RAF Tempsford

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RAF Tempsford
Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Control Tower Tempsford.jpg
The Control Tower at Tempsford during the Second World War
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator Royal Air Force
Location Tempsford, Bedfordshire
Coordinates 52°09′31″N 000°15′49″W / 52.15861°N 0.26361°W / 52.15861; -0.26361Coordinates: 52°09′31″N 000°15′49″W / 52.15861°N 0.26361°W / 52.15861; -0.26361
Map
RAF Tempsford is located in Bedfordshire
RAF Tempsford
RAF Tempsford
Location in Bedfordshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
00/00 0 0 Concrete
00/00 0 0 Concrete
00/00 0 0 Concrete
The 138 and 161 Squadron badges on display inside St Peter's Church, Tempsford
The memorial plaque inside St Peter's Church, Tempsford

RAF Tempsford is a former Royal Air Force station located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Sandy, Bedfordshire, England and 4.4 miles (7.1 km) south of St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, England.

As part of the Royal Air Force Special Duty Service, the airfield was perhaps the most secret airfield of the Second World War. It was home to 138 (Special Duty) Squadron and 161 (Special Duty) Squadron, which dropped supplies and agents into occupied Europe for the Special Operations Executive (SOE). 138 (SD) Squadron did the bulk of the supply and agent drops, while 161 (SD) Squadron had the Lysander flight, and did the pick-up operations in occupied Europe.

RAF Tempsford is very close to Little Gransden Airfield and can be clearly seen from flights climbing out from the westerly runway 28. Other active airfields nearby include the former RAF bases at Gransden Lodge and Bourn.

Operational units and aircraft[edit]

Tempsford now[edit]

By 2002 part of the former Tempsford airfield was a concrete-making facility and some of the main airfield buildings had been turned into various commercial workshops. A nearby public footpath led to the end of a substantially intact runway and then on to Gibraltar Farm, the agents' final dispatch point.

This barn contains several plaques and memorials to the agents, both men and women, who were flown from the airfield, many of whom were later killed after being captured and tortured. A memorial is also to be found in St Peter's Church, in the nearby village of Tempsford, and the Tempsford Memorial is outside the church, commemorating the men and women who served as secret agents in occupied Europe during the Second World War and the RAF aircrew who transported them.

People[edit]

  • Andrée Borrel and Lise de Baissac (Odile), were the first female SOE agents to be parachuted into occupied France. They flew out from RAF Tempsford on 24 September 1942.
  • Flying Officer Gerald Cruwys was awarded the Croix de guerre for his work with the French Resistance while at RAF Tempsford.
  • Group Captain Edward 'Mouse' Fielden, Station Commander of RAF Tempsford (1942-1944) and a former royal pilot
  • Air Chief Marshal Sir Lewis Macdonald Hodges was the Commander of 161 Squadron from May 1943 to 1944.
  • Group Captain Percy Charles Pickard was awarded a second bar to his DSO in March 1943 for his outstanding leadership in command of 161 Squadron
  • Group Captain Hugh Verity, author of We Landed by Moonlight
  • Violette Szabo flew out on both her missions from RAF Tempsford.
  • Wing Commander F. F. E. Yeo-Thomas, otherwise known as the White Rabbit, was dropped in France on 27 February 1943 having been flown out from RAF Tempsford by Pilot Officer Foster.
A Westland Lysander of the type that was used to drop and pick up SOE agents from Occupied Europe

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Clark, F. Agents by Moonlight: The Secret History of RAF Tempsford during the Second World War. Stroud: Tempus Publishing Ltd., 1999.
  • Clark, F. Peter Five. Bromley: Independent Books, 1993.
  • Griffiths, Frank "Winged Hours". London: William Kimber, 1981. ISBN 0-7183-0128-5.
  • O'Connor, B. Tempsford Airfield: Now the story can be told… 1998. ISBN 1-902810-03-1
  • Verity, H., We Landed By Moonlight (revised edition). Manchester: Crecy Publishing, 2000. ISBN 0-947554-75-0.

External links[edit]