Schomberg (1855)

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Schomberg 1855 Colour Lithograph by T. G. Dutton.jpg
The Schomberg departs Liverpool on her maiden voyage in 1855
History
Great Britain
Name: Schomberg
Builder: London
Launched: 1855
In service: 1855
Fate: wrecked
General characteristics
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship

The SS Schomberg a clipper (built in Aberdeen, by Alexander Hall & Co. for "the Black Ball line" (Messrs. James Baines & Co., of Liverpool), for carrying large cargoes and steerage passengers, and to "outdo the Americans".[citation needed] When built she was regarded as the most luxurious and well built clipper of the period.

Baines & Co were the owners of the SS Great Britain, and Alexander Hall & Co was the leading clipper shipbuilder in Britain. She was named after Captain Charles Frederick Schomberg R N., the Emigration Commissioner for Liverpool, an influential man when it came to securing government contracts for the carriage of emigrants. The Black Ball Line’s owners clearly sought his favour. She was launched in Aberdeen, Scotland, on 7 April 1855, and christened by A. H. Layard M.P..[1]

She was sunk on her maiden voyage in 1855 on the Shipwreck Coast of Victoria, Australia.

Dimensions[edit]

She was 2600 tons, 288 feet long, 45 feet broad, 29.2 feet deep.[2] The Encyclopedia Britannica tell us "The frames of the vessel were of British Oak, and the planking consisted of four layers of Scotch Larch, each 2 inches thick. The 1st 2 layers were fixed in a diagonal position, passing down 1 side of the vessel and up the other, beneath the inside keel. The 3rd layer was put on in a perpendicular position, and also passed under the vessel; and over this the outer layer was fixed horizontally. By arranging the planking in the way described, great strength was obtained." She was built to carry 1000 passengers. The vessel cost £43,103.

She was described as very "sharp forward",[citation needed] with a long clean run, and "considerable dead rise"[citation needed] at her midship section. She was heavily sparred, with single topsail yards, and three skysails.

The Schomberg newly launched in Aberdeen

It was believed[citation needed] that for speed she could outdo her American rivals.

Captain[edit]

Captain James Nicol Forbes, an Aberdeen man, of great reputation, who had become famous at the helm of the Marco Polo and Lightning, was appointed to command her. Forbes was supposedly the man who gave birth to the phrase "Hell or Melbourne." [3] He was the holder of a record 68 day run from Liverpool to Melbourne. [4]

Maiden voyage[edit]

She sailed from Liverpool on 6 October 1855 carrying 430 passengers, and a large cargo for the Geelong and Melbourne Railway Company. A "patriotic, cheering crowd"[citation needed] turned out to see her off. As she was towed down the Mersey, her signals read "Sixty days to Melbourne" fluttering gaily from her mizzen truck.

In a letter to the S.A. Register it was said "The vessel, with the provisions for the voyage out and home, cost £60,000, and, I understand is not fully insured. The freight list amounts to £35,000. She is without exception the noblest piece of naval architecture I ever looked upon."[5] At first on her maiden voyage, she enjoyed moderate winds to the equator which she crossed in 28 days, and then drifted into calms and light airs for fourteen days, from which she did not have the nimble speed to extricate herself. [6] On the voyage her best day while running her easting down was 368 miles. From the Greenwich meridian in 19 days, she proceeded at an average of 423 miles per day.[7] On Christmas day she sighted Cape Bridgewater, then 81 days out she was wrecked on 27 December 1855 passing the Victorian coast. She was nearing the end of her voyage, close inshore off Cape Otway at Curdies Inlet (now called Schomberg Reef),[8] east of Peterborough and 150 miles westward of Melbourne. When the wind suddenly dropped the ship drifted onto an uncharted reef and became stuck fast. There was no loss of life: all the passengers, crew and mails were taken off by a passing coastal steamer, the Queen out of Port Fairy the following morning, and taken to Port Phillip. Her mail was redirected from Sydney on 31 September. [9]

Attempts to refloat her were unsuccessful and she eventually broke up on 6 January 1856.

As a result of the incident, her captain James "Bully" Forbes was charged with gross negligence and wrecking her. It was said that he had been below deck playing cards with two ladies, one Miss Hart, an 18 year old passenger. According to Lubbock, "when the mate came down and reported that the ship was getting rather close in under the land and suggested going about. As luck would have it, Forbes was losing and, being a bit out of temper, insisted on playing another rubber of whist before tacking ship, and the danger point had been overstripped when at 11 o'clock he came on deck and gave the order to 'bout ship."[10]

The Melbourne court heard that she was aiming for a record-breaking sixty day run to Melbourne but she was well behind schedule. She was a very heavy ship carrying railway iron, railway carriages, etc., and the trip was proving rather slow. The Captain was cleared as the sandbank was uncharted and there was "not enough evidence to show he had not used every precaution necessary to save his ship"; public outrage ensued.

