Scarborough (Metro-North station)
View from Scarborough Park
|Location||156 Scarborough Station Road
Scarborough, New York, 10510
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Electrified||700V (DC) third rail|
|Passengers (2007)||742 (southbound during AM peak)
233 (southbound during weekends)
The Scarborough Metro-North Railroad station serves Scarborough-on-Hudson and Briarcliff Manor, New York, via the Hudson Line. Trains leave for New York City every 25 to 35 minutes on weekdays. The station is 28.7 miles (46.2 km) from Grand Central Terminal and travel time to Grand Central is about 42 minutes on the express and 61 minutes on local service. The Scarborough station is within walking distance of most houses in the hamlet. As of 2007[update], daily commuter ridership was 865. Trains stop at the station every hour, except during peak hours, when trains stop there two to four times per hour.
Construction of the Scarborough station dates back to the 1860s, when the first station building stood along the Hudson River Railroad, which was completed in 1851 and served areas from New York City to Rensselaer. It became part of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Metro-North Railroad in 1983, when the service was created. The station was included in a revitalization plan in 2007 to help serve its commuters. The 1899 station building has housed the Scarborough post office since 1961.
The first station building was built by the Hudson River Railroad sometime before 1860, and acquired by the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad in 1869. The station was named "Scarborough" until 1867. On July 16 of that year and until November 26, the area was officially called Weskora. The Scarborough station was accordingly changed by local government officials to "Weskora", and changed back in December 1867.
The Scarborough post office dates to December 3, 1864, when the U.S. Postal Service established a "catch and throw" office there in the same small building as the earlier established station. A hook was installed along the tracks to hang mail bags to be grabbed by workers on the passing trains for outgoing mail distribution; in turn workers threw mail bags off the train for incoming mail distribution. The first postmaster of the Scarborough Post Office facility was James Van Velsor who had an annual salary of $200 ($4,000 in 2015) in 1873.
A large thunderstorm occurred in the area on August 4, 1898; the newly renovated station building, built in 1893, was struck by lightning and burned to the ground. At the time, the building also housed Scarborough's post office. Mail was destroyed although registered mail and money was being kept at the postmaster's house each night; damage amounted to $5,000 ($142,200 in 2015) and the post office opened the next day, with mail being held in a pushcart. The building was reconstructed identically to its predecessor.
In 1909, after the community of Scarborough was incorporated into the village of Briarcliff Manor in 1906, the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad put up a sign reading "Briarcliff West" at the station. Soon afterward, attributed to the neighborhood's pride over their name,(p54) that sign was thrown into the Hudson River and replaced with the original Scarborough sign.(p15)(p101)
In April 1931, Siamese King Prajadhipok and Queen Rambai Barni traveled from Bangkok to Ophir Hall (currently Reid Hall of Manhattanville College). The couple had flown from Japan to Vancouver and took a train to Chicago. From Chicago, they took another train, departing at 10:30 a.m. on the 21st and arriving at noon on the 22nd, and the trip took 25 hours; the king had requested the train travel slowly, as he was recovering from bronchitis and malaria. The train arrived at the Scarborough station, where journalists, spectators, and video and still photographers met them, along with one of their hosts; they were later driven across the county to stay at Ophir Hall for about six weeks in order for a cataract operation could be performed by a New York doctor on the king's left eye. State troopers and a squad of New York Central policemen were stationed at Scarborough to ensure a smooth transfer. At the time, the king was an absolute monarch; he later became the country's first constitutional monarch.
The Briarcliff Manor village government purchased the 1899 station building in 1961 to house its Scarborough post office. The building was used as a filming location in 1966, in the first episode of the television soap opera Dark Shadows as the Collinsport train station.
As with the rest of the Hudson Line, the Scarborough station became a Penn Central station once the New York Central and Pennsylvania Railroads merged in 1968. Penn Central's continuous financial despair throughout the 1970s forced them to turn over their commuter service to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The station and the railroad were turned over to Conrail in 1976, and eventually became part of the MTA's Metro-North Railroad in 1983. In 2007, the MTA overhauled the station, installing new systems such as platforms, canopies, shelters, enclosed staircases, lighting, and benches. The station's overpass was demolished and a replacement was built with elevators on either side. The new overpass was designed in a less modern style and now has glass-sided elevators. During the construction, Metro-North built a temporary wooden station to the station's south.
