Joy Bangla

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Joy Bangla written in Bengali alphabet
" Joy Bangla " sculpture at Mujibnagar Liberation War Memorial Complex in Meherpur

Joy Bangla (Bengali: জয় বাংলা) is a salutation, slogan and war cry used by some peoples in Bangladesh and d Manbhum District[1][2][3] (also known as Bangla Maa or Mother Bengal).[4] It translates roughly to "Victory to Bengal" or "Hail Bengal".[5]

History[edit]

The name of the slogan Joy Bangla comes from a poem named "Pūrṇa Abhinandan" (1922) by Kazi Nazrul Islam.[6][1][7][8] The middle two lines of the fifth stanza are as follows:

In Bengalī script

জয় বাংলা”র পূর্ণচন্দ্র, জয় জয় আদি অন্তরীণ,
জয় যুগে যুগে আসা সেনাপতি, জয় প্রাণ অন্তহীন[9]

Transliteration

Joy Bangla'r pūrṇochondro, joy joy adi ontorīṇ
joy jugē jugē asa sēnapoti, joy prāṇ ontohīn[10]

It appeared in the 11-point charter put forth by the Sarbadaliya Chhatra Sangram Parishad on 4 January 1969. After the release of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the SCSP held a rally at the Ramna Race Course ground on 22 February 1969, to honour him. When Mujib was conferred the title of Bangabandhu, cries of Joy Bangla came from all over the park.[11]

Joy Bangla was the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.[12] In Bangladesh Liberation War, 27 March 1971 Major Ziaur Rahman broadcast announcement of the declaration of independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and he finished with "Joy Bangla".[13]

After the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Khondakar Mostaq Ahmad replaced Joy Bangla with Bangladesh Zindabad.[14]

Proposed national slogan of Bangladesh[edit]

The Bangladesh High Court on 4 December 2017 directed the government of Bangladesh to explain "why Joy Bangla would not be declared as national slogan of the county".[15]

On 10 March 2020, The High Court has been declared that ‘Joy Bangla’ will be the national slogan of Bangladesh.[16]

Justice FRM Nazmul Ahasan and Justice KM Kamrul Kader announced this after settling a rule on a writ petition filed two years ago.[17] The High Court also added that this order will be done fulfill within next three months.

Bangladesh constitutional office-holders and all state officials will be use on all national days and in appropriate cases, at the end of their speeches in state programmes. All of educational institution teachers and students must be use the Joy Bangla motto at the end of assemblies.[17]

In popular culture[edit]

on 7 March 1971 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called for independence and asked the people of Bangladesh to launch a major campaign of civil disobedience and organized armed resistance at a mass gathering of people held at the Race Course Ground in Dhaka.[18][19][20]

The struggle now is the struggle for our emancipation; the struggle now is the struggle for our independence. Joy Bangla!..[18][20][21]
(For more info, see: 7th March Speech of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman)[22]

The surrender ceremony of the Pakistani military also took place at the Race Course Ground on 16 December 1971. About 35'000 Pakistani troops surrendered, making it the largest military surrender that occurred after World War 2. Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, Joint Commander of Indian and Bangladesh Forces accepted the surrender without a word, while the crowd on the race course erupted in celebrations, shouting victory slogans, "Joy Bangla".[23][24][25][26][27]

The salutation "Joy Bangla" is the official slogan of the Awami League. The phrase "Joy Bangla, Joy Bangabandhu" is used by the party members at the end of speeches and communications pertaining to or referring to patriotism towards Bangladesh and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib.

The phrase has also given its name to

  • Joy Bangla weekly (1971), one of the two official mouthpieces of the provisional Mujibnagar government, that led the Bangladesh's independence war.
  • Joy Bangla Banglar Joy, a patriotic and popular songs. It was the signature tune of the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra.
  • Joy Bangla Concert, annual benefit concert by Young Bangla.[28][29]
  • Joy Bangla Youth Award, the flagship Award event of Young Bangla.[30][31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/kolkata/meghalaya-governor-slams-trinamool-says-chanting-joy-bangla-slogan-seditious-5794109/
  2. ^ https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/trends/jai-shri-ram-joy-bangla-sweets-for-sale-in-bengal-4081121.html
  3. ^ https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/india-news-jai-shri-ram-vs-joy-bangla-desperate-mamata-banerjee-feels-saffron-heat/301737
  4. ^ "The Immortal Slogan of "Joy Bangla"". Daily Sun. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  5. ^ "The immortal slogan of Joy". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  6. ^ https://opinion.bdnews24.com/bangla/archives/55113
  7. ^ https://www.daily-sun.com/post/246897/Bangabandhu-and-the-Power-of-“Joy-Bangla”
  8. ^ https://www.dhakatribune.com/uncategorized/2013/04/20/joy-bangla-was-inspired-by-nazruls-poetry-pm
  9. ^ https://www.kalerkantho.com/print-edition/doshdik/2015/08/28/261655
  10. ^ https://www.bangla-kobita.com/nazrulislam/purnoovinondon/
  11. ^ David Ludden (19 July 2003). "Forgotten Heroes". Frontline. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  12. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 310. ISBN 8176484695. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  13. ^ Gupta, Jyoti Sen (1974). History of Freedom Movement in Bangladesh, 1943–1973: Some Involvement. Calcutta: Naya Prokash. pp. 325–326. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  14. ^ "Ahmad, Khondakar Mostaq". Banglapedia. Retrieved 2018-01-10.
  15. ^ "Govt asked to explain why Joi Bangla won't be declared as national slogan". New Age. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  16. ^ "'Joy Bangla' to be national slogan: HC". Prothom Alo. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  17. ^ a b "HC orders govt to announce 'Joy Bangla' as national slogan in three months". bdnews24.com. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Bangabandhu's March 7 speech Bangladesh's inspiration to rise: PM". The Daily Star. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
  19. ^ Amir Hossain (7 March 2013). "Historic 7th March speech of Bangabandhu". Bangabandhu - The Man Behind the Nation (Blog). Retrieved 25 May 2013.
  20. ^ a b "1971 March 7th shek mujibur rahman". YouTube. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
  21. ^ "The World: Bangladesh: Out of War, a Nation Is Born". Time. 20 December 1971. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
  22. ^ Sen Gupta, Jyoti (1974). History of freedom movement in Bangladesh, 1943-1973: some involvement. Calcutta: Naya Prokash. pp. 325–326. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  23. ^ Nabī, Nūruna (2010). Bullets of '71: A Freedom Fighter's Story. AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781452043777.
  24. ^ Nayar, Kuldip (3 February 1998). "Of betrayal and bungling". Indian Express. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  25. ^ ntv.com. "The surrender: Accounts of foreign journalists". NTV Online. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  26. ^ Anam, Mahfuz. "The challenge before Bangladesh". Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  27. ^ "The fall of a nation and the birth of a new nation | The Asian Age Online, Bangladesh". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  28. ^ "Joy Bangla Concert 2017". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  29. ^ "Joy Bangla Concert to rekindle historic March 7". The Daily Star. 2017-02-28. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  30. ^ "30 organisations win Joy Bangla Youth Award 2017". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  31. ^ "30 organisations get Joy Bangla Youth Award 2017". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2018-01-25.