Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri

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Shams ul Muriqeen
Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri
Born (1885-11-24)November 24, 1885
Hyderabad, Deccan
Died October 22, 1953(1953-10-22) (aged 67)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Urdu Scholar,Writer,Author,Historian and Archaeologist
Known for First Researcher of Deccaniyat
Notable work Urdu-i-qadim,
Moʼarrikhīn-i Hind,
Salāṭīn-i-Misr,
Malībār,
Ās̲ārulkirām, tārīkh-i-taraqqī-yiʻulūm va funūn,
A history of the Portuguese[sic] in Malabar : the original Arabic text of Tuhfat-ul-mujahideen Ed.,
Makhtūtāt-i tārīkhī,
Sikka Jaat Shahan Awadh,
Tijarat Arab Qabl ISLAM,
Nizam-ut-Tawarikh (A general history of Iran),
Moheem Arcord :Siege of Arcot in 1751 Era.
Spouse(s) Sayyida Mahboob Begum
Children

Sayyida Shahinsha Begum, Sayyid Ahmedullah Qadri, Sayyid Imdadullah Qadri, Sayyid Saadullah Qadri,

Sayyid Asadullah Qadri.

Shamsul Morakheen' Allama Hakeem Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri (24 November 1885 – 22 October 1953) born in Hyderabad Deccan and was an author, writer, editor-in-chief, Honorary Member of 'Societe de I' Histoire de I'Inde Francaise and member of Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland since 1913.[1] Some of his works are editor journal of Tarikh and author of Urdu E Qadim in 1925.[2] Allama Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri is considered as the First Researcher of Deccaniyat.[3]

His book of history of Urdu literature ‘Urdu-e-Qadeem’ is considered to be a basic writing on this subject. Qadri wrote more than hundred essays on historical, biographical and literary topics. Beside these essays he wrote several books relating to different aspects of the history of the Muslim India.

He also wrote on the Urdu relation of the Arabs with other nations of the world, before the dawn of Islam. This research article of Qadri is also considered to be the first writing in Urdu on this subject 'ISLAM'.He has the honor to be the First scholar of Urdu who wrote an encyclopedia in this language.,[4]'

Qadri was an Expert and Foremost Scholar,[5][6][7][8] he had command over many different languages, apart from Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Hindi he also had proficiency over English, French, Russian, German and others.[9] From Qadri's Finest Encyclopaedia [10] covering extensive and comprehensive bibliographies of important sources from Ancient times includes wider range of information, brings into light very rare and useful information about the ancient trade systems of Persian and Chinese. where he describe in detail

" From time immemorial commercial relations existed " between Persia and China.

There were two routes :

The land route was much more frequented than the sea route. The Caravans from Persia followed the route " through Katha and Kathan" in preference to any other. There is a Persian work called Khatai Namah, some " portions of which have been translated by Mr. Schoefer, " which has an account of a Persian merchant. This book " gives a detailed description of the trade routes of China and " the various commodities traded in. The Persians used to 'take precious stones, coral, goor (molasses), pearls, and " cotton goods to China and got in return Silk, Brocade, china ware, tea, and various kinds of drugs.[7]

Biography[edit]

Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri was born in Lal Bagh, Hyderabad State on 5 November 1885 to Sayyid Zulfekharullah Shah Qadri and his wife Sayyida Mahboob Begum, he had one daughter and four sons namely Sayyida Shahinsha Begum, Padmashri Sayyid Ahmedullah Qadri, Sayyid Imdadullah Qadri, Sayyid Saadullah Qadri and Sayyid Asadullah Qadri.

Allama Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri had also written many books and was the First Researcher of Deccaniyat.

Works[edit]

