Muse Bihi Abdi

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Musa Bihi Abdi
موسى بيهي عبدي
5th President of Somaliland
Assumed office
13 December 2017
Vice President Abdirahman Saylici
Preceded by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud
Personal details
Born 1948 (age 68–69)
Hargeisa, British Somaliland
Political party Peace, Unity, and Development Party
Alma mater Gagarin Air Force Academy
United States Military Academy
University of Hargeisa

Musa Bihi Abdi (Somali: Muuse Bixi Cabdi, Arabic: موسى بيهي عبدي‎) (born 1948 in Hargeisa, British Somaliland[1]) is a Somaliland politician and former military officer who has been President of Somaliland since December 2017. During the 1970s, he served as a pilot in the Somali Air Force under the Siad Barre administration. In 2010, Bihi was appointed the Chairman of the ruling Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye) in the self-declared Republic of Somaliland. in November 2015, Bihi was selected as the party's Presidential Candidate at the 5th central committee convention. [2] [3].

On November 21, 2017 Muse Bihi was announced the winner of the 2017 presidential election. He officially became President of Somaliland on December 13, 2017.


Personal life[edit]

Musa Behi went to Hargeisa and Amoud Schools for his primary and secondary education respectively. As one of the top achievers in his year’s GCC exams in the country, he was among a group of high achievers selected to go to the former USSR to study aeronautics in “Gagarin Air Force Academy”. Upon successful completion, he became a fighter pilot for the then Somali Air Force and effectively took part in the Ogaden War; providing air support to the then 21st Division of the Somali Army. He quickly rose through the ranks and was rewarded with another scholarship, this time in the US’s West Point Academy where he earned his second Degree.


In 2010, Mr Bihi obtained another Masters Degree in Conflict Resolution from the faculty of Peace and Conflict Studies of the University of Hargeisa. He obtained this Masters Degree while he was working in a very busy political environment. Muse Bihi is fluent in English, Arabic and Russian.

Military career[edit]

During the 1970s, he served as a pilot in the Somali Air Force under the Siad Barre administration.

Muse Bihi as an Somali Airforce pilot

In 1985, he left the Somali army and joined the Somali National Movement (SNM) that successfully ousted the Somali dictator’s regime after a long armed

Muse Bihi was arrested by Siad Barre under the conspiracy of being supporter to SNM in 1982, but luckly he managed his release and immediately left the country to further his military studies in US. The Somali government tried its best to bring him back to Somalia but he fled to Saudi Arabia, days upon his arrival, the Saudi inteligent forces looked for him, however he left Saudi to UAE where he took a flight to Djibouti.

Before 1970 when Bihi joined the army, he had residence in Djibouti, when he arrived he claimed his citizenship and it was granted for him. When he became naturalised Djibouti citizen, he went back to UAE and boarded a flight to Addisababa. Bihi mention in an interview " that moment was the scariest moment that i have ever faced, there were two things that i hated the most, lion and Ethiopian".

Ethiopian government interrogated Muse and later released after the confirmation of being a member of SNM. From 1985 to 1988 Muse lived in the bushes initiating intensive guerrila war against Siad Barre regime. May 31st 1988 was a big moment for president Bihi and he gets really emotion very often if he remembers 1988. The Somali air forces bombarded Hargeisa and Buroa just a week after SNM raided these two cities and captured vast swathes. Untill 1990, president Bihi served as rebel commander before joining politics and serving as home affairs minister under the late president M I Egal in 1992. struggle[1].

Political career[edit]

Egal Administration[edit]

After the rebirth of Somaliland, Col. Muse Behi Abdi played a vital role in the reconciliation process of Somaliland clans in Burao, Berbera, Sheekh and Borama.

In 1993, Muse Behi served as Minister of Interior and National Security in late President M. I. Egal’s government[1].

Silanyo Administration[edit]

In 2010, Mr Musa Bihi became the chairman of Somaliland’s Kulmiye Party. In 2015, Bihi was elected by the Party Congress as the Kulmiye presidential candidate in the forthcoming elections of 2017 presidention election.[1].

2017 presidential election[edit]

The 2017 Somaliland presidential elections were held on November 13, 2017. On November 21 Muse Bihi was announced as the winner of the election, becoming President-elect of Somaliland.


Muse Bihi Abdi was officially inaugurated as President of the Republic of Somaliland on December 13, 2017 in the capital Hargeisa.


  1. ^ a b c d Olad, Mohamed (21 November 2017). "Somaliland Ruling Party Candidate Bihi Wins Election". Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  2. ^ "Somalia: Wrangle splits Somaliland Ruling Party as President Siilaanyo seeks re-election". 26 May 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Muse Bihi and Saylici Elected as Kulmiye's Presidential Candidate". 11 November 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud
President of Somaliland