Colin Lionel Emm
20 November 1932
Gosport, Hampshire, England
|Died||2 June 2012 (aged 79)|
Los Angeles, California, US
|Resting place||Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery, Westwood, California, US|
|Television||Hogan's Heroes (as Corporal Peter Newkirk; 1965–1971)|
Match Game (panelist; 1973–78)
Family Feud (host; 1976–1985, 1994–95)
(m. 1959; div. 1967)
|Children||3, including Mark|
Richard Dawson (born Colin Lionel Emm; 20 November 1932 – 2 June 2012) was an English-American actor, comedian, and game-show host and panelist in the United States. Dawson was well known for playing Corporal Peter Newkirk in Hogan's Heroes, as a regular panelist on Match Game (1973–1978), and as the original and third host of Family Feud (1976–1985 and 1994–1995).
Colin Lionel Emm was born in Gosport, Hampshire, England, on 20 November 1932 to Arthur Emm (born 1897) and Josephine Lucy Emm (née Lindsay; born 1903). His father drove a moving van and his mother worked in a munitions factory. His brother, John Leslie Emm, who was five years older, and he were evacuated as children during World War II to escape the bombing of England's major port cities in the south. In a radio interview with Hogan's Heroes co-star Bob Crane, Dawson recounted how this experience severely limited his school attendance, stating that he attended school regularly for only two years.
At age 14, he ran away from home to join the British Merchant Navy, where he pursued a career in boxing, earning almost $5,000 in shipboard matches. During 1950 and 1951, he made several passages on the RMS Mauretania from Southampton to ports of call, including Nassau, the Bahamas; Havana; and New York. Following his discharge from the merchant service, he began pursuing a comedy career using the stage name Dickie Dawson; then, he revised his alias to Richard Dawson, the name which he later legally adopted.
Comedy and variety artist in the UK
Dawson began his career in England as a stand-up comedian known as Dickie Dawson. Possibly his first television appearance occurred on 21 June 1954, when he was 21 and was featured on the Benny Hill Showcase, an early BBC Television program focused on "introducing artists and acts new to television." He also had at least four BBC Radio program appearances during 1954, including two bookings on the Midday Music Hall on BBC Home Service and two spots on How Do You Do, a BBC Light Entertainment broadcast billed as "a friendly get-together of Commonwealth artists." In 1958, he appeared alongside his future wife, Diana Dors, on BBC TV's A to Z: D, a program featuring entertainers with names beginning with the letter D. In 1959, he made four appearances on BBC TV's Juke Box Jury, three of them alongside Dors, to whom he was by then married.
Actor and comedian in the US
In September 1961, Dawson began hosting a late-night talk show, the Mike Stokey Show, on Los Angeles channel 13, KCOP. On 8 January 1963, Dawson appeared on The Jack Benny Program, season 13, episode 15, as an audience member seated next to Jack, barely recognizable in glasses and false moustache. In the same year Dawson made a guest appearance on The Dick Van Dyke Show (season 2, episode 27) playing "Racy" Tracy Rattigan, a lecherous flirt who was the summer replacement host on the Alan Brady Show. He was credited as Dick Dawson.
In 1965, Dawson had a small role at the end of the film King Rat, starring George Segal, playing 1st Recon paratrooper Captain Weaver, sent to liberate allied POWs in a Japanese prison. Dawson had by then moved to Los Angeles. He gained fame in the television show Hogan's Heroes as Cpl. Peter Newkirk from 1965 to 1971. He had a minor role in Universal's Munster, Go Home!. A year later, Dawson released a psychedelic 45-rpm single including the songs "His Children's Parade" and "Apples & Oranges" on Carnation Records. In 1968, Dawson was in the film The Devil's Brigade as Private Hugh McDonald.
Following the cancellation of Hogan's Heroes, Dawson was a regular joke-telling panelist on the short-lived syndicated revival of the game show Can You Top This? in 1970 and joined the cast of Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In that same year.
After Laugh-In was cancelled in 1973, game-show pioneer Mark Goodson signed Dawson to appear as a regular on Match Game '73, alongside Brett Somers, Charles Nelson Reilly, and host Gene Rayburn. Dawson, who had already served a year as panelist for Goodson's revival of I've Got a Secret, proved to be a solid and funny player, and was the frequent choice of contestants to participate in the Head-To-Head Match portion of the "Super-Match" bonus round, in which the contestant and a panelist of the contestant's choice had to match exactly the fill-in-the-blank. During Dawson's time on Match Game, he most often occupied the bottom center seat (he played one week of shows in the top center seat early in the show's run).
