Joy Bangla

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Joy Bangla written in Bengali alphabet
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Joy Bangla (Bengali: জয় বাংলা) is a salutation, slogan, and war cry most commonly used in People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal to indicate Nationalism towards the geopolitical, cultural and historical region of Bengal and Bangamata (also known as Bangla Maa or Mother Bengal).[1] It translates roughly to "Victory to Bengal" or "Hail Bengal".[2]

History[edit]

The origins of Joy Bangla is not clearly known. It appeared in the 11-point charter put forth by the Sarbadaliya Chhatra Sangram Parishad on 4 January 1969. After the release of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the SCSP held a rally at the Ramna Race Course ground on 22 February 1969, to honour him. When Mujib was conferred the title of Bangabandhu, cries of Joy Bangla came from all over the park.[3]

Joy Bangla was the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.[4] In Bangladesh Liberation War, 27 March 1971 Major Ziaur Rahman broadcast announcement of the declaration of independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and he finished with "Joy Bangla".[5]

After the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Khondakar Mostaq Ahmad replaced Joy Bangla with Bangladesh Zindabad.[6]

Bangladesh national motto[edit]

The Bangladesh High Court on 4 December 2017 directed the government of Bangladesh to explain "why Joy Bangla would not be declared as national motto of the county".[7][8]

In popular culture[edit]

on 7 March 1971 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called for independence and asked the people of Bangladesh to launch a major campaign of civil disobedience and organized armed resistance at a mass gathering of people held at the Race Course Ground in Dhaka.[9][10][11]

The struggle now is the struggle for our emancipation; the struggle now is the struggle for our independence. Joy Bangla!..[9][11][12]
(For more info, see: 7th March Speech of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman)[13]

The surrender ceremony of the Pakistani military also took place at the Race Course Ground on December 16, 1971. About 35'000 Pakistani troops surrendered , making it the largest military surrender that occurred after World War 2. Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, Joint Commander of Indian and Bangladesh Forces accepted the surrender without a word, while the crowd on the race course erupted in celebrations, shouting victory slogans, "Joy Bangla".[14][15][16][17][18]

The phrase plays some important ceremonial roles. It is inscribed on the screen wall facing the front entrance of the National Parade Ground compound, Dhaka Cantonment which houses the headquarters of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. During Military Parade by Bangladesh Armed Forces at the National Parade Ground, the following ceremonial salutation is carried out:

Leader of troops: " Salute thee!" (Bengali: সালাম হে Sālāma hē)
Troops: "Victory to Bengal!" (Bengali: জয় বাংলা Joy Bangla)

The salutation "Joy Bangla" is the official slogan of the Awami League. The phrase "Joy Bangla, Joy Bangabandhu" is used by the party members at the end of speeches and communications pertaining to or referring to patriotism towards Bangladesh and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib.

The phrase has also given its name to

  • Joy Bangla weekly (1971), one of the two official mouthpieces of the provisional Mujibnagar government, that led the Bangladesh's independence war.
  • Joy Bangla Banglar Joy, a patriotic and popular songs. It was the signature tune of the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra.
  • Joy Bangla Concert, annual benefit concert by Young Bangla.[19][20]
  • Joy Bangla Youth Award, the flagship Award event of Young Bangla.[21][22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sun, The Daily. "The Immortal Slogan of "Joy Bangla" | daily sun". Daily Sun. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  2. ^ "The immortal slogan of Joy Bangla". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  3. ^ David Ludden (July 19, 2003). "Forgotten Heroes". Frontline. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 310. ISBN 8176484695. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ HISTORY OF FREEDOM MOVEMENT IN BANGLADESH, 1943–1973: SOME INVOLVEMENT WRITTEN BY JYOTI SEN GUPTA, NAYA PROKASH, 206, BIDHAN SARANI, CALCUTTA-6, FIRST EDITION, 1974, CHAPTER-15, PAGE-325 and 326. Books.google.com. 1974. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ahmad, Khondakar Mostaq - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2018-01-10. 
  7. ^ "Govt asked to explain why Joi Bangla won't be declared as national slogan". New Age | The Outspoken Daily. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  8. ^ "Why Joy Bangla won't be national motto: HC". Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  9. ^ a b "Bangabandhu's March 7 speech Bangladesh's inspiration to rise: PM". The Daily Star. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  10. ^ Amir Hossain (7 March 2013). "Historic 7th March speech of Bangabandhu". Bangabandhu - The Man Behind the Nation (Blog). Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "1971 March 7th shek mujibur rahman". YouTube. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "The World: Bangladesh: Out of War, a Nation Is Born". Time. 20 December 1971. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  13. ^ Sen Gupta, Jyoti (1974). History of freedom movement in Bangladesh, 1943-1973: some involvement. Calcutta: Naya Prokash. pp. 325–326. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  14. ^ Nabī, Nūruna (2010). Bullets of '71: A Freedom Fighter's Story. AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781452043777. 
  15. ^ Nayar, Kuldip (3 February 1998). "Of betrayal and bungling". Indian Express. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  16. ^ ntv.com. "The surrender: Accounts of foreign journalists". NTV Online. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  17. ^ Anam, Mahfuz. "The challenge before Bangladesh". Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  18. ^ "The fall of a nation and the birth of a new nation | The Asian Age Online, Bangladesh". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  19. ^ "Joy Bangla Concert 2017 | Dhaka Tribune". www.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  20. ^ "Joy Bangla Concert to rekindle historic March 7". The Daily Star. 2017-02-28. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  21. ^ "30 organisations win Joy Bangla Youth Award 2017 | Dhaka Tribune". www.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  22. ^ "30 organisations get Joy Bangla Youth Award 2017". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2018-01-25.