Roman bridge of Córdoba
Roman bridge of Córdoba
|Carries||Pedestrians and bicycles (since 2004)|
|Locale||Cordoba, Province of Córdoba, Spain|
|Next upstream||Miraflores Bridge|
|Next downstream||San Rafael Bridge|
|Total length||331 m (1,086 ft)|
|Width||9 m (30 ft)|
The Roman bridge of Córdoba is a bridge in the Historic centre of Córdoba, Andalusia, southern Spain, originally built in the early 1st century BC across the Guadalquivir river, though it has been reconstructed at various times since. It is also known locally as the Old Bridge as for two thousand years, until the construction of the San Rafael Bridge in the mid-twentieth century, it was the city's only bridge across the river.
Most of the present structure dates from the Arabs reconstruction in the 8th century.
It is included in the small preserved area known as Sotos de la Albolafia. Since 1931, the bridge, together with the Puerta del Puente and the Calahorra tower, has been declared a Bien de Interés Cultural in the monument category. It also part of the historic centre of Cordoba, declared a World Heritage Site in 1984.
Firstly, The bridge was built by the Romans in the early 1st century BC, perhaps replacing a previous wooden one. However, its current shape was after the Islamic reconstruction, it has 16 arcades, one fewer than originally, and a total length of 247 meters. The width is around 9 meters.
The Via Augusta, which connected Rome to Cádiz, most likely passed through it. During the early Islamic domination the Umayyad dynasty's designated Muslim governor Al-Samh ibn Malik al-Khawlani ordered a bridge to be built on the ruins of what was left of the old Roman construction. In the Middle Ages, the Calahorra Tower and the Puerta del Puente were built at the bridge's southern and northern ends, respectively (the latter is now a 16th-century reconstruction). The bridge was reconstructed and expanded to its current size. The arches depict the famous Arabs architecture that dominates the city's scenery. In the 17th century, a sculpture depicting St. Raphael was put in the middle of the bridge, executed by Bernabé Gómez del Río.
During its history, the bridge was restored and renovated several times (in particular in the 10th century), and now only the 14th and 15th arches (counting from the Puerta del Puente) are original.
On 1 May 2004, the bridge was pedestrianised after the construction of Miraflores bridge (completed in 2003).
In 2006 it was closed to traffic to carry out conservation work on the structure, as well as internal and external restoration work. The restoration of the bridge had a budget of 13.6 million euros and was completed on 1 January 2008. The work was directed by municipal architect Juan Cuenca Montilla. The restoration was controversial as it significantly affected the appearance of the bridge, such as the pink granite used for the paving. As part of the work, the starlings were cleaned, uncovering the original brickwork, the paving was replaced with polished granite slabs, the nineteenth century street lights were replaced with bollard lights and the existing niche dedicated to Saint Acisclus and Saint Victoria was refurbished. In addition, the level of the north end of the bridge was raised, making it flush with the Paseo de la Ribera. The inauguration of the restored bridge took place on 9 January 2008 and was attended by the president of the Regional Government of Andalusia Manuel Chaves and the mayor of Córdoba Rosa Aguilar.
- Colin O’Connor: Roman Bridges, Cambridge University Press 1993, ISBN 0-521-39326-4, pp. 103 (SP7)
- Ahmed Mohammed al-Maqqari: Nafhu at-Teeb min Ghosni al-Andalusi ar-Rateeb, pp. 480
Media related to Roman bridge, Córdoba at Wikimedia Commons