Shadows in the Night

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Shadows in the Night
A black and white photograph of Dylan, tinted blue cut into vertical bars
Studio album by Bob Dylan
Released February 3, 2015 (2015-02-03)
Recorded 2014
Studio Capitol Studios, Los Angeles, U.S.
Genre Traditional pop, vocal jazz
Length 35:17
Language English
Label Columbia
Producer Jack Frost
Bob Dylan chronology
The 50th Anniversary Collection 1964
(2014)The 50th Anniversary Collection 19642014
Shadows in the Night
(2015)
The Bootleg Series Vol. 12: The Cutting Edge 1965–1966
(2015)The Bootleg Series Vol. 12: The Cutting Edge 1965–19662015
Singles from Shadows in the Night
  1. "Full Moon and Empty Arms"
    Released: December 9, 2014
  2. "Stay with Me"
    Released: January 19, 2015

Shadows in the Night is the 36th studio album by Bob Dylan, released by Columbia Records on February 3, 2015.[1] The album consists of covers of traditional pop standards made famous by Frank Sinatra, chosen by Dylan.[2] Speaking of his intention behind the album, Dylan stated:

I don't see myself as covering these songs in any way. They've been covered enough. Buried, as a matter a fact. What me and my band are basically doing is uncovering them. Lifting them out of the grave and bringing them into the light of day.[3]

The album garnered acclaim from critics, who praised its song selections as well as Dylan and his band's performance and arrangements.[4] The album debuted at  No.  1 on the UK Albums Chart, making Dylan the oldest male solo artist to chart at  No.  1 in the UK.

Composition and recording[edit]

Shadows in the Night consists of ten ballads that were recorded by Frank Sinatra in the late 1950s and early 1960s.[5] The songs were selected from that period of Sinatra's career when he was recording thematic albums that explored emotions of separation and heartache—albums such as Where Are You? (1957), which includes four of the songs on Shadows, No One Cares (1959), and All Alone (1962).[5] Most of the songs are Tin Pan Alley standards, delivered in a slow to mid-tempo pace, that "often luxuriate in melancholy" and communicate a sense of loneliness.[5] The arrangements center on Dylan's vocals supported throughout by Donny Herron's gliding pedal-steel guitar and Tony Garnier's bass.[5]

Shadows in the Night was recorded in 2014 at Capitol Studios in studio B, where Frank Sinatra often recorded his albums.[5] According to the album's recording engineer, Al Schmitt, the songs on Shadows were recorded live with Dylan singing and his five-man touring band performing the songs in the same room at the same time without headphones.[5][6] Dylan did not want to see any microphones other than the one he was using for his vocals, so Schmitt had to set up the rest of the microphones away from the instruments.[6] The acoustic bass microphone was eight feet from the bass, and set down and away so it couldn't be seen; the same approach was taken for the acoustic guitar.[6] For the electric guitar and pedal steel, Schmitt placed the microphones close to the amplifiers, which were set off to the side.[6]

According to Schmitt, recording sessions typically were held from 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm, and then after a two-hour break, an evening session was held from 8:00 pm to around 10:30 pm.[6] They worked Monday through Friday with weekends off.[6] Dylan prepared each session by listening to the Sinatra recordings, according to Schmitt, who noted:

He would listen to the songs over and over and get Sinatra's intention on what he was doing with the song. Then he would only do two or three takes on each tune, but he would make it his own. It had nothing to do with Sinatra. He'd just learn what the song was about and whatever. It was an interesting way to work.[6]

A total of 23 songs were recorded, from which ten were chosen for the album.[6]

Artwork[edit]

The cover art for Shadows in the Night presents images and a design that evoke the early 1960s. The front cover incorporates a photo of Dylan in a thoughtful pose in formal attire, presented in shadow behind a vertical-bar design that emulates the cover of jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard's 1962 Blue Note album Hub-Tones.[5] The back cover photo shows Dylan and a masked woman, both in formal wear, sitting at a small nightclub table looking at a seven-inch Sun Records single.[5] Their appearance may allude to the 1966 Black and White Ball, a masked ball attended by Frank Sinatra and his wife Mia Farrow, both of whom wore masks at the event.[5] As with many of Dylan albums of the past fifteen years, the packaging features minimal credits and no printed lyrics.