Family Feud host and TV stardom
Due to his popularity on Match Game, Dawson expressed to Goodson his desire to host a show of his own. In 1975, during Dawson's tenure as one of Match Game's regular panelists, Goodson began development on a spin-off game show, Family Feud. Dawson's agent practically demanded that Dawson be considered as host, even threatening that he would instruct Dawson not to display his characteristic wit on Match Game if he were overlooked. Goodson capitulated, and once seeing Dawson's talents as a host, hired Dawson to host Feud, which debuted on 12 July 1976, on ABC's daytime schedule. Family Feud was a break-out hit, eventually surpassing the ratings of Match Game in late 1977. In 1978, Dawson left Match Game due to a combination of the recent introduction of the "Star Wheel", which affected his being selected for the "Head-To-Head Match" portion of the show's "Super Match" bonus round, and of burnout from appearing on both Match Game and Family Feud regularly, and he won a Daytime Emmy Award for Best Game Show Host for his work on Family Feud. After he left Match Game, his spot on the panel was filled with many other stars, most notably his best friend Bob Barker, who was then the host of The Price is Right.
One of Dawson's trademarks on Family Feud, kissing the female contestants, earned him the nickname "The Kissing Bandit". Television executives repeatedly tried to get him to stop the kissing. After receiving criticism for the practice (which also included a great deal of physical contact such as holding hands and touching), he asked viewers to write in and vote on the matter. The mail response resulted in about 200,000 responses, the wide majority of whom were in favor of the kissing. On the 1985 finale, Dawson explained that he kissed contestants for love and luck, something his mother did with Dawson himself as a child.
Dawson was a frequent guest host for Tonight Show host Johnny Carson, hosting 14 times during 1979[circular reference] and 1980.[circular reference] Before how much longer Carson's tenure would last was known (Carson would host the show until 1992), Dawson was a contender for the role of Tonight Show host in the event that Carson left the show, a move that he was seriously considering during 1979–80. Of the few Tonight Show episodes during Carson's time as host that did not air on the night they were intended, Dawson was a guest host of two. During one, actress Della Reese suffered a near-fatal aneurysm mid-interview during taping, and the remainder of the episode was cancelled (Reese later recovered). The other featured an untimely monologue regarding the danger of flying on airplanes; it was replaced with a rerun because it would have aired the same night as the crash of American Airlines Flight 191 in Chicago, which killed all 273 people aboard. (The episode aired several weeks later.)
Dawson parodied his TV persona in 1987's The Running Man opposite Arnold Schwarzenegger, portraying the evil, egotistical game-show host Damon Killian. He received rave reviews for his performance. Film critic Roger Ebert (who gave the film a thumbs down) wrote, "Playing a character who always seems three-quarters drunk, he chain-smokes his way through backstage planning sessions and then pops up in front of the cameras as a cauldron of false jollity. Working the audience, milking the laughs and the tears, he is not really much different [from] most genuine game-show hosts—and that's the film's private joke."
Dawson hosted an unsold pilot for a revival of the classic game show You Bet Your Life that was to air on NBC in 1988, but the network declined to pick up the show. In 1990, he auditioned to host the syndicated game show Trump Card, but that role went to Jimmy Cefalo.
On 12 September 1994, Dawson returned to the syndicated edition of Family Feud, replacing Ray Combs, who had been fired because the show's ratings were spiraling downward. Dawson finished out what became the final season of the show's official second run (1988–95). Ratings for the show were not in good standing, and Family Feud was out of production for the next four years. During the revival, he did not kiss the female contestants because of a promise he had made to his young daughter to kiss only her mother. The final episode aired on 26 May 1995, and then Dawson officially retired. In 1999, he was asked by Louie Anderson to make a special appearance on the first episode of that version of Family Feud to give the new host his blessings, but Dawson turned down the offer and had no further involvement with the show.
In 2000, Dawson narrated TV's Funniest Game Shows on the Fox network.
Personal life and family
With his first wife, actress Diana Dors, Dawson had two sons, Mark (born in London, 4 February 1960) and Gary (born in Los Angeles, 27 June 1962) The marriage ended with a divorce granted in Los Angeles in April 1967, and Dawson gained custody of both sons. He had four grandchildren.
Upon retiring, Dawson remained in Beverly Hills, California, where he had lived since 1964. He met his second wife, Gretchen Johnson (born 22 September 1955), when she was a contestant on Family Feud in May 1981; they married in 1991. A daughter, Shannon Nicole Dawson, was born in 1990. Dawson announced the birth and showed a picture of his daughter during the inaugural episode of his second stint as host of Feud in 1994 as he was greeting a contestant who had been a contestant on Match Game when he was a panelist. The episode was featured on the 25th anniversary of Family Feud as number two on the Game Show Network's top 25 Feud moments.
During the 1960s and 1970s, Dawson participated in various liberal movements, including the Selma to Montgomery marches and in a campaign for George McGovern before the 1972 presidential election.
Dawson died at 79 from complications of esophageal cancer in Los Angeles on 2 June 2012 at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center. He is interred in Westwood Memorial Park, Los Angeles. His death came exactly 16 years after the suicide of Family Feud successor and predecessor Ray Combs in 1996.
