Lakewood Township, New Jersey
|Lakewood Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Lakewood|
Map of Lakewood Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 23, 1892|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Mayor||Albert D. Akerman (term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Manager||Thomas Henshaw|
|• Clerk||Kathryn Cirulli|
|• Total||24.982 sq mi (64.703 km2)|
|• Land||24.577 sq mi (63.653 km2)|
|• Water||0.405 sq mi (1.050 km2) 1.62%|
|Area rank||108th of 566 in state
12th of 33 in county
|Elevation||49 ft (15 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||99,262|
|• Rank||7th of 566 in state
1st of 33 in county
|• Density||3,777.7/sq mi (1,458.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||165th of 566 in state
5th of 33 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
Lakewood Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the township had a total population of 92,843, representing an increase of 32,491 (+53.8%) from the 60,352 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 15,304 (+34.0%) from the 45,048 counted in the 1990 Census. The township ranked as the seventh-most-populous municipality in the state in 2010 after having been ranked 22nd in 2000. The sharp increase in population from 2000 to 2010 was led by increases in the township's Orthodox Jewish and Latino communities.
Lakewood is one of the hubs of Orthodox Judaism and is home to one of the largest yeshivas in the world, Beth Medrash Govoha, which was founded by Rabbi Aharon Kotler. The large Orthodox population, which comprises more than half the township's population, wields considerable political clout in the Township as a voting bloc.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Arts and culture
- 5 Sports
- 6 Parks and recreation
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Government
- 9 Education
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Twinnings
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 Sources
- 16 External links
The earliest documented European settlement of the present Lakewood area was by operators of sawmills, from about 1750 forward. One such sawmill, located at the east end of the present Lake Carasaljo, was known as Three Partners Mill from at least 1789 until at least 1814. From 1815 until 1818, in the same area, Jesse Richards had an iron-smelting operation known as Washington Furnace, using the local bog iron ore. The ironworks were revived in 1833 by Joseph W. Brick, who named the business Bergen Iron Works, which also became the name of the accompanying town. In 1865, the town was renamed Bricksburg in 1865, and in 1880 it was renamed Lakewood and became a fashionable winter resort.
Lakewood's developers thought that "Bricksburg" didn't capture their vision for the community, and the names "Brightwood" and "Lakewood" were proposed. After reaching out to area residents, "Lakewood" was chosen and the United States Postal Service approved the name in March 1880. The name "Lakewood" was intended to focus on the location near lakes and pine forests.
Lakewood was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1892, from portions of Brick Township. Portions of Howell Township in Monmouth County were annexed to Lakewood Township in 1929.
Lakewood's three greatest hotels were the Laurel House (opened in 1880; closed in 1932), the Lakewood Hotel (opened January 1891, closed in 1925), and the Laurel-in-the-Pines (opened December 1891, burned down in 1967). Lakewood's promoters claimed that its winter temperature was usually about ten degrees warmer than that of New York City and were warmer than points located further south, but this claim is not substantiated by official records of the United States Weather Bureau. During the 1890s, Lakewood was a resort for the rich and famous, and The New York Times devoted a weekly column to the activities of Lakewood society. Grover Cleveland spent the winters of 1891-92 and 1892-93 in a cottage near the Lakewood Hotel, commuting to his business in New York City. George Jay Gould I acquired an estate at Lakewood in 1896, which is now Georgian Court University. John D. Rockefeller bought a property in 1902 which later became Ocean County Park. Lakewood's hotel business remained strong in the 1920s and 1950s, but went into severe decline in the 1960s. In the 1960s, much of the woods and cranberry bogs in the township were replaced by large housing developments. Leisure Village, a condominium retirement development on the south side of Route 70, opened for sale in 1963.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 24.982 square miles (64.703 km2), including 24.577 square miles (63.653 km2) of land and 0.405 square miles (1.050 km2) of water (1.62%). Lakewood is a fairly flat place, being as it is on the Coastal Plain; three-quarters of its area is between 20–80 feet above sea level, and its highest point is about 150 feet.
The North Branch of the Metedeconk River forms the northern boundary and part of the eastern boundary of the township, while the South Branch runs through the township. A southern portion of the township is drained by the north branch of Kettle Creek. The township has four man-made lakes; three of them - Lake Carasaljo, Manetta, and Shenandoah - are on the South Branch of the Metedeconk River, whereas the fourth - Lake Waddill - is on Kettle Creek.
Lakewood CDP (2010 Census population of 53,805), Leisure Village (4,400 as of 2010) and Leisure Village East (4,217 as of 2010) are unincorporated communities and census designated places (CDPs) located within Lakewood Township.
Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Greenville, Lake Carasaljo, Seven Stars and South Lakewood.
Portions of Lakewood Township are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
Arts and culture
The Lakewood BlueClaws of the South Atlantic League, the Single-A minor league baseball affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies, play at FirstEnergy Park. The BlueClaws have led the league in attendance every year since its formation in 2001, with more than 380,000 fans in the 2001 season, representing an average attendance of more than 6,200 fans per game.
