Salem Gazette

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Salem Gazette, 1802

The Salem Gazette is a newspaper that has been published since 1790 through today. It serves the Salem, Massachusetts area. The Salem Gazette used to be known as the Salem Mercury, and briefly The American Eagle. The first issue of the Salem Gazette is technically the only issue of The American Eagle published.[citation needed]

Thomas Cushing[1] was the original publisher of the Salem Gazette, however he relinquished the publication to William Carleton on October 14, 1794. The next issue of the Gazette contains a few words from the new publisher, and a special section from Rev. William Bentley, an outspoken columnist known at the time for his eccentric, but unspotted character in writing.

In June, 1796, the Gazette was published as a semi-weekly paper, on Tuesday and Friday.

On July 25, 1797, Thomas Cushing resumed publication of the Gazette, however no reason was given for the change, however since the change William Bentley's columns were never published again, most likely due to political tensions between Cushing and Carleton.

In 1822, Thomas Cushing left the paper due to poor health to Caleb Cushing and Ferdinand Andrews, and died on September 28, 1824 at the age of 60. He was from Hingham, MA.

In 1827, Caleb Cushing left the paper to Ferdinand Andrews alone, until he sold his interest in it to Caleb Foote.[2]

In 2006 the Salem Gazette was resurrected under the banner of GateHouse Media, and currently operates as a free weekly newspaper focusing on culture, daily life and human interest in Salem. New editions of the paper are distributed on Fridays. The paper prints approximately 6,703 copies per week. The first editor of the new Salem Gazette was Bill Woolley, followed by Lisa Guerriero, current editor of the Melrose Free Press. Since 2011, the editor of the Salem Gazette has been Sarah Thomas.

Salem Mercury, 1786


The Salem Mercury was a newspaper that was published by John Dabney and Thomas Cushing. It began production around 1786, and ended in 1790 after the name of the paper was changed. It printed weekly on Tuesday onto demy sheet, four columns to a page, and predominantly on Long Primer type. Editors took great care in ensuring the intellectual quality of the content published. The editors were ardent friends to the Union of the States, and advocates for the Constitution.

The Salem Mercury on October 13, 20, and 27 of 1789 had no publisher's, editor's, or printer's names. The edition on the 27th contained an advertisement stating that the partnership of Dabney and Cushing was dissolved on the 14th, and another stating that the business was to be carried on by Thomas Cushing.

The first paper then issued by Cushing in 1790 had the title The American Eagle, and was designated as "Number 1, in 1790." The next paper was entitled "The Salem Gazette, Number 2 in 1790." This numbering pattern and name continued until the beginning of 1791, where the numbering was changed to contain the full number of issues since the first number of the Mercury. The name Salem Gazette continues to this day.[3]


  1. ^ WorldCat. Cushing, Thomas Croade 1764-1824
  2. ^ Buckingham, Joseph Tinkner. Specimens of Newspaper Literature. Vol II. Pgs 118-136. Boston. Redding and Company, 1852.
  3. ^ Buckingham, Joseph Tinkner. Specimens of Newspaper Literature. Vol II. Pgs 118-136. Boston. Redding and Company, 1852.

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