Glen Affric

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Glen Affric National Nature Reserve
GlenAffric.jpg
Map showing the location of Glen Affric National Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Glen Affric National Nature Reserve
Location Cannich, Highland, Scotland
Coordinates 57°14′09″N 5°09′12″W / 57.23596°N 5.15327°W / 57.23596; -5.15327Coordinates: 57°14′09″N 5°09′12″W / 57.23596°N 5.15327°W / 57.23596; -5.15327
Governing body Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH)
Glen Affric National Nature Reserve

Glen Affric (Scottish Gaelic: Gleann Afraig) is a glen south-west of the village of Cannich in the Highland region of Scotland, some 15 miles (24 km) to the west of Loch Ness. The River Affric runs along its length, passing through Loch Affric and Loch Beinn a' Mheadhoin (Loch Benevean).

History[edit]

Glen Affric, also written Glenaffric,[1][2][3][4] was part of the lands of the Clan Chisholm and the Clan Fraser of Lovat from the 15th to the mid 19th centuries. By the early 15th century, Lord Lovat had passed the lands to his son Thomas who in turn passed it on to his son, William – recorded in Burke's Landed Gentry Scotland as William Fraser, first Laird of Guisachan.[5][6] The lands included regions that would become the Glen Affric deer park and the Guisachan Estate – including the village of Tomich.[7][8] In 1579, Thomas Chisholm, Laird of Strathglass, was imprisoned for being a Catholic.[9]

The Battle of Glen Affric took place in 1721

There exists in the Scottish Register of Tartans – possibly from the late 17th century – a "Glenaffric Fragment".[1]

By 1854, Dudley Marjoribanks, later Lord Tweedmouth, had acquired the lairdship of Glen Affric and Guisachan,[10][11][12] from Laird Fraser,[13] whose family had built the original Guisachan Georgian manor house around 1755. By the 1860s, Lord Tweedmouth, as the new laird, had "much enlarged" the "laird's house",[14][15] using Scottish architect Alexander Reid who designed many buildings on Tweedmouth's vast Glen Affric Estate, including an entire village - Tomich - and the Glen Affric Hunting Lodge, described in appearance as "castle-like".[16] Tweedmouth had enjoyed a long lease on shooting rights over much of Glen Affric since 1846, and, following his acquisition of the lairdship, he initiated the first breed of golden retrievers at kennels near Guisachan House. He put the retrievers to good use at the shooting parties he hosted at Glen Affric Lodge.[17][18][19][20][21][22]

Royal connections[edit]

The Duke and Duchess of York are reported in The Graphic, 25 September 1897 to have visited the Guisachan Estate in Strathglass, including Glen Affric Lodge and deer park; "The Duchess, (later Queen Mary), driving around the estate in 1897 with Lady Tweedmouth in 1897". Baroness Tweedmouth – known and loved in the Highlands as the Lady of Glenaffric and Guisachan [23][24] – had been born Lady Fanny Spencer-Churchill, and the name of her nephew, who came to her estate in 1901, was Winston Churchill, who amused himself learning how to drive a car in the grounds of this part of Glen Affric.[25][26]

Although Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth had inherited the lairdship of Glenaffric and Guisachan, the Clan Marjoribanks' ownership ended with Edward’s son, Dudley Churchill Marjoribanks, who became 3rd Lord Tweedmouth in 1909. He and his wife had two daughters, but no male heir. For the next 27 years, the estate was owned by the family of Newton Wallop, 6th Earl of Portsmouth (1856–1917).[27] The entire property, then consisting of 22,000 acres (8,900 ha), had been sold by 1936 to a Mr Hunter. It was this laird that resold the Glen Affric deer forest to the west and a large area of grazing land to the Forestry Commission.[28][29]

A Lady Islington acquired the Guisachan portion of the estate in 1939 but let the property go to ruin. In 1962 the Guisachan estate (now considerably reduced in size) was bought by a descendant of the Frasers of Gortuleg. In 1990, this later generation laird wrote a booklet concerning his Fraser ancestors who had once owned Guisachan – "Guisachan, A History by Donald Fraser".[18][30][31][32][33]

21st century[edit]

The Scotland Forestry Commission had bought much of the glen in 1951, and today the remainder consists of a number of sporting estates, including the Glen Affric Estate with its 10,000 acres (4,000 ha), Baronial castle[34] and associated deer park.[31] It was reported that since 2008, the Glenaffric lairdship has been held by David Matthews.[8][28][35][36][37] Although the "castle-like" lodge is a private home for the Matthews family, their 10,000-`acre estate – including its trout loch and deer park – is available to hire for those wishing to enjoy the "activities favoured by the noble elite"; trout fishing on Loch Affric, sailing, clay pigeon shooting, target shooting and game shooting.[34][38][39][40][41]

Nature[edit]

The area is a Caledonian Forest Reserve, a National Scenic Area and a National Nature Reserve. Often described as the most beautiful glen in Scotland, it contains one of the largest ancient Caledonian pinewoods in Scotland as well as lochs, moorland and mountains.

