Lakewood Township, New Jersey

Coordinates: 40°04′37″N 74°11′55″W / 40.077069°N 74.19851°W / 40.077069; -74.19851
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Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Beth Medrash Govoha, the largest yeshiva outside of Israel[1][2]
Beth Medrash Govoha, the largest yeshiva outside of Israel[1][2]
Official seal of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Location of Lakewood Township in Ocean County highlighted in red (right). Inset map: Location of Ocean County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (left).
Location of Lakewood Township in Ocean County highlighted in red (right). Inset map: Location of Ocean County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (left).
Census Bureau map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey Interactive map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Map
Interactive map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Lakewood is located in Ocean County, New Jersey
Lakewood
Lakewood
Location in Ocean County
Lakewood is located in New Jersey
Lakewood
Lakewood
Location in New Jersey
Lakewood is located in the United States
Lakewood
Lakewood
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°04′37″N 74°11′55″W / 40.077069°N 74.19851°W / 40.077069; -74.19851[3][4]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyOcean
IncorporatedMarch 23, 1892
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorRaymond G. Coles (D) (term ends December 31, 2023)[5][6]
 • ManagerPatrick Donnelly[7]
 • Municipal clerkLauren Kirkman[8]
Area
 • Total25.08 sq mi (64.95 km2)
 • Land24.68 sq mi (63.92 km2)
 • Water0.40 sq mi (1.03 km2)  1.59%
 • Rank108th of 565 in state
12th of 33 in county[3]
Elevation49 ft (15 m)
Population
 • Total135,158
 • Estimate 
(2022)[11][13]
139,506
 • Rank5th of 565 in state
1st of 33 in county[14]
 • Density5,476.2/sq mi (2,114.4/km2)
  • Rank100th of 565 in state
1st of 33 in county[14]
199th in U.S. (2021)[citation needed]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code732, 848[17]
FIPS code[3][18][19]34-38550
GNIS ID[3][18][19][20]882076
Websitewww.lakewoodnj.gov

Lakewood Township is the most populous township in Ocean County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. A rapidly growing community, as of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 135,158,[11][12] its highest decennial count ever and an increase of 42,315 (+45.6%) from the 2010 census count of 92,843,[21][22] which in turn reflected an increase of 32,491 (+53.8%) from the 60,352 counted in the 2000 census.[23] The township ranked as the fifth-most-populous municipality in the state in 2020,[24] after ranking seventh in 2010, and 22nd in 2000, placing the township only behind the state's four biggest cities (Newark; Jersey City; Paterson; Elizabeth).[25] The sharp increase in population from 2000 to 2010 was led largely by increases in the township's Orthodox Jewish and Latino communities.[26] Further growth in the Orthodox community led to a sharp increase in population in the 2020 census, with a large number of births leading to a significant drop in the township's median age.[27] The Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that the township's population was 139,506 in 2022,[11] helping the fast-growing town surpass Elizabeth as the fourth-most-populous municipality in the state.[12]

As a major hub of Orthodox Judaism, Lakewood is home to Beth Medrash Govoha (BMG), the largest yeshiva outside of Israel.[28] The large Orthodox population, which comprises more than half the township's population, strongly influences the township's culture[28][29] and wields considerable political clout in the township as a voting bloc.[30][31][32]

History[edit]

The earliest documented European settlement of the present Lakewood area was by operators of sawmills, from about 1750 forward. One such sawmill—located at the east end of the present Lake Carasaljo—was known as Three Partners Mill from at least 1789 until at least 1814. From 1815 until 1818, in the same area, Jesse Richards had an iron-smelting operation known as Washington Furnace, using the local bog iron ore. The ironworks were revived in 1833 by Joseph W. Brick, who named the business Bergen Iron Works, which also became the name of the accompanying town. In 1865, the town was renamed Bricksburg, and in 1880, it was renamed Lakewood and became a fashionable winter resort.

Lakewood's developers thought that "Bricksburg" did not capture their vision for the community, and the names "Brightwood" and "Lakewood" were proposed. After reaching out to area residents, "Lakewood" was chosen, and the United States Postal Service approved the name in March 1880.[33] The name "Lakewood" was intended to focus on the location near lakes and pine forests.[34]

Lakewood was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1892, from portions of Brick Township. Portions of Howell Township in Monmouth County were annexed to Lakewood Township in 1929.[35]

Lakewood's three most prominent hotels were the Laurel House (opened in 1880; closed in 1932), the Lakewood Hotel (opened January 1891, closed in 1925), and the Laurel-in-the-Pines (opened December 1891, burned down in 1967).[36] Lakewood's promoters claimed that its winter temperature was usually about ten degrees warmer than that of New York City and were warmer than points located further south,[37][38] but this claim is not substantiated by official records of the United States Weather Bureau.[39] During the 1890s, Lakewood was a resort for the rich and famous, and The New York Times devoted a weekly column to the activities of Lakewood society.[40] Grover Cleveland spent the winters of 1891–1892 and 1892–1893 in a cottage near the Lakewood Hotel, commuting to his business in New York City.[41] This cottage became part of the Tuberculosis Preventorium for Children in 1909. Mark Twain also enjoyed vacationing in Lakewood. George Jay Gould I acquired an estate at Lakewood in 1896, which is now Georgian Court University.[42] John D. Rockefeller bought a property in 1902 which later became Ocean County Park.[43] Lakewood's hotel business remained strong in the 1920s and 1950s, but went into severe decline in the 1960s.[44]

