QQQ

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This article is about the Australian television station. For other uses, see QQQ (disambiguation).
ITQ / QQQ
ITQ: Mount Isa, Queensland
QQQ: Remote Eastern, Southern and Central Australia
Branding Southern Cross
Slogan Always On
Channels Analog:
ITQ: 8 (VHF)
QQQ: various
Digital:
switch on digital, 2010–2013 various
Affiliations Seven
Owner Southern Cross Austereo
(Regional Television Pty Ltd)
First air date

ITQ: 11 September 1971

QQQ: 29 April 1988
Call letters' meaning ITQ:
Mount Isa
Telecasters
Queensland
QQQ:
Queensland
Queensland
Queensland
Former affiliations independent (1971–1998)
Transmitter power ITQ: 1.3 kW
Height ITQ: 75 m[1]
Transmitter coordinates ITQ:
20°44′4″S 139°30′45″E / 20.73444°S 139.51250°E / -20.73444; 139.51250 (ITQ)

QQQ (also known as Southern Cross Central) is an Australian television station broadcasting in remote eastern, southern and central areas of Australia, owned by Southern Cross Austereo. The station is available via satellite and terrestrial platforms – mostly through community retransmission sites, although it also transmits into the town of Mount Isa, Queensland under the call sign ITQ. The station is primarily affiliated with the Seven Network, while carrying a limited amount of sport programming from Network Ten.

History[edit]

In December 1998, the ITQ and QQQ signals – then known as Queensland Satellite Television, or QSTV, and owned by Telecasters Australia Limited (previously Telecasters North Queensland) – were officially aggregated with that of Imparja Television into a Remote Eastern and Central Australia licence area. Previously, QSTV serviced remote Queensland and New South Wales, while Imparja serviced the Northern Territory (excluding Darwin), and remote South Australia and Victoria, plus far-western New South Wales. As part of the aggregation, the Australian Broadcasting Authority further extended the combined licence area to cover more remote areas of New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania, who were not fully served by regularly licensed terrestrial television services.[2]

On 1 February 1999, QSTV changed its affiliation from predominantly Network Ten, in line with Telecasters' stations in regional Queensland (TNQ, now Southern Cross Ten), to the Seven Network, becoming Seven Central.[3] This closely followed the introduction of a Seven Network-affiliated service, Seven Darwin (TND), to Darwin in 1998.

Telecasters Australia was purchased by Southern Cross Broadcasting (SCB) in July 2001,[4] and its official name was eventually changed to Southern Cross Central. However, unlike other Southern Cross-owned stations – including TND, which at the time was a dual Seven/Ten affiliate under the Southern Cross Television brand – QQQ/ITQ simply carried the Seven Network branding unchanged, leading some people to continue to refer it as "Seven Central". The station carried a simple "SCTV" text watermark in lieu of independent branding, denoting the origin of the signal. (Previously, the watermark has read "TAL" and "SCB", denoting the previous owners. "MSCM" was used briefly after the Macquarie acquisition.)

On 19 May 2010, the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) approved a licence for Central Digital Television, a third digital-only network to be jointly owned by Imparja Television and Southern Cross Austereo.[5] The network launched on 30 June 2010 on the Viewer Access Satellite Television service. The same day, Southern Cross Central began broadcasting SCTV Central, SCTV Central HD and 7Two Central to coincide with the first analog television transmitter switch off in Mildura, Victoria. This was so viewers in the area who lost adequate television coverage were able to utilise VAST as an alternative source.[6]

VAST officially launched on 10 December 2010, and began granting access to viewers in the Remote Central and Eastern Australia licence areas. This brought digital television to satellite viewers in the Northern Territory, Queensland and South Australia for the first time.[6] Digital terrestrial transmissions began in Alice Springs, Northern Territory and Mount Isa, Queensland on 2 May 2011,[7] with other areas launching between 2012 and 2013. Optus Aurora, the satellite service preceding VAST, was closed down on 10 December 2013.

News updates[edit]

Under previous owners, a local Seven News bulletin for Darwin and Central Australia was produced until 2000. Separate news update services for remote Australia were introduced in 2005 before being merged with updates for Darwin into one service in 2013. The shared three-minute short news updates throughout the day are broadcast on ITQ/QQQ serving remote areas and TND in Darwin, presented from Southern Cross Austereo's studio in Canberra.

Availability[edit]

Terrestrial[edit]

Southern Cross Central broadcasts free-to-air digital television channels SCTV Central, 7mate Central and 7Two Central via terrestrial transmissions in many regional cities and towns. The network is licensed to broadcast within the Remote Central and Eastern Australia TV2 and Mount Isa TV1 licence areas,[8] which include Alice Springs, Bourke, Ceduna, Charleville, Coober Pedy, Cooktown, Katherine, Longreach, Mount Isa, Roma and Weipa, as well as others.[9]

Satellite[edit]

A digital satellite transmission of Southern Cross Central's channels is available free-to-view on the VAST service in all states and territories of Australia, except Western Australia. 7mate Central is broadcast as a single high definition channel to all viewers, while SCTV Central and 7Two Central are each split into two separate standard definition channels.[10] SCTV Central North and 7Two Central North are broadcast in Australian Eastern Standard Time for viewers in Northern Territory and Queensland (Northern Australia TV3 licence area), and SCTV Central South and 7Two Central South in Australian Eastern Summer Time for viewers in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Norfolk Island (South Eastern Australia TV3 licence area).

Southern Cross Central is also available in Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea though the HiTRON subscription television service (shown on channel list as 7 Central).[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ HAAT estimated from http://www.itu.int/SRTM3/ using EHAAT.
  2. ^ Australian Broadcasting Authority (23 December 1998). Additional television services in remote regions of Australia Archived 20 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 9 January 2008.
  3. ^ Alice Springs News, 24 February 1999. Retrieved on 2 August 2007.
  4. ^ Southern Cross Broadcasting 2001 Annual Report. Retrieved on 2 August 2007.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "Annual Report 2010/2011: Broadcasting and Digital Television". Department of Communications (previously DBCDE). October 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Commercial digital television services switch on in Alice Springs and Mt Isa on 2 May". Australian Communications and Media Authority. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Commercial TV Broadcasting Licences" (PDF). Australian Communications and Media Authority. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Imparja's Plan for Digital Broadcasting" (PDF). Imparja Television. July 2010. p. 4. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Viewer Access Satellite Television service for Central and Eastern Australia". digitalready.gov.au. March 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  11. ^ HiTRON Limited – Papua New Guinea :: MMDS TV – top programming – more channels – better reliability Archived 15 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.