Parks and recreation
1880 1900-2000 1900-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 92,843 people, 24,283 households, and 17,362 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,777.7 per square mile (1,458.6/km2). There were 26,337 housing units at an average density of 1,071.6 per square mile (413.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 84.33% (78,290) White, 6.35% (5,898) Black or African American, 0.30% (276) Native American, 0.84% (777) Asian, 0.02% (14) Pacific Islander, 6.68% (6,199) from other races, and 1.50% (1,389) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 17.30% (16,062) of the population.
There were 24,283 households, of which 43.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.73 and the average family size was 4.49.
In the township, 41.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 11.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.9 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $41,527 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,797) and the median family income was $45,420 (+/- $2,296). Males had a median income of $39,857 (+/- $4,206) versus $32,699 (+/- $2,365) for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,430 (+/- $565). About 21.9% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 60,352 people, 19,876 households, and 13,356 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,431.8 people per square mile (938.8/km²). There were 21,214 housing units at an average density of 854.8 per square mile (330.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 78.77% White, 12.05% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.80% of the population.
There were 19,876 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.64.
In the township the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $35,634, and the median income for a family was $43,806. Males had a median income of $38,967 versus $26,645 for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,700. About 15.7% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.
Lakewood Township is governed under the Township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.
The Township Committee controls all legislative powers of the Township except for health matters, which are controlled by the Board of Health. In addition, the Committee appoints members to boards, commissions, and committees. Each member of the township committee serves as a liaison to different divisions, departments, and committees.
The mayor, elected from among members of the committee, presides at meetings and performs other duties as the Township Committee may prescribe. The mayor has the power to appoint subcommittees with the consent of the committee. When authorized, he or she may execute documents on behalf of the township, makes proclamations concerning holidays and events of interest, and exercises ceremonial power of the Township and other powers conferred upon him by law.
As of 2015[update], the members of the Lakewood Township Committee are Mayor Albert Akerman (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2016; term as mayor ends 2015), Deputy mayor Menashe Miller (R, term on committee and as deputy mayor ends 2015), Raymond Coles (D, 2017), Michael J. D'elia (R, 2017) and Meir Lichtenstein (D, 2015).
Lakewood Township is served by the Lakewood Police Department (LPD), which provides police protection for the township and has several specialized units. The specialized units include: Traffic and Safety, School Resource Officers, Special Response Team (SWAT), Dive Team, and a Motorcycle Patrol and Bicycle Patrol unit in the spring and summer. The current Chief of Police is Robert Lawson.
Lakewood Township is served by the Lakewood Fire Department (LFD), a unified combination consisting of five volunteer fire companies; one fire police unit; and two paid fire stations which provide fire protection for the township.
The fire department was founded in October 1888. The Board of Fire Commissioners was created in 1896. The first motorized equipment was purchased in 1915. The largest fire in township history occurred on April 20, 1940, when a forest fire destroyed over 50 structures and burned down most of the southern half of town. The largest loss of life caused by fire occurred on February 12, 1936 when the Victoria Mansion Hotel (valued at $100,000) located on the southeast corner of Lexington Avenue and Seventh Street, was destroyed in a fire and 16 people died. The largest structure fire in department history occurred on March 29, 1967, when the block-long Laurel in the Pines Hotel was leveled by a suspicious fire that also killed three people. The last fire hose was picked up a week later when the fire was finally declared out.
There are approximately 50 volunteer firefighters which has led to an increase in paid firefighters. It has been speculated that with the dwindling number of volunteers the paid portion of the department will increase and volunteer fire companies will either be condensed or eliminated altogether in the coming years.
The Chief of the Lakewood Fire Department is Steve McNamara.
- Volunteer fire stations
- Lakewood Fire Company No. 1 - Station 64 - 119 First Street
- Rescue Fire Company No. 2 - Station 65 - 1350 Lanes Mills Road
- Junior Hose Company No. 3 - Station 66 - 970 New Hampshire Avenue
- Junior Hose Company No. 3 - Station 66-1 - 170 Lafayette Boulevard
- Reliance Hose Company No. 4 - Station 67 - 300 River Avenue
- Lakewood Hook & Ladder Company No. 1 - Station 68 - 733 Cedar Bridge Avenue
- Lakewood Fire Police - 40 Clover Street
- Paid fire stations
- Lakewood Fire District No. 1 - Station 74 - 735 Cedar Bridge Avenue
- Lakewood Fire District No. 1 - Station 74-1 - 800 Monmouth Avenue
Lakewood Township is served by three emergency medical services (EMS) entities, which include Lakewood EMS (LEMS), Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad (LFAS) and Hatzolah EMS. The squads are all independently operated but nevertheless work together to provide emergency medical services for the township. Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad and Hatzolah EMS are volunteer organizations, while Lakewood EMS is a paid municipal service. In the event of a motor vehicle accident, Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad are the primary providers of vehicle extrication services for the township and Hatzolah EMS serves as backup.
