Timeline of Briarcliff Manor
* 1910 to 1940
* 1950 to 2000
The history of Briarcliff Manor, a village in Westchester County, New York, can be traced back to the founding of a settlement between the Hudson and Pocantico Rivers in the 19th century. The area now known as Briarcliff Manor had seen human occupation since at least the Archaic period, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the village did not occur until the Industrial Revolution. The village, which was incorporated with one square mile in 1902, has expanded primarily through annexation: of Scarborough in 1906 and from the town of Mount Pleasant in 1927 to its current area of 6.7 square miles (17 km2). The village has also grown in population; from 331 when established to 7,867 in the 2010 census.
- Archaic period: Around this time, the area of Scarborough-on-Hudson is first inhabited.
- Precolonial era: The area of present-day Briarcliff Manor is inhabited by a band of the Wappinger tribes of Native Americans known as Sint Sincks (or "Sing Sings").
- 1680Frederick Philipse purchases the Ossining area from Indian sachem Ghoharius with the consent of his brother Weskora. Weskora becomes the first name of Scarborough.(p11):
- August 4, 1685Philipse purchases about 156,000 acres (630 km2) from the Sint Sincks, Philipsburg Manor, extending from Spuyten Duyvil Creek along the Hudson River to the Croton River.:
- 1778The Wappingers unsuccessfully attempt to sue the Philipse family for control of the land; their claim dies out after around fifty tribespeople, organized into the Stockbridge Militia under Abraham Nimham and his father Daniel Nimham, are killed by British forces in the Battle of Kingsbridge during the American Revolutionary War.:
- 1779The New York State Commission on Forfeiture confiscates the Philipses' land; it is sold in 1784–85.:
- 1839Briarcliff Manor's oldest church, Saint Mary's Episcopal Church, is founded.:
- 1854All Saints' Episcopal Church is founded.:
- 1864Weskora is renamed Scarborough.(p11):
- 1865A one-room schoolhouse is built on land donated by John Whitson; it is the first schoolhouse and church in the area.:
- 1880The Whitson's Corners station is added to the New York City & Northern Railroad train schedule, and the first train arrives on December 13.:
- 1881The Whitson's Corners post office is established.:
- 1890Walter W. Law moves with his family to the area and purchases his first 236 acres (96 ha) with the James Stillman farm for $35,000 ($976,000 in 2018).:
- 1891Congregation Sons of Israel is formed by eleven men in Ossining.(p101):
- 1892Elliott Fitch Shepard ordered the construction of Scarborough's first dock at the present Scarborough Park to allow construction materials to be shipped to his property.:
- October 13, 1893The Scarborough Presbyterian Church is founded.:
- 1895Elliott Fitch Shepard's mansion Woodlea is completed.(p153):
- 1896Briarcliff Congregational Church is built to replace the congregation's use of the schoolhouse.:
- 1897The post office is renamed the Briarcliff Manor Post Office.:
- August 4, 1898The first Scarborough train station and post office is struck by lightning and burns down.:
- 1900Law owns more than 5,000 acres (7.8 sq mi) of Westchester County, and becomes the largest individual landholder in the county.:
- 1900Law establishes the School of Practical Agriculture on Pleasantville Road on 66 acres (0.1 sq mi).:
- c. 1901–10: Walter Law establishes Briarcliff Farms, the Briarcliff Table Water Company and the Briarcliff Greenhouses.
- 1901Briarcliff Steamer Company No. 1 is formed.:
- 1902Law has invested $2.5 million ($72.4 million in 2018) in the village by this time.:
- 1902A proposition is presented to the supervisors of Mount Pleasant and Ossining on October 8 for the incorporation of the Village of Briarcliff Manor. On November 21, the village is incorporated. At the time, Law owns all but two small parcels of the square mile village, and employs 100 of its residents.:
- 1902The Briarcliff Lodge opens.:
- February 10, 1903The Briarcliff Manor Fire Department is founded by Frederick C. Messinger from Briarcliff Steamer Company No. 1.:
- 1903Briarcliff College is founded at the Briarcliff Lodge.:
- 1904The first twenty-nine street lights, all electric, are installed.:
- 1906Walter Law replaces the village railroad station; Law's building currently houses part of the Briarcliff Manor Public Library.:
- 1906Scarborough is incorporated into Briarcliff Manor.:
- 1907Law's Briarcliff Farms move to Pine Plains, New York, and Law begins developing Briarcliff Manor more as a municipal corporation.:
- April 24, 1908Briarcliff Manor sponsors The First American International Road Race; the event centered around the village, and more than 300,000 people watch the race; the village has more than 100,000 visitors that day.(p83):
- 1908The village police department is organized and The Church House, the parish house of the Scarborough Presbyterian Church, is completed.:
- 1909Walter Law forms the Briarcliff Realty Company to sell Briarcliff Farms' original property in the village.:
- 1910The Briarcliff Community Center, nicknamed "The Club", is established in the 1898 Briarcliff Schools building.:
- May 11, 1911Sleepy Hollow Country Club is founded in Scarborough, Elliott Fitch Shepard's home "Woodlea" is purchased for its clubhouse.:
- 1912Walter Law's School of Practical Agriculture building burns down.(p38):
- 1913The Village Municipal Building is built at a cost of $20,000 ($507,000 in 2018); it is opened on July 4, 1914.(p78):
- 1914The village library, originally in the Briarcliff Community Center, is founded.:
- 1914–18 (World War I): 91 Briarcliff Manor residents serve in the U.S. armed forces.
