)
Francesco Saverio Nitti.jpg 26 June 1919 26 September 1919 Italian Radical Party
Vittorio Scialoja
(1856–1933)
Vittorio Scialoja 1927.jpg 26 September 1919 15 June 1920 Liberal Union Nitti I·II
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
Carlo Sforza 1921.jpg 15 June 1920 4 July 1921 Liberal Union Giolitti V
Pietro Tomasi della Torretta
(1873–1962)
Pietro Tomasi Torretta.jpg 7 July 1921 22 February 1922 Liberal Union Bonomi I
Carlo Schanzer
(1865–1953)
Carlo Schanzer.jpg 26 February 1922 28 October 1924 Liberal Union Facta I·II
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Benito Mussolini crop.jpg 30 October 1922 12 September 1929 National Fascist Party Mussolini
Dino Grandi
(1895–1988)
Dino Grandi.jpg 12 September 1929 20 July 1932 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Mussolini biografia.jpg 20 July 1932 9 June 1936 National Fascist Party
Galeazzo Ciano
(1903–1944)
Galeazzo Ciano.png 9 June 1936 6 February 1943 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Mussolini biografia.jpg 6 February 1943 25 July 1943 National Fascist Party
Raffaele Guariglia
(1889–1970)
GUARIGLIA Raffaele.jpg 28 July 1943 11 February 1944 Independent Badoglio I
Pietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
Pietro Badoglio 2.jpg 11 February 1944 8 June 1944 Military Badoglio I·II
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
Ivanoe Bonomi portrait.png 18 June 1944 10 December 1944 Labour Democratic Party Bonomi II
Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg 12 December 1944 1 June 1946 Christian Democracy Bonomi III
Parri
De Gasperi I

Italian Republic[edit]

Parties
  • 1946-1993:

  Christian Democracy   Socialist Party   Republican Party   Liberal Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Independent

  • Since 1994:

  People's Party   Forza Italia/The People of Freedom   Italian Renewal   Ulivo/Democratic Party   National Alliance   Italian Radicals   New Centre-Right   Independent