Affric Lodge – the hunting lodge built by Lord Tweedmouth – is located on a peninsula in Loch Affric,[34] while a Scottish Youth Hostels Association hostel is further up the glen at remote Alltbeithe.

The glen is part of the Affric/Beauly hydroelectric scheme, constructed by the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board. Loch Mullardoch, in the neighbouring Glen Cannich, is dammed, and a 5 km tunnel carries water to Loch Benevean, which has also been dammed. From there, another tunnel takes water to Fasnakyle power station, near Cannich.

The mountains of Glen Affric are a popular destination with hikers, climbers and mountain bikers.[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Scottish Register of Tartans – Glenaffric Fragment". The Scottish Government – National Records of Scotland, H.M. General Register House. Retrieved 23 July 2016. The information held within The Scottish Register of Tartans for the "Glenaffric Fragment" tartan is shown below....fragment appears to have been hand spun and hand woven. The piece has a hard surface, loose texture, and the use of combed yarn and a natural background is unlike the products of recent decades. It is similar to samples recovered from burials in peat – late 17th century. The dye used in the red stripe is not madder. The black stripe used iron mordant to a standard recipe. The green contains indigotin. Scottish Tartans Society archive. 
  2. ^ "A couple outside the Glenaffric Hotel, Cannich – (Ambaile – Highland History and Culture)". Highland Photographic Archive (IMAG). Retrieved 13 August 2014. Couple outside the Glenaffric Hotel at Cannich... 
  3. ^ London, Bianca (21 July 2016). "Pippa Middleton flashes her '£200,000' engagement ring walking her dog Rafa – as it's revealed she will get her own title as Lady Glen Affric when she marries James Matthews". Daily Mail. UK. Retrieved 21 July 2016. As Australian art historian Michael Reed explained: 'In coming years and particularly as the future Lady Glenaffric, Pippa Middleton will be able to entertain lavishly on her husband's grand Scottish Glen Affric Estate....Pippa's future father-in-law, David Matthews, is the Laird of Glen Affric and owns a 10,000-acre Scottish estate near Loch Ness in the Scottish highlands. When David dies, James will inherit the title and Pippa will have her own title bestowed upon her as his wife, which she can use in the Commonwealth. 
  4. ^ Coleridge, Nicholas (31 July 2012). How I Met My Wife. Random House. p. iii. ISBN 978-1448149896. Retrieved 23 July 2015. But her misgivings have been completely satisfied by the Dowager Lady Glenaffric.....But now she's gone to Scotland actually. 
  5. ^ "Burke's Landed Gentry Scotland". Burke’s Peerage. Retrieved 13 August 2014. (Page 954)...William Fraser – (Laird) of Guisachan and had.... 
  6. ^ "Welcome to the Friends of Guisachan". Friends of Guisachan. Retrieved 4 August 2015. First, it is the Scottish Highland lands dating back to the 14th century owned by Lord Lovat and then passed along to his son Thomas who in turn passed it on to his son William known as William Fraser, first of Guisachan. The clan history and the passage of the property through several families is well documented in the book Guisachan: A History by Donald Fraser, a Fraser clan descendent. It was first published in 1990 and it is sold by Golden Retriever Clubs throughout the world. 
  7. ^ "The Clan Chisholm". glenaffric.org. 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2015. Glen Affric was part of the Clan Chisholm lands from the 15th to the mid 19th centuries 
  8. ^ a b Gibson, Rob (2014). Highland Cowboys: From the Hills of Scotland to the American Wild West. Luath Press Ltd. pp. Maps. ISBN 9781909912960. 
  9. ^ "Our Lady and St Bean's Church, Marydale – Strathglass 'Pestered With Popery' & Knockfin". Parish of St Mary, Beauly. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  10. ^ Preston, Richard. "Tree Climbing in Scotland: The Forest in the Sky". National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2016. Lord Tweedmouth, a wealthy laird, bred the first golden retrievers.. 
  11. ^ "Glen Affric Lodge., Tomich". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 3 February 2015. A & W Reid, Elgin 1871. 2-storey asymmetrical gabled shooting lodge with Scottish Baronial detailing...Named Glen Affric Lodge in 1871. Built for Lord Tweedmouth (Laird) of (Glen Affric and) Guisachan. 
