Shamsul Huq

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Shamsul Haq (শামসুল হক)
Shamsul Haque.jpg
Born 1 February 1918
Delduar, Tangail, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died 1965
Ethnicity Bengali
Citizenship British India, Later Pakistani
Known for Politician
Political party Muslim League laterAwami League
Religion Islam

Shamsul Huq was a Bengali politician who led a parliamentary committee in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan to advocate for the recognition of the Bengali language during the Language movement of the 1950s.[1] He was also the first and third General Secretary of the Awami League,[2] which played a key role in Bengali nationalist movement in the 1950s and 1960s.[3] Shamsul is the very first leader from a middle-class family who won the general election defeating the then famous and high profile Muslim league leader Khurrum Khan Panni(a local Zaminder) of Tangail that made a political storm through Pakistan.

Political career[edit]

The Awami League was formed on 23 June 1953 and Shamsul Huq became its first General Secretary, and Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani became its first president.[4] He wrote a pamphlet on this occasion titled "Main Demands." The pamphlet reads

The East Pakistan Muslim League member's convention believes that, like all the events of every century, of every country, Lahore Resolution has also made history... But even though Pakistan is an Islamic state, it is not a Muslim state, or a state made only for Muslims and nor does be wished to be influenced by Anti-Islamic imperialist, Capitalist nor by self centered government. In the view of Islam, Allah is not for Muslims but He is the God of the entire humanity- irrespective of nation, religion and color. Rabb is Allah's greatest identity. And as Rabb the Rububuiyat or lordship is our first and most important duty.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Shamsul Haq was married to Afia Khatun (later Dr. Afia Dil). She reportedly separated from him when he went to prison.[5] She currently lives and works in the United States. She has authored Bengali Language Movement and the Creation of Bangladesh (2011) with her husband Anwar S. Dil.[6] Shamsul Haq reportedly died sometime in 1965 in the district of Tangail.


  1. ^ Helal, Bashir Al (2012). "Language Movement". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "Bangladesh Awami League, a pioneer in practicing democracy within party". Bangladesh Awami League. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Rashiduzzaman, M. (1970). "The Awami League in the Political Development of Pakistan". Asian Survey 10 (7): 574–587. doi:10.1525/as.1970.10.7.01p0012n. 
  4. ^ a b Bhashani Foundation (2010). Searching for Bhasani Citizen of the World: The Life and Times of (Earnest) Mozlum Leader Maulana Bhasani. Xlibris Corporation. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-1-4535-7313-6. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ Dil, Afia; Dil, Anwar S. (2011). Bengali Language Movement and Creation of Bangladesh Volume 8 of Contributions to Bangladesh studies (Bangladesh Volume 8 of Contributions to Bangladesh studies Authors ed.). Bangladesh: Intercultural Forum. ISBN 9842001709. Retrieved 13 March 2015.