- 1917The first village Girl Scout troop is founded by Louise Miller and Mrs. Alfred Jones.(p77):
- 1925V. Everit Macy donates 265 acres (107 ha) to the Girl Scouts of the USA, which later becomes the Edith Macy Conference Center.:
- 1926St. Theresa's Catholic Church is founded with thirty-six families; the present church is dedicated two years later.:
- 1927Briarcliff's school building is demolished to make way for the Briarcliff-Peekskill Parkway.:
- 1928The high school opens, and a section is added to the 1909 school building.:
- 1934A 100-mile race in the village is sponsored by the Automobile Racing Club of America.:
- 1935Briarcliff's road race is held again.(p84):
- 1936The Briarcliff Lodge houses the Edgewood Park School. – 1954 :
- 1941–45 (World War II): More than 340 of the village's 1,830 residents Briarcliff Manor residents serve in the U.S. armed forces.(p78)
- 1946The People's Caucus, an organization which calls out interested residents for candidacy, is created.:
- 1950–53 (Korean War): Approximately 30 Briarcliff Manor residents serve in the U.S. armed forces.
- October 10, 1952Briarcliff Manor celebrates its semicentennial celebration, publishing a book about the village and its history. – October 12, 1952 :
- 1952The Crossroads neighborhood of 84 houses is completed.:
- 1953Todd Elementary School opens to free space at the Law Park grade school for middle- and high-school students.:
- 1955The Briarcliff Lodge houses The King's College. – 1994 :
- 1958The Briarcliff Manor train station, along with the Putnam Division, is shut down.:
- 1959The Briarcliff Manor Public Library reopens in the former train station.:
- 1959Faith Lutheran Brethren Church is founded in Scarsdale.(p75):
- 1960sThe Municipal Building's cupola bell, which had tolled at the end of the World Wars,(p78) is moved to the front of the new firehouse.:
- 1960The village's first corporate facility (part of Philips Laboratory) opens.:
- 1964The new Village Hall opens, replacing the Municipal Building.:
- 1965–72 (Vietnam War): At least five men serve in the U.S. armed forces, with four killed and another wounded.
