Sagada

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Sagada
Municipality
Municipality of Sagada
Panoramic view of Sagada
Panoramic view of Sagada
Official seal of Sagada
Seal
Map of Mountain Province with Sagada highlighted
Map of Mountain Province with Sagada highlighted
Sagada is located in Philippines
Sagada
Sagada
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°05′N 120°54′E / 17.08°N 120.9°E / 17.08; 120.9Coordinates: 17°05′N 120°54′E / 17.08°N 120.9°E / 17.08; 120.9
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Mountain Province
District Lone District
Barangays 19 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor James B. Pooten Jr.
 • Electorate 7,054 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 83.32 km2 (32.17 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 11,127
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 2619
PSGC 144409000
IDD:area code +63 (0)74
Climate Cwb
Income class 5th municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 59,296,669.64 (2016)
Website sagada.gov.ph

Sagada, officially the Municipality of Sagada is a 5th class municipality in the province of Mountain Province, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 11,127 people.[3]

It is adjacent to Bontoc, the provincial capital.

Sagada is famous for its hanging coffins. This is a traditional way of burying people that is still utilized. Not everyone is qualified to be buried this way; among other things, one had to have been married and had grandchildren.

Popular activities include trekking, exploring both caves and waterfalls, spelunking, bonfires, picnics, rappelling, visiting historical sites, nature hikes, and participating in tribal celebrations. Guides can be found upon registration at the tourist-office in Sagada Proper (the main town) for a small fee. Most of the guides are natives, also known as Igorots.

Geography[edit]

Sagada is nestled in a valley at the upper end of the Malitep tributary of the Chico River some one and a half kilometers above sea level in the Central Cordillera Mountains, enveloped between the main Cordillera Ranges and the Ilocos Range. Mount Data in the south and Mount Kalawitan in the southeast pierce the horizon. Mount Polis, Bessang and Mount Tirad in the east, and Mount Sisipitan in the north mark the Mountain ProvinceAbra boundary.

Barangays[edit]

Sagada is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.

  • Aguid
  • Ambasing
  • Angkileng
  • Antadao
  • Balugan
  • Bangaan
  • Dagdag (Poblacion)
  • Demang (Poblacion)
  • Fidelisan
  • Kilong
  • Madongo
  • Patay (Poblacion)
  • Pide
  • Nacagang
  • Suyo
  • Taccong
  • Tanulong
  • Tetepan Norte
  • Tetepan Sur

History[edit]

According to legend, Sagada was founded as an ili or village by Biag, a man from Bika in eastern Abra. The people from Bika were forced out of their ili by raiding headhunters. Biag's family resettled in Candon but when baptism or the giving of names was enforced, Biag's family chose to move back toward the mountains in search for a settlement. Along the way, he and his siblings decided to part ways. A brother, Balay, chose to return to Candon, a sister to Abra. Another brother settled along the upper Abra River. Biag pushed further to the east until he came to what is now Sagada.

Perhaps for lack of transportation and willing guides, few conquistadors set foot in Sagada during the Spanish Era, and a Spanish Mission was not founded until 1882. As a result, it is one of a few places that has preserved its indigenous culture with little Spanish influence.

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Sagada features a subtropical highland climate (‘’Cwb’’). The area averages 900 mm of precipitation annually, the bulk of which falls between the months of May and October. Temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course with average daily temperatures ranging from around 17 to 20 degrees Celsius.

Climate data for Sagada, Mountain Province
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
17
(63)
20
(68)
21
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
6
(0.24)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
66
(2.6)
189
(7.44)
219
(8.62)
234
(9.21)
174
(6.85)
42
(1.65)
9
(0.35)
3
(0.12)
947
(37.28)
Average rainy days 6 2 2 4 13 16 20 21 16 11 5 2 118
Source: World Weather Online[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Sagada
YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 6,189—    
1939 7,851+1.14%
1948 8,472+0.85%
1960 11,548+2.61%
1970 12,947+1.15%
1975 8,968−7.10%
1980 9,460+1.07%
1990 10,353+0.91%
1995 10,354+0.00%
2000 10,575+0.45%
2007 10,930+0.46%
2010 11,244+1.04%
2015 11,127−0.20%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

Religion[edit]

Children in Sagada
Church of St. Mary the Virgin

Seeing that the Roman Catholicism in the Philippines has long been established, missionary Charles Henry Brent mentioned that "we are not building an altar over and against another altar," thus focusing Episcopal missionary activity among the Filipino-Chinese in Manila, the tribes in Mindanao and the tribes of northern Luzon. Since the coming of missionaries from the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, the municipality of Sagada has become the only Philippine town that is predominantly Anglican with almost 95% baptised into the Episcopal Church of the Philippines (ECP). A known landmark at the centre of town is the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, a vibrant Episcopal parish. In 2004, the ECP celebrated its centennial with much of the festivities centered on the town of Sagada.

Economy[edit]

Oranges cultivated in Sagada, being sold at a market in La Trinidad, Benguet.

Since the climate is similar to those of Benguet, its crops are likewise temperate products such as cabbage, tomatoes, green pepper, potatoes, carrots, beans, and others. Between 1882 and 1896, the Spanish colonizers introduced Arabica coffee: a source of income since the American occupation. Citrus, mainly lemon, lime and Valencia oranges were introduced from Spain by Jaime Masferre to provide the needs of American missionaries and employees of the Mission of Saint Mary the Virgin. During the American Period, the Americans introduced products like strawberries, and peaches due to its cooler, highland rainforest climate.

Places of interest[edit]

Sagada has many natural wonders. Backpackers and tourists can enjoy the waters of Bokong and Bomod-ok Falls. Other places that can be visited are:

  • Sumaguing and Lumiang Caves
  • Bomod-ok and Bokong Falls
  • Rice terraces [8]
  • Echo Valley
  • Kiltepan Tower
  • Underground River
  • Lake Danum
  • Hanging Coffins
  • Pongas Falls
  • Mount Ampacao
  • Marlboro Mountain
  • Fortune Express
  • Latang and Matang Caves

Gallery[edit]

Trivia[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Mountain Province". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Sagada, Philippines: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  7. ^ "Province of Mountain Province". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  8. ^ http://www.unofficialguide.ph/hiking-rice-terraces-in-sagada/

External links[edit]