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|• Type||Metropolitan Corporation|
|• City||60 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,201 km2 (1,236 sq mi)|
|Elevation||152.4 m (500.0 ft)|
|• Rank||21st, Pakistan|
|• Density||6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|No. of Union Councils||52|
(11 urban, 41 rural)
Sahiwal (Punjabi and Urdu: ساہِيوال), formerly known as Montgomery, is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. It is the 21st largest city of Pakistan by population and the administrative capital of both Sahiwal District and Sahiwal Division. Sahiwal is approximately 180 km from the major city Lahore and 100 km from Faisalabad and lies between Lahore and Multan.
The city lies in a densely populated region between the Sutlej and Ravi rivers. The principal crops are wheat, cotton, tobacco, legumes, potato and oil seeds. Cotton goods and lacquered woodwork are manufactured.
The city was founded in 1865 when a train station was built at the site of a small village on the Karachi-Lahore railway line. The site was named Montgomery for Sir Robert Montgomery, then lieutenant governor of the Punjab and it replaced Gogera as the capital of the recently created Montgomery district. Two years later in 1867, it was constituted a municipality.
During the Partition of India in 1947 the city, being part of Montgomery district, was allocated to Pakistan by the Punjab Boundary Commission. This was on the basis of being a Muslim majority area, despite claims from the Indian National Congress and Sikh groups on the basis of greater property ownership and revenues paid to the state.
The climate of Sahiwal district is extreme, reaching 52 °C in summer, and down to 2 °C in winter. The soil of the district is very fertile. The average rainfall is about 2000 mm.
Notable educational institutes of the city include:
- University of Sahiwal
- COMSATS University, Sahiwal Campus
- Barani Institute of Sciences
- Sahiwal Medical College
- Quaid-e-Azam College of Engineering and Technology, Sahiwal
- Punjab College of Science
- The Superior College
- Army Public Schools & Colleges System (APSCS)
- Beaconhouse School System
- Bloomfield Hall School
- The City School
- Divisional Public School and College
- The Educators
- Government Postgraduate College Sahiwal
- Government College of Technology Sahiwal
Sahiwal is twinned with the town of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, North West England. Approximately eight per cent of town's population is of Asian origin, most of whom have links with Pakistan. The twinning arrangement was agreed between Rochdale and Sahiwal in 1998.
- Mushtaq Ahmed, former test cricketer
- Majeed Amjad, Urdu poet
- Tariq Aziz, television anchor
- Dildar Pervaiz Bhatti, (TV artist, compere, comedian, anchor)
- Brigadier Kuldip Singh Chandpuri, Indian Army Officer
- Attash Durrani, Urdu writer and Scholar
- Manzoor Elahi, former test cricketer
- Mehdi Hasan, journalist and historian
- Rana Mohammad Hanif Khan, politician and former Finance Minister of Pakistan
- Nazir Naji journalist and Urdu columnist for the Daily Dunya
- Emmanuel Neno, Christian author and translator
- Kunwar Mohinder Singh Bedi Sahar, Urdu Poet
- Nouraiz Shakoor, politician and former Federal minister
- Saieen Zahoor, Sufi musician
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