The three organizations collectively have approximately 150 volunteer and paid EMTs. Hatzolah also has a Paramedic unit by special arrangement with Monmouth Ocean Hospital Service Corporation (MONOC).
- Volunteer squads
- Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad - Squad 25 - 1555 Pine Street
- Hatzolah EMS - Squad 45 - Monmouth Avenue and 3rd Street, W. County Line Road and Heathwood Avenue
- Paid squads
- Lakewood EMS - Squad 52 - 1555 Pine Street
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 30th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Dave Rible (R, Wall Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2015[update], Ocean County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and department directorship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director John C. Bartlett, Jr. (R, term ends December 31, 2015, Pine Beach; Finance, Parks and Recreation), Freeholder Deputy Director Gerry P. Little (R, 2015, Surf City; Human Services), John P. Kelly (R, 2016, Eagleswood Township; Law and Public Safety), James F. Lacey (R, 2016, Brick Township; Transportation) and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2017, Toms River; Senior Services and County Operations). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2015, Barnegat Light), Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2016; Toms River) and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2018, Beachwood).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 37,925 registered voters in Lakewood Township, of which 6,417 (16.9%) were registered as Democrats, 13,287 (35.0%) were registered as Republicans and 18,202 (48.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 19 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 40.8% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 70.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 72.9% of the vote (19,273 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 26.7% (7,062 votes), and other candidates with 0.3% (87 votes), among the 26,590 ballots cast by the township's 41,233 registered voters (168 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 64.5%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 69.1% of the vote (19,173 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 29.7% (8,242 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (144 votes), among the 27,750 ballots cast by the township's 39,640 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 66.4% of the vote (16,045 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 32.5% (7,852 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (137 votes), among the 24,152 ballots cast by the township's 35,217 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.6.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 82.4% of the vote (11,850 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 16.9% (2,427 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (107 votes), among the 14,921 ballots cast by the township's 41,567 registered voters (537 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 35.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.9% of the vote (10,528 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 30.8% (5,910 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 2.6% (506 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (142 votes), among the 19,171 ballots cast by the township's 37,928 registered voters, yielding a 50.5% turnout.
The Lakewood School District serves students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade and is broken up into three different stages of schooling. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's six schools had an enrollment of 5,251 students and 436.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.04:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are four 1-5 elementary schools — Ella G. Clarke School with 820 students; Clifton Avenue School with 888 students; Oak Street School with 1,009 students; and Spruce Street School with 842 students - Lakewood Middle School with 637 students in grades 6-8 and Lakewood High School with an enrollment of 1,055 students in grades 9-12.
Georgian Court University is a private, Roman Catholic university located on the shores of Lake Carasaljo. Founded in 1908 by the Sisters of Mercy as a women's college in North Plainfield, New Jersey, the school moved to the former estate of George Jay Gould I in Lakewood in 1924. Women made up 88% of the student population in Fall 2006.
There are many yeshivas and Jewish day schools serving the Orthodox Jewish community, with the school district providing busing to 18,000 students enrolled at 74 yeshivas as of 2011, and 25,000 by 2016. Beth Medrash Govoha has an enrollment in excess of 5,000, making it one of the world's largest Yeshivas.
The Roman Catholic-affiliated Holy Family School served youth from pre-school through 8th grade under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. In 2014, the diocese announced that the school was closing at the end of the 2014-15 school year, as fewer students were enrolling.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 193.15 miles (310.84 km) of roadways; of which 135.26 miles (217.68 km) were maintained by the municipality, 43.28 miles (69.65 km) by Ocean County, 11.22 miles (18.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 3.39 miles (5.46 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Major county routes that pass through are CR 526, CR 528 and CR 547. The state and U.S. routes that pass through are Route 70, Route 88 and US Route 9. The Garden State Parkway passes through the eastern part of the municipality , connecting Toms River Township in the south to Brick Township in the north with one major interchange serving Lakewood at exit 89. Drivers can access Route 70 from exit 89, after exit 88 was permanently closed in November 2014.
The Lakewood Bus Terminal is a regional transit hub. New Jersey Transit provides bus service on the 137 and 139 routes to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, to Philadelphia on the 317 route, to Newark on the 67 and to Atlantic City on the 559.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lakewood Township include:
- Rabbi Yitzchak Abadi (born 1933), posek.
- Morton I. Abramowitz (born 1933), diplomat.
- Val Ackerman (born 1959), first president of the Women's National Basketball Association.
- Joe Baum (1920–1998), restaurateur.
- Spider Bennett (born 1943), professional basketball player in the ABA with the Dallas Chaparrals and Houston Mavericks.
- Rabbi Yisroel Pinchos Bodner, author of volumes on various topics of halakha.
