Sheet Harbour, Nova Scotia

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Sheet Harbour
Rural Community
West River Falls, where the West River empties in to the Northwest Arm.
West River Falls, where the West River empties in to the Northwest Arm.
Sheet Harbour is located in Nova Scotia
Sheet Harbour
Sheet Harbour
Location within Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°55′N 62°32′W / 44.917°N 62.533°W / 44.917; -62.533Coordinates: 44°55′N 62°32′W / 44.917°N 62.533°W / 44.917; -62.533
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Halifax Regional Municipality
District 1
Founded 1784
 • Type Regional Council
 • Governing Council Halifax Regional Council
 • Community Council Marine Drive Valley and Canal
 • Total 188.38 km2 (72.73 sq mi)
Highest elevation 114 m (374 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 • Total 800
 • Density 4.24/km2 (10.99/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Canadian Postal code B0J 3B0
Telephone Exchanges 902 885
Highways Trunk 7
Route 224
Route 374
Part of a series about Places in Nova Scotia
Sheet Harbour Welcome Sign

Sheet Harbour is a rural community on the Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia, Canada. It is part of the Halifax Regional Municipality and lies along the Marine Drive (Nova Scotia) on Trunk 7 approximately 117 kilometres (73 mi) northeast of Halifax. Sheet Harbour is the shopping, work and educational hub for around 5,500 people. The community is located along the shores of Sheet Harbour. The harbour has two arms: the Northwest Arm and the Northeast Arm. Two rivers flow in to the harbour: West River in to the Northwest Arm, and East River in to the Northeast Arm. A minor river also flows in to the Northwest Arm, Little West River, from which Grand Lake, a large lake west of Sheet Harbour empties in to the arm. Adjacent to the community is the Sheet Harbour Industrial Port, an important regional deep-water port. The majority of the land was granted in 1773 and the colony was established in 1784. A pulp mill was constructed beside the West River Falls, but was destroyed by Hurricane Beth in the 1970s.

A new bridge was built across the Northeast Arm. It was named the East River Bridge, named after it predecessor. Construction started in September 2014 and it was opened on 17 December 2015. The community is centrally located in Nova Scotia, as Sheet Harbour is within a drive of 150 kilometres (93 mi) to four of Nova Scotia's major towns and cities (see distance chart). Route 224 and Route 374 both start/end in Sheet Harbour. Sheet Harbour has a hospital, named Eastern Shore Memorial Hospital (ESMH), which is connected to Harbourview Lodge. Sheet Harbour also has two schools: Sheet Harbour Consolidated School (SHCS) and Duncan MacMillan High School (DMHS). The community is located about 10 minutes northeast of Taylor Head Provincial Park. Tom McInnis, a Conservative Party politician, resides in Sheet Harbour.[1]


Sheet Harbour is a small rural community located on the Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia, in the eastern third of the Halifax Regional Municipality.

It is the major community in the area, as it is the shopping, job and educational hub for about 5,500 people.[2] Sheet Harbour is located slightly inland compared to other coastal communities in the area, due to the shape of the harbour. The population of Census Tract 2050154.00, which includes Sheet Harbour, and a large amount of land around Sheet Harbour's land borders is 3,478 as of the 2011 Census.[3] The population of the community of Sheet Harbour is about 800.[4] Immediately west of Sheet Harbour is Sheet Harbour 36, a Mi'kmaq reserve.[5]


Sheet Harbour is located along the shores of Sheet Harbour, a saltwater harbour. The area around Sheet Harbour is heavily forested, with many lakes.[6] The coastline is also very rocky and eroded by the Atlantic Ocean, as is typical with much of the Eastern Shore.[7] Sheet Harbour has average tides of about 1.2 to 1.5 m (4 to 5 ft).[8]


Sheet Harbour is located on the shores of Sheet Harbour (the harbour itself), a fork-shaped harbour with two arms.

The west and wider arm is the Northwest Arm. The eastern and smaller arm is referred to as the Northeast Arm. The two arms connect just below Church Point, southeast of where West River meets the Northwest Arm. The harbour continues southeast-ward, then southward toward the Atlantic. The Northwest Arm is the wider arm. It extends northwest until it meets the mouth of West River at the West River Falls. The Northeast Arm is the shorter and narrower arm. It extends north, then curves northeast under the East River Bridge, until it meets the head of the East River.[9]

The harbour from Church Point, where the two arms meet, to Sheet Rock is referred to as Sheet Harbour. It is wider than both of the arms. It gradually widens as it flows southward the Atlantic Ocean. After Church Point, It flows southeast-ward past the Sheet Harbour Industrial Port and west of the community of Watt Section. It then curves and flows southwest-ward/southward toward the Atlantic, passing southeast of Mushaboom, northwest of Sober Island and east of Taylor Head Provincial Park, where it meets Sheet Rock and then empties in to the Atlantic Ocean.[9]


