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The Qadhadhfa (also al-Qaddafa, Gaddadfa, Qaddadfa, Gaddafa; Arabic: القذاذفـة‎‎) is one of the branches of the Houara tribe, living in the Sirte District in present-day northwestern Libya. They are now mostly centered at Sabha.[citation needed]

They are notable for their role in the 1969 coup d'état deposing King Idris of Libya and as the tribe of Muammar Gaddafi. During Muammar Gaddafi's rule of Libya, he appointed numerous members of his tribe in leading positions.

During the 2011 Civil War, the Qadhadhfa held a key role in supporting the Libyan government. Al Jazeera reported that Qadhadhfa officers executed 20 officers of the Firjan tribe in the early weeks of the conflict.[1] After Gaddafi's death in October 2011, leading members of the Qadhadhfa demanded the return of his body by Misratan fighters for burial by relatives in Sirte.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Michael Rubin, Syrian Pilots Shot Down in Libya?, 6 March 2011.
  2. ^ "Gaddafi tribe demands body". New Zimbabwe. 22 October 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011. 
  • Current biography yearbook, Volume 53, H.W. Wilson Company, 1992, p. 457.
  • Jean-François Bayart, Global subjects: a political critique of globalization, Polity, 2007, ISBN 978-0-7456-3668-9, p. 56.
  • Dirk J. Vandewalle, Libya since 1969: Qadhafi's revolution revisited, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, ISBN 978-0-230-60765-1, p. 73.