  12. ^ "The Clan Marjoribanks Society". Independent. Retrieved 26 January 2016. Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks bought Guisachan House, Tomich, Invernessshire in 1854... 
  13. ^ "Glen Affric Guide" (PDF). Forestry Commission Scotland. Retrieved 26 July 2015. Lord Tweedmouth bought Guisachan estate from Laird Fraser... 
  14. ^ "DSA Building/Design Report - Guisachan House - Dictionary of Scottish Architects". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "DSA Building/Design Report - Alexander Reid - Glen Affric Lodge - Dictionary of Scottish Architects". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  16. ^ Campbell, Kieran (29 October 2014). "Inside world's most exclusive holiday retreats – (Glen Affric Estate)". The Australian. Staying in the castle-like lodge, you have available to you all activities favoured by the noble elite, including trout fishing on Loch Affric, sailing, clay pigeon shooting, target shooting and game shooting. 
  17. ^ "Highlands' own little piece of Eden". The Scotsman. 8 January 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2016. The building itself was originally constructed as a hunting lodge by Sir Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, a Liberal MP, reputed to have bred the first golden retrievers there. It was bought by the Matthews family in 2008 
  18. ^ a b "Strathglass". glenaffric.org. 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  19. ^ "Burke's Landed Gentry Scotland". Burke’s Peerage. Retrieved 13 August 2014. (Page 954)...William Fraser – (Laird) of Guisachan and had.... 
  20. ^ "DSA Building/Design Report - Guisachan House - Dictionary of Scottish Architects". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "DSA Building/Design Report - Alexander Reid - Glen Affric Lodge - Dictionary of Scottish Architects". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Lairds". Forestry Commission Scotland. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2014. Lairds - The lairds who controlled how land was managed in Affric have had a major influence on the look and life of the place.....Later, shooting became a fashionable sport – and one for which fashionable people would pay good money. Sir Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, was a rich Liberal MP who took a long lease on shooting rights over much of Glen Affric in 1846, paying £3,000 per year for the privilege: about £130,000 in today’s money. 
  23. ^ Strong-Boag, Veronica (2015). Liberal Hearts and Coronets: The Lives and Times of Ishbel Marjoribanks Gordon and John Campbell Gordon, the Aberdeens. University of Toronto Press. Retrieved 4 August 2016. Page 56 ...(Fanny, while remaining "queenly" as the laird's wife) had won the love of Highland tenants on Marjoribanks estates – Glenaffric and Guisachan – further legitamising aristocratic authority. 
  24. ^ "Fanny Octavia Louisa (née Spencer-Churchill), Lady Tweedmouth with her golden retriever Crocus". London: National Portrait Gallery. 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2014. A lover of the golden retriever dog, Fanny – Baroness Tweedmouth – was known in the Highland region of Scotland as the Lady of Glenaffric and Guisachan. 
  25. ^ Weir, Tom (2016). Tom Weir – Men of the Tress. The Scots Magazine. Retrieved 26 July 2016. A Glen With Connections: Fate, however, had something in store for a young man who came here to visit his aunt, wife of the second Lord Tweedmouth. Her name was Lady Fanny Spencer Churchill, and the name of her nephew who came in 1901 was Winston, who amused himself learning how to drive a car in these grounds. 
  26. ^ Long, Phil; Palmer, Nicola J. (2008). Royal Tourism: Excursions Around Monarchy. Channel View Publications. p. 76. ISBN 9781845410803. 
  27. ^ "An important polychrome and parcel gilt decorated oblique strung upright Exhibition Pianoforte by Wright and Mansfield, circa 1860". Bonhams 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2015. The Earl and Countess of Portsmouth and the purchase of Guisachan. Newton Wallop (1856–1917) became 6th earl of Portsmouth in 1891. He was a member of parliament from 1880 to 1891 and under secretary of state for war from 1905 to 1908. He married Beatrice Mary in 1885, daughter of Mr Edward Pease. In 1905 the Earl bought Guisachan House and its estate from Lord Tweedmouth’s son Edward, who had inherited the house on his father’s death in 1894. 
