Myrmelastes

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Myrmelastes
Schistocichla leucostigma.jpg
Spot-winged antbird (Myrmelastes leucostigma)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Myrmelastes
Sclater, PL, 1858
Species

see text

Myrmelastes is a genus of passerine birds in the family Thamnophilidae. Most of these species were previously placed in the genus Schistocichla. The genus formerly included only three species, but several taxa previously considered subspecies of the spot-winged antbird have been elevated to species status.

The genus contains eight species:[1]

These species were formerly placed in the genus Schistocichla which had been erected by the American ornithologist W.E. Clyde Todd in 1927 with spot-winged antbird as the type species.[2] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2013 found that the plumbeous antbird which had previously been placed in the genus Myrmeciza was instead a member of a clade containing species in the genus Schistocichla.[3] The plumbeous antbird was the type species of the genus Myrmelastes which had been introduced by the English zoologist Philip Sclater in 1858.[4][5][6] This was much earlier than Schistocichla, Todd 1927, and had precedence.[1]

The Humaita antbird, brownish-headed antbird, rufous-faced antbird and Roraiman antbird were formerly considered as subspecies of the spot-winged antbird. They were promoted to species status based on detailed studies of the plumage and vocal characteristics.[7][8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  2. ^ Todd, W. E. Clyde (1927). "New gnateaters and antbirds from tropical America, with a revision of the genus Myrmeciza and its allies". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 40: 149–177 [165]. 
  3. ^ Isler, M.L.; Bravo, G.A.; Brumfield, R.T. (2013). "Taxonomic revision of Myrmeciza (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae) into 12 genera based on phylogenetic, morphological, behavioral, and ecological data" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3717 (4): 469–497. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3717.4.3. 
  4. ^ Sclater, Philip Lutley (1858). "Synopsis of the American ant-birds (Formicariidae). Part III. containing the third subfamily Formicariinae, or Ant-thrushes". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 26: 272–289 [274]. 
  5. ^ Sclater, Philip (1890). Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum. Volume 15. London: British Museum. pp. 180, 193.  Note that Myrmelastese plumbeus Sclater = Thamnophilus hyperythrus Sclater.
  6. ^ Todd, W. E. Clyde (1927). "New gnateaters and antbirds from tropical America, with a revision of the genus Myrmeciza and its allies". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 40: 149-177 [172-173]. 
  7. ^ Braun, M.J.; Isler, M.L.; Isler, P.R.; Bates, J.M.; Robbins, M.B. (2005). "Avian speciation in the Pantepui: the case of the Roraiman Antbird (Percnostola [Schistocichla] "leucostigma" saturata)". Condor. 107 (2): 327–341. doi:10.1650/7647. 
  8. ^ Isler, M.L.; Isler, P.R.; Whitney, B.M.; Zimmer, K.J. (2007). "Species limits in the "Schistocichla" complex of Percnosticla antbirds (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae)". Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 119 (1): 53–70. doi:10.1676/05-121.1. 
  9. ^ Robbins, Mark (August 2006). "Proposal (240): Recognize Percnostola [Schistocichla] saturata (Thamnophilidae) as a species separate from P. leucostigma". South American Classification Committee of the American Ornithological Society. Retrieved 31 January 2018. 
  10. ^ Lebbin, Daniel (August 2007). "Proposal (301): Elevate subspecies humaythae, brunneiceps, and rufifacies (within Schistocichla leucostigma) to species rank". South American Classification Committee of the American Ornithological Society. Retrieved 31 January 2018.