Saccharina japonica

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Saccharina japonica
Dasima 2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Clade: SAR
Phylum: Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Laminariales
Family: Laminariaceae
Genus: Saccharina
Species:
S. japonica
Binomial name
Saccharina japonica
(J.E. Areschoug) C.E. Lane, C. Mayes, Druehl & G.W. Saunders
Synonyms

Laminaria japonica J.E. Areschoug
Laminaria ochotensis Miyabe

Saccharina japonica is a marine species of the Phaeophyceae (brown algae) class, a type of kelp or seaweed, which is extensively cultivated on ropes between the seas of China, Japan and Korea.[1] It is widely eaten in East Asia.[2] A commercially important species, S. japonica is also called ma-konbu (真昆布) in Japanese, dasima (다시마) in Korean and hǎidài (海带) in Chinese.[2] Large harvests are produced by rope cultivation which is a simple method of growing seaweeds by attaching them to floating ropes in the ocean.[1][3]

The species has been cultivated in China, Japan, Korea, Russia and France.[4] It is one of the two most consumed species of kelp in China and Japan.[1] Saccharina japonica is also used for the production of alginates, with China producing up to ten thousand tons of the product each year.[5]

Consuming excessive S. japonica suppresses thyroid function.[6]

Nomenclature[edit]

The species was transferred to Saccharina in 2006.[7] Three synonyms for this species name are Laminaria japonica (J. E. Areschoug 1851), its variety Laminaria japonica var. ochotensis (Miyabe & Okamura 1936) and Laminaria ochotensis (Miyabe 1902).[4]

Cultivation[edit]

With the development of cultivation technology, though over 90% of Japanese kombu is cultivated mostly in Hokkaidō, production can also be found as far as south of the Seto Inland Sea.

Culinary use[edit]

China[edit]

Cold sliced kelp at a restaurant in Beijing, China

In Chinese cuisine, sliced kelp is a common hors d'oeuvre which is often consumed with alcohol.

Korea[edit]

In Korean cuisine, dasima is used to make broth, deep-fried into bugak or twigak (coated and uncoated fries), pickled in soy sauce as jangajji, and eaten raw as a sea vegetable for ssam (wraps).

It is also used to make dasima-cha (kelp tea).

Cheonsa-chae (kelp noodles) is made from the alginic acid from dasima.

One of Nongshim's instant noodle, the Korean original versions of Neoguri, contains one (or rarely more) big piece of dasima in every package. Odongtong Myon, Ottogi's copy of Neoguri, also has big piece of dasima in every package - Ottogi uses 2 dasimas since 2020.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c M. D. Guiry. "Kelps: Laminaria and Saccharina". www.seaweed.ie.
  2. ^ a b Abbott, Isabella A (1989). "Food and food products from seaweeds". In Lembi, Carole A.; Waaland, J. Robert (eds.). Algae and human affairs. Cambridge University Press, Phycological Society of America. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-521-32115-0.
  3. ^ Laminaria seafarming in China FAO[1]
  4. ^ a b Guiry, M.D.; Guiry, G.M. "Saccharina japonica". AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.
  5. ^ M. D. Guiry. "Alginates". www.seaweed.ie.
  6. ^ Miyai, Kiyoshi; Tokushige, Tomoyasu; Kondo, Masahiko (2008-12-01). "Suppression of thyroid function during ingestion of seaweed "Kombu" (Laminaria japonica) in normal Japanese adults". Endocrine Journal. 55 (6): 1103–1108. doi:10.1507/endocrj.k08e-125. ISSN 1348-4540. PMID 18689954.
  7. ^ Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.
  8. ^ "백종원·함영준 효과… 다시마 2장 '오뚜기 오동통면' 정식 출시". Chosun Ilbo. 2020-07-09.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]