Release and promotion[edit]

Shadows in the Night was released by Columbia Records on February 3, 2015.[1] Just prior to its release, a Dylan publicist announced that 50,000 free copies of the CD would be given away to randomly selected readers of AARP The Magazine, a bi-monthly periodical that focuses on issues related to aging.[7] Dylan's representatives also reached out to Robert Love, editor in chief of the magazine, requesting an interview.[8] In the interview, Dylan said he wanted to make this album ever since hearing Willie Nelson's standards album Stardust in the 1970s.[8] Dylan also spoke about his admiration for Frank Sinatra:

When you start doing these songs, Frank's got to be on your mind. Because he is the mountain. That’s the mountain you have to climb, even if you only get part of the way there. And it’s hard to find a song he did not do ... People talk about Frank all the time. He had this ability to get inside of the song in a sort of a conversational way. Frank sang to you—not at you. I never wanted to be a singer that sings at somebody. I’ve always wanted to sing to somebody. ... Certainly nobody worshipped Sinatra in the '60s like they did in the '40s. But he never went away—all those other things that we thought were here to stay, they did go away. But he never did.[8]

Dylan's intention, however, was not to record a mere collection of cover songs or a Sinatra tribute. In a statement he explained, "I don't see myself as covering these songs in any way. They've been covered enough. Buried, as a matter a fact. What me and my band are basically doing is uncovering them. Lifting them out of the grave and bringing them into the light of day."[3]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
AnyDecentMusic?7.9/10[9]
Metacritic82/100[4]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4/5 stars[10]
The A.V. ClubB+[11]
Billboard4/5 stars[12]
The Guardian5/5 stars[13]
Mojo5/5 stars[14]
Paste9/10[15]
Pitchfork Media6.2/10 [16]
PopMatters8/10 stars[17]
Rolling Stone4/5 stars[18]
Uncut9/10[19]
If Tempest was hellfire apocalypse romance, prophesied steampunk armageddon, then Shadows in the Night is the revelation of the true nature of the American songbook...Dylan is rearranging, channeling, reinterpreting American musics, a magus, like he has been for decades.
Ben Roylance in review of Shadows in the Night[20]

Shadows in the Night received critical acclaim from music critics, upon its release. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from critics, the album received an average score of 82, which indicates "universal acclaim", based on 31 reviews.[4] AllMusic critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine wrote: "The fact that the feel is so richly idiosyncratic is a testament to just how well he knows these tunes, and these slow, winding arrangements are why Shadows in the Night feels unexpectedly resonant: it's a testament to how deeply Dylan sees himself in these old songs."[10]

Kenneth Partridge, in Billboard magazine, gave the album four out of five stars, noting that Dylan was "singing like a guy who has seen it all and found truth in timeless poetry that belongs to everyone".[12] Partridge also observed, "Dylan has always loved American mythology and all things archaic, and his best songs on recent albums have been rooted in pre-rock pop. When he gets wistful on "The Night We Called It a Day" or grabs hold of moonbeams on the South Pacific favorite "Some Enchanted Evening", he's natural and sincere."[12] Alexis Petridis of The Guardian praised the album, stating that "it may be the most straightforwardly enjoyable album Dylan's made since Time Out of Mind".[13] Jesse Cataldo of Slant Magazine thought that the album "deepens the innate sorrow of these old tunes by establishing them on a long, irregular continuum, possessing the same inherent mutability as the folk songs of Dylan's early days".[21]

Writing for The A.V. Club, Corbin Reiff summed up the unexpected album by writing, "You can chalk it up as another instance of one of the most capricious artists in pop music history doing what he felt like. Take it or leave it."[11] Paste magazine critic Douglas Heselgrave stated that "Every performance on Shadows in the Night expresses a level of vocal maturity and intuition that he's never quite reached before."[15] David Fricke of Rolling Stone magazine described the album as "quietly provocative and compelling", observing that "Dylan transforms everything on Shadows in the Night into a barely-there noir of bowed bass and throaty shivers of electric guitar".[18] Jon Pareles of The New York Times gave the album a positive review, writing: "Mr. Dylan presents yet another changed voice: not the wrathful scrape of his recent albums, but a subdued, sustained tone." Parales further stated: "Even when it falters, Shadows in the Night maintains its singular mood: lovesick, haunted, suspended between an inconsolable present and all the regrets of the past.[5]

In his review for The Telegraph, Neil McCormick gave the album five out of five stars, describing the work as "quite gorgeous" and "spooky, bittersweet, mesmerisingly moving" with "the best singing from Dylan in 25 years".[22] McCormick also praised Dylan's "delicate, tender and precise" singing that somehow "focuses the songs, compelling listeners to address their interior world in a way glissando prettiness might disguise".[22]

Commercial performance[edit]

The album debuted at  No.  1 on the UK Albums Chart, selling 22,031 in its first week. At the age of 73, Bob Dylan was the oldest male solo artist to chart at  No.  1 in the UK, until the record was beaten by Paul Simon in 2016 for Stranger to Stranger.[23] Dylan also holds the record for the longest span between  No.  1 albums with 51 years, having first topped the chart with The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan in 1963.[24]

In the US, the album debuted at  No.  7 on Billboard 200, and  No.  1 on Billboard's Top Rock Albums chart, selling 50,000 copies in its first week.[25] As of April 2016, the album has sold 151,000 copies in the U.S.[26]