In 1943, Aharon Kotler founded Beth Medrash Govoha (BMG).[45] In time, it would grow to become the largest yeshiva outside of Israel. In the 1960s, much of the woods and cranberry bogs in the township were replaced by large housing developments. Leisure Village, a condominium retirement development on the south side of Route 70, opened for sale in 1963.[46]

Geography[edit]

Lake Shenandoah

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 25.08 square miles (64.95 km2), including 24.68 square miles (63.92 km2) of land and 0.40 square miles (1.03 km2) of water (1.59%).[3][4] Lying on the coastal plain, Lakewood is a fairly flat place: three-quarters of it is 20 to 80 feet (6.1 to 24.4 m) above sea level, and its highest point is about 150 feet (46 m).[47]

The North Branch of the Metedeconk River forms the northern boundary and part of the eastern boundary of the township, while the South Branch runs through the township. A southern portion of the township is drained by the north branch of Kettle Creek. As implied in its name, Lakewood township has four lakes, all of them man-made; three of them—Lake Carasaljo, Manetta, and Shenandoah—are on the South Branch of the Metedeconk River, whereas the fourth—Lake Waddill—is on Kettle Creek.

Lakewood CDP (2010 Census population of 53,805[48]), Leisure Village (4,400 as of 2010[49]) and Leisure Village East (4,217 as of 2010[50]) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within Lakewood Township.[51][52][53]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Greenville, Lake Carasaljo, Seven Stars and South Lakewood.[54]

The township borders the municipalities of Brick Township, Jackson Township, and Toms River in Ocean County; and Howell Township in Monmouth County.[55][56][57]

The township, including a portion of its southwestern portion, is one of 11 municipalities in Ocean County that are part of the Toms River watershed.[58]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18801,044
19003,094
19105,14966.4%
19206,11018.7%
19307,86928.8%
19408,5028.0%
195010,80927.1%
196016,02048.2%
197025,23357.5%
198038,46452.4%
199045,04817.1%
200060,35234.0%
201092,84353.8%
2020135,15845.6%
2022 (est.)139,506[11][13]3.2%
Population sources:
1880[59] 1900-2000[60] 1900-1920[61]
1900-1910[62] 1910-1930[63]
1940–2000[64] 2000[65][66]
2010[21][22] 2020[11][12]

A study of Jewish communities published under the auspices of the Berman Jewish DataBank estimated that Lakewood had a total Jewish population of 54,500 in 2009, about 59% of the township's 2010 population.[67] NJ.com estimated in 2018 that two-thirds of the township's residents, or about 90,000 people, were Orthodox Jews.[68]

The median value of owner occupied housing is $322,000 with an average mortgage of $2,216 and additional housing expenses of $807. The median gross rent is $1,463.[69]

2020 census[edit]

Lakewood Township Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop. 2010[70] Pop. 2020[71] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 70,005 111,388 75.40% 82.43%
Black or African American alone (NH) 5,346 3,290 5.76% 2.43%
Asian alone (NH) 737 699 0.79% 0.51%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 39 91 0.04% 0.07%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 6 7 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 74 2,056 0.08% 1.52%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 574 1,859 0.62% 1.37%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 16,062 15,768 17.30% 11.67%
Total 92,843 135,158 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 92,843 people, 24,283 households, and 17,362 families in the township. The population density was 3,777.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,458.6/km2). There were 26,337 housing units at an average density of 1,071.6 per square mile (413.7/km2). The racial makeup was 84.33% (78,290) White, 6.35% (5,898) Black or African American, 0.30% (276) Native American, 0.84% (777) Asian, 0.02% (14) Pacific Islander, 6.68% (6,199) from other races, and 1.50% (1,389) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.30% (16,062) of the population.[21]

Of the 24,283 households, 43.2% had children under the age of 18; 58.5% were married couples living together; 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present and 28.5% were non-families. Of all households, 24.6% were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.73 and the average family size was 4.49.[21]

41.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 11.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 98.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.0 males.[21]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $41,527 (with a margin of error of +/− $1,797) and the median family income was $45,420 (+/− $2,296). Males had a median income of $39,857 (+/− $4,206) versus $32,699 (+/− $2,365) for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,430 (+/− $565). About 21.9% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[72]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States census[73] there were 60,352 people, 19,876 households, and 13,356 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,431.8 inhabitants per square mile (938.9/km2). There were 21,214 housing units at an average density of 854.8 per square mile (330.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 78.77% White, 12.05% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.80% of the population.[65][66]

