Prince Olav Harbour

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Location of Prince Olav Harbour

Prince Olav Harbour is small harbour in the south west portion of Cook Bay, entered between Point Abrahamsen and Sheep Point, along the north coast of South Georgia.[1]

Background[edit]

Throughout the 19th century South Georgia was a sealers' base and, in the following century, became a whalers' base. Prince Olav Harbour is the site of one of the seven main whaling bases established on South Georgia. Prince Olav Harbour was the location of a former Norwegian whaling station operational dating from 1911.

History[edit]

The whaling station was initially a floating factory site, a shore station being set up in 1916. The whaling station continued as a shore station until March 1931 and then was closed. The name was in use as early as 1912 and was given by Norwegian whalers for Crown Prince Olav of Norway.[2]

The wreck of the ship Brutus remains, semi-submerged, where she was deliberately beached to serve as a coaling station. The ship was built in Glasgow in 1883 as the Sierra Pedrosa, and measured 1,686 gross registered tons. Aftyer serving as a coal hulk at Cape Town, she was towed to South Georgia in about 1912. Brutus Island in the harbour is named after it.[3][4]

Named locations[edit]

Several locations in and around Prince Olav Harbour have been charted and named by various Antarctic survey and exploration groups, primarily by Discovery Investigations (DI) personnel in their 1929–30 expedition. Unless noted otherwise, the following locations were first named by DI.

Point Abrahamsen separates Prince Olav Harbour from Lighthouse Bay on the north side of Prince Olav Harbour. It was probably named for Captain Abrahamsen, manager of the whaling station at Prince Olav Harbour at that time.[5] Southwest of it sits Razor Point, first named on a 1938 British Admiralty chart.[6] Fine Point and Sheer Point are found close by.[7][8]

Dinghy Point sits on the south side of the harbor.[9] Sheep Point marks the south entrance to the harbour, separating it from Cook Bay.[10] Dinghy Point was originally called "Pram Point", but was renamed Dinghy Point by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1991 to avoid duplication with Pram Point at Leith Harbour in Stromness Bay.[9]

Hay Peak sits at the head of the bay.[11] Near the center of the harbour sits Brutus Island.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prince Olav Harbour". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  2. ^ Whaling Stations on South Georgia (The James Caird Society) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2009-06-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Sierra Pedrosa". Scottish Built Ships. Caledonian Maritime Research Trust. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Shipwrecks". South Georgia Heritage Trust. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Point Abrahamsen". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Razor Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Fine Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Sheer Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Dinghy Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-01-19.
  10. ^ "Sheep Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Hay Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  12. ^ "Brutus Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 February 2019.

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Geological Survey.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°4′S 37°9′W / 54.067°S 37.150°W / -54.067; -37.150