Dawson used to smoke almost four packs of cigarettes per day, and he was seen smoking on some episodes of Match Game, Family Feud, and Hogan's Heroes. His daughter Shannon convinced him to stop smoking by 1994, when he was 61.
|1962||The Longest Day||British Soldier||Uncredited|
|1966||Out of Sight||Agent||Uncredited|
|Munster, Go Home!||Joey|
|1968||The Devil's Brigade||Pvt. Hugh MacDonald|
|1973||Treasure Island||Long John Silver||Voice|
|1978||How to Pick Up Girls!||Chandler Corey|
|1987||The Running Man||Damon Killian||(final film role)|
|1963||The Jack Benny Program||Man in audience||Episode: "Jack Meets Max Bygraves"|
|1963||The Dick Van Dyke Show||Tracy Rattigan (credit: Dick Dawson)||Episode: "Racy Tracy Rattigan"|
|1964||The Outer Limits||Oliver Fair (credit: Dick Dawson)||Episode: "The Invisibles"|
|1964||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Robert Johnson (credit: Dick Dawson)||Episode: "Anyone for Murder?"|
|1965–1971||Hogan's Heroes||Corporal Peter Newkirk||168 episodes|
|1967||Mr. Terrific||Max||Episode: "The Formula Is Stolen"|
|1970||McCloud||Ted Callender||Episode: "The Stage Is All the Word"|
|1970–1973||Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In||Regular performer||58 episodes (15 uncredited)|
|1971||Love, American Style||Rick Jagmund||Episode: "Love and the Groupie"|
|1971||Love, American Style||Danny||Episode: "Love and the Hiccups"|
|1972||Love, American Style||Melvin Danger||Episode: "Love and the Private Eye"|
|1972||Wait Till Your Father Gets Home||Claude (voice)||Episode: "The Hippie"|
|1973–1978||Match Game||Panelist||1,279 episodes|
|1973–1974||The New Dick Van Dyke Show||Richard Richardson||7 episodes|
|1975||The Odd Couple||Himself||Episode: "Laugh, Clown, Laugh"|
|1975||McMillan and Wife||Roger Stambler||Episode: "Aftershock"|
|1976–1985, 1994–95||Family Feud||Host||2,334 episodes|
|1978||Fantasy Island||Harry Beamus||Episode: "Call Me Lucky/Torch Singer"|
|1978||The Love Boat||Bert Buchanan||Episode: "The Song Is Ended"|
|2000||TV's Funniest Game Shows||Narrator|
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- England and Wales Civil Registration Birth Index, Fourth Quarter, 1932. Ancestry.com
- 1939 England and Wales Registe. via Ancestry.com
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- New York passenger and crew lists for Colin Emm. via Ancestry.com
- "Richard Dawson biography". NNDB. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
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- "Richard Dawson and Family Feud," by Mary Ann Norbom, Signet Books, 1981, pp. 63-65.
- Television Academy Foundation: The Interviews, "Talking about Mike Stokey." Found at https://interviews.televisionacademy.com/people/mike-stokey?clip=48328
- "Jack Meets Max Bygraves". IMDb. 8 January 1963. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- Racy Tracy Rattigan, 3 April 1963, retrieved 27 November 2018
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- Royce, Brenda Scott (1998). Hogan's Heroes: The Unofficial Companion. Los Angeles: Renaissance Books. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-58063-031-3.
- "'Family Feud' TV Host Richard Dawson Dies at 79". Time. 3 June 2012. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- List of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson episodes (1979)
- List of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson episodes (1980)
- CNN Wire Staff. "Former 'Family Feud' host Richard Dawson dies". CNN. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- Ebert, Roger (13 November 1987). "The Running Man review". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "Family Feud". E! True Hollywood Story. 28 July 2002.
- "Diana Dors Has a Son," The New York Times, 5 February 1960, page 23
- "Diana Dors Has Son," The New York Times, 28 June 1962, page 21.
- State of California, California Divorce Index, 1966-1984 page 6068. Found at: ancestry.com
- "Richard Dawson Dies: 'Family Feud' Host Was 79". ABC News. 3 June 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Family Feud '94 - Richard Dawson's Return". YouTube.
- Anderson, Penny P. "Richard Dawson getting involved". The StarPhoenix (20 July 1973). Saskatoon. Retrieved 20 May 2018 – via Google News.
- "TV star Richard Dawson passes away at 79", indiavision.com; accessed 24 December 2015.
- Wilson, Scott (22 August 2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. p. 183. ISBN 978-0786479924.
- "Comedian Ray Combs commits suicide". Deseret News. 3 June 1996. p. A6. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- MacIntyre, April. "GSN honors Richard Dawson in special marathon". Monsters and Critics. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
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