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Joy Bangla (Bengali: জয় বাংলা) is a salutation, slogan, and war cry most commonly used in People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal to indicate Nationalism towards the geopolitical, cultural and historical region of Bengal and Bangamata (also known as Bangla Maa or Mother Bengal). It translates roughly to "Victory to Bengal" or "Hail Bengal".
The origins of Joy Bangla is not clearly known. It appeared in the 11-point charter put forth by the Sarbadaliya Chhatra Sangram Parishad on 4 January 1969. After the release of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the SCSP held a rally at the Ramna Race Course ground on 22 February 1969, to honour him. When Mujib was conferred the title of Bangabandhu, cries of Joy Bangla came from all over the park.
Joy Bangla was the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. In Bangladesh Liberation War, 27 March 1971 Major Ziaur Rahman broadcast announcement of the declaration of independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and he finished with "Joy Bangla".
Bangladesh national motto
In popular culture
on 7 March 1971 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called for independence and asked the people of Bangladesh to launch a major campaign of civil disobedience and organized armed resistance at a mass gathering of people held at the Race Course Ground in Dhaka.
The struggle now is the struggle for our emancipation; the struggle now is the struggle for our independence. Joy Bangla!..
(For more info, see: 7th March Speech of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman)
The surrender ceremony of the Pakistani military also took place at the Race Course Ground on December 16, 1971. About 35'000 Pakistani troops surrendered , making it the largest military surrender that occurred after World War 2. Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, Joint Commander of Indian and Bangladesh Forces accepted the surrender without a word, while the crowd on the race course erupted in celebrations, shouting victory slogans, "Joy Bangla".
The phrase plays some important ceremonial roles. It is inscribed on the screen wall facing the front entrance of the National Parade Ground compound, Dhaka Cantonment which houses the headquarters of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. During Military Parade by Bangladesh Armed Forces at the National Parade Ground, the following ceremonial salutation is carried out:
- Leader of troops: " Salute thee!" (Bengali: সালাম হে Sālāma hē)
- Troops: "Victory to Bengal!" (Bengali: জয় বাংলা Joy Bangla)
The salutation "Joy Bangla" is the official slogan of the Awami League. The phrase "Joy Bangla, Joy Bangabandhu" is used by the party members at the end of speeches and communications pertaining to or referring to patriotism towards Bangladesh and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib.
The phrase has also given its name to
- Joy Bangla weekly (1971), one of the two official mouthpieces of the provisional Mujibnagar government, that led the Bangladesh's independence war.
- Joy Bangla Banglar Joy, a patriotic and popular songs. It was the signature tune of the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra.
- Joy Bangla Concert, annual benefit concert by Young Bangla.
- Joy Bangla Youth Award, the flagship Award event of Young Bangla.
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