- Brandon Carter (born 1986), offensive lineman for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
- Haakon Chevalier (1901–1985), author, translator, and professor of French literature at the University of California, Berkeley best known for his friendship with physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer.
- Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen, author.
- Michael Cudlitz (born 1964), actor who has appeared in Southland and Band of Brothers.
- Ngo Dinh Diem (1901–1963), first President of South Vietnam.
- Marc Ecko (born 1972), founder and CEO of *eckō unltd.
- Rabbi Shimon Eider (died 2007), author on halakha and expert on the construction of eruvin.
- Dick Estelle (born 1942), pitcher who played for the San Francisco Giants.
- Hazel Gluck (born 1934), politician and lobbyist who served in the New Jersey General Assembly and held several posts in the cabinet of Governor Thomas Kean.
- George Jay Gould I (1864–1923), financier and railroad executive, whose estate became Georgian Court University.
- Serge Jaroff (1896–1985), conductor, composer and founder of the Don Cossack Chorus.
- Stan Kasten (born 1952), President and part-owner of the Los Angeles Dodgers, and former President of the Washington Nationals, Atlanta Braves, Atlanta Hawks and Atlanta Thrashers.
- Edith Kingdon (1864–1921), actress wife of George Jay Gould I.
- Rabbi Aharon Kotler (1891–1962), founder of the Beth Medrash Govoha yeshiva and a pre-eminent authority on Torah in the 20th Century among Haredi Jews.
- Rabbi Shneur Kotler (1918–1982), rosh yeshiva of Beth Medrash Govoha.
- Cliff Kresge (born 1968), professional golfer.
- Meir Lichtenstein, first Haredi mayor in the U.S. of a municipality with a significant non-Jewish population.
- Joseph Mayer (1877–1942), Mayor of Belmar, New Jersey who later served on the Ocean County Board of Chosen Freeholders.
- Charles W. Morse (1856-1933), Wall Street speculator.
- Loren Murchison (1898–1979), Olympic athlete who won gold medals in 1920 and 1924 in the 4x100m relay event.
- Haydn Proctor (1903–1996), member of the New Jersey Senate.
- Rabbi Yosef Reinman, author who has written about inter-community dialogue within Judaism.
- John D. Rockefeller (1839–1937), industrialist and philanthropist, had an estate in Lakewood, as well as other homes in Ohio, New York, and Florida. His family donated a large tract of land it owned in Lakewood to Ocean County, where the County built the current Ocean County Park on Route 88, Lakewood.
- Robert Schmertz (1926–1975), founder and CEO of Leisure Technology Corp. and former owner of the Portland Trail Blazers and Boston Celtics.
- Armin Shimerman (born 1949), actor, best known for playing the Ferengi bartender Quark in the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.
- Arthur Siegel (1923–1994), songwriter.
- Robert Singer (born 1947), member of the New Jersey Senate and former Mayor of Lakewood Township.
- J. R. Smith (born 1985), NBA basketball player who plays for Cleveland Cavaliers.
- Lew Soloff (born 1944), jazz trumpeter.
- Yisroel Taplin, author of The Date Line in Halacha.
- Penina Taylor, counter-missionary speaker.
- Steve Tisch (born 1948), film producer and Chairman of the New York Giants.
- Charles Waterhouse (1924-2013), artist.
- Mookie Wilson (born 1956), baseball player, mostly notably with the New York Mets.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2015 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of October 20, 2015. Accessed November 12, 2015.
- Municipal Manager, Township of Lakewood. Accessed April 08, 2015.
- Township Clerk, Township of Lakewood. Accessed April 08, 2015.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lakewood, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed September 15, 2014.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lakewood township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lakewood township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 3, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 5, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Lakewood, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lakewood, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 14, 2013.
- "Township of Lakewood (Ocean County, New Jersey)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- "FIPS55 Data: New Jersey". FIPS55 Data. United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Archived from the original on June 18, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2014. External link in
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 20, 2012.
- The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 3, 2011.
- Rundquist, Jeanette. "Lakewood, N.J.'s fastest-growing town, is defined by its diversity", The Star-Ledger, February 6, 2011. Accessed September 5, 2011. "The 54 percent population increase, according to residents and community leaders in Lakewood, was fueled by growth in the Jewish community, the Latino community and a third group, senior citizens. The town's African-American population, meanwhile, dropped slightly."
- Peterson, Iver. "Tragedy Forces Town To Face Its Divisions; Breaching Barriers of Creed and Culture", The New York Times, August 19, 1995. Accessed June 20, 2016. "The community is not withdrawn in politics, however. The Orthodox vote as a nearly solid bloc, making them the dominant political power in Lakewood, and a power that can only grow: leaders of the yeshiva community, which had about 400 members in 1968, expect their numbers to top 27,000 by the turn of the century."
- U.S. gets another Orthodox mayor, Chicago Jewish Community Online, July 11, 2006. Accessed April 13, 2007. "Orthodox Jews make up nearly half of the village's 70,000 residents, and they often vote as a bloc, with a council of leaders determining whom they should support."