Two major rivers, one minor river and several small streams empty into the harbour. West River flows into the Northwest Arm, and East River empties into the Northeast Arm.[9]

Northwest Arm[edit]

West River, formally West River Sheet Harbour, begins near the Musquodoboit Valley. Several smaller streams flow into the river as it progresses southeast-ward toward Sheet Harbour. For the majority of its length, the river follows a similar path to Route 224. It gradually widens as it progresses toward Sheet Harbour. Lake Alma flows into West River via the Union Dam Flowage. A while downstream, the river flows in to Sheet Harbour Lake. Sheet Harbour Lake ends just before the West River Bridge, where Trunk 7 passes over the West River, just before the West River Falls. West River Bridge provides a great view of the falls. The falls carry water from 22 metres elevation down to sea level. The river then empties into the Northwest Arm.[9]

Sheet Harbour was the first community in North America to use a lime doser to lower acid rain levels, starting in September 2005 in the West River. It was successful in lowering the acid levels in the river.[4][10]

Grand Lake, a large lake west of Sheet Harbour, also empties into the Northwest Arm via West Lake and Little West River in West Sheet Harbour.[11]

Northeast Arm[edit]

East River, formally East River Sheet Harbour, originates in the extreme northwest of Guysborough County, then flows southwest-ward into the Halifax Regional Municipality. Similar to West River, several small streams merge with the river as it flows downstream. Also similar to its more westward counterpart, it closely follows Route 374, but not as closely as West River to Route 224. Lake Mulgrave and Governor Lake both flow into East River via streams. The river flows through the Liscomb Game Sanctuary. Immediately after exiting the Sanctuary and simultaneously flowing under Route 374, East River flows into the Marshall, Malay Falls and Ruth Falls flowages, first through last, respectively. After exiting the Ruth Falls Flowage, the river flows past the Ruth Falls Power Plant, a hydro generating station. It narrows back into a river for a short while, then flows into the head of the Northeast Arm.[9]


Almost all of the current land area of Sheet Harbour was granted in 1773,[12] and the settlement was established around 1784,[12] by Loyalist refugees and British veterans of the American Revolution and became a prosperous centre for the lumber industry. The First Nations' name for the settlement was Weijooik, which translates to "flowing wildly". Sheet Harbour was named "Port North" on the Royal Navy Chart that was published in 1778. The settlement was called Port North as late as 1807. Alternate names for the settlement were Campbelltown and Manchester.[12] Campbelltown would have been named after Lord William Campbell, who was a Captain General as well as a Governor-in-Chief in 1776–1773.[12] It was decided that "Port North" was not descriptive enough, so the name was changed to Sheet Harbour starting in 1818 because of a white, flat rock that looks like a sheet (named Sheet Rock).[12] Sheet Rock can be found at the entrance of the harbour.[13] Sheet Harbour for about two decades was known as Cambell Town, this name fell into disuse and became known as Sheet Harbour.[14]

In October 1885, the Halifax Wood Fibre Company located the first sulphide pulp mill in Canada at East River, Sheet Harbour. The site is now occupied by the Wildlife Centre and a campground. A stone monument commemorates the pulp mill. Later on October 5, 1925 a ground-wood pulp mill owned by the American Pulp and Wrapping Paper Co. of Albany, New York began operation on the West River at the head of the Northwest Arm of Sheet Harbour.[15] This pulp mill replaced a saw mill owned by Rhodes and Currie, which AP&W had purchased from Rhodes and Currie in 1923 and which remained in operation through a number of different owners until destroyed by Hurricane Beth in the 1970s.[16]

A steel arch bridge was built in the 1950s over the Northeast Arm. It was named the East River Bridge. It was replaced by a new bridge in December 2015.[17]


The economy of Sheet Harbour is primarily based on fishery and forestry, as well as tourism, to a lesser extent.