  28. ^ a b Rutland, Tom; Rutland, Sarah. "Breed History – The Day We Met Dileas". Golden Retriever Club of America. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  29. ^ Pepper, Jeffrey G. (2012). Golden Retriever. i5 Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 9781621870340. 
  30. ^ "The Frasers of Guisachan". Bernard Poulin & Bernard Poulin. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  31. ^ a b "Glen Affric, In a Nutshell". böetic. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  32. ^ Fraser, Donald. "Guisachan – A History by Donald Fraser". Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  33. ^ "Welcome to the Friends of Guisachan". Friends of Guisachan. Retrieved 4 August 2015. 
  34. ^ a b c Campbell, Kieran (29 October 2014). "Inside world's most exclusive holiday retreats – Glen Affric Estate". The Australian. Staying in the castle-like lodge, you have available to you all activities favoured by the noble elite, including trout fishing on Loch Affric, sailing, clay pigeon shooting, target shooting and game shooting. 
  35. ^ "Forestry Commission Scotland". The lairds who controlled how land was managed in Affric have had a major influence on the look and life of the place..The Chisholm clan’s attempts to sell off the glen’s rich timber seem to have had little success...Later, shooting became a fashionable sport – and one for which fashionable people would pay good money. Sir Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, was a rich Liberal MP who took a long leasehold on shooting rights over much of Glen Affric in 1846, paying £3,000 per year for the privilege: about £130,000 in today’s money...He (Lord Tweedmouth) liked the place so much he later bought the estate at Guisachan (Gaelic for ‘the place of the pines’), near Plodda Falls. He built a new mansion house there, as well as a hunting lodge (the baronial-castle Glen Affric Lodge) in Glen Affric itself for the weekends...Lord Tweedmouth's love for the glen didn’t stop at building fancy houses for himself: he created a whole village at Tomich for the people living in cottages scattered across the (his) estate...the Forestry Commission bought (much of) the glen in 1951... 
  36. ^ Ryan, Jennifer (1 August 2013). "Sport: Stalking His Claim". Curtco Robb Media. Retrieved 26 January 2016. David Matthews, an entrepreneur who has been hunting wild red deer in the majestic northern hills of Glen Affric for ... 
  37. ^ Gutteridge, Nick (20 July 2016). "Middleton of the Glen! How Pippa will get a title to rival her sister Kate after engagement". Daily Mail. UK. Retrieved 21 July 2016. ...following her engagement to the son of a Scottish Laird.. who own(s) this huge baronial castle...Mr Matthews is the son of David Matthews, the Laird of Glen Affric.... bought the 10,000-acre estate in 2008....The 32-year-old sister of the Duchess of Cambridge will one day become Lady Glenaffric and have access to a sprawling 10,000-acre Scottish estate....Pippa will be able to use the courtesy title...bestowed on her as the heir's wife 
  38. ^ "The Nitty Gritty". The Glen Affric Estate. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  39. ^ Turbett, Liam (25 October 2014). "David Beckham's Haig Club whisky is exactly what's wrong with the Highlands". The UK Independent. Retrieved 24 January 2016. The Glen Affric estate itself was purchased in 2008 by the Matthews family, owners of the exclusive Eden Rock hotel in the Caribbean and the parents of Made in Chelsea professional posh boy Spencer Matthews. 
  40. ^ Robbins, Tom (10 May 2013). "The Eden Rock, the luxury hotel on the French Caribbean island of Saint Barthélemy, has launched an outpost in Scotland". The Financial Times Ltd. Retrieved 24 January 2016. Glen Affric, a Victorian manor on the shores of Loch Affric... a private home of the Matthews family, the owners of Eden Rock,... 
  41. ^ Tamplin, Harley (22 August 2016). "Pippa's going to get a brand new title when she gets married". Metro. Retrieved 13 August 2016. One day, the younger sister of the Duchess of Cambridge will inherit the title of Lady Glen Affric and will own a 10,000 acre estate that includes a castle. 
  42. ^ Humphreys, Rob; Reid, Donald (12 July 2012). The Great Glen Rough Guides Snapshot Scotland (includes Fort William, Glen Coe, Culloden, Inverness and Loch Ness). Rough Guides. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-1-4093-6581-5. 

External links[edit]