- Mulshine, Paul. "In Lakewood, a Democrat comes up against the reality of democracy", The Star-Ledger, November 15, 2015. Accessed June 20, 2016. "I discussed the recent results with Bob Singer, the Republican state senator from Lakewood who has been representing the town in Trenton since the 1980s. During that time the Orthodox Jewish community has continued to grow and has turned into a political machine that can deliver results like no other, he said."
- History of Lakewood, VillageProfile.com. Accessed September 2, 2015. "Because the name of the town did not suit the visions its promoters had for it, Samuel D. Davis suggested the name 'Brightwood'. Erastus Dickinson suggested 'Lakewood' and the times and Journal conducted a house-to-house canvass of the citizens, who voted for 'Lakewood' by a large majority. On March 20, 1880, the Post Office officially recognized the name of the village as 'Lakewood.'"
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 2, 2015.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 203. Accessed March 19, 2012.
- Axel-Lute pp. 6–8, 11–12, 14, 26, 39, 42–43, 83–84, 95.
- Staff. "LAKEWOOD A WINTER HOME.; PURE AIR FOR WEAK LUNGS AMONG THE NEW-JERSEY PINES.", The New York Times, December 23, 1882. Accessed August 30, 2015. "We have here the purest of air, filtered through miles of pine forest; the purest of water, and the best possible soil for the purpose, with perfect drainage, and a climate always at least 10° warmer than that of New York and from 20° to 30° warmer than New-England."
- "HOLIDAYS AT LAKEWOOD; Balmy Christmas Weather a Boon to Outdoor Sports. SOCIAL EVENTS WERE ALSO ABUNDANT Hotels Liberally Decorated and Extra Efforts to Entertain Guests -- Recent Arrivals from New-York.", The New York Times, December 29, 1895. Accessed August 30, 2015. "These observations have proved that Lakewood possesses an average temperature warmer than that of many a place much further south, a point on which many persons previously had doubts."
- United States Weather Bureau (1934). Climatic Summary of the U.S.
- Axel-Lute pp.52–53.
- Axel-Lute p. 44.
- Axel-Lute p. 49.
- Axel-Lute p. 65.
- Axel-Lute pp. 84, 95.
- Axel-Lute pp. 96–97.
- Axel-Lute p. 1.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Lakewood CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 20, 2012.
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- The History of The Strand, Strand Center of the Arts. Accessed September 15, 2014. "The famous theater architect Thomas Lamb was commissioned in the early 1900s by the Ferber Amusement Company to design a theater in Lakewood, New Jersey.... In 1922, The Strand opened in a time when Lakewood was a popular playground for the rich and famous, including Grover Cleveland and John D. Rockefeller."
- Luttrell, Jim. "BASEBALL: MINOR LEAGUE NOTEBOOK; Phillies' Class A Team Plays in First-Class Park", The New York Times, May 25, 2001. Accessed September 5, 2011. "While the final touches are being applied to new stadiums in Staten Island and Brooklyn, the eighth minor league franchise in New Jersey has already unveiled its $22 million facility.... The Lakewood stadium, which was built in an urban enterprise zone and which the team says is the largest urban enterprise project in the state, has 6,588 reserved seats and general admission grass seating beyond the outfield fences that accommodates another 3,000 people."
- Staff. "Blueclaws Lead League In Attendance For 11th Straight Year", News Record, September 6, 2011. Accessed August 20, 2012. "For the 11th time in as many years, the Lakewood BlueClaws minor league baseball team has led the South Atlantic League in attendance. With 6,263 fans per game coming to FirstEnergy Park – 93 fans per game more than 2010 – the BlueClaws wrapped up their 11th straight attendance title and now begin the push towards five million fans, which will happen early in 2012. The BlueClaws drew 382,070 to FirstEnergy Park this year, bringing their 11-year total to 4,838,603 fans, 161,397 shy of 5-million."
- Sister Mary Grace Burns Arboretum, Georgian Court University. Accessed January 3, 2012. "The arboretum, established in 1989, is named after Sister Mary Grace Burns, who was the chairperson of the biology department and professor of biology from 1927 to 1968. It comprises the entire campus (approx. 155 acres)."
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- Staff. "TEN BODIES FOUND IN LAKEWOOD FIRE; Searchers, Working From Dawn Till Night, Believe Five More Are in Hotel Ruins. IMPEDED BY COLD AND ICE Only Nine Are Identified, Three Tentatively -- Cause of Blaze Is Not Yet Determined.", The New York Times, February 14, 1936. Accessed August 5, 2013. "The toll of known dead in the fire that destroyed the Victoria Mansion Hotel here rose to ten today as three more bodies were recovered. The police were certain that five more were in the ruins heaped where the $100,000 resort building had stood."
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- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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- County Clerk, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
- Biography of Scott M. Colabella, Office of the County Clerk. Accessed January 25, 2015.
