Shamsul Huq

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Shamsul Haq
Shamsul Haque.jpg
Native name
শামসুল হক
Born1 February 1918
Delduar, Tangail, British India
Known forPolitician
Political partyMuslim League laterAwami League
Spouse(s)Late Afia Khatun

Shamsul Huq was a Bengali politician who led a parliamentary committee in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan to advocate for the recognition of the Bengali language during the Language movement of the 1950s.[1] He was also the first and third General Secretary of the Awami League,[2] which played a key role in Bengali nationalist movement in the 1950s and 1960s.[3]

Political career[edit]

The Awami League was formed on 23 June 1949 and Huq became its first general secretary, and Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani became its first president.[4][self-published source] He wrote a pamphlet on this occasion titled "Main Demands." The pamphlet reads

The East Pakistan Muslim League member's convention believes that, like all the events of every century, of every country, Lahore Resolution has also made history... But even though Pakistan is an Islamic state, it is not a Muslim state, or a state made only for Muslims and nor does be wished to be influenced by Anti-Islamic imperialist, Capitalist nor by self centered government. In the view of Islam, Allah is not for Muslims but He is the God of the entire humanity- irrespective of nation, religion and color. Rabb is Allah's greatest identity. And as Rabb the Rububuiyat or lordship is our first and most important duty.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Haq was married to Afia Khatun (later Afia Dil). Afia Khatun's childhood friend was Begum Jahanara Khan wife of Yar Mohammad Khan.[5] She currently lives and works in the United States. She has authored a book – Bengali Language Movement and the Creation of Bangladesh (2011) – with her husband Anwar S. Dil.[6]


  1. ^ Helal, Bashir Al (2012). "Language Movement". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Bangladesh Awami League, a pioneer in practicing democracy within party". Bangladesh Awami League. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  3. ^ Rashiduzzaman, M. (1970). "The Awami League in the Political Development of Pakistan". Asian Survey. 10 (7): 574–587. doi:10.1525/as.1970.10.7.01p0012n. JSTOR 2642956.
  4. ^ a b Bhashani Foundation (2010). Searching for Bhasani Citizen of the World: The Life and Times of (Earnest) Mozlum Leader Maulana Bhasani. Xlibris Corporation. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-1-4535-7313-6. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Dil, Afia; Dil, Anwar S. (2011). Bengali Language Movement and Creation of Bangladesh. Volume 8 of Contributions to Bangladesh studies. Bangladesh: Intercultural Forum. ISBN 9842001709. Retrieved 13 March 2015.