In 2010, Metro-North began a program called Arts for Transit. As part of the program, an art installation was created for the station. The work, titled Untitled with Sky, comprises six stained glass windows and twelve seats covered in mosaic tiles. Liliana Porter and Ana Tiscornia worked with Willet Hauser Architectural Glass to create the installations. The windows were originally intended for the overpass, where they were installed for a short time. Around 2011, the windows were moved to the southbound platform. Also in 2011, Hurricane Irene caused a mudslide onto the tracks near the Scarborough station; it damaged 300 feet (91 m) of third rail.
Local community members have been maintaining the inside and outside of the building through labor and monetary donations under the group name "Save Scarborough", and brought attention to the post office's 150th anniversary, celebrated on December 3, 2014. About twenty members began their work around 2010, concerned that the downsizing United States Postal Service would close the Scarborough post office, which is a branch of the Briarcliff Manor post office. As of 2014[update], the group has spent almost $4,000 in various renovations, upkeep, and improvement costs.
Ridership is moderate, relative to the other Hudson Line stations, with an average of 865 inbound passengers on weekdays and 233 on weekends in 2007. Historical ridership included many notable passengers, including William Rockefeller, John D. Rockefeller, C. C. Clarke (the First Vice President of the Hudson River Railroad), Margaret Louisa Vanderbilt Shepard, Walter William Law, and the Webb family.
|Platform level||Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|4 (Southbound)||← Hudson Line toward Grand Central (Philipse Manor)|
|2 (Southbound)||← Hudson Line/Empire Service does not stop here|
|1 (Northbound)||→ Hudson Line/Empire Service does not stop here →|
|3 (Northbound)||→ Hudson Line toward Poughkeepsie (Ossining) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
At the Scarborough station, the railroad has four tracks. The two inner tracks not next to either platform are used by express trains; Track 1 is usually used by northbound express trains, while Track 2 is usually used by southbound express trains. All of the tracks are powered with a third rail, except Track 1. The station has two high-level side platforms, each eight cars long. The west platform next to Track 4 is for boarding southbound trains, while the east platform next to Track 3 is for boarding northbound trains.
The station's parking lot has had a valet service since the station overhaul in 2007. The ongoing construction took up parking spaces, which spurred the village government to institute valet parking. The parking service has remained since the construction finished. A private contractor has an agreement with the village for three employees to manage that part of the lot. An additional section of the station parking lot is privately owned. The valet service has no extra charge.
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- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Register of Officers and Agents, Civil, Military, and Naval, in the Service of the United States. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of the Interior. 1874. p. 814.
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- "The King and Queen of Siam, Traveling Incognito as Their Royal Highnesses the Prince and Princess Sukhodaya" (PDF). New York Evening Post. April 25, 1931. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- "King and Queen of Siam Ride on N.Y. Central Special Train" (PDF). The New York Central Lines Magazine. 12 (2): 7–8. May 1931. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- Hackler, Victor T. (April 23, 1931). "Siam's Royal Household at Purchase, N.Y.". The Schenectady Gazette. 37 (176). Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- "NYCRR Valuation Department Pre-Inventory Field Notes, Account #16". September 16, 1920. p. 173.
- Folsom, Merrill (December 4, 1961). "Old Depots Converted to Stores, Banks and Church". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "Station Reconstruction Begins at Ossining, Scarborough and Philipse Manor". MTA Press Releases. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Valenti, Ken (July 29, 2011). "Metro-North upgrades at 3 Hudson River stations improve form, function". The Journal News. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- "Arts for Transit and Urban Design". Mta.info. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- "East Coast transit services slowly returning following hurricane". Metro Magazine. August 29, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "2014 Late Fall Newsletter" (PDF). Briarcliff Manor-Scarborough Historical Society. 2014. p. 3. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Bonvento, Robert (May 20, 2011). "V is for Valet… Taking the Stress Out of Commuting in Scarborough". River Journal. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
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