Sheet Harbour has a Chamber of Commerce. They were formed more than 75 years ago and they were formerly known as the Sheet Harbour Board of Trade.[18] They comprise most of the businesses in Sheet Harbour and they operate a Visitor Information Centre at the MacPhee House situated on the site of the ground-wood pulp mill just east of the West River Bridge, where Trunk 7 crosses the West River at the entrance to Sheet Harbour. The MacPhee House Community Museum has a collection interpreting "Life before plastic".[19]

In the 1990s, the Government of Nova Scotia built a common user deep water dock and industrial park just west of Sheet Harbour, named the Sheet Harbour Industrial Port. It was purchased by and is currently operated by the Halifax Port Authority. It currently ships wood chips for the pulp industry and imports wind turbine segments, which are then transported across Nova Scotia and to the rest of North America. The port was used to service the Sable Offshore Energy Project with natural gas pipes processed at coating plant therefore making them suitable for placement on the ocean floor. The docking area is 152 metres (499 ft) long and 36.5 metres (120 ft) wide. It also has 10.3 metres (34 ft) of draught, which is connected to a concrete pad.[20]


  • Seaside Festival: Hosted by the local Lions Club every year in August. It includes a parade, baseball tournament, fireworks and much more.
The beginning of the Seaside Festival parade: August 9, 2008


The community is situated at the junction of Route 374 and Route 224 with Trunk 7. The community has sidewalks that run from West River Bridge to East River Bridge, through the main part of Sheet Harbour. They were opened in 2010,[24] and cost $2,895,040.[25] The roads in the area are a mixture of both paved and unpaved roads. There are also many ATV trails/hauling roads in the area. There are no 100-series highways that run through or near Sheet Harbour.

2014–15 East River Bridge replacement[edit]

The new East River Bridge. The old bridge is visible in the background (the green arch).
The old East River Bridge, built in 1956.

A new bridge was built across the Northeast Arm in 2015, to replace the East River Bridge.

The bridge was built because the previous bridge, built in 1956, was nearing the end of its life span. The Nova Scotia Government had proposed minor repairs, but it was decided that an entirely new bridge would be more cost-effective.[17] The new bridge was designed, unlike its predecessor, without large steel arches, because it would have cost at least two times as costly to build.[26] The new bridge was constructed on the same site as the old bridge's predecessor which was constructed just south of the East River Bridge in 1907.[26]

The bridge cost $19,000,000 to build and construction began in September 2014.[17] The contractor, Dexter Construction, poured 2,260 cubic metres of concrete over 650,000 kg (1,430,000 lb) of rebar. The new bridge relies on two pillars set in the granite below the Northeast Arm. When It was near completion in December 2015, a deck, along with railings and sidewalks, were laid.[26]

Construction was completed and the bridge was opened on 17 December 2015 to pedestrians and opened the next day to traffic.[27]

There were also a few road modifications on the Sheet Harbour side of the bridge as a result of the new bridge. Trunk 7 was aligned with what was Riverside Drive, which is now nonexistent. Church Point Road and Pool Road, which were separate intersections, now are one intersection. The access road to Sheet Harbour Consolidated School and Duncan MacMillan High School was slightly modified. A minor loop, Sprott Lane, was extended along a part of the old Trunk 7 for a few households.[17]

Shortly after the new bridge is opened, the old East River Bridge will be closed and demolished. Demolition is expected to be complete sometime in 2016.[17]

Distance chart[edit]

The following is a collapsable distance chart with all distances measured through Google Maps.

Destination Distance (km) Distance (mi) Highways Notes
Middle Musquodoboit, Nova Scotia[28] 60.9 37.8 Route 224
Sherbrooke, Nova Scotia 82.6 51.3 Trunk 7
New Glasgow, Nova Scotia 91.1 56.6 Route 374
Truro, Nova Scotia 104 65 Hwy 102 / Route 289, Southside Rd, Route 336 / Route 224
Halifax Stanfield International Airport 105 65 Route 212 / Route 357 / Route 224
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia 110 68 Hwy 107 / Trunk 7
Antigonish, Nova Scotia 145 90 Hwy 104 (TCH) / Route 374
Port Hawkesbury, Nova Scotia 203 126 Hwy 104 (TCH) / Route 374
Amherst, Nova Scotia 206 128 Hwy 104 (TCH) / Hwy 102 / Route 289, Southside Rd, Route 336 / Route 224
Kentville, Nova Scotia 210 130 Hwy 101 / Trunk 33 / Trunk 7, Akerley Blvd, Hwy 107 / Trunk 7
Moncton, New Brunswick 274 170 New Brunswick New Brunswick: Route 2 (TCH)

Nova Scotia Nova Scotia: Hwy 104 (TCH) / Hwy 102 / Route 289, Southside Rd, Route 336 / Route 224

Sydney, Nova Scotia 332 206 Trunk 4 / Hwy 104 / Hwy 104 (TCH) / Route 374
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island 335 208 Prince Edward Island P.E.I: Route 1 (TCH)

New Brunswick New Brunswick: Route 16 (TCH) / Route 2 (TCH)

