Robert J. Collier

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Robert J. Collier
Picture of Robert J. Collier.jpg
Picture of Robert J. Collier, by Arthur Hewitt
Born Robert Joseph Collier
(1876-06-17)June 17, 1876
New York City
Died November 9, 1918(1918-11-09) (aged 42)
Education Georgetown University (1894)
Harvard University
Oxford University
Known for Collier Trophy
Spouse(s) Sara Steward Van Alen (1881-1963) (m. 1902–18)
Parent(s) Peter Fenelon Collier
Relatives Robert Collier, cousin

Robert Joseph Collier (June 17, 1876 – November 9, 1918) was the son of Peter Fenelon Collier, and a principal in the publishing company P. F. Collier & Son. Upon his father's death, he became head of the company, and for a time was editor of Collier's Weekly. He was president of the Aero Club of America.

Biography[edit]

He was born in New York City on June 17, 1876 to Katherine Louise Collier (nee Dunue) and Peter Fenelon Collier.

He attended St. Francis College and then transferred to Georgetown University and graduated in 1894, winning the Merrick Medal from the Philodemic Society that same year. He received the degree of A. B. from Georgetown University.[1] He then spent two years at Harvard University and Oxford University.

He married Sara Steward Van Alen (1881-1963), a daughter of James John Van Alen and Emily Astor as well as a granddaughter of William Backhouse Astor, Jr. and Caroline Webster Schermerhorn. They married on 26 July 1902 in Newport, Rhode Island.[2] They had no children. Prior to his marriage he dated the showgirl Evelyn Nesbit, amongst others.

Editor and publisher of the Collier's Weekly, he was known to have converted the illustrations in the publication from black and white ink to color[3]

Collier, was an aviation enthusiast. A friend of Orville Wright and a director of the Wright Company, purchased a Wright Model B aircraft in 1911 and loaned it to the United States Army, which assigned it to Lieutenant Benjamin Foulois. Foulois and civilian Wright Company pilot Phil Parmalee used this aircraft to fly along the Rio Grande border of Mexico and the United States in one of the first scouting duties by the U.S. Army using an airplane. Foulois and Parmalee later crashed the airplane into the Rio Grande but escaped from drowning. Having that plane repaired, he then took it to fly Jimmy Hare to film the construction of the Panama Canal by flying over the construction site in the same Wright Biplane, B type.[4] He commissioned a hydro-aeroplane plane to be constructed in 1913 to attempt to cross the Atlantic.[5]

Collier had many influential friends of the day to which he was social. An enthusiast of Polo, he encountered many injuries. In 1899, he was playing Polo with George Jay Gould I for the Lakewood Team when he fell and broke his collarbone.[6] In 1906 he was playing against Harry Payne Whitney when he took a mallet strike to his eye and tore his eye socket.[7]

In 1911 he commissioned the Collier Trophy devoted to achievements in aviation.

In 1914 he developed uremic poisoning from kidney failure at his summer home in Raquette Lake, New York.[8]

Country Estate[edit]

Located in Wickatunk, New Jersey Mr. Collier constructed his country estate. He was an enthusiastic pilot and used the estate partly as a landing strip to fly his plane. In addition to the airplane, the estate had extensive horse stables and fox hunting hounds.[9]

Death[edit]

He died of a heart attack at his dinner table, on November 8, 1918 a few hours[10] after arriving home from France.[11] He was in France for work related to the Knights of Columbus and his publishing empire.[12] He was apparently reporting on the war and had press credentials. However, shortly before his return to New York, General Pershing had personally cancelled his press credentials and ordered him home.[13] His estate was valued at just $2,194.[14] His funeral was held in the Church of St. Jean Baptiste on Lexington Ave. Orville Wright, Condé Montrose Nast, Francis P Garvan, Finley Peter Dunne and Joseph Kennedy were some of his pallbearers at his funeral.[15] He made no provision in his will for his wife, however the beneficiaries of the will provided a renunciation of their part of the will so his wife could receive some funds.[16]

Legacy[edit]

In his will he made three friends, Peter Finley Dunne, Harry Payne Whitney, and Francis Patrick Garvan, the residuary legatees of his estate and, thus, his publishing company. Collier evidently believed that his wife had sufficient money of her own. In fact, she did not and would receive only a few thousand dollar from her husband's will. Dunne, Whitney, and Garvan then renounced the bequest so that Mrs. Collier could benefit fully.[17] In addition to selling the troubled publishing company, his wife donated their home in the Wickatunk section of Marlboro Township, New Jersey to the Sisters of the Good Shepherd who made it a home for troubled young women. This was later opened up to children of all ages and what has become known as Collier High School.

