Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
|Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis
Goy ani Daman Mha-Dhormprant
|Ecclesiastical province||Goa and Daman|
|Area||4,194 km2 (1,619 sq mi)|
|(as of 2006)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St Catherine of Alexandria in Old Goa|
|Patron saint||St. Joseph Vaz|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Filipe Neri Ferrão|
|Suffragan||Diocese of Sindhudurg|
|Emeritus Bishops||Raul Nicolau Gonsalves Archbishop Emeritus (1978-2004)|
The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman (Latin: Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis, Portuguese: Arquidiocese de Goa e Damão) is an archdiocese encompassing the state of Goa, and the Union Territories of Daman in India. The ecclesiastical province of Goa and Daman includes the suffragan dioceses of The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sindhudurg (Dioecesis Sindhudurgiensis) which includes the districts of Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri and Kolhapur in Maharashtra state, except the St. Francis Xavier parish in Kolhapur City. The Archdiocese of Sindhudurg was created on July 5, 2005, when it was split off from the Diocese of Poona. It was a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Bombay until 25 November 2006, when Pope Benedict XVI transferred it to the newly established Metropolitan province of Goa and Damão. The archdiocese is the Primatial See of the East, and the archbishop carries the title of the Patriarch of the East Indies.In Konkani, the local Language of Goa this archdiocese is known as Goy ani Damanv Mha-Dhormprant.
It is the oldest diocese in terms of activity in the East, with its origins linked to the arrival of the Portuguese on the Malabar Coast. The Metropolitan Archbishop of Goa and Daman also uses the title of Primate of the Indies or Primate of the East and honorifically receives the title of Patriarch of the East Indies.
The current Metropolitan Archbishop and Patriarch of the East Indies is Filipe Neri Ferrão. The Cathedral of the Archdiocese is the Se Cathedral in Old Goa and has as its co-cathedral the Our Lady of the Sea Sanctuary in Daman. Its minor basilica is the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa, Goa. Under its ecclesiastical jurisdiction lie the world heritage site of the Churches and Convents of Goa.
To show his concern towards his flock, To get connected with his people and to share the teachings of the Church, the Archbishop writes a Pastoral Letter, to the congregation and people of Good faith annually. This pastoral letter is based on a theme chosen for the year. This letter helps the faithful to strengthen their faith and live a fruitful life Throughout the year.
The territory is divided into 167 parishes and is served by 701 priests.
After the Portuguese conquest of Goa by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510, King Manuel I built a chapel in honour of St. Catherine, named as the patron of the city in 1518. For governing Christians in the region, the charge was given to Dom Duarte Nunes, O.P., bishop-titular of Laodicea, who ruled until 1527. He was succeeded by Dom Fernando Vaqueiro, OFM, who ruled from 1529 to 1535.
John III then commissioned the construction of a cathedral in Goa and Pope Clement VII erected the Diocese of Goa on January 31, 1533, by papal Bull Romani Pontificis Circumspectio. The jurisdiction of the new diocese then stretched from the Cape of Good Hope to China and Japan. On November 3, 1534 the erection of the diocese was confirmed by the Bull Aequum reputamus of Pope Paul III, since Clement VII's death had prevented the publication of the erection. The diocese was originally a suffragan of the Diocese of Funchal.
At the request of King Sebastian, on February 4, 1557, Pope Paul IV separated the Goa Diocese from the Ecclesiastical Province of Lisbon and raised it to a metropolitan Archdiocese, with the suffragan dioceses of Cochin and Diocese of Malacca. In the course of time other dioceses were included in the metropolitan area of Goa: Macau, Funai in Japan, Cranganore and Meliapor in India, Nanjing and Beijing in China, Mozambique in Africa and Daman, the last of which is still part of it.
By the brief of December 13, 1572 Pope Gregory XIII granted the Archbishop of Goa the title of Primate of the East. In 1857, Goa had gained several suffragan dioceses in the Indian subcontinent but retained only Macau and Mozambique outside that geographical area.
On 23 January 1886, Pope Leo XIII, through the Apostolic Constitution Humanae Salutis Auctor, invested the Archbishop of Goa with the honorary title of Patriarch of the East Indies. In the same year, the Archdiocese of Cranganore, created by the breve Multa praeclare of Pope Gregory XVI on April 24, 1838, was dissolved and the title attached to the Diocese of Daman, created by the Bull Humanae salutis of Pope Leo XIII and dissolved on May 1, 1928 with the Bull Inter Apostolicam and attached to the Goa archdiocese. Since then, the archbishop came to be called by the Archbishop of Goa and Daman, also having the names of Patriarch of the East Indies and Titular Archbishop of Cranganore.
