List of political parties in Spain

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This article lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a multi-party system at both the national and regional level. Nationally there are four dominant political parties, (the progressive Podemos (left-wing), moderate PSOE (centre-left), liberal Ciudadanos (centre) and conservative PP (centre-right)) which makes it extremely difficult for any other formation or coalition to achieve an electoral majority in the bicameral Cortes Generales (consisting of both the national Congress of Deputies and regional representation in the Senate).

Regional parties can be strong in autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are often essential for national government coalitions.

National political formations of Spain[edit]

Most voted political parties in the 2016 Spanish general election[edit]

Party Position Ideology Results (2016) Seats in Congress (Total: 350) Coalition partners
People's Party (PP)
Partido Popular
Right wing Conservatism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy, economic liberalism, unionism 7,906,185 votes, 33.03% of the electorate 137 PP (134)
UPN (2)
FAC (1)
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Centre-left Progressivism, social democracy, federalism, pro-Europeanism 5,424,709 votes, 22.66% of the electorate 85 PSOE (77)
PSC (7)
NC (1)
United We Can
Unidos Podemos
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Social democracy, Republicanism, Antimilitarism, Internationalism, Feminism, Environmentalism 5,049,734 votes, 21.10% of the electorate 71 Podemos (43)
United Left (8)
Independents (7)
Compromís (4)
Equo (3)
ICV (2)
Anova (2)
Barcelona en Comú (2)
Centre liberalism, secularism, pro-Europeanism, postnationalism 3,123,769 votes, 13.05% of the electorate 32
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC)
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya - Catalunya Sí
Left-wing Catalan independentism, left-wing nationalism, democratic socialism, republicanism, progressivism 629,294 votes, 2.63% of the electorate 9
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC)
Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya
Right wing Catalan independentism, Liberalism 481,839 votes, 2.01% of the electorate 8
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV)
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea
Partido Nacionalista Vasco
Parti National Basque
Right wing Basque nationalism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy 286,215 votes, 1.20% of the electorate 5
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA)
Partido Animalista Contra el Maltrato Animal
Centre-left Animal welfare, Drug liberalization 284,848 votes, 1.19% of the electorate 0
Basque Country Unite (EHB)
Euskal Herria Bildu
Left wing Basque independentism, separatism,
left-wing nationalism, abertzale left
184,092 votes, 0.77% of the electorate 2 Sortu (1)
Alternatiba (1)
Canarian Coalition (CC-PNC)
Coalición Canaria
Centre to centre-right Canarian nationalism, liberal conservatism 78,080 votes, 0.33% of the electorate 1

Other political parties represented in regional parliaments[edit]

Party Position Ideology Regional parliament Seats
Unitarian Candidacy of Workers
Candidatura Unitaria de Trabajadores
Far-left Libertarian communism, Anti-capitalism, Andalusian nationalism Parliament of Andalusia 2/109
Aragonese Party
Partido Aragonés
Centre-right Conservatism, Regionalism Aragonese Corts 6/67
Aragonese Union
Chunta Aragonesista
Left-wing Eco-socialism, Aragonese nationalism, Republicanism, Federalism Aragonese Corts 2/67
Asturias Forum
Foro Asturias
Centre-right Conservatism, Christian democracy, Regionalism General Junta of the Principality of Asturias 3/45
More for Majorca-Agreement-Initiative Greens
Més per Mallorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Majorcan nationalism, Green politics Parliament of the Balearic Islands 9/59
Proposal for the Islands
Proposta per les Illes
Centre Liberalism, Centrism, Balearic regionalism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
Cantabrian Regionalist Party
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism Parliament of Cantabria 12/35
Leonese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Leonés
Centre Centrism, Leonese regionalism Cortes of Castile and León 1/83
Together for Yes
Junts pel Sí
Big tent Catalan independence Parliament of Catalonia 62/135
Catalonia Yes We Can
Catalunya Sí que es Pot
Left-wing Social Justice, Catalan right of self-determination, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism Parliament of Catalonia 11/135
Popular Unity Candidacy
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Left-wing to far-left Catalan independence, Catalan nationalism, Socialism, Environmentalism, Euroscepticism Parliament of Catalonia 10/135
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left-wing Galician nationalism, socialism, euroscepticism Parliament of Galicia 7/75
Galician Left Alternative
Alternativa Galega de Esquerda
Left-wing Socialism, anti-capitalism Parliament of Galicia 6/75
Left-wing Galician nationalism, direct democracy, feminism, anti-capitalism, independentism Parliament of Galicia 2/75
Navarrese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Centre-right Conservatism, Regionalism Parliament of Navarre 15/50
Yes to the Future
Geroa Bai
Centre-left Basque nationalism Parliament of Navarre 9/50
Left-wing Socialism Parliament of Navarre 2/50
Commitment Coalition
Coalició Compromís
Left-wing Valencian nationalism, democratic socialism, progressivism, green politics Corts Valencianes 19/99

Political parties running for the Spanish general election, 2011[2][edit]

Political parties without any representation[edit]

Social conservatism parties[edit]

Communist parties[edit]

Nationalist parties[edit]

Illegal parties[edit]

(* Note: Batasuna is legal in France; it is however an association and not a political party) Batasuna is in the list of terrorist organisations of US and EU.

Defunct major parties[edit]

Defunct parties[edit]

See also[edit]