Track listing[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."I'm a Fool to Want You"Frank Sinatra, Jack Wolf, Joel Herron4:51
2."The Night We Called It a Day"Matt Dennis, Tom Adair3:24
3."Stay with Me"Jerome Moross, Carolyn Leigh2:56
4."Autumn Leaves"Joseph Kosma, Jacques Prévert (French), Johnny Mercer (English)3:02
5."Why Try to Change Me Now"Cy Coleman, Joseph McCarthy3:38
6."Some Enchanted Evening"Oscar Hammerstein II, Richard Rodgers3:28
7."Full Moon and Empty Arms"Buddy Kaye, Ted Mossman, Sergei Rachmaninoff3:26
8."Where Are You?"Harold Adamson, Jimmy McHugh3:37
9."What'll I Do"Irving Berlin3:21
10."That Lucky Old Sun"Haven Gillespie, Beasley Smith3:39
Total length:35:17

Personnel[edit]

Additional musicians
Technical personnel

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (2015) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[27] 8
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[28] 3
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[29] 3
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[30] 4
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[31] 2
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[32] 8
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[33] 6
Irish Albums (IRMA)[34] 1
Italian Albums (FIMI)[35] 6
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[36] 7
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[37] 1
Polish Albums (ZPAV)[38] 6
Portuguese Albums (AFP)[39] 6
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[40] 3
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[41] 1
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[42] 2
UK Albums (OCC)[43] 1
US Billboard 200[44] 7
US Folk Albums (Billboard)[45] 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Eakin, Marah (October 31, 2014). "There's a New Bob Dylan Record Coming in 2015". The A.V. Club. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  2. ^ "Bob Dylan Releasing New Album Shadows in the Night in 2015". Bob Dylan. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Greene, Andy (May 13, 2014). "Bob Dylan Releases Frank Sinatra Cover ..." Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Shadows in the Night: Bob Dylan". Metacritic. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Pareles, Jon (February 2, 2015). "Releases from Bob Dylan and Diana Krall". The New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Peeples, Stephen K. (February 3, 2015). "Grammy Legend Al Schmitt Previews Bob Dylan's 'Shadows in the Night'". Stephen K. Peeples. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  7. ^ "Bob Dylan Is Giving His New CD (Yes, CD) to 50,000 Over-50s". Wondering Sound. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c Love, Robert (February 2015). "Bob Dylan Does the American Standards His Way". AARP. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  9. ^ "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night". AnyDecentMusic?. anydecentmusic.com. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  10. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night". AllMusic. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  11. ^ a b Reiff, Corbin (February 3, 2015). "There's Nothing Standard About Bob Dylan's Latest". The A.V. Club. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c Partridge, Kenneth (February 3, 2015). "Bob Dylan Takes on Frank Sinatra ..." Billboard. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  13. ^ a b Petridis, Alex (January 29, 2015). "Shadows in the Night review: An Unalloyed Pleasure". The Guardian. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  14. ^ "Bob Dylan – Shadows In The Night - MOJO". February 6, 2015.
  15. ^ a b Heselgrave, Douglas (February 3, 2015). "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night Review". Paste. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  16. ^ Stephen M. Deusner (2015-02-03). "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2017-04-02.
  17. ^ "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night".
  18. ^ a b Fricke, David (February 3, 2015). "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  19. ^ Uncut magazine, [Mar 2015, p.65]
  20. ^ "Music Review: Bob Dylan - Shadows In The Night".
  21. ^ Cataldo, Jesse (February 2, 2015). "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night". Slant Magazine. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  22. ^ a b McCormick, Neil (January 23, 2015). "Shadows in The Night, review: 'extraordinary'". The Telegraph. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  23. ^ Jones, Alan (10 June 2016). "Official Charts Analysis: Paul Simon nets seventh No.1 album". Music Week. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  24. ^ [1][dead link]
  25. ^ White, Emily (February 13, 2015). "Bob Dylan Debuts at No. 1 on Top Rock Albums". Billboard.
  26. ^ "Upcoming Releases". Hits Daily Double. HITS Digital Ventures. Archived from the original on April 30, 2016.
  27. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  28. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  29. ^ "Ultratop.be – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  30. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  31. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  32. ^ "Bob Dylan: Shadows in the Night" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
  33. ^ "Officialcharts.de – Top 100 Longplay". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  34. ^ "GFK Chart-Track Albums: Week 6, 2015". Chart-Track. IRMA. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  35. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  36. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  37. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  38. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
  39. ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
  40. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
  41. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  42. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Bob Dylan – Shadows in the Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  43. ^ "Bob Dylan | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  44. ^ "Bob Dylan Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
  45. ^ "Bob Dylan Chart History (Top Americana/Folk Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved February 13, 2015.

External links[edit]