Renovación Española

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Renovación Española
Leader Antonio Goicoechea,
José Calvo Sotelo
Founded 1933
Dissolved 1937
Merger of Popular Action
Ideology Monarchism
Right-wing authoritarianism
Corporatism
Spanish nationalism
Political position Far right

Renovación Española (RE) was a Spanish monarchist political party active during the Second Spanish Republic, advocating the restoration of Alfonso XIII of Spain as opposed to Carlism. Associated with the Acción Española think-tank, the party was led by Antonio Goicoechea and José Calvo Sotelo. In 1937, during the course of the Spanish Civil War, it formally disappeared after Francisco Franco merged into a single Party a variety of far right organizations in the rebel zone.

History[edit]

The group was formed in January 1933 after Goicoechea and some followers split from Acción Popular and were given Alfonso's approval to form a new party, although from the outset RE maintained good relations with the Carlists and sought to bring them into various anti-Republican conspiracies.[1] Even before the Civil War RE was linked to the Falange, paying it a 10,000 peseta monthly subsidy.[2] RE espoused a kind of authoritarian statist corporatism, particularly marked after Calvo Sotelo took control of the party.[3]

The group was one of the first amongst those involved in conspiracy against the Popular Front government to endorse Franco as overall leader.[4] RE was also closely linked to the military group Unión Militar Española which played an important role in bringing about civil war.[5] During the opening stages of the civil war RE was close to General Emilio Mola, who consulted regularly with the group's leadership.[6]

The assassination of Calvo Sotelo, who was much more personally popular and a better orator than the generally ineffectual Goicoechea, in July 1936 had weakened RE somewhat and before long they became wholly subservient to Franco in an attempt to retain influence for a group that had little popular support.[7] Along with a variety of other far right groups RE disappeared in April 1937 with the formation of the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista.[8] Recognising that his power base was flimsy at best Goicoechea immediately accepted the decree and dissolved RE.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martin Blinkhorn, Carlism and crisis in Spain, 1931-1939, CUP Archive, 1975, p. 108
  2. ^ Antony Beevor, The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-39, London: Phoenix, 2007, p. 45
  3. ^ Blinkhorn, Martin. "Conservatism, traditionalism and fascism in Spain, 1898–1937". Fascists and Conservatives: The Radical Right and the Establishment in Twentieth-Century Europe. Routledge. p. 131. ISBN 0203-39323-6. 
  4. ^ Paul Preston, Franco, London: Fontana, 1995, p. 125
  5. ^ Preston, Franco, p. 136
  6. ^ Preston, Franco, p. 155; p. 157
  7. ^ Preston, Franco, pp. 249-50
  8. ^ Beevor, The Battle for Spain, p. 285
  9. ^ Preston, Franco, p. 271