- 1971The present Briarcliff High School opens to ease the large enrollment at the grade-school building.:
- 1974A permanent firehouse is built in Scarborough; it is replaced with a larger station in 2009.:
- 1974The Briarcliff Manor-Scarborough Historical Society is founded from the village's 75th anniversary committee.:
- April 1977Pace University purchases Briarcliff College as a satellite of the school's Pleasantville campus.:
- 1978The Scarborough School closes; it reopens in 1981 as The Clear View School.:
- 1980The Chilmark Club becomes a part of the village's Parks and Recreation Department; Pace University begins leasing the middle school building, and the middle school is moved to a portion of the new high-school building.:
- 1981Rotary International founds a local chapter in the village.:
- 1984The Scarborough Historic District is added to the State and National Historic Registers.:
- February 1990Rosemont, a Scarborough Historic District property, is demolished.(p205):
- 1996The grade-school building is demolished, and senior housing is built on its site the following year.:
- 1998The high school auditorium opens.:
- September 16, 1999The Beech Hill Road bridge is destroyed by the rising Pocantico River during Hurricane Floyd.:
- 2000The pool house in Law Memorial Park is demolished; construction on a new facility begins shortly after.:
- November 2001A $4-million rehabilitation ($5.66 million in 2018) of Law Park is completed, with a new pavilion and pool house, paved walkways, lights and benches, a redesigned and filtered pond, and relocation of the Veterans Memorial. Over 300 people attend the Veterans Day rededication ceremony.:
- 2002The village celebrates its centennial, which involves numerous celebratory events.:
- 2002Ambient Corporation and Consolidated Edison install an experimental broadband over power lines (BPL) system in Briarcliff Manor; the system is now defunct.:
- 2003The present Briarcliff Middle School building is completed at a cost of $24 million ($32.7 million in 2018).:
- September 20, 2003The original 1902 Briarcliff Lodge building burns to the ground, and contemporary portions of the lodge and other campus buildings are later demolished.:
- 2006The village government installs new street signs featuring the Briarcliff Rose.:
- 2007In the summer, construction of a 6,600-square-foot (610 m2) addition to the Briarcliff Manor Public Library begins; the facility is opened for use on February 19, 2009.:
- 2008Briarcliff Manor hosts a weekly indoor farmers' market, first at the Briarcliff Congregational Church's parish house; it moves to Pace University's Briarcliff Campus in 2012. – 2012 :
- March 21, 2010The Briarcliff Manor-Scarborough Historical Society is given its first permanent location at the Eileen O'Connor Weber Historical Center, established as part of the expanded Briarcliff Manor Public Library.:
- 2011Hurricane Irene causes a sinkhole, of about 20 feet in diameter, to form on North State Road near Route 9A; New York's department of transportation spends about $900,000 repairing the damage.:
- 2011The village becomes involved in an annexation proposal with the town of Ossining for Briarcliff Manor to annex land on which 1,600 people live. After debate and public hearings, the village government decides to end its pursuit of the annexation in May 2015. – 2015 :
- July 5, 2015Saint Mary's Episcopal Church closes after 175 years in operation.:
- December 12, 2015The Law Park pavilion is damaged in a large fire; around 100 firefighters in multiple departments assist to put out the fire that night.:
- May 30, 2016Briarcliff Manor's original station building was reopened as the William J. Vescio Community Center. Mayor Lori Sullivan and former mayor William J. Vescio presided over the center's opening and the dedication to Vescio.[nb 2]:
- May 29, 2017The reconstructed Law Park pavilion is rededicated after the village's Memorial Day ceremony.:
- Part of the farmhouse currently survives as the rectory of St. Theresa's Catholic Church.(p79)
- Vescio, a village resident since about 1973, served the village board for 29 years, including eleven as trustee and ten as mayor. Vescio oversaw construction of the library and community center, and of a new water supply system for the village.
- Briarcliff Manor Centennial Committee (2002). The Briarcliff Manor Family Album: Celebrating a Century. Cornwall N.Y: Village of Briarcliff Manor.
- "Comprehensive Plan – Village of Briarcliff Manor" (PDF). Village of Briarcliff Manor. November 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". United States Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- Pattison, Robert (1939). A History of Briarcliff Manor. William Rayburn. OCLC 39333547.
- Stefko, Joseph (April 2012). "Municipal Services & Financial Overview: Town and Village of Ossining, NY" (PDF). Center for Governmental Research. Town and Village of Ossining, New York. p. 87. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Cheever, Mary (1990). The Changing Landscape: A History of Briarcliff Manor-Scarborough. West Kennebunk, Maine: Phoenix Publishing. ISBN 0-914659-49-9. LCCN 90045613. OCLC 22274920. OL 1884671M.
- Bosak, Midge, ed. (1977). A Village Between Two Rivers: Briarcliff Manor. White Plains, New York: Monarch Publishing, Inc. OCLC 6163930.
- Our Village: Briarcliff Manor, N.Y. 1902 to 1952. Historical Committee of the Semi–Centennial. 1952. OCLC 24569093.
- Pelletreau, William (1886). History of Putnam County, New York: with biographical sketches of its prominent men. The Van Tassel Family History Homepage.
- Boesch, Eugene. "Native Americans of Putnam County". Mahopac Public Library. Archived from the original on January 12, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Yasinsac, Robert (2004). Images of America: Briarcliff Lodge. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-3620-0. LCCN 2004104493. OCLC 57480785. OL 3314243M.
- Gelard, Donna (2002). Explore Briarcliff Manor: A driving tour. Contributing Editor Elsie Smith; layout and typography by Lorraine Gelard; map, illustrations, and calligraphy by Allison Krasner. Briarcliff Manor Centennial Committee.