There were 19,876 households, out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.64.[65][66]

In the township the population was spread out, with 31.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.[65][66]

The median income for a household in the township was $35,634, and the median income for a family was $43,806. Males had a median income of $38,967 versus $26,645 for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,700. About 15.7% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[65][66]

Economy[edit]

Portions of the township are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Lakewood was selected in 1994 as one of a group of 10 zones added to participate in the program.[74] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the UEZ, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[75] Established in November 1994, the township's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in October 2025.[76] The UEZ is overseen by the Lakewood Development Corporation, which works to foster the UEZ and the businesses that operate inside it through loan and grant programs.[77]

Education[edit]

Lakewood School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade, and is broken up into three different stages of schooling.[78][79] As of the 2021–22 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 5,433 students and 511.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.6:1.[80] Schools in the district (with 2021–22 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[81]) are Lakewood Early Childhood Center[82] with 247 students in PreK, Ella G. Clarke School[83] with 375 students in grades 2-5, Clifton Avenue School[84] with 387 students in grades 2-5, Oak Street School[85] with 633 students in grades 1-5, Piner Elementary School[86] with 415 students in grades PreK-1, Spruce Street School[87] with 384 students in grades PreK-1, Lakewood Middle School[88] with 1,126 students in grades 6-8 and Lakewood High School[89] with 1,458 students in grades 9-12.[90][91][92]

In recent years, the Lakewood School District has had budgetary issues, shutting down briefly in 2019 due to a funding deficit.[93] The district spends more money on special education programs than any other district in the state and has a high bill for mandatory busing to non-public schools. Town leaders also cite imbalanced state funding formulas as the root of the district's financial problems.[94]

Georgian Court University is a private, Roman Catholic university located on the shores of Lake Carasaljo. Founded in 1908 by the Sisters of Mercy as a women's college in North Plainfield, New Jersey, the school moved to the former estate of George Jay Gould I in Lakewood in 1924. Women made up 88% of the student population in Fall 2006.[95]

There are many yeshivas and Jewish day schools serving the Orthodox Jewish community, with the school district providing busing to 18,000 students enrolled at 74 yeshivas as of 2011,[96] and 25,000 by 2016.[97] BMG, one of the world's largest yeshivas, had an enrollment in excess of 6,500.[28] It is a post high school institution for higher education, where students primarily focus on the study of the Talmud and halakha (Jewish law).[98]

The non-denominational Calvary Academy serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade.[99]

The Roman Catholic-affiliated Holy Family School served youth from preschool through eighth grade under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. In 2014, the diocese announced that the school was closing at the end of the 2014–2015 school year, as fewer students were enrolling.[100]

Arts and culture[edit]

Strand Theater

The Strand Theater, established in 1922, was designed by architect Thomas W. Lamb.[101]

Sports[edit]

ShoreTown Ballpark, home of the Jersey Shore BlueClaws, is a 6,588-seat stadium constructed at a cost of $22 million through funds raised from the township's Urban Enterprise Zone.[102]

ShoreTown Ballpark—Blueclaws Stadium

The High-A East's Jersey Shore BlueClaws, the High-A Minor League Baseball affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies, play at FirstEnergy Park. The BlueClaws, previously known as the Lakewood Blue Claws,[103] have led the league in attendance every year since its formation in 2001 up until 2011, with more than 380,000 fans in the 2001 season, representing an average attendance of more than 6,200 fans per game.[104]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Ocean County Park offers tennis courts, sports fields, hiking trails, beach volleyball, a driving range, swimming and cross-country skiing.[105] Lakes Carasaljo and Shenandoah have canoe and kayak access, and jogging trails.[106] The Sister Mary Grace Burns Arboretum is located on the campus of Georgian Court University.[107]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Lakewood Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[108] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[9][109] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

The Township Committee controls all legislative powers of the Township except for health matters, which are controlled by the Board of Health. In addition, the Committee appoints members to boards, commissions, and committees. Each member of the township committee serves as a liaison to different divisions, departments, and committees.

The mayor, elected from among members of the committee, presides at meetings and performs other duties as the Township Committee may prescribe. The mayor has the power to appoint subcommittees with the consent of the committee. When authorized, the mayor may execute documents on behalf of the township, makes proclamations concerning holidays and events of interest, and exercises ceremonial power of the Township and other powers conferred by law.