In 1940, Dili (in Timor) was elevated to diocese and placed as suffragan of Goa while Mozambique was the same year spun off from the Metropolitan Archdiocese. In 1953 the Archdiocese of Goa lost the suffragan dioceses of Cochin, Meliampor and Canara following the ecclesiastical territorial reorganization of the new Indian state.
On December 19, 1961, the Indian Union annexed the territories of Goa, Daman and Diu and the following year the Patriarch Archbishop José Vieira de Alvernaz left the territory. In 1965, the territory of Diu was entrusted to the Missionary Society of St. Francis Xavier. The complex issue of the annexation of the Portuguese-ruled territories, led the Vatican to accept only in 1975 the resignation of the last Patriarch, putting the Goa archdiocese directly subordinate to the Holy See. Dioceses of Dili and Macau were also de-linked from the ecclesiastical province and placed also directly subordinate to the Holy See.
By the Bull "Quoniam Archdioecesi" of January 30, 1978, Pope Paul VI appointed Rev. Bishop Raul Nicolau Gonçalves as Archbishop of Goa and Daman also titled "ad honorem" Patriarch of the East Indies. By the Bull "Inter Capital" of December 12, 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed the Rev. Filipe Neri Ferrao as new Archbishop of Goa and Daman granting him also the "honorary" Patriarch's title. The award of Patriarch of title is not mandatory and is a prerogative of the Pope.
The Archdiocese of Goa and Daman remained—until November 25, 2006—as just an archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See. This was as it was headed by an archbishop who was not metropolitan, because the archdiocese had no suffragan dioceses since January 1, 1975, when the dioceses Macao and Dili were separated from it. On November 25, 2006, Pope Benedict XVI addressed this issue with the Bull Cum Christi Evangelii, to make the diocese of Sindhudurg a suffragan of Goa and Daman, which together formed a new ecclesiastical province.
- January 31, 1533: Established as Archdiocese of Goa from the Diocese of Funchal
- 4 February 1557 : Established Diocese of Cochin as a suffragan diocese (other being Diocese of Malacca)
- February 4, 1558: Established suffragan diocese - Diocese of Malacca, (other being Diocese of Cochin)
- February 4, 1558: Promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa
- May 1, 1928: Renamed as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
- January 1, 1976: Demoted as Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
- November 25, 2006: Promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
- Minor Basilicas:
|34º||Filipe Neri do Rosário Ferrão||2004– present||Second Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman|
|33º||Raul Nicolau Gonçalves||1978–2004||First Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman, Archbishop-emeritus
|32º||José Vieira Alvernaz||1953–1975||Last Archbishop of Portuguese period|
|-||José Vieira Alvernaz||1950-1953||Archbishop-coadjutor|
|31º||José da Costa Nunes||1940–1953||Later Cardinal
|30º||Teotónio Emanuel Ribeira Vieira de Castro||1929–1940|
|29º||Mateus de Oliveira Xavier||1909–1929|
|28º||António Sebastião Valente||1882-1908||first Patriarch of the East Indies
|27º||Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos||1875-1880|
|26º||João Crisóstomo de Amorim Pessoa||1862-1874||Later archbishop of Braga|
|25º||José Maria da Silva Torres||1844-1851|
|24º||Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M.||1812-1831|
|-||Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M.||1804-1812||Archbishop-coadjutor|
|23º||Frei Manuel de Santa Catarina, O.C.D.||1784-1812|
|22º||Frei Francisco da Assunção e Brito, O.S.A.||1773-1783|
|21º||António Taveira da Neiva Brum da Silveira||1750-1773|
|20º||Frei Lourenço de Santa Maria e Melo, O.F.M.||1741-1750||Later archbishop-bishop of Faro
|19º||Frei Eugénio de Trigueiros, O.S.A.||1741||Died before taking office.|
|18º||Frei Inácio de Santa Teresa, O.S.A.||1721-1740|
|17º||Sebastião de Andrade Pessanha||1715-1721|
|16º||Frei Agostinho da Anunciação, O.C.||1690-1713|
|15º||Frei Alberto de São Gonçalo da Silva, O.S.A.||1686-1688|
|14º||Manuel de Sousa Meneses||1680-1684|
