List of political parties in Spain

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This article lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a multi-party system at both the national and regional level. Nationally there are four dominant political parties, (the progressive Podemos (left-wing), moderate PSOE (centre-left), liberal Ciudadanos (centre) and conservative PP (centre-right to right-wing) which makes it extremely difficult for any other formation or coalition to achieve an electoral majority in the bicameral Cortes Generales (consisting of both the national Congress of Deputies and regional representation in the Senate).

Regional parties can be strong in autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are often essential for national government coalitions.

National political formations of Spain[edit]

Most voted political parties in the 2016 Spanish general election[edit]

Parties and coalitions Position Ideology Results (2016) Seats in Congress (Total: 350) Coalition partners
People's Party (PP)
Partido Popular
Centre-right to right-wing Conservatism, Christian democracy, economic liberalism, unionism 7,906,185 votes, 33.03% 137 PP (134)
UPN (2)
FAC (1)
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Centre-left Social democracy, federalism, pro-Europeanism 5,424,709 votes, 22.66% 85 PSOE (77)
PSC (7)
NC (1)
United We Can (Unidos Podemos)
Unidos Podemos
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Social democracy, Republicanism, Antimilitarism, Internationalism, Feminism, Environmentalism 5,049,734 votes, 21.10% 71 Podemos (43)
United Left (8)
Independents (7)
Compromís (4)
Equo (3)
ICV (2)
Anova (2)
Barcelona en Comú (2)
Citizens (Cs)
Centre to centre-right Liberalism, pro-Europeanism, neoliberalism 3,123,769 votes, 13.05% 32
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí)
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya–Catalunya Sí
Centre-left to left-wing Catalan independentism, left-wing nationalism, democratic socialism, republicanism 629,294 votes, 2.63% 9
Catalan European Democratic Party (PDeCAT)
Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català
Centre-right Catalan independentism, Liberalism 481,839 votes, 2.01% 8
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV)
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea
Partido Nacionalista Vasco
Parti National Basque
Centre-right Basque nationalism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy 286,215 votes, 1.20% 5
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA)
Partido Animalista Contra el Maltrato Animal
Centre-left Animal welfare 284,848 votes, 1.19% 0
Basque Country Unite (EHB)
Euskal Herria Bildu
Left-wing Basque independentism, separatism,
left-wing nationalism, abertzale left
184,092 votes, 0.77% 2 Sortu (1)
Alternatiba (1)
Canarian Coalition (CC–PNC)
Coalición Canaria
Centre to centre-right Canarian nationalism, liberal conservatism 78,080 votes, 0.33% 1

Other political parties represented in regional parliaments[edit]

Party Position Ideology Regional parliament Seats
Unitarian Candidacy of Workers
Candidatura Unitaria de Trabajadores
Far-left Libertarian communism, Anti-capitalism, Andalusian nationalism Parliament of Andalusia 2/109
Aragonese Party
Partido Aragonés
Centrism[2] Aragonese regionalism
Aragonese Corts 6/67
Aragonese Union
Chunta Aragonesista
Left-wing Eco-socialism, Aragonese nationalism, Republicanism, Federalism Aragonese Corts 2/67
Asturias Forum
Foro Asturias
Centre-right Conservatism, Christian democracy, Regionalism General Junta of the Principality of Asturias 3/45
More for Majorca
Més per Mallorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 6/59
Proposal for the Islands
Proposta per les Illes
Centre Liberalism, Centrism, Balearic regionalism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
More for Menorca
Més per Menorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism, Republicanism, Souverainism, Feminism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
People for Formentera
Gent per Formentera
Left-wing Environmentalism, Socialism, Catalanism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
Regionalist Party of Cantabria
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism Parliament of Cantabria 12/35
Leonese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Leonés
Centre Centrism, Leonese regionalism Cortes of Castile and León 1/83
Together for Catalonia
Junts per Catalunya
Center-right Liberalism, Catalan nationalism, Catalan independence Parliament of Catalonia 34/135
Catalonia in Common–We Can
Catalunya en Comú–Podem
Left-wing Social justice, Catalan right of self-determination, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism Parliament of Catalonia 8/135
Popular Unity Candidacy
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Left-wing to far-left Catalan independence, Catalan nationalism, Socialism, Environmentalism, Euroscepticism Parliament of Catalonia 4/135
En Masse
En Marea
Left-wing Socialism, anti-capitalism Parliament of Galicia 14/75
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left-wing Galician nationalism, socialism, euroscepticism Parliament of Galicia 6/75
Navarrese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Centre-right Conservatism, Regionalism Parliament of Navarre 15/50
Yes to the Future
Geroa Bai
Centre-left Basque nationalism Parliament of Navarre 9/50
Left-wing Socialism Parliament of Navarre 2/50
Commitment Coalition
Coalició Compromís
Left-wing Valencian nationalism, democratic socialism, progressivism, green politics Corts Valencianes 19/99

Political parties running for the Spanish general election, 2011[3][edit]

Political parties without any representation[edit]

Social conservatism parties[edit]

Communist parties[edit]

Nationalist parties[edit]

Illegal parties[edit]

(* Note: Batasuna is legal in France; it is however an association and not a political party) Batasuna is in the list of terrorist organisations of US and EU.

Defunct major parties[edit]

Defunct Nationalist parties[edit]

Defunct parties[edit]

See also[edit]