Sarasinula plebeia

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Sarasinula plebeia
Sarasinula plebeia.jpg
A live individual of Sarasinula plebeia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Systellommatophora

Superfamily: Veronicelloidea
Family: Veronicellidae
Genus: Sarasinula
Species: S. plebeia
Binomial name
Sarasinula plebeia
(P. Fischer, 1868)[1]
Synonyms[2] [3]
  • Angustipes dubia
  • Angustipes dubius
  • Angustipes plebeius
  • Imerimia plebeja
  • Sarasinula dubia (Semper)
  • Sarasinula lemei Thomé, 1967
  • Sarasinula plebeja Grimpe & Hoffman, 1925
  • Vaginula behni Semper, 1885
  • Vaginula dubia
  • Vaginula moerchi
  • Vaginula plebeja Fischer, 1868
  • Vaginula plebeius
  • Vaginulus dubius
  • Vaginulus plebeius Fischer, 1868
  • Vernicella plebeius
  • Viginula dubia
  • Viginula moerchi

Sarasinula plebeia, commonly called the bean slug or the Caribbean leatherleaf slug, is a species of air-breathing land slug, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Veronicellidae, the leatherleaf slugs.

As of November 2012, some websites and databases (including the ITIS entry) have a species listed as "Sarasomia plebeia" by the same author.


Sarasinula plebeia was originally discovered and described under name Vaginulus plebeius by French zoologist Paul Henri Fischer from New Caledonia in 1868.[1] The type locality is New Caledonia.[1]

The distribution of Sarasinula plebeia includes:

It was also introduced to Australasia and some Pacific island groups:[5]

This species is already established in the USA, and is considered to represent a potentially serious threat as a pest, an invasive species which could negatively affect agriculture, natural ecosystems, human health or commerce. Therefore it has been suggested that this species be given top national quarantine significance in the USA.[12]


Parasites of Sarasinula plebeia include:

As a pest[edit]

In Central America, this species is a serious pest of agriculture.[5]


The species is economically important, but as of 2001, only partial sequences of the 28S ribosomal RNA gene of the species had been published by Dayrat et al.[14] up to April 2010.


This article incorporates CC-BY-3.0 text from the reference.[5]

  1. ^ a b c Fischer, P. (1868). Crosse, H.; Fischer, P., eds. "Diagnoses de deux Limaciens de la Nouvelle Calédonie". Journal de Conchyliologie (in French). Paris. 16: 145–146. ISSN 0021-7719. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Naranjo-Garcia E., Thome J. W. & Castillejo J. (2007). "A review of the Veronicellidae from Mexico. (Gastropoda: Soleolifera). Revision de los Veronicellidae de Mexico (Gastropoda: Soleolifera)". Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad. 78: 41–50. 
  3. ^ Terrestrial Mollusc Tool: Sarasinula
  4. ^ Maceira D. F. (2003). "Las especies de la familia Veronicellidae (Mollusca, Soleolifera) en Cuba". Revista de Biología Tropical 51(3): 453-461. PDF.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Robinson D. G., Hovestadt A., Fields A. & Breure A. S. H. (July 2009). "The land Mollusca of Dominica (Lesser Antilles), with notes on some enigmatic or rare species". Zoologische Mededelingen 83
  6. ^ a b c d e f Forcart L. (1973). "Notes on Veronicellidae and Athoracophoridae in Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago". The Nautilus 87(1): 25-27.
  7. ^ Naranjo-García E., Thomé J. W. & Castillejo J. (2007). "A review of the Veronicellidae from Mexico (Gastropoda: Soleolifera). Revisión de los Veronicellidae de México (Gastropoda: Soleolifera)". Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 78: 41-50."
  8. ^ (Spanish) Barrientos Z. (2003). "Lista de especies de moluscos terrestres (Archaeogastropoda, Mesogastropoda, Archaeopulmonata, Stylommatophora, Soleolifera) informadas para Costa Rica". Rev. Biol. Trop. 51(Suppl. 3): 293-304. PDF
  9. ^ Agudo-Padrón A. I. (14 May 2009). "Recent Terrestrial and Freshwater Molluscs of Rio Grande do Sul State, RS, Southern Brazil Region: A Comprehensive Synthesis and Check List". Visaya April 2009: 1-13. PDF.
  10. ^ Fernández de V, J. 1992: Contribución al conocimiento de las babosas y sietecueros (Mollusca: Gastropoda) Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía Maracay. 12(3-4):374-387.
  11. ^ Forcart L. (1969). "Veronicellid land slugs from the New Hebrides from the New hebrides, with description of Semperula solemi, new species". Fieldiana 51(12): 147-156.
  12. ^ Cowie R. H., Dillon R. T., Robinson D. G. & Smith J. W. (2009). "Alien non-marine snails and slugs of priority quarantine importance in the United States: A preliminary risk assessment". American Malacological Bulletin 27: 113-132. PDF.
  13. ^
  14. ^ Dayrat, B.; Tillier, A.; Lecointre, G.; Tillier, S. (2001). "New Clades of Euthyneuran Gastropods (Mollusca) from 28S rRNA Sequences". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 19 (2): 225–235. PMID 11341805. doi:10.1006/mpev.2001.0926. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomé J. W. (1975). "Os gêneros da familia Veronicellidae nas Américas (Mollusca; Gastropoda)". Iheringia Zoologia 48: 3-56.
  • Rueda, A. A.; Slansky, F.; Wheeler, G. S. (1991). "Compensatory feeding response of the slug Sarasinula plebeia to dietary dilution". Oecologia. 88 (2): 181. doi:10.1007/BF00320809. 
  • Rueda A., Caballero R., Kaminsky R. & Andrews K. L. (2002) "Vaginulidae in Central America, with emphasis on the bean slug Sarasinula plebeia (Fischer)". In: Barker G. M. (ed.). Molluscs as crop pests. CABI Publishing.

External links[edit]