He was also largely responsible for starting the Lincoln Farm Association which raised money to purchase the Lincoln birthplace estate which was then donated and turned into a National Park.[18]

He was portrayed by Phillip Reed in the 1955 film on Evelyn Nesbit, The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing.

During World War II, a Liberty Ship was named in honor of Robert J Collier. Following the war, it was ordered to Belgium with a load of coal but was lost when it ran aground in the Scheldt Estuary.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens: Biographies and Portraits ..., Volume 2 edited by John James Scannell, William Edgar Sackett, 1919, Page 88
  2. ^ "Collier-Van Alen Wedding. Much Interest in the Marriage Which Will Take Place at Newport on Saturday." (PDF). New York Times. July 24, 1902. Retrieved 2009-08-04. Interest in the Martin-Oelrichs wedding has been superseded in Newport society by the announcement of the early marriage of Miss Sara Van Alen and Robert J. Collier. The story that came from New York on Tuesday that the Collier-Van Alen wedding was to take place this week set everybody to wondering if it could be true. 
  3. ^ "Robert J Collier", New York Times, November 11, 1918
  4. ^ "RJ Collier to Fly Across Panama", New York Times, January 29, 1912
  5. ^ "Collier to Fly to Europe",New York Times, June 23, 1913
  6. ^ "Fast Polo at Cedarhurst", New York Times, July 8, 1899
  7. ^ "RJ Collier Badly Hurt in Polo Scrimmage", New York Times, June 10, 1906
  8. ^ "Publisher, Unconscious Since Sunday, Being Rushed Here on a Special Train. Efforts to Rouse Him Fail. Wife and Physicians Hurriedly Summoned to Summer Home at Raquette Lake.". New York Times. August 27, 1914. Retrieved 2010-03-30. Robert J. Collier, editor and publisher of Collier's Weekly, is critically ill with uremic poisoning. Late tonight he was removed from his Summer home here to his private car Vagabondia, and will arrive in New York early tomorrow morning. 
  9. ^ Collier Dispersing Sporting Stable, New York Times, January 29 1914, Page 7
  10. ^ nytimes, november 9, 1918
  11. ^ "R. J. Collier Dies At Dinner Table. Editor, Just Returned from the Front, Is a Victim of Heart Attack. Recall Had Been Reported. Washington Admits His Credentials Had Been Canceled, but Denies Knowledge of the Reason. Stricken at Dinner Table. Had Many Libel Suits." (PDF). New York Times. November 9, 1918. Retrieved 2009-08-04. Robert J. Collier, editor of Collier's Weekly and President of the publishing house of P.F. Collier Son, died of heart attack at his home at 1,067 Fifth Avenue at 7:45 last night, a few hours after he had landed from an army transport upon which he had returned... 
  12. ^ Fourth Estate: A Weekly Newspaper for Publishers, Advertisers ..., Part 2, Nov 16, 1918, Page 25
  13. ^ "R. Collier, Back from Front, Dies", Editor & Publisher, Volume 51, November 16, 1918, Page 24
  14. ^ "Mrs. R. J. Collier Gets Only $2,194. Appraisal Shows Deductions of $200,000 from Net Estate of Publisher. Corporation Lost $200,000 on Its Accounts Due from Soldiers In Great War." (PDF). New York Times. January 16, 1920. Retrieved 2009-08-04. Robert J. Collier, owner of P. F. Collier Son, publishers of Collier's Weekly and other publications, who died suddenly at his home, 1,067 Fifth Avenue, on November 8, 1918, the day he returned from France, left a residuary estate of only $2,194 instead of $5,000,000, as estimated soon after his death. 
  15. ^ "Funeral of RJ Collier", Asbury Park Press, Nov 12 1918, Page 2
  16. ^ "Mrs Collier Gets $2194", Asbury Park Press, Jan 16 1920, Page 2
  17. ^ The New York Times, December 17, 1918 and January 16, 1020.
  18. ^ Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens: Biographies and Portraits ..., Volume 2 edited by John James Scannell, William Edgar Sackett, 1919, Page 88
  19. ^ "Liberty Ship Breaks in Two", New York Times, March 24, 1946

External links[edit]

Media offices
Preceded by
Norman Hapgood
Collier's Weekly
1912-1914
Succeeded by
Norman Hapgood