Governments

  Centrist coalition   Centre-right coalition   Centre-left coalition   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Ministry
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg June 2, 1946 October 18, 1946 Christian Democracy De Gasperi II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
Pietro Nenni 2.jpg October 18, 1946 January 28, 1947 Italian Socialist Party
Carlo Sforza
(1872–1952)
Carlo Sforza 1921.jpg February 2, 1947 July 26, 1951 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi III
De Gasperi IV·V·VI
Alcide De Gasperi (as PM)
(1881–1954)
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg July 26, 1951 August 17, 1953 Christian Democracy De Gasperi VII·VIII
Giuseppe Pella (as PM)
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg August 17, 1953 January 18, 1954 Christian Democracy Pella
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
Attilio Piccioni.jpg January 18, 1954 September 16, 1954 Christian Democracy Fanfani I
Scelba
Gaetano Martino
(1900–1967)
Gaetano Martino.jpg September 16, 1954 May 15, 1957 Italian Liberal Party Scelba
Segni I
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg May 19, 1957 July 1, 1958 Christian Democracy Zoli
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg July 1, 1958 February 15, 1959 Christian Democracy Fanfani II
Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
Giuseppe Pella.jpg February 15, 1959 March 25, 1960 Christian Democracy Segni II
Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
Antonio Segni Official.jpg March 25, 1960 May 7, 1962 Christian Democracy Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
Amintore Fanfani (as PM)
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg May 7, 1962 May 29, 1962 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
Attilio Piccioni.jpg May 29, 1962 December 4, 1963 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Leone I
Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
Giuseppe Saragat.jpg December 4, 1963 December 28, 1964 Italian Socialist Democratic Party Moro I·II
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg December 28, 1964 March 5, 1965 Christian Democracy Moro II
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg March 5, 1965 December 30, 1965 Christian Democracy
Aldo Moro (as PM)
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg December 30, 1965 February 23, 1966 Christian Democracy
Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
Amintore Fanfani Senato.jpg February 23, 1966 June 24, 1968 Christian Democracy Moro III
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
Giuseppe Medici.jpg June 24, 1968 December 12, 1968 Christian Democracy Leone II
Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
Pietro Nenni 2.jpg December 12, 1968 August 5, 1969 Italian Socialist Party Rumor I
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg August 5, 1969 June 26, 1972 Christian Democracy Rumor II·III
Colombo
Andreotti I
Giuseppe Medici
(1907–2000)
Giuseppe Medici.jpg July 26, 1972 July 7, 1973 Christian Democracy Andreotti II
Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
Aldo Moro headshot.jpg July 7, 1973 November 23, 1974 Christian Democracy Rumor IV·V
Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
Mariano Rumor-1.jpg November 23, 1974 July 29, 1976 Christian Democracy Moro IV·V
Arnaldo Forlani
(1925– )
Forlani.jpg July 29, 1976 August 4, 1979 Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV·V
Franco Maria Malfatti
(1927–1991)
Franco Maria Malfatti crop.jpg August 4, 1979 January 15, 1980 Christian Democracy Cossiga I
Attilio Ruffini
(1925–2011)
Attilio Ruffini.jpg January 15, 1980 April 4, 1980 Christian Democracy
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
Emilio Colombo 2.jpg April 4, 1980 August 4, 1983 Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
Giulio Andreotti, ca 1987.jpg August 4, 1983 July 22, 1989 Christian Democracy Craxi I·II
Fanfani
Goria
De Mita
Gianni De Michelis
(1940– )
Gianni De Michelis.jpg July 22, 1989 June 28, 1992 Italian Socialist Party Andreotti VI·VII
Vincenzo Scotti
(1933– )
Vincenzo Scotti.jpg June 28, 1992 July 29, 1992 Christian Democracy Amato I
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
Giuliano Amato 2001.jpg July 29, 1992 August 1, 1992 Italian Socialist Party
Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
Emilio Colombo 2.jpg August 1, 1992 April 28, 1993 Christian Democracy
Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
Beniamino Andreatta 970307-D-2987S-022.jpg April 28, 1993 April 19, 1994 Christian Democracy Ciampi
Leopoldo Elia
(1925–2008)
Leopoldo Elia.jpg April 19, 1994 May 10, 1994 Italian People's Party
Antonio Martino
(1942– )
Antonio Martino 2.jpg May 10, 1994 January 17, 1995 Forza Italia Berlusconi I
Susanna Agnelli
(1922–2009)
Susanna Agnelli.jpg January 17, 1995 May 17, 1996 Independent Dini
Lamberto Dini
(1931– )
Lamberto dini.jpg May 17, 1996 June 6, 2001 Italian Renewal Prodi I
D'Alema I·II
Amato II
Giuliano Amato (as PM)
(1938– )
Giuliano Amato 2001.jpg June 6, 2001 June 11, 2001 The Olive Tree Amato II
Renato Ruggiero
(1930–2013)
Renato Ruggiero.jpg June 11, 2001 January 6, 2002 Independent Berlusconi II
Silvio Berlusconi (as PM)
(1936– )
Berlusconi-2010-1.jpg January 6, 2002 November 14, 2002 Forza Italia
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
Franco Frattini on April 6, 2011.jpg November 14, 2002 November 18, 2004 Forza Italia
Gianfranco Fini
(1952– )
Gianfranco Fini 2016.jpg November 18, 2004 May 17, 2006 National Alliance Berlusconi II·III
Massimo D'Alema
(1949– )
Massimo D Alema - Prato 1 - resize, head.jpg May 17, 2006 May 8, 2008 Democratic Party Prodi II
Franco Frattini
(1957– )
Franco Frattini on April 6, 2011.jpg May 8, 2008 November 16, 2011 The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
Giulio Terzi Sant'Agata
(1946– )
Terzi-Ita.jpg November 16, 2011 March 27, 2013 Independent Monti
Mario Monti (as PM)
(1943– )
Mario Monti - Terre alte 2013.JPG March 27, 2013 April 28, 2013 Independent
Emma Bonino
(1948– )
Emma Bonino - World Economic Forum on Europe 2010.jpg April 28, 2013 February 22, 2014 Italian Radicals Letta
Federica Mogherini
(1973– )
Federica Mogherini daticamera.jpg February 22, 2014 October 31, 2014 Democratic Party Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
(1954– )
Paolo Gentiloni Silveri daticamera.jpg October 31, 2014 December 12, 2016 Democratic Party
Angelino Alfano
(1970– )
Angelino Alfano daticamera.jpg December 12, 2016 Incumbent New Centre-Right Gentiloni

See also[edit]