List of political parties in Spain

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This article lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a multi-party system at both the national and regional level. Nationally there are two dominant political parties, (the left-leaning PSOE and right-wing PP) which make it extremely difficult for any other formation or coalition to achieve an electoral majority in the bicameral Cortes Generales (consisting of both the national Congress of Deputies and regional representation in the Senate).

Regional parties can be strong in autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are often essential for national government coalitions.

National political formations of Spain[edit]

Political parties in Congress[edit]

Party Position Ideology Results (2011) Seats in Congress (Total: 350) Coalition partners
People's Party (PP)
Partido Popular
Centre-right Conservatism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy, economic liberalism, unionism 10,866,566 votes, 44.63% of the electorate 185
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Centre-left Progressivism, social democracy, federalism, pro-Europeanism 7,003,511 votes, 28.76% of the electorate 110
Plural Left
La Izquierda Plural
Left-wing Democratic socialism, communism, republicanism, secularism, green politics, anti-atlanticism, soft euroscepticism 1,686,040 votes, 6.92% of the electorate 11 IU (8 seats)
ICV (2 seats)
CHA (1 seat)
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)
Unión, Progreso y Democracia
Centre Progressivism, social liberalism, secularism, reformism, radical centrism, radicalism, centralism, constitutionalism, European federalism, Spanish patriotism, Spanish nationalism 1,143,225 votes, 4.70% of the electorate 5
Convergence and Union (CiU)
Convergència i Unió
Centre-right Catalan nationalism, liberalism, economic liberalism, Christian democracy 1,015,691 votes, 4.17% of the electorate 16 CDC (10 seats)
UDC (6 seats)
Left-wing Basque nationalism, Basque separatism, socialism, ezker abertzalea 334,498 votes, 1.37% of the electorate 7 Independents of ezker abertzalea (5 seats)
EA (1 seat)
Aralar (1 seat)
Alternatiba (0 seats)
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV)
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea
Partido Nacionalista Vasco
Parti National Basque
Centre-right Basque nationalism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy 324,317 votes, 1.33% of the electorate 5
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya
Left-wing Catalan separatism, left-wing nationalism, democratic socialism, republicanism, progressivism 256,985 votes, 1.06% of the electorate 3
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left-wing Galician nationalism, left-wing nationalism, democratic socialism 184,037 votes, 0.76% of the electorate 2
Canarian Coalition (CC)
Coalición Canaria
Centre-right Canarian nationalism, liberalism 143,881 votes, 0.59% of the electorate 2 CC (1 seat)
New Canaries (1 seat)
Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV)
Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds
Left-wing Green politics, eco-socialism, Catalan nationalism caucus with United Left to the general elections 2
Commitment Coalition
Coalició Compromís
Left-wing Valencian nationalism, democratic socialism, progressivism, green politics 125,306 votes, 0.51% of the electorate 1 Coalició Compromís (1 seat)
Equo (0 seats)
Asturian Forum (FAC)
Foro Asturias
Centre-right Asturian regionalism, conservatism, liberal conservatism 99,473 votes, 0.41% of the electorate 1
Yes to the Future (GBai)
Geroa Bai
Centre-left Basque nationalism, social democracy 42,415 votes, 0.17% of the electorate 1
Navarrese People's Union (UPN)
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Centre-right Conservatism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy, Navarrese regionalism, unionism, pro-life caucus with People's Party to the general elections 1

Political parties represented in regional parliaments but not at the Congress[edit]


Party Position Ideology Seats (Total Seats: 67)
Aragonese Party
Partido Aragonés
Centre-right Conservatism, centrism, Aragonese nationalism 7
Aragonese Union
Chunta Aragonesista
Left-wing Socialism, Aragonese nationalism, environmentalism 4

Balearic Islands[edit]

Party Position Ideology Seats (Total Seats: 59)
More for Majorca
Més per Mallorca
Socialism, progressivism, Catalan nationalism, environmentalism 5
Ibiza for Change
Eivissa pel Canvi
Socialism, progressivism, Catalan nationalism, environmentalism 2

Basque Country[edit]

Party Position Ideology Seats (Total Seats: 75)
Basque Country Unite
Euskal Herria Bildu
Socialism, Basque nationalism, abertzale left, independentism 25


Party Ideology Position Seats (Total Seats:39)
Cantabrian Regionalist Party
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism 12

Castile and León[edit]

Party Position Ideology Seats (Total Seats:83)
Leonese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Leonés
Centrism, Leonese regionalism 1


Party Position Ideology Seats (Total seats: 135)
Citizens – Party of the Citizenry
Ciutadans - C's
Centre-left Social democracy, social liberalism, secularism, autonomism, European federalism, postnationalism 9
Popular Unity Candidates
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Far-left Socialism, Catalan nationalism, Catalan irredentism, independentism, euroscepticism 3

La Rioja[edit]

Party Position Ideology Seats (Total Seats: 33)
Riojan Party
Partido Riojano
Centrism, Riojan regionalism 2


Party Position Ideology Seats (Total Seats: 50)
Yes to Navarre
Nafarroa Bai
Progressivism, Basque nationalism 6
Basque Country Unite
Euskal Herria Bildu
Socialism, Basque nationalism, abertzale left, independentism 7

Political parties running for the Spanish general election, 2011[1][edit]

Political parties without any representation[edit]

Illegal parties[edit]

(* Note: Batasuna is legal in France; it is however an association and not a political party) Batasuna is in the list of terrorist organisations of US and EU.

Defunct major parties[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "La entrevista: 'Somos un ejemplo para los jóvenes'". Pinares Noticias (in Spanish). June 17, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  3. ^ Antón, B. (June 11, 2014). "La vocación por bandera". Diario de Burgos (in Spanish). Retrieved June 27, 2014.