As of 2022, the members of the Lakewood Township Committee are Mayor Ray Coles (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2023; term as mayor ends 2022), Deputy mayor Menashe Miller (R, 2024), Albert Akerman (R, 2022), Michael J. D'Elia Sr. (R, 2023) and Meir Lichtenstein (D, 2024).[5][110][111][112][113][114][115]

Police[edit]

Lakewood Township is served by the Lakewood Police Department (LPD), which provides police protection for the township. It has several specialized units: Traffic and Safety, School Resource Officers, Special Response Team (SWAT), Dive Team, and a Motorcycle Patrol and Bicycle Patrol unit in the spring and summer. The current Chief of Police is Gregory Meyer.[116]

Fire[edit]

Lakewood Township is served by the Lakewood Fire Department (LFD), a unified combination consisting of four Volunteer Fire Stations and one career fire station which provide fire protection for the township.[117]

The fire department was founded in October 1888. The Board of Fire Commissioners was created in 1896. The first motorized equipment was purchased in 1915. The largest fire in township history occurred on April 20, 1940, when a forest fire destroyed over 50 structures and burned down most of the southern half of town. The largest loss of life caused by fire occurred on February 12, 1936, when the Victoria Mansion Hotel, valued at $100,000 (equivalent to $2.1 million in 2022), located on the southeast corner of Lexington Avenue and Seventh Street, was destroyed in a fire and 16 people died.[118] The largest structure fire in department history occurred on March 29, 1967, when the block-long Laurel in the Pines Hotel was leveled by a suspicious fire that also killed three people. The last fire hose was picked up a week later when the fire was finally declared out.[119]

There are currently 32 career firefighters (Including a Career Fire Chief, 2 Captains 6 Lieutenants) and approximately 40 volunteer firefighters.[citation needed]

The Chief of the Lakewood Fire Department is Jonathan Yahr.[117]

Fire stations[edit]

Fire stations are located across the township:[117]

  • Engine Company 1 – Engine 1, Engine 11; 119 First Street
  • Engine 2, 1350 Lanes Mills Road
  • Engine 3; 976 New Hampshire Avenue
  • Ladder 3, Engine 33; 170 Lafayette Boulevard
  • Engine 4, Engine 44; 300 River Avenue
  • Engine 5 735 Cedarbridge Avenue (Career)
  • Ladder 5 800 Monmouth Avenue (Career)
  • Support Services & RAC Unit (Rehab) 733 Cedarbridge Avenue

EMS[edit]

Lakewood Township is served by three emergency medical services (EMS) entities, which include Lakewood EMS (LEMS), Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad (LFAS) and Hatzolah EMS. The squads are all independently operated, but work together to provide emergency medical services for the township. Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad and Hatzolah EMS are volunteer organizations, while Lakewood EMS is a career municipal service under the direction of EMS Chief Crystal Van de Zilver. In the event of a motor vehicle accident, Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad are the primary providers of vehicle extrication services for the township and Hatzolah EMS serves as backup.[120]

The three organizations collectively have approximately 150 volunteer and paid EMTs. Hatzolah also has a paramedic unit by special arrangement with RWJBarnabas Health.[121]

  • Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad – Squad 25 – 1555 Pine Street[122]
  • Hatzolah EMS – Squad 45 – Monmouth Avenue and 3rd Street, 501 West County Line Road at Heathwood Avenue
EMS Department
  • Lakewood EMS – Squad 52 – 1555 Pine Street

Federal, state, and county representation[edit]

Lakewood Township is located in the 4th Congressional District,[123] and is part of New Jersey's 30th state legislative district.[124][125][126]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 4th congressional district is represented by Chris Smith (R, Manchester Township).[127][128] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[129] and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).[130][131]

For the 2024-2025 session, the 30th legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Avi Schnall (D, Lakewood Township).[132]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a director and a deputy director from among its members.[133] As of 2024, Ocean County's Commissioners (with party affiliation, term-end year and residence) are:

John P. Kelly (R, 2025, Eagleswood Township),[134] Virginia E. Haines (R, 2025, Toms River),[135] Director Barbara Jo Crea (R, 2024, Little Egg Harbor Township)[136] Deputy Director Gary Quinn (R, 2024, Lacey Township)[137] and Frank Sadeghi (R, 2026, Toms River).[138][139][140]

Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are: Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2025, Barnegat Light),[141][142] Sheriff Michael G. Mastronardy (R, 2025; Toms River)[143][144] and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2028, Beachwood).[145][146][147]

Politics[edit]

As of March 2011, there were a total of 37,925 registered voters in Lakewood Township, of which 6,417 (16.9%) were registered as Democrats, 13,287 (35.0%) were registered as Republicans, and 18,202 (48.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 19 voters registered to other parties.[148] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 40.8% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 70.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).[148][149]

The Vaad in Lakewood is an 11-member council of elders from the Orthodox community, which greatly influences the way the community will vote, often after interviewing political candidates.[150][151]