- Sheriff Michael Mastronardy, Ocean County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 25, 2015.
- County Surrogate Jeffrey W. Moran, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
- 2015 Elected Officials of Ocean County, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
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- District information for Lakewood Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 15, 2014.
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- Ella G. Clarke School, Lakewood School District. Accessed August 5, 2013.
- Clifton Avenue School, Lakewood School District. Accessed August 5, 2013.
- Oak Street School, Lakewood School District. Accessed August 5, 2013.
- Spruce Street School, Lakewood School District. Accessed August 5, 2013.
- Lakewood Middle School, Lakewood School District. Accessed August 5, 2013.
- Lakewood High School, Lakewood School District. Accessed August 5, 2013.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Lakewood School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 14, 2013.
- About, Georgian Court University. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Ahearn, James. "Opinion: In Central Jersey, a school imbroglio", The Record (Bergen County), June 5, 2012. Accessed August 20, 2012. "The answer was eye-opening. Eighteen thousand kids. That is, to repeat, 18,000. They attended 74 yeshiva schools, served by 14 bus companies, on 400 routes, more than any other district in the state."
- Fahim, Kareem. "As Orthodox Population Grows, So Do Tensions", The New York Times, December 10, 2007. Accessed September 5, 2011. "Many Orthodox Jews have been drawn to Lakewood by the prestige of the town's yeshiva, Beth Medrash Govoha, one of the largest rabbinical colleges in the world. The yeshiva was founded in 1943 by a Polish-born rabbi, Aaron Kotler. In 1962, when Rabbi Kotler died, the school had 250 students. It now has about 5,000. The wider yeshiva community includes more than a hundred temples, and about 50 schools."
- A Brief History, Calvary Academy. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Terry, Nicquel. "Shore Catholic schools set to close in 2015", Asbury Park Press. December 2, 2014. Accessed August 30, 2015. "Two Shore area Catholic schools will close in 2015, citing declining enrollment in recent years as more families opt to send their children to public schools. Officials from both St. Denis School in Manasquan and Holy Family School in Lakewood confirmed Tuesday that the schools would shut down at the end of this school year." (Archive)
- Ocean County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed September 15, 2014.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed September 15, 2014.
- Higgs, larry. "Parkway exit to close permanently Monday night", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 10, 2014, Update as of April 8, 2015. Accessed May 17, 2015. "Exit 88 is scheduled to close permanently at 7 p.m., Monday and traffic to Route 70 will diverted to a new service road at Interchange 89."
- Ocean County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed December 26, 2012.
- Ocean County Bus Service, Greater Mercer TMA. Accessed August 10, 2015.
- Ocean Ride Rider's Guide, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed August 10, 2015.
- Ocean County Transit Guide, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed August 10, 2015.
- FAA Airport Master Record for N12 ( PDF), effective December 20, 2007.
- Halachic authority "after the passing of Rabbi Kotler, Rabbi Abadi became the Posek and the exclusive Halachic authority in Lakewood."
- "Nomination of Morton Isaac Abramowitz To Be United States Ambassador to Turkey", American Presidency Project, April 19, 1989. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Ambassador Abramowitz was born January 20, 1933, in Lakewood, NJ. He graduated from Stanford University (B.A., 1953) and Harvard University (M.A., 1955)."
- Val Ackerman, The Washington Times. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Valerie B. Val Ackerman was born on November 7, 1959 in Lakewood, New Jersey but grew up in Pennington, New Jersey, United States."
- Grimes, William. "Joseph Baum, American Dining's High Stylist, Dies at 78", The New York Times, October 6, 1998. Accessed February 9, 2011. "After graduating from high school in Lakewood, N.J., in 1937, he worked for two years as a busboy, waiter and cook in hotels in New Jersey and Florida to earn tuition money to attend Cornell University, where he earned a degree in hotel administration in 1943."
- Spider Bennett, Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed February 9, 2011.
- Ben Dov, Reuven. "Through the Maze", The Jerusalem Post, January 3, 1992. Accessed February 10, 2011. "HALACHOS OF BROCHOS by Yisroel Pinchos Bodner, Lakewood, New Jersey."
- Brandon Carter, New Orleans Saints. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Born Brandon Scott Carter Sept. 10, 1986 in Lakewood, N.J."
- Haakon Maurice Chevailer, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Haakon Maurice Chevalier was born on September 10, 1901, at Lakewood, New Jersey."
- "Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen On NJ Toeivah Vote: Call Senators and Be Mosif in Tefillah and Torah", Matzav.com, January 7, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011.
- Hegedus, Eric. "Shooting from the lip: 'Southland' cop sounds off on NBC cancellation and TNT rescue", New York Post, February 28, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Cudlitz, 45, has moved on. The Flushing native and former Lakewood, NJ, resident, has aroused a lot of interest in his portrayal of Cooper, who has many personal issues, including his developing gay identity, a prescription drug dependency and a job-threatening back injury, and an ex-wife who figures into his pill-popping problem."