  • Tarikh i zaban i Urdu : ya'ni, Urdu'e qadim : A very rare and detailed history from the birth of the Urdu language down to the death of Emperor Aurangzeb showing the details of its development, Urdu-E-Qadeem is considered to have Very useful information about the Language Urdu and gives the detail light from its Dawn to its Progress .the book is part of many contemporary Universities all across the globe including INDIA, PAKISTAN, U.K, U.S.A, CANADA and others,[11][12][13][14][15][16] this particular book of Urdu literature was Part of Main Course syllabus in Masters of Arts (M.A) considering Urdu language as Major [17] it was published in 1925 by famous publisher Matba Munshi Newal Kishore from Lucknow INDIA.
  • Genealogical account of Nawab Nizam ul-Mulk Asaf Jah's family Shajarah-i Asafiyah : Written in Persian With Forewords in English and Urdu Language Published by Tarikh Office in year 1938. A detailed genealogical account of Nawab Nizam ul-Mulk Asaf Jah's family Nizam of Hyderabad, Compiled by Nawab Muazzam-uddawlah Muhammad Badaruddin Khan Bahadur Rafat Jung in 1301 A.H, the fourth son of Amir-i-kabir Shams-ul-Umara Nawab Muhammad Fakharuddin Khan Bahadur in 1252 A.H and supplemented by Mir Jahandar Ali Khan with a Foreword by Nawab Jivan Yar Jang President Lutfuddaulah Oriental Research Institute , B.A(cantab) Bar-at-law, Chief justice High Court of Hyderabad . Edited by Allama Hakim Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri Honorary Member,'Societe de I' Histoire de I'Inde Francaise. with an introductory note, detail historical references and genealogical tables. The book not only provides the Comprehensive Genealogy of Asaf Jahi Dynasty, it also describes the Various branches that have Sprung from the Dynasty ,.[18]
  • Mooheem Arcot, Siege of Arcot : Published in 1940 in Tarikh Journal By Hakeem Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri in 1940, in which he has described in very detail, about the "Arcot battle" which took place in south East India in 1751 Era. between British East India. East India Company supporting Mohammed Ali, Nawab of Tanjore. Thanjavur Vs French East India Company supporting Nawab of Arcot, Chanda Sahib.[19]
  • Shahnama Dibacha Qadim,
  • Masqukat Qadim,
  • Tariq E Adab,
  • Tariq Mashahir Hind,[20]
  • Tazkeratul Shorra O Shaairat,
  • Assar Ul Ikraam,[21]
  • Jawahirul Ajaib,
  • Mehboob Ul Assar,
  • Khamusul Illam,
  • Asnamul Arab,
  • Qabul Islam,
  • Salateen e Muabber 1929,[22]
  • Tareekh E Maleebaar,[23]
  • Mowarrikheen E Hind,[20]
  • Tahfat al Mujahidin 1931,[24][25]
  • Imadiya,[26]
  • Nizam Ut Tawareekh,[27]
  • Tareekh Zuban Urdu-Urdu-E-Qadeem,[28]
  • Tareekh Zuban Urdu Al Musamma Ba Urdu-E-Qadeem,[29][30]
  • Tarikh Vol III,[31]
  • Tarikh,[32]
  • Ahleyaar,[33]
  • Pracina malabar,[34]
  • Sikkajaat Shahan Awadh (1918).[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "M.R.A.S". 
  2. ^ "National library". Nationallibrary.gov.in. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "The First Researcher of Deccaniyat: Shamsullah Qadri" (PDF). 
  4. ^ "First scholar of Urdu who wrote an encyclopedia" (PDF). 
  5. ^ "Consulting Hakeem Shamsullah Qadri". 
  6. ^ "Few Learnt Scholar". 
  7. ^ a b "Detail_Trade_System". 
  8. ^ "Foremost Author". 
  9. ^ "Master_of_knowledge". 
  10. ^ "Scholar of Urdu who wrote an encyclopaedia" (PDF). 
  11. ^ "University of Texas". 
  12. ^ "NYPL". 
  13. ^ "MCgill Canada". 
  14. ^ "British Library U.K". 
  15. ^ "INDIA Osmania University.". 
  16. ^ "Aligarh MUSlim university". 
  17. ^ "AMU university M.A Library". 
  18. ^ "Shajarah-i Asafiyah". 
  19. ^ "Siege Of Arcot, Tarikh". 
  20. ^ a b "Digital Library of India". Ernet.in. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  21. ^ "Digital Library of India". Dli.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-02-17. 
  22. ^ "Salateen E Muabber : Dr. Naushad Alam Chishti : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Internet Archive. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  23. ^ "Digital Library of India". Dli.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-02-17. 
  24. ^ Islam in the Indian Subcontinent - Annemarie Schimmel - Google Books. Books.google.lt. Retrieved 2015-02-17. 
  25. ^ "Islam in the Indian Subcontinent". google.lt. 
  26. ^ "Digital Library of India". Dli.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-02-17. 
  27. ^ "Digital Library of India". 202.41.82.144. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  28. ^ "Digital Library of India". 202.41.82.144. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  29. ^ "Digital Library of India". 202.41.82.144. Retrieved 2015-02-17. 
  30. ^ "National library". Nationallibrary.gov.in. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  31. ^ "Digital Library of India". Ernet.in. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  32. ^ "Digital Library of India". 202.41.82.144. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  33. ^ "National library". Nationallibrary.gov.in. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  34. ^ "National library". Nationallibrary.gov.in. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  35. ^ "Item Details - Chamo". Ernet.in. Retrieved 17 February 2015.