In the 2020 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 82.5% of the vote (30,648 votes), ahead of Democrat Joe Biden with 17.2% (6,397 votes), and other candidates with 0.3% (117 votes).[152] Trump won his greatest margin from any municipality in the whole state. In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 74.4% of the vote (17,914 votes), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 24.2% (5,841 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (333 votes).[153] In the 2012 presidential election. Republican Mitt Romney received 72.9% of the vote (19,273 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 26.7% (7,062 votes), and other candidates with 0.3% (87 votes), among the 26,590 ballots cast by the township's 41,233 registered voters (168 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 64.5%.[154][155] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 69.1% of the vote (19,173 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 29.7% (8,242 votes), and other candidates with 0.5% (144 votes), among the 27,750 ballots cast by the township's 39,640 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0%.[156] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 66.4% of the vote (16,045 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 32.5% (7,852 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (137 votes), among the 24,152 ballots cast by the township's 35,217 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.6.[157]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 82.4% of the vote (11,850 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 16.9% (2,427 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (107 votes), among the 14,921 ballots cast by the township's 41,567 registered voters (537 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 35.9%.[158][159] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.9% of the vote (10,528 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 30.8% (5,910 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 2.6% (506 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (142 votes), among the 19,171 ballots cast by the township's 37,928 registered voters, yielding a 50.5% turnout.[160]

Transportation[edit]

The northbound Garden State Parkway at CR 528 in Lakewood

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 193.15 miles (310.84 km) of roadways; of which 135.26 miles (217.68 km) were maintained by the municipality, 43.28 miles (69.65 km) by Ocean County, 11.22 miles (18.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 3.39 miles (5.46 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[161]

The Garden State Parkway is the most prominent highway in Lakewood. It passes through the eastern part of the municipality, connecting Toms River in the south to Brick in the north[162] with one major interchange serving Lakewood at exit 89.[163] Drivers can access Route 70 from exit 89, after exit 88 was permanently closed in November 2014.[164] The state and U.S. routes that pass through are Route 70, Route 88 and Route 9. Major county routes that pass through are CR 526, CR 528, CR 547 and CR 549.

Public transportation[edit]

The Lakewood Bus Terminal is a regional transit hub. NJ Transit provides bus service on the 137 and 139 routes to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City, to Philadelphia on the 317 route, to Newark on the 67 and to Atlantic City on the 559.[165]

The Lakewood Shuttle is a bus with two routes: one in town, and one in Industrial Park.

Ocean Ride local service is provided on the OC3 Brick / Lakewood / Toms River and OC4 Lakewood – Brick Link routes.[166][167][168]

Lakewood Airport is a public-use airport located 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of the township's central business district. The airport is publicly owned.[169]

The Monmouth Ocean Middlesex Line (MOM) is a passenger rail project proposed by NJ Transit Rail Operations (NJT) to serve the Central New Jersey counties of Monmouth, Ocean and Middlesex which would serve Lakewood.[170]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lakewood Township include:

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Steve Strunsky (April 16, 2019). "Lakewood yeshiva looks to use old golf course for new campus". New Jersey On-Line LLC. Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019. Beth Medrash Gohova is said to be the world's largest Jewish-affiliated university outside of Israel.
  2. ^ Stephen Stirling (August 3, 2017). "10 ways Lakewood is unlike anywhere else in N.J." NJ Advance Media. Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019. The sea change can be pinned to one event: The founding of the Beth Medrash Govoha yeshiva in the mid-20th century. The Orthodox Jewish community has set down roots en masse around the religious school, which is now the largest yeshiva in North America.
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  27. ^ Cervenka, Susanne. "Ocean no longer among state's oldest counties; Affordable housing, access to Parkway behind population shift" Archived January 27, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Home News Tribune, August 5, 2022. Accessed June 27, 2023, via Newspapers.com. "Lakewood leads Ocean County's youth movement. The township, which is New Jersey's fastest growing community, saw its median age drop from 24.6 years in 2010 to 18.5 years last year, the most recent year for which data is available. Much of its growth, and the decline in median age is a result of the burgeoning Orthodox Jewish community.... Families are also typically large in the Orthodox community, and state data shows Lakewood has been experiencing a baby boom for much of the last 20 years."
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  30. ^ Peterson, Iver. "Tragedy Forces Town To Face Its Divisions; Breaching Barriers of Creed and Culture" Archived February 7, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, August 19, 1995. Accessed June 20, 2016. "The community is not withdrawn in politics, however. The Orthodox vote as a nearly solid bloc, making them the dominant political power in Lakewood, and a power that can only grow: Leaders of the yeshiva community, which had about 400 members in 1968, expect their numbers to top 27,000 by the turn of the century."
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  32. ^ Stilton, Phil. Jack Ciattarelli visits Lakewood, making a pitch for the Lakewood bloc vote Archived February 7, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, Shore News Network, May 31, 2021. Accessed February 6, 2022. "New Jersey candidate for Governor Ciattarelli this week visited Lakewood to lobby for that town's large and highly coveted 'bloc vote'. In politics, the Lakewood Orthodox Jewish community often votes as a bloc, but not always, guided by a council of rabbis and business owners in the growing city called 'the VAAD'. The Lakewood vote can often make or break a candidate's campaign and Ciattarelli knows that."
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  171. ^ Halachic authority Archived 2017-12-25 at the Wayback Machine "after the passing of Rabbi Kotler, Rabbi Abadi became the Posek and the exclusive Halachic authority in Lakewood."
  172. ^ "Nomination of Morton Isaac Abramowitz To Be United States Ambassador to Turkey" Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, American Presidency Project, April 19, 1989. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Ambassador Abramowitz was born January 20, 1933, in Lakewood, NJ. He graduated from Stanford University (B.A., 1953) and Harvard University (M.A., 1955)."
  173. ^ Val Ackerman Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Washington Times. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Valerie B. Val Ackerman was born on November 7, 1959, in Lakewood, New Jersey, but grew up in Pennington, New Jersey, United States."
  174. ^ "Jay Alders Profile Archived February 20, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, ResinMag.com, February 2010. Accessed February 19, 2018. "Resinmag.com: Where were you Born? Jay Alders: In Lakewood, NJ, about 12 or so miles from the beaches of Jersey."
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  176. ^ Spider Bennett Archived November 6, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed February 9, 2011.
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  180. ^ Haakon Maurice Chevailer Archived December 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Haakon Maurice Chevalier was born on September 10, 1901, at Lakewood, New Jersey."
  181. ^ "Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen On NJ Toeivah Vote: Call Senators and Be Mosif in Tefillah and Torah" Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Matzav.com, January 7, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011.
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  183. ^ "The Beleaguered Man", Time, April 4, 1955. Accessed March 27, 2008. "For the best part of two years (1951-1953) he made his home at the Maryknoll Junior Seminary in Lakewood, N.J.. often going down to Washington to buttonhole State Department men and Congressmen and urge them not to support French colonialism."
  184. ^ Walker, Rob. Cul-de-Sac Cred Archived November 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, July 10, 2005. Accessed January 3, 2012. "Marc Milecofsky grew up in Lakewood, N.J., about an hour and a half south of Manhattan."
  185. ^ Schweitzer, Sarah. "When faith, real estate converge: In Sharon, an eruv boosts house prices" Archived June 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The Boston Globe, May 29, 2005. Accessed February 10, 2011. "The Sharon eruv was constructed under the supervision of Meir Sendor, the rabbi at Young Israel of Sharon, with continuing consultation from a noted eruv expert, Rabbi Shimon Eider, of Lakewood, N.J."
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  187. ^ Adelizzi, Joe. "Heat wave at the Shore Leiter leads long list of flamethrowers in area's baseball lore", Asbury Park Press, October 3, 1999. Accessed February 9, 2011. "16. Dick Estelle Lakewood1958 His fastball got him a trip with the Giants."
  188. ^ Mike Gesicki Archived November 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Penn State Nittany Lions football. Accessed December 2, 2016. "Born October 3, 1995 in Lakewood, N.J."
  189. ^ Horner, Shirley. "No Headline" Archived January 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, August 26, 1984. Accessed March 24, 2016. "'Lottery losers might soon end up winning books here, too,' Hazel Gluck of Lakewood, director of the New Jersey Division of the State Lottery, said the other day."