- "The Beleaguered Man", Time (magazine), April 4, 1955. Accessed March 27, 2008. "For the best part of two years (1951-1953) he made his home at the Maryknoll Junior Seminary in Lakewood, N.J.. often going down to Washington to buttonhole State Department men and Congressmen and urge them not to support French colonialism."
- Walker, Rob. Cul-de-Sac Cred, The New York Times, July 10, 2005. Accessed January 3, 2012. "Marc Milecofsky grew up in Lakewood, N.J., about an hour and a half south of Manhattan."
- Schweitzer, Sarah. "When faith, real estate converge: In Sharon, an eruv boosts house prices", The Boston Globe, May 29, 2005. Accessed February 10, 2011. "The Sharon eruv was constructed under the supervision of Meir Sendor, the rabbi at Young Israel of Sharon, with continuing consultation from a noted eruv expert, Rabbi Shimon Eider, of Lakewood, N.J."
- Adelizzi, Joe. "Heat wave at the Shore Leiter leads long list of flamethrowers in area's baseball lore", Asbury Park Press, October 3, 1999. Accessed February 9, 2011. "16. Dick Estelle Lakewood1958 His fastball got him a trip with the Giants."
- Horner, Shirley. "No Headline", The New York Times, August 26, 1984. Accessed March 24, 2016. "'Lottery losers might soon end up winning books here, too,' Hazel Gluck of Lakewood, director of the New Jersey Division of the State Lottery, said the other day."
- Staff. "GOULDS WED IN JUNE AT GEORGIAN COURT; Sailed Together After Lakewood Ceremony, and Are Now at Aix-les-Bains. NO MYSTERY, THEY DECLARE Their Chief Desire, They Say Now, Was for Quiet Wedding and Peaceful Honeymoon.", The New York Times, July 14, 1922. Accessed February 9, 2011. "It will surprise some of their neighbors at Lakewood to learn that the wedding took place at Georgian Court, the Gould house at Lakewood... "
- Staff. "SERGE JAROFF, The New York Times, October 8, 1985. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Serge Jaroff, founder and director of the Don Cossack Chorus, died Saturday in the Paul Kimball Medical Center in Lakewood, N.J. He was 89 years old and lived in Lakewood."
- Stan Kasten keynote speaker page on the Harry Walker Agency Speakers Bureau website.
- The George Jay Gould Estate, Georgian Court University. Accessed February 9, 2011. "The health benefits of Lakewood enticed George Jay Gould, son of railroad magnate Jay Gould, to build Georgian Court in 1896. The construction began ten years after his marriage to a lovely young actress named Edith Kingdon. Edith and George Gould believed Lakewood would be an ideal spot in which to rear their two sons and four daughters."
- Caldwell, Dave. "In the Minor Leagues, It's Not Just About the Baseball", The New York Times, May 1, 2005. Accessed August 20, 2012. "Then, in 1944, a prominent rabbi named Aron Kotler moved to Lakewood from Eastern Europe, and a large Orthodox Jewish community evolved that still numbers about 20,000."
- Staff. "Rabbi Shneur Kotler, 64, Head Of Rabbinical School in Jersey", The New York Times, June 27, 1982. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Rabbi Shneur Kotler, dean of Beth Medrash Govoha, a postgraduate rabbinical school in Lakewood, N.J., died Thursday at Massachusetts General Hospital, in Boston. He was 64 years old and a resident of Lakewood."
- Ducibella, Jim. "Beach Open", The Virginian-Pilot, May 5, 2002. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Kresge, a Lakewood, NJ, native, worked short-game magic the entire back nine..."
- Ultra-Orthodox Mayor Is a First For a Heavily Non-Jewish Town, The Jewish Daily Forward, November 21, 2003. Accessed February 10, 2011.
- Staff. "JOSEPH MAYER; Former Mayor of Belmar Was Director of Freeholders", The New York Times, November 19, 1942. Accessed February 9, 2011. "He was born in Hazelton, Pa., Where he was elected to the Common Council at the age of 21 and later served as its president. He moved to Belmar in 1908 after residing in Lakewood."
- Staff. "CHARLES W. MORSE'S MARRIAGE ANNULLED; Divorce Mrs. Morse Secured from First Husband Pronounced Illegal.", The New York Times, January 8, 1904. Accessed February 10, 2011. "They gave up that house a few months ago, and have been living at their home in Lakewood, N.J., and at their Summer cottage at Bath, Me."
- Staff. "Loren Murchison, 80, Track Star", The New York Times, June 14, 1979. Accessed February 9, 2011. "For the last 16 years he had resided in Leisure Village, a retirement community in Lakeville [sic]."
- Thomas, Robert McG., Jr. "Haydn Proctor, 93, a Judge And New Jersey State Senator", The New York Times, October 5, 1996. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Haydn Proctor, a longtime New Jersey official who operated at the highest levels of all three branches of state government, died on Wednesday at a hospital near his home in Lakewood, N.J."
