Khatumo State

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Khatumo State of Somalia
  • Maamul Goboleedka Khaatumo ee Soomaaliya  (Somali)
  • ولاية خاتمة  (Arabic)
  • Wilāyat Arḍ al-Khatoum aṣ-Ṣūmāliyyah
Flag
Capital Taleh
9°8′N 48°25′E / 9.133°N 48.417°E / 9.133; 48.417
Largest city Buhoodle
Official languages
Demonym Somali[1]
Somalian[2]
  • Khatumite
Government Autonomous presidential democracy
Autonomy within Somalia
 -  Established 2012 
Currency Somali shilling (SOS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Calling code +252 (Somalia)
Internet TLD .so

Khatumo State (Somali: Khaatumo, Arabic: ولاية خاتمة‎), officially the Khatumo State of Somalia (Somali: Maamul Goboleedka Khaatumo ee Soomaaliya), is a region in northern Somalia. Centered on the Sool, Sanaag and Cayn or SSC provinces, its leaders declared the territory an autonomous state in 2012.[3]

Overview[edit]

Historically, the Sool, Sanaag and Cayn (SSC) regions of Somalia served as the seats of both the Warsangeli Sultanate and the Dervish State.

A Khatumo State launch ceremony in Dubai (2013).

Control of the territory is disputed between Khatumo State (formerly HBM-SSC or Hoggaanka Badbaadada iyo Mideynta SSC) and the autonomous Puntland and Somaliland regions of Somalia.[4]

According to the Northern Somali Unionist Movement (NSUM), Khatumo State's precursor, NSUM stands for the promotion of peace, reconciliation and unity among all people from Somalia. The organization does not recognize the self-declared independence of Somaliland. It also opposes the 2007 occupation of the Sool province by Somaliland troops.[5] In 2010, NSUM militants were involved in clashes between themselves and Somaliland forces near Widhwidh, in the Cayn region of Somalia.

In 2012, the Khatumo State administration was finalized after a series of domestic and overseas conferences beginning in 2007 between prominent political figures, traditional leaders and local residents. The territory's capital lies at Taleh.[3]

Khatumo is derived from an Arabic term meaning a "positive conclusion." The administration's stated aim is to bring development and stability to the region through the establishment of a locally-based government.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Most residents belong to the Somali ethnic group, with the Dhulbahante sub-clan of the Harti Darod especially well-represented. Other clans with a presence in the region include the Faqashini-Ayr, Abdirahman Harti (Kaskiqabe) and Gabooye.[3]

Government[edit]

Administrative divisions of Khatumo State.

The Khatumo State governmental authority is structured somewhat differently from Somalia's other autonomous administrations. It has three presidents, four councils and various ministerial positions.[3]

Presidents[edit]

  • Ahmed Elmi Osman (Karaash) - until 2013
  • Mohamed Yusuf Jama (Indhosheel)
  • Abdinuur Elmi Qaaji (Biindhe) - former Puntland Minister of Sports

Councils[edit]

  • Supreme Council of Traditional Leaders
  • Executive Council (G10 or Group 10)
  • Presidential Council (with three presidents and ministers)
  • Parliament Council

Ministers[edit]

  • Hussien Saleebaan Haji Ahmed, Minister for International Relations and Diaspora
  • Mohamed Ducaale Abdi, Minister for Security
  • Osman Ahmed Jeex, Minister for Finance
  • Abdikariim Farah Dhaaye, Minister for Development and Natural Resources
  • Mohamoud Diiriye Abdi Joof, Minister for Social Services
  • Yasiin Ahmed Sulub, Minister for Interior Affairs
Deputies
  • Hasan Ali Jama, First Deputy Minister for International Relations
  • Farduus Mohamed Mire, Second Deputy Minister for International Relations
  • Jama Hassan Khaliif, Deputy Minister for Security
  • Ibraahim Mohamoud Guure, Deputy Minister for Development and Natural Resources
  • Abdi Farah Mahad, Second Deputy Minister for Development and Natural Resources
  • Hassan Muse Awl, First Deputy Minister for Interior Affairs
  • Abshir Abdi Shiekh, Second Deputy Minister for Interior Affairs
  • Abdifatah Osman Dhala, First Deputy Minister for Social Affairs
  • Asia Hassan Jama, First Deputy Minister for Social Affairs
  • Ibrahim Jama Garab-Yare, First Deputy Minister for Finance
  • Ali isman gedle , Second Deputy Minister for Finance

Other[edit]

  • Mukhatar Ibraahim Habashi, Chief of Cabinet
  • Omar Jama Saleebaan, Spokesman for Khatumo State

Military[edit]

Khatumo maintains its own military and police forces. Exclusively financed by the state administration, they are tasked with assuring local security and defending the region's borders. According to Khatumo President Abdinuur Elmi Qaaji, the forces are well trained and armed.[3] Khatumo troops have been deployed in defence operations against invading Somaliland troops in Buhoodle and other disputed towns within SSC territory.[3][6] As of 2012, Khatumo forces are led by Abdirisak Fanah, with Omar Jama Saleiman serving as official spokesman.[7][8]

Economy[edit]

Livestock is the backbone of the Khatumo State's economy. Camel, cattle, goats and sheep are exported from the region and other parts of northern Somalia to neighboring Gulf Arab countries, such as Saudi Arabia.[9] In rural areas, some farming is also practiced.[10]

Khatumo State's social and economic infrastructure is in the gradual process of rehabilitation after a prolonged period of conflict.[3] Remittances sent by Somali expatriates to relatives in the region contribute significantly to the local economy. Through the construction of a new air transportation facility, Khatumo officials have sought to encourage the repatriation of SSC residents. The returnees would in turn be accommodated in newly built hotels, restaurants and other businesses, which would serve to create additional employment opportunities.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Air transportation in Khatumo State is served by the Taleh Airport (Taleex Airport). The facility is named in honor of Sayyid Mohamed Abdullah Hassan, leader of the Dervish State. Air travel to Taleh Airport was planned and organized by Khatumo officials. On 4 December 2012, the airport hosted its inaugural flight from Mogadishu, the national capital.[10]

Additionally, the Ismail Mire International Airport began providing flights to and from Buuhoodle in April 2014.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Somalia". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Paul Dickson, Labels for locals: what to call people from Abilene to Zimbabwe (Merriam-Webster: 1997), p.175. ISBN 006088164X.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "What is Khatumo State?". Somalia Report. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Somaliland’s Quest for International Recognition and the HBM-SSC Factor
  5. ^ NSUM - About us
  6. ^ "Somalia: Silanyo calls for peace after Somaliland forces clash with armed group". Garowe Online. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Omar, Shiine (2 August 2012). "Deadly Fighting in Buhoodle". Somalia Report. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Said Ismail, Aweys Cadde (26 January 2012). "Somaliland Attacks Khatumo Militia". Somalia Report. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Livestock: The Mainstay". FAO. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c Hashi, Ahmed. "Khatumo State Gains Access to International Air Travel". Awdalstate. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "DEG DEG:Diyaaradi Labaad Oo buhodle Iyo taleeex Ku Wajahan sacadaha Soo Socda". Marqaan News. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°15′17″N 46°19′42″E / 8.25472°N 46.32833°E / 8.25472; 46.32833 (Buuhoodle)