Meeting of passengers[edit]

At a mass meeting of the passengers, held in Melbourne at the Mechanics' Institute, on 3 February 1856, Forbes was severely censured and some went so far as to suggest that he was so disgusted at the slowness of the passage that he let the ship go ashore on purpose. When Forbes was told that she was hard aground he is reported to have said "Let her go to hell" and immediately went below. Henry Keen, the mate then took charge, clewed up the sails, dropped the anchor and lowered the boats. It was mainly due to the mate and a first-class passenger that all passengers were safely disembarked and put aboard the Queen. "The following resolutions were unanimously carried:

  • 1st. That the conduct of the captain, the surgeon and some of the officers of the Schomberg was ungentlemanly, discourteous and grossly immoral.
  • 2nd. That it was not only the general impression of the passengers of the Schomberg, but to the certain knowledge of many of those here assembled, that the loss of that fine ship can only be attributed to the gross negligence of the captain.
  • 3rd. That we are of opinion that the contracts entered into between Messrs. James Haines & Co., of Liverpool, and the passengers of the Schomberg have not been fulfilled.
  • 4th. That a deputation be appointed to wait upon His Excellency the Office Administering the Government, praying that an investigation be held into the circumstances of the loss of the Schomberg, and the property of the passengers."

Forbes' career was in ruins; it was to be his last command of a fast sailing clipper. He was not to obtain another command with the Black Ball line and he sank into obscurity. He stayed in Australia for a while, obtaining command of the Hastings in 1857, but lost her in 1859, and for a while was regularly "on the beach" in Calcutta. In 1862 he reappeared in Scotland as agent for the owners of the Earl of Derby and in 1864 was in Hong Kong in command of the General Wyndham. He was described then as "a seedy broken-down looking skipper".[citation needed] He commanded this ship until 1866 and that was the end of his sea-going career. On 4 June 1874 he died at the age of 52 in Liverpool and was buried in Smithdown Road Cemetery. [11]

The stern went down in 10 metres of water off the reef, but the Christchurch (New Zealand) newspaper The Sun on 15 March 1975 published an article reporting that the remains of a major portion of the bow upperworks (the hull above the load waterline) had washed up on the West Coast of New Zealand, near Tuperikaka Creek in the South Island. The remains had broken free from the bottom of the ship and as a partially submerged wreck drifted 2414 km across the Tasman Sea.[12]

Salvage[edit]

Bell of the ship Schomberg

The passengers' luggage and some of the cargo was rescued, but the weather worsened and work was abandoned. Cargo littered the beach and the police patrolled the area for looters.[13] The wreck was sold for salvage to local merchants: two were drowned in attempts to reach her. It became a popular wreck site for diving and over 100 relics have been handed in.[14]

The bell of the ship is in the Warrnambool Museum, southern Victoria. Relics at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum include a cannon, a communion set, a brass candlestick, and a diamond ring. [15]

[Some text is missing here]. The composer most frequently represented in the volume[clarification needed] is Charles D'Albert with nine titles (including the Galop celebrating the clipper ship Schomberg). Sheet music was written for the occasion by Charles D'Albert for the launch of the ship. The score is dedicated to Mrs. Charles Schomberg.

A sheet music cover

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Launch of the Schomberg". Northern Daily Times. 7 April 1855. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  2. ^ Lawrence, James. "Letter to The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News, Friday 8th February 1856". aberdeenships.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  3. ^ Lubbock, Basil (1921). The Colonial Clippers. James Brown & Son, Glasgow. pp. 87–89.
  4. ^ "Peterborough". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  5. ^ Lawrence, James. "Letter to The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News, Friday 8th February 1856". aberdeenships.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  6. ^ Lawrence, James. "Letter to The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News, Friday 8th February 1856". aberdeenships.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  7. ^ Lawrence, James. "Letter to The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News, Friday 8th February 1856". aberdeenships.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Alexander Hall Shipyard 1790". The Doric Columns. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Wreck of the Schomberg mail". Stamp Auction Network. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  10. ^ Lubbock, Basil (1921). The Colonial Clippers. James Brown & Son, Glasgow. pp. 87–89.
  11. ^ Lubbock, Basil (1921). The Colonial Clippers. James Brown & Son, Glasgow. pp. 87–89.
  12. ^ Parsons, Ron. "The 'Schomberg' at Aberdeen". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Mail on the Schomberg". AusPostalHistory.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Australian National Shipwreck Database". Australian National Shipwreck Database. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  15. ^ Stone, Derrick (2010). Walks, Tracks and Trails of Victoria. Csiro Publishing. pp. 175–178. ISBN 064309587X. Retrieved 27 March 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Clark, Arthur Hamilton, nd: The Clipper Ship Era: an epitome of famous American and British clipper ships, their owners, builders, commanders, and crews 1843-1869, pp. 284, 287. G.P. Putnam's Sons (online version)

External links[edit]