- Staff. "N.J. corruption arrests strike core of Deal's Syrian Jewish community", The Star-Ledger, July 23, 2009. Accessed February 10, 2011. "'These are only allegations. All these people are innocent until proven guilty,' said Yosef Reinman, a rabbi and author in Lakewood's sizable Orthodox Jewish community, which is less than 20 miles from Deal."
- Ocean County Park, Ocean County Department of Parks & Recreation. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Ocean County Park was originally part of Financier John D. Rockefeller's vacation estate."
- via United Press International. "Bulls' Bid Denied", Times-Union, July 12, 1972. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Robert Schmertz, a real estate executive from Lakewood, has received unanimous approval from the National Basketball Association Board of Governors to purchase the Boston Celtics, but another group was rejected in its bid to buy the Chicago Bulls."
- P., Ken. "An Interview with Armin Shimerman: Deep Space Nine's Quark discusses his career.", IGN, August 4, 2003. Accessed February 9, 2011. "IGN FILMFORCE: Am I correct in understanding that you're originally from Lakewood, New Jersey? ARMIN SHIMERMAN: Yes ... a small town in the mid-section of New Jersey, Ocean County. It was a great, great childhood and it was a terrific town – probably still is. I haven't been there for decades. I keep waiting for them to invite me back to be sort of a VIP at one of their parades, but it hasn't happened yet."
- Staff. "Arthur Siegel, Song Composer And Pianist, 70", The New York Times, September 17, 1994. Accessed August 5, 2013. "Mr. Siegel, whose career in show business spanned nearly five decades, was born in Lakewood, N.J., on Dec. 31, 1923, and grew up in Asbury Park, N.J. He came to New York City in the 1930s and studied at the Juilliard School and the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, where he met the entertainer Eddie Cantor's daughter and got his first big break as Cantor's accompanist."
- Lowe, Herbert. "A GAME OF MUSICAL CHAIRS WHEN A SENATOR DIED THIS SUMMER, AN ASSEMBLY CANDIDATE REPLACED HIM IN THE STATE SENATE.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 26, 1993. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Republican Robert W. Singer, a former mayor of Lakewood Township, is seeking his first term as state senator. Singer, 45, was serving his third two-year term in the Assembly until moving over to the Senate on October 14 to succeed John Dimon, who died in September."
- The Nuggets interviews: J.R. Smith, The Denver Post, February 11, 2007. "J.R. Smith had his parents and a big family growing up, which helped get him through the mean streets of Lakewood, N.J."
- Biography, LewSoloff.com. Accessed September 5, 2011. "Born in Brooklyn, on February 20, 1944, Soloff was raised in Lakewood, New Jersey and started studying piano at an early age."
- Dershowitz, Yitzchok. The legacy of Maran Rav Aharon Kotler, p. 442. Feldheim Publishers, 2005. ISBN 1-58330-875-X. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Footnote 113: Yet, Rebbetzin Taplin, the wife of Rav Yisroel Taplin of Lakewood..."
- Gros, Michael. "The Teshuvah Journey: Making Up For Lost Time", The Jewish Press. August 19, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Penina grew up in a turbulent, loosely affiliated Jewish home in Lakewood, New Jersey."
- Staff. "Steve Tisch", Los Angeles Times. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Born in Lakewood, N.J., Tisch graduated from Tufts University and began his entertainment career as Peter Guber's assistant at Columbia Pictures."
- Staff. "Col. Charles Waterhouse of Ocean County has spent a lifetime painting the faces of those who fight our wars.", Asbury Park Press, December 16, 2006. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Waterhouse, a Perth Amboy native who now lives in Lakewood with his wife, spoke from the museum at 17 Washington St. in Toms River."
- Vecsey, George. "SPORT OF THE TIMES; Building Toward the Days of October", The New York Times, May 29, 1988. Accessed August 20, 2012. "Shortly after his classic time at bat in the sixth game of the 1986 World Series, Wilson and his wife, Rosa, started an educational center for girls, Mookie's Roses, near their home in Lakewood, N.J."
- Nahshoni, Kobi. "Bnei Brak gets twin sister; Ultra-Orthodox city in central Israel signs Twin City Alliance with Lakewood, New Jersey, which has large haredi community", Ynetnews, May 31, 2011. Accessed March 24, 2016. "The ultra-Orthodox central city of Bnei Brak has found a twin sister overseas – Lakewood, New Jersey, which also has a very large haredi community."
- Axel-Lute, Paul. Lakewood-in-the-Pines: A History of Lakewood, New Jersey, self-published, 1986 (South Orange, NJ)
- Lakewood Township website
- Lakewood School District
- Lakewood School District's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Lakewood School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- Lakewood Branch of Ocean County Library
|Jackson Township||Brick Township|
|Toms River Township
(formerly Dover Township)