  190. ^ "Success is habit forming to Goldstein" Archived February 12, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Asbury Park Press, October 22, 1980. Accessed February 11, 2023, via Newspapers.com. "Success is getting to be a habit with William Goldstein, a film composer and arranger who grew up in Lakewood.... Goldstein was graduated from Lakewood High School, Trenton State College, the Manhattan School of Music and Juilliard School of Music."
  191. ^ Staff. "Goulds Wed In June At Georgian Court; Sailed Together After Lakewood Ceremony, and Are Now at Aix-les-Bains. No Mystery, They Declare Their Chief Desire, They Say Now, Was for Quiet Wedding and Peaceful Honeymoon." Archived July 23, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, July 14, 1922. Accessed February 9, 2011. "It will surprise some of their neighbors at Lakewood to learn that the wedding took place at Georgian Court, the Gould house at Lakewood... "
  192. ^ Staff. "Haines picked to head lottery" Archived September 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Asbury Park Press, May 19, 1994. Accessed August 30, 2016. "Education: Graduated from Lakewood High School in 1964; attended Ocean County College."
  193. ^ "Rav Yehuda Jacobs zt'l" Archived June 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Matzav.com, April 27, 2020. Accessed May 31, 2020. "Settling in Lakewood with his wife, Mrs. Ruthie Jacobs, he grew along with the yeshiva, eventually being instated as one of the mashgichim."
  194. ^ Staff. "Serge Jaroff" Archived November 21, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 8, 1985. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Serge Jaroff, founder and director of the Don Cossack Chorus, died Saturday in the Paul Kimball Medical Center in Lakewood, N.J. He was 89 years old and lived in Lakewood."
  195. ^ The White House Announces National Finalists For 1998-1999 White House Fellowships Archived January 27, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Clinton administration, May 5, 1998. Accessed January 27, 2023. "C.S. Eliot Kang, 35, is a foreign policy analyst at the Japan Institute of International Affairs in Tokyo. A native of Seoul, South Korea, Kang grew up in Lakewood, N.J."
  196. ^ Stan Kasten keynote speaker page on the Harry Walker Agency Speakers Bureau website Archived May 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  197. ^ Klein, Abagail. "Arrivals: Finding their comfort zone" Archived January 23, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, The Jerusalem Post, November 26, 2010. Accessed January 26, 2022. "Both born in 1975 and raised in New Jersey, Shai Jaskoll (Teaneck) and Shoshanna Keats (Lakewood) first crossed paths here."
  198. ^ The George Jay Gould Estate, Georgian Court University. Accessed February 9, 2011. "The health benefits of Lakewood enticed George Jay Gould, son of railroad magnate Jay Gould, to build Georgian Court in 1896. The construction began ten years after his marriage to a lovely young actress named Edith Kingdon. Edith and George Gould believed Lakewood would be an ideal spot in which to rear their two sons and four daughters."
  199. ^ Caldwell, Dave. "In the Minor Leagues, It's Not Just About the Baseball" Archived September 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, May 1, 2005. Accessed August 20, 2012. "Then, in 1944, a prominent rabbi named Aron Kotler moved to Lakewood from Eastern Europe, and a large Orthodox Jewish community evolved that still numbers about 20,000."
  200. ^ Staff. "Rabbi Shneur Kotler, 64, Head Of Rabbinical School in Jersey" Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, June 27, 1982. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Rabbi Shneur Kotler, dean of Beth Medrash Govoha, a postgraduate rabbinical school in Lakewood, N.J., died Thursday at Massachusetts General Hospital, in Boston. He was 64 years old and a resident of Lakewood."
  201. ^ Ducibella, Jim. "Beach Open" Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The Virginian-Pilot, May 5, 2002. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Kresge, a Lakewood, NJ, native, worked short-game magic the entire back nine..."
  202. ^ Staff. "Joseph Mayer; Former Mayor of Belmar Was Director of Freeholders" Archived November 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, November 19, 1942. Accessed February 9, 2011. "He was born in Hazelton, Pa., Where he was elected to the Common Council at the age of 21 and later served as its president. He moved to Belmar in 1908 after residing in Lakewood."
  203. ^ "Bearing Witness: The New York Photo League and Sonia Handelman Meyer" Archived December 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Mint Museum. Accessed December 6, 2019. "The exhibition features a special spotlight on the work of Sonia Handelman Meyer. Born in Lakewood, New Jersey in 1920, Meyer spent most of her life in New York City."
  204. ^ Edelson, Stephen. "Was Purnell Mincy the Jersey Shore's greatest athlete?" Archived September 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Asbury Park Press, February 20, 2015. Accessed October 17, 2020. "Purnell Mincy was a three-sport star at Lakewood, graduating in 1937.... I'm beginning to think Lakewood's Purnell Mincy might be the greatest athlete the Jersey Shore has ever produced...."
  205. ^ Staff. "Charles W. Morse's Marriage Annulled; Divorce Mrs. Morse Secured from First Husband Pronounced Illegal." Archived July 30, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 8, 1904. Accessed February 10, 2011. "They gave up that house a few months ago, and have been living at their home in Lakewood, N.J., and at their Summer cottage at Bath, Me."
  206. ^ Staff. "Loren Murchison, 80, Track Star" Archived July 23, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, June 14, 1979. Accessed February 9, 2011. "For the last 16 years he had resided in Leisure Village, a retirement community in Lakeville [sic]."
  207. ^ Pack Family Archived June 24, 2016, at the Wayback Machine,- Arizona Historical Society. Accessed November 23, 2017. "Arthur Newton Pack was born February 20th, 1893, in Cleveland, Ohio.... He eventually moved to Lakewood, New Jersey where he lived until his death in 1937."
  208. ^ Thomas Jr., Robert McG."Haydn Proctor, 93, a Judge And New Jersey State Senator" Archived March 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 5, 1996. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Haydn Proctor, a longtime New Jersey official who operated at the highest levels of all three branches of state government, died on Wednesday at a hospital near his home in Lakewood, N.J."
  209. ^ Staff. "N.J. corruption arrests strike core of Deal's Syrian Jewish community" Archived May 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, July 23, 2009. Accessed February 10, 2011. "'These are only allegations. All these people are innocent until proven guilty,' said Yosef Reinman, a rabbi and author in Lakewood's sizable Orthodox Jewish community, which is less than 20 miles from Deal."