- Sharman, Karen M. (1996). Glory in Glass: A Celebration of The Briarcliff Congregational Church 1896–1996. Briarcliff Manor, New York: Caltone Color Graphics Inc. ISBN 0-912882-96-4. OCLC 429606439.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 2, 2019.
- "Hudson Valley Land Developers Prepare for Building Campaign" (PDF). New York Herald. 1917. p. 2. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- Foreman, John; Stimson, Robbe Pierce (May 1991). "7". The Vanderbilts and the Gilded Age: Architectural Aspirations, 1879–1901 (1st ed.). New York, New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 152–169. ISBN 0-312-05984-1. LCCN 90027083. OCLC 22957281.
- "Post Office in a Pushcart" (PDF). The New York Times. August 5, 1898. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "Our Village: a family place for more than a century". Briarcliff Manor-Scarborough Historical Society. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
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- Oechsner, Carl (1975). Ossining, New York: An Informal Bicentennial History. Croton-on-Hudson: North River Press. ISBN 0-88427-016-5.
- "April / May 1999 Feature – 1908 Briarcliff-to-Yorktown Stock Car Race". The Yorktown Historical Society. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- "Club's $600,000 Purchase" (PDF). The New York Times. June 17, 1917. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- A Century of Volunteer Service: Briarcliff Manor Fire Department 1901–2001. Briarcliff Manor Fire Department. 2001. LCCN 00093475.
- The Golden Anniversary of St. Theresa's Parish. White Plains: Monarch Publishing, Inc. 1976.
- Segal, David (February 20, 2008). "God and The City". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Briarcliff Manor: The First 100 Years – The Centennial Variety Show. Village of Briarcliff Manor. 2002.
- Folsom, Merrill (May 30, 1958). "The Wheels of 'Old Put' Click Out a Sad Accompaniment to Riders' 'Auld Lang Syne'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
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- "About the Library – Library History". Briarcliff Manor Public Library. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- Lee, Tien-Shun (November 29, 2011). "Winter Farmers Market To Open At Pace In Briarcliff". Briarcliff Daily Voice. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
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- Huerta, Cassandra (May 14, 2015). "Briarcliff, Ossining Scuttle Annexation Plans". Briarcliff Daily Voice. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Taliaferro, Lanning (June 21, 2015). "St. Mary's Scarborough is Closing its Doors". Pleasantville-Briarcliff Manor Patch. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Fire destroys beloved community pavilion". News 12 Westchester. December 13, 2015. Archived from the original on December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Cavallier, Andrea (December 13, 2015). "Fire officials investigating massive blaze at pool pavilion in Briarcliff Manor". WPIX. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Moorhead-Lins, Parry (July 27, 2013). "The New Briarcliff Manor Community Center". River Journal. Archived from the original on 2015-02-09. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- "Briarcliff Dedicates New Community Center". The Gazette. 33 (22). Gary J. Cahill. June 2–8, 2016. p. 3.
- "Community Center Dedication Tops Village Manager's Report". Briarcliff Daily Voice. May 9, 2016. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- "Briarcliff Bids Farewell to Mayor William Vescio". River Journal. February 20, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2016.[permanent dead link]
- Law Memorial Park and Pavilion Dedication Ceremony. Village of Briarcliff Manor. May 29, 2017.
|Library resources about |
- Published in the 20th century
- Pattison, Robert (1939). A History of Briarcliff Manor. William Rayburn. OCLC 39333547. A 1939 publication on the history of Briarcliff Manor.
- Our Village: Briarcliff Manor, N.Y. 1902 to 1952. Historical Committee of the Semi–Centennial. 1952. LCCN 83238400. OCLC 24569093. A 1952 publication on the history of Briarcliff Manor.
- Bosak, Midge, ed. (1977). A Village Between Two Rivers: Briarcliff Manor. White Plains, New York: Monarch Publishing, Inc. OCLC 6163930. A 1977 publication on the history of Briarcliff Manor.
- Cheever, Mary (1990). The Changing Landscape: A History of Briarcliff Manor-Scarborough. West Kennebunk, Maine: Phoenix Publishing. ISBN 0-914659-49-9. OCLC 22274920. A 1990 publication on the history of Briarcliff Manor.
- Published in the 21st century
- Feist, Michael; Ellis, Myles (2014). Briarcliff Manor: Then and Now. Briarcliff Manor-Scarborough Historical Society. ISBN 978-1320106931. Retrieved August 18, 2014. A 2014 publication on buildings, places, and events in Briarcliff Manor.