Nova Scotia Nova Scotia: Hwy 104 (TCH) / Hwy 102 / Route 289, Southside Rd, Route 336 / Route 224

Saint John, New Brunswick 423 263 New Brunswick New Brunswick: Route 1 / Route 2 (TCH)

Nova Scotia Nova Scotia: Hwy 104 (TCH) / Hwy 102 / Route 289, Southside Rd, Route 336 / Route 224

Yarmouth, Nova Scotia 433 269 Hwy 103 / Hwy 102, Akerley Blvd, Hwy 107 / Trunk 7
Fredericton, New Brunswick 446 277 New Brunswick New Brunswick: Route 2 (TCH)

Nova Scotia Nova Scotia: Route 224 / Route 336, Southside Rd, Route 289 / Hwy 102 / Hwy 104 (TCH)

Houlton, Maine 561 349 United States Maine Maine: I‑95

New Brunswick New Brunswick: Route 95 / Route 2 (TCH)

Nova Scotia Nova Scotia: Hwy 104 (TCH) / Hwy 102 / Route 289, Southside Rd, Route 336 / Route 224


Sheet Harbour Post Office

Sheet Harbour has a Home Hardware store[29] an NSLC liquor store[30] a post office, run by Canada Post,[31] a public library, which is owned and operated by Halifax Public Libraries,[32] a convenience store, a small park,[15] a takeout, a police station, which is run by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police,[2] a fire station,[33] and three churches. Sheet Harbour also has a Ground Search and Rescue.[34] Sheet Harbour also hosts one apartment building, two gas stations, operated by Irving Oil and Wilson Fuel (Wilsons Gas Stops) respectively,[35] a Foodland grocery store[36] and two banks, operated by Scotiabank[37] and Credit Union[38] respectively. Just west in Spry Bay, Nova Scotia is a Dept. of Transportation and Public Works, owned and operated by the Nova Scotia Government[39] The Sheet Harbour Industrial Port is located 5 minutes west of Sheet Harbour. It is run by the Halifax Port Authority.[20] Sheet Harbour has 2 motels: Fairwinds Motel and Restaurant[40] and the Sheet Harbour Motel.[41] There is a campground located along the East River, named East River Lodge Campground and Trailer Park.[42]

Eastern Shore Cartage serves Sheet Harbour and its surroundings.[43] Watts Wind Energy, Inc. built a wind turbine in Watt Section, a small community immediately east of Sheet Harbour, in 2010. It was the outcome of favourable wind data that was obtained by a meteorological tower near what would be the site of the wind turbine. It was constructed and was producing power by October 2011. It produces about 1.5 MW of power and powers approximately 375 households. It stands 85 metres (279 ft) tall.[44]

Eastern Shore Memorial Hospital is a hospital located in Sheet Harbour. It is owned and operated by the Capital District Health Authority, which amalgamated in to the Nova Scotia Health Authority in 2015.[45] It has 16 beds for patients. There is a war monument and gardens in front of the site where Duncan MacMillan Nursing Home once stood. The hospital offers quite a few services. It is connected to Harbourview Lodge, a nursing home, by a corridor. Harbourview Lodge was built in 2011 to replace DMNH, which was nearing the end of its life span.[46]

Just 10 minutes west of Sheet Harbour on Trunk 7 in Spry Bay, Nova Scotia is Taylor Head Provincial Park. It has two beaches. The entire park is located on a peninsula which juts out into the Atlantic Ocean. Hunting and firearms are forbidden in the park. The park contains over 22 km (14 mi) of walking/hiking trails, and over a kilometre (0.62 mi.) of beaches. It is open from May–October each year.[7]


There are two schools in Sheet Harbour: Sheet Harbour Consolidated Elementary School (SHCS), and Duncan MacMillan High School (DMHS).

Sheet Harbour Consolidated School (SHCS)
Duncan MacMillan High School (DMHS)

Sheet Harbour Consolidated School is a feeder school of DMHS. In 2014, there were 98 students enrolled in the school. The school offers French. SHCS teaches grades primary through six. The school was built in 1957.[47]

Duncan MacMillan High School (DMHS) is the only high school in the Sheet Harbour area. Because of that, it has three feeder schools: SHCS and Lakefront Consolidated School (LCS), which is located in Tangier,[48] and Eastern Consolidated School (ECS), which is located in Moser River. But, ECS currently has zero student enrollment. [49] The school offers Integrated French for all grades. DMHS teaches grades seven through 12. There were 185 students enrolled in the school in 2014. The school was built in 1963.[50]

A plan is in the works for the Halifax Regional School Board to close and possibly demolish all three of the DMHS feeder schools and replace them with a larger, more modern grade primary-12 school somewhere in Sheet Harbour. This new school would teach about 350 students and would serve a large area around Sheet Harbour.[51]


Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b "Thomas Johnson McInnis - Conservative Party of Canada". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "RCMP Sheet Harbour Detachment". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census Profile". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Sheet Harbour". Sheet Harbour Chamber of Commerce & Civic Affairs. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Census Profile - Map : Sheet Harbour 36, Indian reserve (Census Subdivision), Nova Scotia". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Tangier Grand Lake Wilderness Area". Nova Scotia Government. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c "Taylor Head Provincial Park" (PDF). Nova Scotia Provincial Parks. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Sheet Harbour Tide Chart". Ltd. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Google Maps". Google. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "West River Sheet Harbour - lime doser support". The Atlantic Salmon Conservation Foundation. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Little West River". Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Scott, David. Nova Scotia Place Names. DESPUB. pp. 235–236. ISBN 978-0-9865370-1-1. 
  13. ^ "Sheet Rock Light". Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  14. ^ Found in Sheet Harbour: A Local History by James E. Rutledge written in 1954, page 9–10. Howard Coady; Sheet Harbour History, Lancelot Press Ltd. 1988 Hantsport N.S.
  15. ^ a b "Sheet Harbour" (PDF). Nova Scotia Government. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Sheet Harbour Waterfront Site Plan: Final Report" (PDF). Ekistics Planning & Design. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "East River Bridge Replacement Project". Nova Scotia Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  18. ^ "Welcome". Sheet Harbour Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "MacPhee House Community Museum". Nova Scotia Department of Tourism. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  20. ^ a b "Port of Sheet Harbour & Industrial Park". Nova Scotia Business Inc. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "Liscombe Lodge Resort & Conference Centre". Nova Scotia Department of Tourism. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Spry Bay Campground & Cabins". Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "#2610 Cadet Corps". Sheet Harbour Army Cadet Corps #2610. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  24. ^ "Grand Opening Sheet Harbour Sidewalk Streetscape Project". Sheet Harbour Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  25. ^ "Revised Area Rate and Project Funding for Sheet Harbour Streetscape Phase 1" (PDF). Halifax Regional Municipality. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c Beswick, Aaron (18 December 2014). "East River bridge project on track". The Chronicle Herald (Truro, Nova Scotia). Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  27. ^ "Sheet Harbour Residents Celebrate New East River Bridge". Nova Scotia Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  28. ^ All distances and subsequent routes in this chart are courtesy of Google Maps' "Directions" feature.
  29. ^ "Gammon Brothers Home Hardware Building Centre". Home Hardware Inc. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  30. ^ "Sheet Harbour NSLC". Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  31. ^ "CanadaPost - Post Office: SHEET HARBOUR PO, Nova Scotia (mail, package delivery, courier) - Location & Hours". mystore411. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  32. ^ "Sheet Harbour Public Library". Halifax Public Libraries. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  33. ^ "Fire Stations". Halifax Regional Fire & Emergency. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  34. ^ "Sheet Harbour & Area Ground Search & Rescue". Sheet Harbour & Area Ground Search & Rescue. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  35. ^ "Irving". Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  36. ^ "Foodland in Sheet Harbour - Store Details". Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  37. ^ "Scotiabank". Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  38. ^ "East Coast Credit Union – Sheet Harbour Branch". Credit Unions Atlantic Canada. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  39. ^ "Area Offices". Nova Scotia Department of Transportation. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  40. ^ "Fairwinds Motel & Restaurant Nova Scotia". Fairwinds. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  41. ^ "Sheet Harbour Motel & Restaurant". Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  42. ^ "East River Lodge Campground & Trailer Park". Nova Scotia Department of Tourism. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  43. ^ "Eastern Shore Cartage". Eastern Shore Cartage. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  44. ^ "The Watts Wind project". Watts Wind Inc. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  45. ^ Laroche, Jean (29 September 2014). "Nova Scotia health authorities merger explained". Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  46. ^ "Eastern Shore Memorial Hospital". Nova Scotia Health Authority. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  47. ^ "Sheet Harbour Consolidated Elementary". Halifax Regional School Board. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  48. ^ "Lakefront Consolidated Elementary". Halifax Regional School Board. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  49. ^ "Eastern Consolidated Elementary". Halifax Regional School Board. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  50. ^ "Duncan MacMillan High". Halifax Regional School Board. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  51. ^ "School Review Committee Response - Sheet Harbour Consolidated Elementary - January 2013" (PDF). Halifax Regional School Board. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 


Scott, David (2011). Nova Scotia Place Names. DESPUB. ISBN 978-0-9865370-1-1. 

External links[edit]