  210. ^ Kornbluh, Jacob (July 14, 2016). "Trump Names Two Top Advisers to Head 'Israel Advisory Committee'; Jason Greenblatt and David Friedman charged with coming up with alternative solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict". Haaretz. Archived from the original on January 17, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017. Dr. Richard Roberts, a prominent Republican donor from Lakewood, NJ has been appointed as vice chair."
  211. ^ Ocean County Park Archived 2008-09-14 at the Wayback Machine, Ocean County Department of Parks & Recreation. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Ocean County Park was originally part of Financier John D. Rockefeller's vacation estate."
  212. ^ via United Press International. "Bulls' Bid Denied" Archived November 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Times-Union, July 12, 1972. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Robert Schmertz, a real estate executive from Lakewood, has received unanimous approval from the National Basketball Association Board of Governors to purchase the Boston Celtics, but another group was rejected in its bid to buy the Chicago Bulls."
  213. ^ P., Ken. "An Interview with Armin Shimerman: Deep Space Nine's Quark discusses his career." Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, IGN, August 4, 2003. Accessed February 9, 2011. "IGN Filmforce: Am I correct in understanding that you're originally from Lakewood, New Jersey? Armin Shimerman: Yes ... a small town in the mid-section of New Jersey, Ocean County. It was a great, great childhood and it was a terrific town – probably still is. I haven't been there for decades. I keep waiting for them to invite me back to be sort of a VIP at one of their parades, but it hasn't happened yet."
  214. ^ Betsy Sholl Archived July 23, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Poets & Writers, updated April 28, 2014. Accessed July 22, 2020. "Born in: Lakewood; Raised in: Brick Town, NJ"
  215. ^ Staff. "Arthur Siegel, Song Composer And Pianist, 70" Archived September 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 17, 1994. Accessed August 5, 2013. "Mr. Siegel, whose career in show business spanned nearly five decades, was born in Lakewood, N.J., on Dec. 31, 1923, and grew up in Asbury Park, N.J. He came to New York City in the 1930s and studied at the Juilliard School and the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, where he met the entertainer Eddie Cantor's daughter and got his first big break as Cantor's accompanist."
  216. ^ Lowe, Herbert. "A Game Of Musical Chairs When A Senator Died This Summer, An Assembly Candidate Replaced Him In The State Senate." Archived June 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 26, 1993. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Republican Robert W. Singer, a former mayor of Lakewood Township, is seeking his first term as state senator. Singer, 45, was serving his third two-year term in the Assembly until moving over to the Senate on October 14 to succeed John Dimon, who died in September."
  217. ^ The Nuggets interviews: J.R. Smith Archived February 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, The Denver Post, February 11, 2007. "J.R. Smith had his parents and a big family growing up, which helped get him through the mean streets of Lakewood, N.J."
  218. ^ Biography Archived March 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, LewSoloff.com. Accessed September 5, 2011. "Born in Brooklyn, on February 20, 1944, Soloff was raised in Lakewood, New Jersey and started studying piano at an early age."
  219. ^ Dershowitz, Yitzchok. The legacy of Maran Rav Aharon Kotler, p. 442. Feldheim Publishers, 2005. ISBN 1-58330-875-X. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Footnote 113: Yet, Rebbetzin Taplin, the wife of Rav Yisroel Taplin of Lakewood..."
  220. ^ Gros, Michael. "The Teshuvah Journey: Making Up For Lost Time" Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, The Jewish Press. August 19, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Penina grew up in a turbulent, loosely affiliated Jewish home in Lakewood, New Jersey."
  221. ^ Staff. "Steve Tisch" Archived March 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Los Angeles Times. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Born in Lakewood, N.J., Tisch graduated from Tufts University and began his entertainment career as Peter Guber's assistant at Columbia Pictures."
  222. ^ Staff. "Harry L. Towe, 92, A Former Congressman" Archived December 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, February 10, 1991. Accessed November 19, 2017. "Harry Lancaster Towe, a former Congressman and deputy attorney general of New Jersey, died on Friday at his home in Lakewood, N.J. He was 92 years old."
  223. ^ "From the Money Store to making movies: How a Lakewood native got to Hollywood". Asbury Park Press. Archived from the original on September 30, 2023. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  224. ^ "The Story of Jake Turx - From Borough Park to the White House | Meaningful People" Archived April 2, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, The Lakewood Scoop, March 30, 2022. "Turx resides in Washington, DC during the week; his family lives in Lakewood, NJ."
  225. ^ Staff. "Col. Charles Waterhouse of Ocean County has spent a lifetime painting the faces of those who fight our wars." Archived November 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Asbury Park Press, December 16, 2006. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Waterhouse, a Perth Amboy native who now lives in Lakewood with his wife, spoke from the museum at 17 Washington St. in Toms River."
  226. ^ Vecsey, George. "Sport Of The Times; Building Toward the Days of October" Archived November 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, May 29, 1988. Accessed August 20, 2012. "Shortly after his classic time at bat in the sixth game of the 1986 World Series, Wilson and his wife, Rosa, started an educational center for girls, Mookie's Roses, near their home in Lakewood, N.J."
  227. ^ Nahshoni, Kobi. "Bnei Brak gets twin sister; Ultra-Orthodox city in central Israel signs Twin City Alliance with Lakewood, New Jersey, which has large haredi community" Archived June 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Ynetnews, May 31, 2011. Accessed March 24, 2016. "The ultra-Orthodox central city of Bnei Brak has found a twin sister overseas – Lakewood, New Jersey, which also has a very large haredi community."

General and cited references[edit]

  • Axel-Lute, Paul. Lakewood-in-the-Pines: A History of Lakewood, New Jersey, self-published, 1986 (South Orange, NJ)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]