List of political parties in Spain

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This article lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a multi-party system at both the national and regional level. Nationally there are two dominant political parties, (the left-leaning PSOE and conservative PP) which make it extremely difficult for any other formation or coalition to achieve an electoral majority in the bicameral Cortes Generales (consisting of both the national Congress of Deputies and regional representation in the Senate).

Regional parties can be strong in autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are often essential for national government coalitions.

National political formations of Spain[edit]

Most voted political parties in the 2015 Spanish general election[edit]

Party Position Ideology Results (2015) Seats in Congress (Total: 350) Coalition partners
People's Party (PP)
Partido Popular
Centre-right Conservatism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy, economic liberalism, unionism 7,215,752 votes, 28.72% of the electorate 123
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Centre-left Progressivism, social democracy, federalism, pro-Europeanism 5,530,779 votes, 22.01% of the electorate 90
Podemos Left-wing Democratic socialism, social democracy, left-wing populism 5,189,463 votes, 20.66% of the electorate 69
Citizens
Ciudadanos
Centre-left to centre-right Progressivism, social democracy, Liberalism, Spanish unionism, pro-Europeanism 3,500,541 votes, 13.93% of the electorate 40
Plural Left (IU-UP)
La Izquierda Plural
Left-wing Democratic socialism, communism, republicanism, secularism, green politics, anti-atlanticism, soft euroscepticism 923,133 votes, 3.67% of the electorate 2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya
Left-wing Catalan separatism, left-wing nationalism, democratic socialism, republicanism, progressivism 599,289 votes, 2.39% of the electorate 9
Democracy and Freedom (DiL)
Democràcia i Llibertat
Centre-right Catalan separatism, Liberalism 565,501 votes, 2.25% of the electorate 8
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV)
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea
Partido Nacionalista Vasco
Parti National Basque
Centre-right Basque nationalism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy 301,585 votes, 1.20% of the electorate 6
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA)
Partido Animalista Contra el Maltrato Animal
Centre-left Animal welfare 219,191 votes, 0.87% of the electorate 0
Basque Country Unite (EHB)
Euskal Herria Bildu
Far-left Basque nationalism 218,467 votes, 0.87% of the electorate 2
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)
Unión, Progreso y Democracia
Centre Progressivism, social liberalism, secularism, centralism, radicalism, reformism, constitutionalism, European federalism, radical centrism, Spanish patriotism, postnationalism 153,505 votes, 0.61% of the electorate 0
Canarian Coalition (CC-PNC)
Coalición Canaria
Centre to centre-right Canarian nationalism, conservatism 81,750 votes, 0.33% of the electorate 1

Other political parties represented in regional parliaments[edit]

Party Position Ideology Regional parliament Seats
Aragonese Party
Partido Aragonés
Centre-right Conservatism, Regionalism Aragonese Corts 6/67
Asturias Forum
Foro Asturias
Centre-right Conservatism, Christian democracy, Regionalism General Junta of the Principality of Asturias 3/45
More for Majorca-Agreement-Initiative Greens
Més per Mallorca
Left wing Democratic socialism, Majorcan nationalism, Green politics Parliament of the Balearic Islands 9/59
Proposal for the Islands
Proposta per les Illes
Centre Liberalism, Centrism, Balearic regionalism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
Cantabrian Regionalist Party
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism Parliament of Cantabria 12/35
Leonese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Leonés
Centre Centrism, Leonese regionalism Cortes of Castile and León 1/83
Together for Yes
Junts pel Sí
Big tent Catalan independence Parliament of Catalonia 62/135
Catalonia Yes We Can
Catalunya Sí que es Pot
Left wing Social Justice, Catalan right of self determination, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism Parliament of Catalonia 11/135
Popular Unity Candidacy
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Far-left Catalan nationalism, Libertarian socialism, Catalan independentism, Euroscepticism, Environmentalism Parliament of Catalonia 10/135
Galician Left Alternative
Alternativa Galega de Esquerda
Left wing Socialism, anti-capitalism Parliament of Galicia 7/75
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left wing Galician nationalism, socialism, euroscepticism Parliament of Galicia 7/75
Cerna
Cerna
Left wing Galician nationalism, direct democracy, feminism, anti-capitalism, independentism Parliament of Galicia 1/75
Navarrese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Centre-right Conservatism, Regionalism Parliament of Navarre 15/50
Yes to the Future
Geroa Bai
Centre-left Basque nationalism Parliament of Navarre 9/50
Izquierda-Ezkerra
Izquierda-Ezkerra
Left-wing Socialism Parliament of Navarre 2/50
Commitment Coalition
Coalició Compromís
Left wing Valencian nationalism, democratic socialism, progressivism, green politics Corts Valencianes 19/99

Political parties running for the Spanish general election, 2011[1][edit]

Political parties without any representation[edit]

Illegal parties[edit]

(* Note: Batasuna is legal in France; it is however an association and not a political party) Batasuna is in the list of terrorist organisations of US and EU.

Defunct major parties[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.juntaelectoralcentral.es/jelect/2011/GENERALES_2011_Candidaturas.pdf
  2. ^ "La entrevista: 'Somos un ejemplo para los jóvenes'". Pinares Noticias (in Spanish). June 17, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  3. ^ Antón, B. (June 11, 2014). "La vocación por bandera". Diario de Burgos (in Spanish). Retrieved June 27, 2014.