Eliezer ben Jacob I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Rabbi Eliezer ben Jacob)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Eliezer ben Jacob I (Hebrew: אליעזר בן יעקב) was a Tanna of the 1st century; contemporary of Eleazar b. Ḥisma and Eliezer b. Hyrcanus, and senior of Judah ben Ilai.[1]

Of his personal history nothing is known, except that he had seen the Temple at Jerusalem and was familiar with the specific purposes of its many apartments, a subject on which he was considered an authority.[2] Some of the details, however, he eventually forgot, and was reminded of them by Abba Saul b. Baṭnit.[3] Simon ben Azzai, Rabbi Akiva's contemporary, relates that he had discovered a genealogical roll wherein was stated, "The Mishnah of R. Eliezer ben Jacob is only a kab [small in proportion], but clean [of all deficiencies]";[4][5] as a result, subsequent generations generally adopted Eliezer's views as law.[6]

In the aggadah, too, he is mentioned. According to him, Deuteronomy 11:13 ("To serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul") is an admonition to the priests that, when officiating, they shall entertain no thought foreign to their duty.[7]

Eliezer ben Jacob bequeathed to Israel many agrarian laws, such as the laws concerning the bringing of the First-fruits (Bikkurim) to Jerusalem and who is eligible to recite the Avowal (Mishnah Bikkurim 1:5), as well as the laws concerning Diverse kinds (Kil'ayim) grown in a vineyard (Mishnah Kil'ayim 5:3; 6:2). He is buried near the old Kefar Hanaiah, in Galilee.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pesachim 32a, 39b; Yalkut Shimoni Leviticus 638
  2. ^ Yoma 16b
  3. ^ Middot 2:5, 5:4
  4. ^ Yebamot 49b
  5. ^ Avoth deRabbe Nathan 18:3, ed. Shmuel Yerushalmi, Machon Masoreth: Jerusalem 1976
  6. ^ Yebamot 60a; Bechorot 23b
  7. ^ Sifre Deuteronomy 41
  8. ^ Levi-Nahum, Yehuda (ed.), Sefer ṣohar le-ḥasifat ginzei teiman (ספר צהר לחשיפת גנזי תימן), Tel-Aviv 1986, s.v. chapter: Tombs of the forefathers and righteous [3], p. 252 (Hebrew)

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSolomon Schechter and S. Mendelsohn (1901–1906). "ELIEZER (LIEZER-ELEAZAR) B. JACOB". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)

Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography[edit]