|13º||Frei António Brandão, O.C.||1674-1678|
|12º||Frei Cristóvão da Silveira, O.S.A.||1670-1673|
|11º||Frei Francisco dos Mártires, O.F.M.||1635-1652|
|10º||Frei Manuel Teles de Brito, O.P.||1631-1633|
|9º||Frei Sebastião de São Pedro, O.S.A.||1624-1629|
|8º||Frei Cristóvão de Sá e Lisboa, O.S.H.||1612-1622|
|7º||Frei Aleixo de Meneses||1595-1612||Later archbishop of Braga and viceroy of Portugal
|6º||Frei Mateus de Medina, O. Carm.||1588-1593|
|5º||Frei João Vicente da Fonseca, O.P.||1583-1586|
|4º||Frei Henrique de Távora e Brito, O.P.||1578-1581|
|3º||Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira||1571-1576||reappointed|
|2º||Frei Jorge Temudo, O.P.||1567-1571|
|1º||Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira||1558-1567|
|-||Filipe do Rosário Ferrão||1993-2004||Auxiliary Bishop|
|-||Raul Nicolau Gonçalves||1967-1978||Auxiliary Bishop|
|-||Francisco Xavier da Piedade Rebelo||1963-1966||Auxiliary bishop, apostolic administrator sede plena between 1966 and 1972.
|-||António Joaquim de Medeiros||1882-1884||Auxiliary Bishop after bishop of Macau
|-||Tomás Gomes de Almeida||1879-1883||Auxiliary Bishop|
|-||Joaquim de Santa Rita Botelho||1851 - ????||Bishop of Cochin, head vicar and governor of Goa archbishop|
|-||Pedro da Silva||1688-1690||Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator|
|-||Frei Miguel da Cruz Rangel, O.P.||1634-1635||Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator|
|-||Frei João da Rocha||1630-1631||titular bishop of Hierapolis, as Apostolic Administrator
|-||Domingos Torrado, O.E.S.A.||1605-1612||Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Fisicula|
|-||Diego da Conceição de Araújo, O.E.S.A.||1595-1597||Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Calama|
|-||André de Santa Maria, O.F.M.||1593-1595||Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
|-||Jorge de Santa Luzia, O.P.||1559-1560||Bishop of Malacca, as Apostolic Administrator
|2º||Frei João Afonso de Albuquerque, O.F.M.||1539-1553|
|1º||Francisco de Melo||1533-1536||First bishop of Goa, did not take possession.|
|Priests and friars as administrators|
|-||António João de Ataíde||1839-1844||priest|
|-||António Feliciano de Santa Rita Carvalho||1837-1839||head vicar and governor of the archbishopric of Goa|
|-||Paulo António Dias da Conceição||1835-1837||priest, Cathedral administrator|
|-||José Paulo da Costa Pereira de Almeida||1831-1835||priest, Dean of the Cathedral|
|-||Gonçalo Veloso||1629 - 1630||head vicar|
|-||Frei Domingos da Trindade||1612||governor|
- Christianity in India
- Roman Catholicism in India
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses in India
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured_view)-Episcopal Conference of India
- Goan Catholics
- Conselho Ultramarino. Annaes do Conselho Ultramarino. Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional, 1867. Capítulo: Ásia.
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- Bula Aequum reputamus|4 in Bullarium patronatus Portugalliae regum, Tomus I, pp. 148–152
- Bula Etsi Sancta|4 in Bullarium patronatus Portugalliae regum, Tomus I, pp. 191–192
- Bula Humanae salutis
- Inter Apostolicam|AAS 20 (1928), p. 247
- Ad nominum|AAS 68 (1976), p. 307
- Bula Cum Christi Evangelii
- Ereção da nova Província Eclesiástica de Goa e Damão
- List of Indian Sees, from the Catholic Bishops Conference of India site
- Data of the Archdiocese, from the UCAN site
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- Archdiocese of Goa - suffragan sees of Cochin and Malacca
- Archdiocese of Goa | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
- Diocese of Cochin erected | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
- www.gcatholic.org | Diocese of Cochin
- www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Diocese of Cochin
- Diocese of Malacca | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
- www.gcatholic.org | Diocese of Malacca
- www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Diocese of Malacca
- Media related to Churches in India at Wikimedia Commons
- Media related to Roman Catholic churches in India at Wikimedia Commons
- Catholic Hierarchy
- Official site of the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman